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State responsibility to prevent and control a pandemic
Mazánková, Zuzana ; Bílková, Veronika (advisor) ; Šturma, Pavel (referee)
1 Abstract State responsibility to prevent and control a pandemic The submitted thesis explores state responsibility under public international law and how it relates to the obligation to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to international spread of disease. Epidemics are hardly a new or unprecedented phenomenon, and the increased incidence of seasonal influenza strains and other viral respiratory infections are a recurring theme every year. However, the issue of state responsibility for international spread of infectious diseases came to the forefront lately due to the events at the beginning of 2020 when a global pandemic of the new coronavirus COVID- 19 appeared, causing over seven million deaths by October 2023 and significant economic losses. The virus was first identified in China, which reported the outbreak to the World Health Organization (WHO) at the end of 2019. Shortly after that, despite public health measures being implemented, the infection began to spread worldwide via international travel, and multiple reports emerged that China had had information about this infectious disease a month before reporting it and deliberately concealed it, which would constitute a violation of International Health Regulations. Given the damage incurred by states, businesses...
Dopad pandemie COVID-19 na vinařství a jeho subjekty na Znojemsku
Kochan, Daniel
This bachelor thesis deals with the COVID-19 impact on winery and its subjects in the Znojmo region. The theoretical part consists of winery sector introduction and the description of the wine making process from harvesting to selling of final products. Furthermore, it contains an introduction of the COVID-19 pandemic and its influence on wine tourism. Additionally, the problems faced by states like France, Spain, and Italy, who are the wine-making elite, are introduced. Next, similar problems faced by the Czech Republic are described and its division into wine sub-districts is depicted. The practical part contains a research based on the analysis of publicly accessible data published by the Czech Ministry of Agriculture, the Wine Fund and the Znojmo Cultural Department. Consequently, the research was supported by a qualitative research method, specifically by semi-structured interviews with respondents who stand at different positions in terms of their business size. Based on this, indicators of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on winery are created, enriched by answers of every respondent. The individual wineries experienced a negative impact on their finances and wine sales to the foodservice industry. Respondents agreed on the negative impact in terms of wine tourism and, in the case of large wineries, with interrupted plans for business expansion.
Vývoj nezaměstnanosti v ČR v letech 2020-2021
Svobodová, Tereza
The diploma thesis deals with the development of unemployment in the territory of the Czech Republic in the period 2020–2021. The aim of the thesis is to reflect the changes in unemployment rate in the given territory as a result of government restrictions in order to protect the public health of the population in connection with the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Based on secondary data of the unemployment rate, the thesis interprets the numerical transformation of the growth of unemployment across the regions of the Czech Republic. These knowledges are placed in the context of temporal events of interventions in the economy. The results of the analytical part proved that the anti-epidemic measures is-sued as part of the prevention of the covid-19 disease had an effect on increased unemployment. The national average of the unemployment rate increased by 1.1 p. p. as of 31 December 2020. At the same time, based on the results, it can be stated that there are differentiations between regions, which are dependent on the struc-ture of the industry and their share of employment in the given industry. The high-est year-on-year increase as of 31 December 2020 was recorded in the district of Karlovy Vary by 3.4 p. p., the smallest in the district of Prachatice by 0.3 p. p.
Vliv pandemie COVID19 na produkci a nakládání s komunálním odpadem na příkladu vybraného regionu ČR
Skrobikowská, Denisa
The bachelor thesis investigates whether the pandemic of covid-19 had an impact on the production and management of municipal waste in Třebíč region. The theoretical part includes findings from the foreign and local literature on the impact of the pandemic on waste management. Based on the data obtained from ESKO-T for Třebíč region, the research part compares waste production in the pre-pandemic period 2017–2019 with the pandemic years 2020–2021. The thesis takes a closer look to the behaviour of households in the region. Information on households was obtained through a questionnaire survey. The result of the work is that the pandemic had much lower impact on the production of waste in Třebíč region.
