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Vliv vynaložených finančních prostředků na výsledky voleb
Novák, Ondřej
This bachelor thesis deals with the quantification of the influence of spent funds on the results of elections in the Czech Republic and political marketing. The aim is to evaluate the relationship between finances and votes obtained in elections. The first part explains the concepts of political marketing. Subsequently, data from the presidential, senate and parliamentary elections to the European Parliament and the Chamber of Deputies of the Czech Republic are statistically processed. These data are commented and subsequently also transferred to the general level of elections in the Czech Republic. Recommendations are also made for setting up a successful election campaign.
"Unser Weg hat erst begonnen!" The political rise of Sebastian Kurz and political profiling of Austrian People's Party under his leadership
HOTOVÝ, Jakub
The diploma thesis deals with the political rise of Sebastian Kurz and his influence on the Austrian People's Party, which he took over as a leader in May 2017. The primary aim of the thesis is to analyse the factors that led to Kurz's steep career growth and to subsequent electoral success. The first part will focus on the political development of the current leader of the ÖVP and will describe his actions as Secretary of State for Integration and Federal Minister of Foreign Affairs. The subsequent change in the presidency of the ÖVP caused an unprecedented change in voter preferences, from which the People's Party benefited with victories in the 2017 and 2019 National Council elections. The mentioned parliamentary elections will be analysed in the light of the ÖVP election campaign and the role of its leader. In the final part, I will focus on the two subsequent cabinets under the Kurz's leadership and the question of the extent to which the party identifies with its leader or how both coalition governments of the People's Party with two ideologically different parties influenced the ÖVP profile.
The Friends and Neighbours Effect and Its Relevance to Voting Behaviour in Czech Parliamentary Elections
Pileček, Radek
Voter decision-making about which political party to support in the elections is a very complex process. One of the key factors influencing our voting behaviour is the effect of particular candidates in terms of their local activities. Many Czech and also foreign studies show that candidates gain significantly higher preferences in the municipality of their residence and its surroundings. Within the analyzed parliamentary elections, this is reflected not only by the territorial concentration of preferential votes, but also by higher local electoral support of the political parties or movements represented by these candidates. This diploma thesis examines, among other things, differences in the strength of the described effect (technically called the friends and neighbours effect) between candidates from different political parties and in different regions of Czechia. Quantitative research has shown greater local strength and spatial extent of friends and neighbours effect for leading candidates from non-metropolitan areas who have experiences from local or regional politics, such as mayors or regional councilors. In the 2017 parliamentary elections, the friends and neighbours effect mostly influenced the spatial patterns of electoral support of the KDU-ČSL and the STAN movement and on the other...
Populism and persuasive propaganda in Czech party system
Kharisova, Kamilla ; Shavit, Anna (advisor) ; Rosenfeldová, Jana (referee)
This diploma thesis aims to study populist statements that appear in the advertising campaigns of political parties during the pre-election period. The main idea is to examine the discourse of this phenomenon during parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic held in 2017. The aim of the work is to identify and describe the use of populist elements in nine political entities that passed the 5% clause. Our work is based on the theory of populism as a marketing strategy by Winder and Tenscher (2012). Since populism is a widespread phenomenon, we wanted to show that it permeates through every political party, whether populist or not. The diploma thesis uses content analysis of outdoor and television advertisements of political parties. This study concludes that populism is a very popular and well-functioning concept whose elements can be applied by practically any political actor. Key words: Populism, parliamentary elections, political communication, Czech Republic Title: Populism as political communication
Changes in socio-demographic characteristics of ANO voters and the territorial aspect of support in 2013-2017
Sviták, Matyáš ; Dvořák, Tomáš (advisor) ; Coufalová, Linda (referee)
SVITÁK, Matyáš. Proměna sociodemografických charakteristik voličů hnutí ANO a teritoriálního aspektu podpory v letech 2013-2017. Praha, 2022. 54 s. Bakalářská práce (Bc). Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta sociálních věd, Institut sociologických studií, Katedra sociologie. Vedoucí bakalářské práce Mgr. Tomáš Dvořák, Ph.D. Abstract The bachelor thesis deals with the change of socio-demographic, life-value variables and territorial aspects of electoral support for the ANO movement between 2013 and 2017. It is divided into three parts - theoretical, methodological and analytical. The theoretical part presents the most important features of populism, which are subsequently identified in the electoral strategy of the ANO movement. The movement's strategy is further discussed in detail; attention is also paid to past research on the characteristics of ANO voters. The methodological and analytical part focuses on the secondary analysis of data from the ESS international research project (specifically from 2014 and 2018). To determine changes in the characteristics of ANO voters between these two years, a series of analyses (chi-square tests, t-tests, binary logistic regression) were conducted using SPSS software to reveal the answers to the research questions - namely, in what ways do voters differ most, in what ways are...
