National Repository of Grey Literature 127 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.02 seconds. 
The influence of architecture on constitutional law
Šedová, Barbora ; Preuss, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kindlová, Miluše (referee)
97 The influence of architecture on constitutional law Abstract This thesis deals with the connection between architecture and constitutional law. Both disciplines can influence each other, and thus reshape their image in people's perception. The architecture and urban planning of the buildings of state institutions are significantly related to national symbolism, to the possibility of identifying oneself with the state, to the behaviour of people in space, to the representation of the powers of these institutions, but at the same time, their appearance is often influenced by political decisions. The aim of the thesis is to find out to what extent architecture influences law. Architecture can represent and materialize the principles on which the state is based. The appearance and layout of a building can influence the functioning of the institution housed within it, while also influencing how the building and the institution is perceived by citizens. This general objective is then developed by analysing the Czech constitutional system, which is characterised as a parliamentary form of government, although there are opinions saying that it is closer to a semi-presidential system. This view, which is rooted primarily in the perception of citizens, may also be supported by the appearance and location of the...
Czech modern conservatism in the light of the SPOLU (Together) coalition
Rumiantceva, Iuliia ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Charvát, Jan (referee)
This diploma thesis examines contemporary Czech conservatism in the context of the SPOLU coalition, which currently consists of three political parties (ODS, TOP 09 and KDU-ČSL). The main goal of the work is to analyze different approaches to conservatism within the coalition. The thesis consists of a theoretical and analytical part, focused on the development of conservatism as an ideology and individual party families, as well as on the current political situation in Europe and the conservative faction of the EU. This work first deals with the concept of conservatism, its origin, and the definition of the concept. The analytical part of the work focuses on the analysis of the conservatism of the parties of the SPOLU coalition, including their attitude to traditional family values, national identity and culture, social and economic policy and other aspects that are fundamental to conservatism. Subsequently, the work deals with the ideological position of individual political parties and then performs their analysis. Based on the analysis, it is defined whether the parties are truly conservative. The work will also explore whether the coalition parties could merge to form a new political party. The research questions are whether the SPOLU coalition can be considered conservative and whether the...
Zastoupení žen v národních parlamentech západní a východní Evropy: Srovnání Španělska a Ukrajiny
Rushynets, Anna
This thesis compares the share of women in the parliament in Spain with those in Ukraine in the period from 1945 to 2019 by using cultural, political, socio-economic factors, and indicators such as HDI, IHDI, GDI, GII. The thesis describes the representation of women in its historical development in the parliaments of Spain and Ukraine, using given conditions which have influence the share of women in national parliaments, and the factors that determined the attitude of parliamentary parties to gender equality at the level of national politics. The thesis compares the historical development of representation of women, given factors, and indicators and attitudes of political parties in Spain and Ukraine. Based on the results of is comparison, it was exemplifies that the high proportion of women in the Congress of Deputies of Spain is a consequence of the established gender policy of the state and the imposition of compulsory electoral quotas, and sanctions for its violation. In conclusion, there are recommendations for Ukraine to improve the current state of the issue.
Deficits of contemporary law-making in Czech Republic
Crha, Miroslav ; Wintr, Jan (referee)
The deficits of conteporary law-making in the Czech Republic Keywords: legislative process, Parliament, legisprudence Abstract: The thesis concerns contemporary law-making process in the Czech Republic in an effort to identify its weak spots, which can lead to low-quality laws being created and passed. Rating the quality of legislative process is considered by the author to be impossible without a proper philosophical and theoretical basis. Such basis is found in the theory of legisprudence, which was conceived by L. Wintgens. Legisprudence is a theory of rational law-making and it presents itself as an alternative to mainstream jurisprudence that is focused mainly on interpreting law. In accordance with legisprudence, the legitimacy of law is dependent on bringing positive outcomes compared to a situation of absence of law. Philosophically, legisprudence is based on social contract as a mandate for the lawmaker to pass laws that only minimally encroach on freedoms. Principles of legisprudence and the requirements on lawmakers that it formulates, are applied on specific parts of the law-making process in Czech Republic. Specifically, administrative procedure of legislative drafting, legislative technique, explanatory memoranda, regulatory impact assessment, and parliamentary procedure are examined. These...
