National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Analysis of the academic performance of pupils with immigrant background in selected European countries
Čakovská, Hana ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Kostelecká, Yvona (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to quantitatively assess the position of pupils of foreign origin in schools. This is analysed through the magnitude of the differences in learning outcomes between immigrant pupils and native pupils in eight different education systems. The main aim is to capture the heterogeneity between the selected countries, which were chosen because of differences in integration strategies, the amount of funding directed to education and the organisation of education systems. For the purpose of the analysis, the international database of the PISA survey was used with 49 687 respondents. The effect of foreign origin is analysed together with other determinants in order to reveal its relevance in explaining students' performance in school. The author is not aware of any differences in the academic performance of immigrant pupils and native-born pupils have been captured in other similar comparative research. Based on the literature, the factors were grouped into three levels - pupil, school and country levels. For this purpose, a multilevel linear model is used, which is able to purge the effect of school level from the role of individual characteristics. The influence of immigrant background has been demonstrated, but is influenced by other factors such as economic, social and cultural...
Success rate of students of the TV and Sport Management study programme in selected subjects during full-time and distance learning
Náhlovský, Daniel ; Šíma, Jan (advisor) ; Viplerová, Tereza (referee)
Title: Success rate of students of the TV and Sport Management study programme in selected subjects during full-time and distance learning Objectives: The main goal of this bachelor's thesis was to compare the success rate of students of the bachelor's degree study program Management of physical education and sports during face-to-face and then distance learning, while focus was on students of the 1st year of the bachelor's degree program Management of physical education and sports. Methods: In the first part of the thesis, it was applied a quantitative method, i.e. comparasion. To carry out the research, it was first necessary to obtain data on the study results of 1st-year students in the academic years 2017/2018, 2018/2019, 2019/2020 and 2020/2021 for specific obligatory accreditation subjects. This data was provided to me in an anonymized form by the supervisor of the bachelor's thesis using the Study Information system of the Charles University. Research and core set represented 1-st year students who had enrolled specific obligatory accreditation subject in the monitored academic years, regardless of whether they passed or not. In the second (qualitative) part of the research was conducted semi-structured in-depth interview with teachers of those subjects, where significant deviations and...
Comparison of physical fitness and overall school performance in children at basic school
Sýkorová, Alžběta ; Šteffl, Michal (advisor) ; Chrudimský, Jan (referee)
Introduction: Physical fitness and academic achievement may constitute two interrelated variables. Students with higher physical fitness can achieve better learning outcomes in school. Objective: To determine whether students with better learning outcomes have also better outcomes in physical performance tests compared to students with low school achievement. Methods: 167 elementary and primary school students age 11.06 ± 2.4 years old (92 girls and 75 boys) participated in the comparative cross-sectional study. A special seven-item test battery was used to determine their level of physical fitness. Pupils were divided into two groups according to their learning outcomes statements. Results: Students with better learning outcomes had higher physical fitness in the individual tests in the most cases. Statistical analysis of standardized Z-score revealed a statistically significant better physical fitness (p ˂ 0.05) for all students with better learning outcomes in all age groups except the boys from the 2nd stage (p = 0.268). Conclusion: The results showed that students with better learning outcomes also had greater physical fitness. Keywords: academic achievement, physical fitness, elementary and primary school
How wherewith motivate secondary school students towards better academic achievements
GONDEKOVÁ, Hana
The theme of this bachelor's thesis is "How and wherewith motivate high school students to achieve better academic achievements". Motivation in general, sources of motivation, significance and conception of pedagogical theory, characteristics of pedagogical profession and personality of a high school student is described in the theoretical section of the thesis. The practical section presents the results of a questionnaire survey conducted in a group of high school students in České Budějovice ascertaining their motivation to study.
School bullying and its effect on children's academic performance in the Czech Republic
Kalendová, Tereza ; Chytilová, Julie (advisor) ; Polák, Petr (referee)
A safe school environment is a crucial aspect for sustainable educational quality as well as for promoting students' academic performance. One of the factors damagingly affecting school environments is school bullying. Researchers investigating bullying problematic have revealed many negative consequences of bullying on students' general well-being, including its adverse effect on school performance. The thesis aims to investigate the impact of school bullying on student's academic achievement in the Czech Republic, using mathematics test score results of fourth grade students from TIMSS 2015. In the first stage, we use ordinary least squares (OLS) regression controlling for a number of student's background variables. As the estimates obtained from this method might be biased due to endogeneity issues, we apply non-parametric technique propensity score matching (PSM) in the second stage. Our findings suggest that school bullying has a significant negative effect on students' mathematics test scores. However, the effect loses its significance as the frequency of bullying decreases. The PSM technique yield similar estimates as the OLS. The results indicate that Czech educators and policymakers should take into account bullying as an important determinant of pupils performance and enhance...
