Ústav organické chemie a biochemie

Nejnovější přírůstky:
2019-01-07
14:42
Penconazole and its behaviour in the presence of copper
Jakl, M. ; Jaklová Dytrtová, Jana
Penconazole is a fungicide frequently used in agriculture. Its possible impact to (non-)target species is influenced by its interactions e.g. with copper, typically present in soil as an ion (or in week complexes) or in bodies, as a part of enzymes. This study brings the information potentially useful in the evaluation of penconazole fate in the environment. The studies based on the electrospray gas phase experiments provide an estimate of the penconazole reactivity in copper presence including its possible degradation pathways.

Úplný záznam
2019-01-07
14:42
Temperature-programed micro-HPLC analysis of fatty acid methyl esters with APCI-MS detection
Vrkoslav, Vladimír ; Rumlová, Barbora ; Cvačka, Josef
HPLC/APCI-MS analysis at microliters-per-minute flow rates was optimized for separation of fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). HPLC C18 column with an internal diameter of 0.3 mm and isocratic elution using 99.9 % acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid were employed. Standard APCI ion source was suitable for detection of FAMEs at 10 μl/min flow rate with the detection limit of micrograms-per-milliliter. APCI-MS spectra with predominant [M + H]+ molecular adducts were observed. The main advantage of micro-flow measurements is the possibility of using a temperature gradient, which significantly reduces retention times of FAMEs with longer aliphatic chain. The significant reduction of solvent consumption is also an important economic and environmental advantage. The positions of double bonds in FAME chains were established using acetonitrile-related adducts and tandem mass spectrometry. The optimized method was applied for analysis of FAMEs in triacylglycerol fraction of black currant seeds oil.

Úplný záznam
2019-01-07
14:42
Determination of binding constants of human insulin complexes with serotonin, dopamine, arginine, and phenol by pressure assisted partial filling affinity capillary electrophoresis
Šolínová, Veronika ; Žáková, Lenka ; Jiráček, Jiří ; Kašička, Václav
A new method, pressure assisted partial filling affinity capillary electrophoresis (PF-ACE), has been developed to study noncovalent interactions of the hexamer of human insulin (HI) with cationic ligands, such as phenolic neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine, and amino acid arginine, or with anionic ligand phenol, in alkaline aqueous solutions. The apparent binding constants, Kb, of the HI-ligand complexes were determined from the dependence of the effective migration time changes of the above ligands on the variable zone lengths of HI dissolved in the background electrolyte and hydrodynamically introduced into the bare fused silica capillary close to the UV detector. The HI interactions with the above ligands were found to be moderately strong, with Kb values in the range 385-1314 L/mol.

Úplný záznam
2019-01-07
14:42
Enantioseparation and estimation of racemization barriers of selected helquats and their derivatives by capillary electrophoresis using sulfated cyclodextrins as chiral selectors
Sázelová, Petra ; Koval, Dušan ; Severa, Lukáš ; Reyes Gutierrez, Paul Eduardo ; Jirásek, Michael ; Teplý, Filip ; Kašička, Václav
Anionic highly sulfated β- and γ-cyclodextrins (S-CDs) and single-isomer heptakis-(2,3-diacetyl-6-sulfato)-β-CD (14Ac-7S-β-CD) were used for chiral separation of [5], [6] and [7]-ring helquats and helquat styryl dyes by capillary electrophoresis (CE) in the background electrolyte composed of 22 mM NaOH/35 mM H3PO4, pH 2.4. The CE method was applied for monitoring of racemization of eight helquats and helical dyes. Rate constant k of conversion, half-life T1/2 of racemization, and activation Gibbs free energy ΔGǂ of interconversion of one enantiomer into the other were calculated from the dependence of natural logarithm of enantiomeric excess (ee) on time using linear regression analysis.

Úplný záznam
2019-01-07
14:42
Ambientní ionizační techniky
Vrkoslav, Vladimír
V první část přednášky se zabývá vymezením pojmu ambientních ionizačních technika a rozdělením těchto technik. V další části byly vysvětleny principy nejdůležitějších ambientních ionizačních technika a bylo popsáno jejich využití.