Representation of women in parliamentary political parties in the Czech Republic and in France since 2017
Součková, Alžběta ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Guasti, Petra (referee)
This thesis focuses on parliamentary political parties in the Czech Republic and in France in the period since the 2017 legislative elections in both countries. It looks at the different attitudes and approaches of political parties towards women's representation. In addition to the historical context of the two countries and each political party, it also presents the long-term factors that influence the representation of women in political parties. Such factors include a country's political culture, the existence of women's party organizations, or the intra-party setting of quotas for women's representation. Institutional arrangements set from outside are also an important factor, with the parity law having impact on French political parties. The following analysis of different political environments attempts to capture these and other factors affecting women's representation and their practical manifestations. First, the party positions in the period under study are analyzed, followed by the candidate lists for the 2017 legislative elections and the results of these elections, i.e. the ratio of male and female occupancy of parliamentary seats and senior positions. Next, the elections to the upper chambers and women running for the office of the President of the Republic are approached. The...
Constitutional Conventions of the President of the Slovak Republic
Šedivý, Jakub ; Brunclík, Miloš (advisor) ; Hájek, Lukáš (referee)
The eminent Slovak author Marian Giba argues, in connection with the Constitutional Law applied in Slovakia, that the Slovak constitutional system is neither currently based on an unwritten law, nor will it be short. However, this does not mean that in society there is no room for applying the conventions mentioned above in practice. Constitutional conventions are and will continue to be an integral part of the exercise of the mandate of the President of the Slovak Republic. Unlike a constitutional text, a constitutional convention does not emerge overnight. But on the contrary, the process of creating constitutional conventions is purely gradual and many times even subtle in practice. With the thesis problem, I tried to build on my bachelor thesis research, where I examined whether the Constitutional Constitutions were violated in practice by the President of the Slovak Republic at the most critical moments during the governmental crisis in Slovakia in 2018. In this case, I tried to focus on only one constitutional convention. The research question of the final master thesis was to find out the concept of a critical Constitutional Conventions in the territory of Slovakia, i.e., the assignment of the representative of the winning political party to form a new government. Through careful analysis,...
Parliamentary whips in Great Britain, Australia and Canada
Drobilíková, Tereza ; Brunclík, Miloš (advisor) ; Skutilová, Marie (referee)
The bachelor thesis analyses parliamentary whips in the British House of Commons, Australian House of Representatives and Canadian House of Commons - their history, powers, and responsibilities. The aim of this thesis is to map out the history of the position, based on the available sources, and subsequently compare the position in among the three chosen countries. The bachelor thesis is divided into four parts. In the first part, the terms "whip" and "Chief Whip" are introduced and defined. The second part focuses on a brief summary of the political systems in all three countries with the emphasis on the lower chamber of the parliaments, which is where whips carry out their duties. The third part is dedicated to the history, powers, and responsibilities of the whips in the selected countries. The fourth and final part compares the position of whips based on criterion defined in the introduction chapter.
Legislature related to legionnaires and war veterans between 1918 and 1922 - its illustration in parliamentary debates and printed media
Hainzová, Petra ; Štemberk, Jan (advisor) ; Minářová, Markéta (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze post-war legislation related to legionnaires and injured war veterans as it was debated in parliament and reported on in standard media outlets. The analyzed period is from 1918 to 1922. The thesis will also strive to compare the legislatively preferred legions with regular soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian army. Research will be conducted using minutes from parliament's sessions and selected newspapers and magazines. The analysis will show that laws intended for the legions' benefit did not have a great impact in real life and were often not upheld according to parliament sessions and printed media. The difficult circumstances of the legionnaires who arrived back home later than regular troops, did not particularly interest the general population any longer, as the post-war situation was hard for everyone.

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