Examination of the impact of teacher's gender, age and experience on student achievement
Aschermannová, Petra ; Korbel, Václav (advisor) ; Debatz, Laure (referee)
Jednou z klíčových charakteristik učitelů je jejich úspěšnost při předávání znalostí studentům. Tato schopnost je ovlivněna mnoha faktory, mimo jiné i genderovou shodou mezi učiteli a žáky. Přestože samotný význam genderové shody byl v poslední době mnohokrát studován, o jejím ovlivnění dalšími vlastnostmi učitelů není mnoho známo. Tato práce zkoumá, zda zkušenosti a věk učitelů ovlivňují efekt genderové shody na žáky 8. tříd v České republice. Ačkoli jsme nenašli žádný významný vliv zkušeností učitelů na efekt genderové shody, našli jsme malý, ale signifikantní kladný vliv mladých učitelek na výsledky děvčat.
Motivation of High School Students for School Work
Fiedlerová, Lucie ; Morávková Krejčová, Lenka (advisor) ; Gillernová, Ilona (referee)
Many secondary school teachers are currently facing students' lack of interest in the subjects taught. Research findings have also repeatedly shown that students' motivation for school work decreases as the length of the studies increases. Furthermore, students' level of motivation reaches a very low level during adolescence despite the fact that many of them make choices regarding their future careers. This thesis focuses on the relation between the motivation of students for school work and the attitudes and skills of teachers - their educational styles, and whether the relationship between students and them is positive or negative. The theoretical part of this paper introduces and describes the above mentioned concepts - educational styles and motivation - or more precisely, what kinds of motivation there are, and how these affect not only the learning process itself, but also the performance, results, and performance goals, all of which are closely linked. The practical part consists of a research investigation focused on verifying the link between students' motivation for school work and the educational styles used by their teachers. Key words motivation, education style, adolescence, achievement goals, academic achievements, learning process, teacher, secondary school student
The effect of lecture/seminar attendance on exam results
Plachá, Romana ; Pertold-Gebicka, Barbara (advisor) ; Želinský, Tomáš (referee)
The core of this thesis is to investigate how attendance at the lectures and seminars affects the exam results. Despite the fact that schools are the primary source of education, attendance at the universities is not usually compulsory. As a university student, I was interested if and how attendance influences academic performance at the university where I study. Thus I decided to conduct a survey and chose an undergraduate course Econometrics II at the Charles University in Prague. The sample is 42 students. Because of the problem of omitted variable bias, it was necessary to control for the unobservable factors such as ability, motivation, and effort. Therefore there are used two methods of estimation. Firstly, the method of ordinary least squares with proxy variables and secondly the method of two-stage least squares with an instrumental variable. The results indicate that in the studied sample there is a positive and sig- nificant effect of attendance at the lectures on the exam results, however, the effect of attendance at the seminars is not statistically different from zero. Keywords attendance, academic performance, ordinary least squares (OLS), two-stage least squares (2SLS), rational decision making Author's e-mail romanaplacha@gmail.com Supervisor's e-mail barbara.pertold-gebicka@fsv.cuni.cz
Comparison of physical fitness and overall school performance in children at basic school
Sýkorová, Alžběta ; Šteffl, Michal (advisor) ; Chrudimský, Jan (referee)
Introduction: Physical fitness and academic achievement may constitute two interrelated variables. Students with higher physical fitness can achieve better learning outcomes in school. Objective: To determine whether students with better learning outcomes have also better outcomes in physical performance tests compared to students with low school achievement. Methods: 167 elementary and primary school students age 11.06 ± 2.4 years old (92 girls and 75 boys) participated in the comparative cross-sectional study. A special seven-item test battery was used to determine their level of physical fitness. Pupils were divided into two groups according to their learning outcomes statements. Results: Students with better learning outcomes had higher physical fitness in the individual tests in the most cases. Statistical analysis of standardized Z-score revealed a statistically significant better physical fitness (p ˂ 0.05) for all students with better learning outcomes in all age groups except the boys from the 2nd stage (p = 0.268). Conclusion: The results showed that students with better learning outcomes also had greater physical fitness. Keywords: academic achievement, physical fitness, elementary and primary school
Is the position of students in classroom correlated with their academic performance?
Franek, Ondřej ; Svoboda, Miroslav (advisor) ; Matějka, Marek (referee)
Is the position of students in classroom correlated with their academic performance? This study confirms existence of such relationship. Subjects of the research are students of Industrial Organizations, a subject taught in the bachelor program of Faculty of Economics at University of Economics, Prague. Regression analysis shows that seating preferences of students are correlated with their academic performance. Better students prefer to sit closer to the front of the classroom.

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