Úplný záznam
2019-01-07
14:42
Iontové zdroje pro LC/MS
Cvačka, Josef
Byly popsány iontové zdroje, které se používají pro spojení kapalinového chromatografu s hmotnostním spektrometrem.

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2018-10-02
14:38
Separation of rotamers of 5-nitrosopyrimidines by capillary electrophoresis
Štěpánová, Sille ; Procházková, Eliška ; Čechová, Lucie ; Žurek, Jiří ; Janeba, Zlatko ; Dračínský, Martin ; Kašička, Václav
A new capillary electrophoresis (CE) method was developed for the separation of a new type of stereoisomers - rotamers of polysubstituted 5-nitrosopyrimidine derivatives. Partial separation of some rotamers was obtained in sodium borate, pH 9.3, or in Tris-phosphate, pH 2.2, background electrolytes (BGEs) free of cyclodextrins (CDs). However, the best, baseline separations of the rotamers of 5-nitrosopyrimidines were achieved in sodium borate BGE, pH 9.3, containing 20 mg/mL beta-CD as stereoselector, or in Tris-phosphate BGE, pH 2.2, with carboxymethyl-beta-CD as stereoselector.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Monitoring of enzymatic enantioselective acetylation of gem-difluorinated alcohols by capillary electrophoresis
Šolínová, Veronika ; Pomeisl, Karel ; Lamatová, Nikola ; Pohl, Radek ; Brabcová, Jana ; Krečmerová, Marcela ; Kašička, Václav
A new fast and highly efficient capillary electrophoretic (CE) method has been developed for chiral analysis of non-charged gem-difluorinated alcohol (3-(benzyloxy)-1,1-difluoro-propan-2-ol) using sulfobutylether-β-CD as chiral selector. The method was applied for monitoring of enzymatic (lipase mediated) enantioselective acetylation of the above alcohol and for determination of enantiomeric purity of both substrates and products of the enzymatic reaction.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Estimation of binding constants of associates of Ru(II) and Fe(II) polypyridyl complexes with single-isomer sulfated cyclodextrins by capillary electrophoresis
Sázelová, Petra ; Koval, Dušan ; Severa, Lukáš ; Teplý, Filip ; Kašička, Václav
Capillary electrophoresis (CE) was applied for enantioseparations of [Ru(bpy)3]2+, [Ru(phen) 3]2+ and [Fe(phen) 3]2+ complexes and for the estimation of binding constants of their associates with selected single-isomer sulfated cyclodextrins (SCDs). The apparent binding constants of the complexes of [Ru(bpy)3]2+, [Ru(phen)3]2+, and [Fe(phen)3]2+ enantiomers with the above SCDs were determined from the dependence of their effective electrophoretic mobilities on the concentration of the SCDs in the background electrolyte. Calculated apparent binding constants were found to be smaller than those obtained for randomly sulfated SCDs.

Úplný záznam
2018-10-02
14:38
Determination of stability constants of antamanide complexes with sodium and potassium ions by affinity capillary electrophoresis
Pangavhane, Sachin ; Böhm, S. ; Makrlík, E. ; Ruzza, P. ; Kašička, Václav
Affinity capillary electrophoresis (ACE) was applied for quantitative investigation of the interactions between important biomolecule, cyclic decapeptide antamanide (AA), cycl[-Val(1)-Pro(2)-Pro(3)-Ala(4)-Phe(5)-Phe(6)-Pro(7)-Pro(8)-Phe(9)-Phe(10)-], and sodium and potassium cations in methanol. Apparent stability constants of AA complexes with these alkali metal ions were determined from the dependence of effective mobility of AA on the concentration of these ions in the background electrolyte by the non-linear regression analysis. The AA complexes with Na+ and K+ ions were found to be relatively weak, with the apparent stability constants 343 L/mol and 35 L/mol, respectively.

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