National Repository of Grey Literature 97 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Hydrophilic Interaction Liquid Chromatography in the Analysis of Intact Glycopeptides
Molnárová, Katarína ; Kozlík, Petr (advisor) ; Coufal, Pavel (referee) ; Cvačka, Josef (referee)
The analysis of glycoproteins represents a significant challenge in glycoproteomics, primarily due to the macro- and microheterogeneity of protein glycosylation. Hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) is a convenient alternative to reversed-phase chromatography, commonly used in glycoproteomic analysis. This dissertation thesis discusses the potential of HILIC in glycoproteomic analysis, ranging from the separation of glycopeptides on polar stationary phases to the use of HILIC in sample preparation processes. First, the effect of acetonitrile concentration on glycopeptide precipitation was investigated, depending on the type of glycan attached. Subsequently, three commercially available stationary phases were tested: a column containing a silica gel modified with five hydroxyl groups, an amide stationary phase, and a zwitterionic stationary phase. Their efficiency in separating glycopeptide isomers, differing only in branching and/or linkage position, was compared. Further research was devoted to the separation of human immunoglobulin G glycopeptides using relatively new columns that have not yet been characterized in glycoproteomic analysis. These columns, provided by Advanced Chromatography Technologies, included unmodified silica gel (HILIC-A), aminopropyl- modified sorbent...
Development of mass spectrometric methods for structural analysis of fatty acids and estolides
Cudlman, Lukáš ; Cvačka, Josef (advisor) ; Kozlík, Petr (referee) ; Lísa, Miroslav (referee)
(EN) This doctoral thesis summarizes the use of modern mass spectrometric methods for the structural identification of fatty acids and triacylglycerol estolides (TG-EST) and their subsequent characterization in the lipidome of vernix caseosa, i.e., the biofilm covering the skin of the human fetus during the last trimester of in-utero development. Vernix caseosa has mainly antimicrobial properties and the ability to heal wounds and burns. The first part of the doctoral thesis focuses on the diversity of fatty acids in the lipidome of vernix caseosa. These acids form the structural subunits of complex lipids, such as the abundant triacylglycerols and wax esters. By studying fatty acids and their structural features, this thesis has provided valuable insights into the structural variability of the vernix caseosa lipidome. Without a full understanding of the structure of these key subunits, it would be impossible to complete the analysis of this lipidome in the future. In this thesis, fatty acids using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and modern mass spectrometry methods, namely ultraviolet photodissociation (UVPD) and ozone-induced dissociation (OzID), were characterized. The coupling of HPLC and mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) provided unambiguous information on the positions and geometry of...

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4 Cvačka, Jan
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