Negotiations on the executive coalition after parliamentary elections in 2017 in the Czech Republic
Kornetová, Kateřina ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee)
This thesis deals with the political situation in the Czech Republic since the parliamentary elections in October 2017 till the successful vote on the government's confidence in July 2018. It focuses specifically on the relations between the political parties, the reasons for refusing cooperation with the winner of the elections, and the motives for a participation on the executive coalition. Emphasis is placed on the parliamentary actors who have fundamentally influenced the emergence of the government. Furthermore, the work clarifies the social environment and important events during the period that was related to the coalition negotiations. At the same time, the text focuses on the role of the President in the formation of the government. Since he is the first directly elected president, the thesis tries to answer the question whether there are visible differences between the two previous indirectly elected presidents of the Czech Republic and current president Miloš Zeman. The thesis also examines the breadth of presidential powers over the government and seeks a possible overrun of powers. The main objective of the work is to verify whether the president extends his power beyond the constitution. For this purpose is uses the comparison of realities with the Constitution of the Czech Republic,...
The 2011 parliamentary elections in Turkey and their coverage in the Turkish press
Bóriková, Alžbeta ; Malečková, Jitka (advisor) ; Kučera, Petr (referee)
In the present work we provide a research on the Turkish domestic politics before the 2011 parliamentary elections. A detailed analysis of three Turkish daily newspapers (Cumhuriyet, Zaman and Milliyet) enabled us to identify major elections-related topics that appeared in the Turkish press during the political campaign. Our aim is to compare reactions and positions of different political parties and evaluate how a particular topic was being covered in the newspapers. The work especially focuses on the project of a new Constitution, the Kurdish issue, the state of Turkish democracy, the pre-election scandals and the key points of the political agenda of leading parties. In order to reach a better understanding of the current situation we study also the historical context of electoral system in Turkey and the formation of main political parties.
The Development of the agrarian party in the oeriod of the Firsz Czechoslovak Republic
Štuller, Jan ; Stracený, Josef (advisor) ; Zicha, Zbyněk (referee)
The Bachelor's thesis focuses on the development of Czech, later Czechoslovak Agrarian Party. The thesis describes the background of the Agrarian Party and its gradual boom before the establishment of Czechoslovakia. The Party's founders and first political leaders from the second half of the 19th century are mentioned. The thesis also describes the Agrarian Party's attitude during the First World War and the establishment of Czechoslovakia. However, the thesis emphasizes mainly the Party's political activity during the First Czechoslovak Republic in 1918-1935. Furthermore, it describes results of elections from 1920 to 1935 and discusses the formation and activities of government coalitions. The text provides an overview of agrarian politicians in the highest governmental functions who made important political decisions. The thesis deals with the gradual development of the Party during the First Republic and also its internal conflicts. It describes Party congresses and organizational rise of the Party. Moreover, it illustrates the Party's attitudes towards other political parties or presidents of the Republic. The thesis also describes programming requirements and objectives of the Agrarian Party since its beginning up to 1935. The text characterizes the idea of agrarianism, the conceptual basis...
The Friends and Neighbours Effect and Its Relevance to Voting Behaviour in Czech Parliamentary Elections
Pileček, Radek ; Kostelecký, Tomáš (advisor) ; Daněk, Petr (referee)
Voter decision-making about which political party to support in the elections is a very complex process. One of the key factors influencing our voting behaviour is the effect of particular candidates in terms of their local activities. Many Czech and also foreign studies show that candidates gain significantly higher preferences in the municipality of their residence and its surroundings. Within the analyzed parliamentary elections, this is reflected not only by the territorial concentration of preferential votes, but also by higher local electoral support of the political parties or movements represented by these candidates. This diploma thesis examines, among other things, differences in the strength of the described effect (technically called the friends and neighbours effect) between candidates from different political parties and in different regions of Czechia. Quantitative research has shown greater local strength and spatial extent of friends and neighbours effect for leading candidates from non-metropolitan areas who have experiences from local or regional politics, such as mayors or regional councilors. In the 2017 parliamentary elections, the friends and neighbours effect mostly influenced the spatial patterns of electoral support of the KDU-ČSL and the STAN movement and on the other...
Economic Policy in Parliament election context in 2017 - Comparative content analysis
Lerch, Jakub ; Křeček, Jan (advisor) ; Nečas, Vlastimil (referee)
The presented thesis 'Economic Policy in Parliament election context in 2017' is describing the media image of successful political parties prior to the elections to the Chamber of Deputies in Czech Republic in October 2017. Mass media act as an intermediator of contact between the political parties or politicians themselves and voters and they have a crucial impact on the party's public appearance and image that is being presented. Especially during the pre-election period are media concerned about the political actions, decisions and election programs. The analysis is focused on the media attention and media space dedicated to the electoral and political topics. Chosen newspapers are Hospodářské noviny and Lidové noviny that represent serious approach in reporting the news. The method of quantitative content analysis allows to show the media space given, describe the type, format and main focus of the texts published. The diploma thesis describes also the political communication according to the theory of the political business cycles. The method of quantitative content analysis benefits from using a large scale of data and showing relevant conclusions at the same time.

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