Psychosociální a ekonomické dopady pandemie Covid-19 na české ženy samoživitelky
Doskočilová, Iveta
The bachelor's thesis deal with the psychosocial and economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on the Czech single mothers. The secondary goals answers to questions about the housing, social and financial situation of single mothers, their mental state, influence of the distance education system on their lives and the effects of the pandemic on the position of single mothers on the labor market. Politician's attention to the life situation of single mothers was also one of the surveyed problems. The answers to the questions were determined by means of a quantitative questionnaire survey which is mentioned in the practical part of the thesis. The theoretical part is focused on placing the issue of single mothers in the context of the family, its breakdown, psychosocial support and the definition of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Vliv koronavirové pandemie na vzdělávání v roce 2021
Vlasáková, Petra
The bachelor's thesis deals with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education in the Czech Republic, especially from the perspective of secondary vocational school students. The theoretical part deals with the use of the course of the pandemic, the impact of pandemic measures on forms of education and the use of digital technologies in teaching before and during the pandemic. The practical part consists of research that, in the form of a questionnaire survey, maps the impact of distance learning on the education of pupils at a selected secondary school. It shows the level of knowledge of pupils and teachers and the preparedness of schools during the COVID-19 pandemic. The output of the investigation is recommendations on how to make distance learning more effective during the pandemic.
Rozlíšenie krízových a inovačných opatrení vyvolaných pandémiou covid-19 v spoločnosti zo stavebného priemyslu
Balogová, Patrícia
The subject of the present thesis is the development of a company in the construction industry, PORR a. s. during the COVID-19 pandemic. The main objective is to distinguish the crisis and innovation measures introduced in the company during the COVID-19 pandemic. Part of the thesis is to examine the digital technologies intro-duced in PORR a. s. as a response to the COVID-19 pandemic situation. The first part of the thesis focuses on the development of the Czech Republic and the construction industry in the period before and during the pandemic. Based on the available literature, we define the measures implemented by the state and construction companies during the pandemic period in order to minimize the risk and ensure the continuity of projects. We also zoom in on the crisis management needs and opportunities that the COVID-19 pandemic brought to construction companies at this time. In the second part, PORR Inc. together with the identification of the measures put in place during the COVID-19 pandemic. Based on the analysis of the financial indicators provided by the company and supplemented by openended interviews with the company's management, chief economist and the company's employees in each department, in relation to the measures introduced during the pandemic, the impact of the various anti-pandemic measures introduced on the company's performance has been identified. The construction industry has gradually embraced digital technologies over the last two decades as the 'technology push' continues to overcome the usual passivity typical of the industry. PORR a. s. has applied several digital pro-measures during the pandemic period, such as digital signature, SAPP economic system, implementation of stbuildings in the online space, use of BIM and 3D technology on construction sites. The company's main objective during the pandemic was to minimize the impact on the business during the pandemic, such as increased material costs, extended construction completion dates and efforts to make work easier for employees. By reacting quickly to the pandemic situation, implementing anti-pandemic and work support measures for employees, the company was able to overcome the downturn associated with the pandemic in 2020 with a profit in the following year. The final contribution of the thesis is a summary definition and differentiation of the measures introduced at the time of the pandemic by PORR a. s., into measures belonging to the group of crisis measures and innovative measures that can be taken by the construction company at the time of other, similar social situations, threatening the operation of the company.
Methodology for the library collection protection in the pandemic period
Neoralová, Jitka ; Vávrová, Petra ; Zembjaková, Rebeka ; Šipošová, Nikola
Metodika prezentuje ochranný režim veřejných knihoven v pandemickém období s cílem ochrany zdraví veřejnosti, zabránění šíření přenosných respiračních chorob s přihlédnutím k ochraně knihovních fondů. Vzhledem ke komplikované logistice knihovních fondů, která je potřebná pro zpřístupnění a ochranu tisíců, někdy až milionů knihovních dokumentů, se tato metodika zaměřuje na omezení rizika přenosu chorob na vysokodotykovém, běžně cirkulujícím materiálu, jako jsou obaly knih, ale také na ochranu pracovníků, kteří s knihovními dokumenty manipulují.
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Stress management strategies for dealing with distance adoption from Covid-19 to the war in Ukraine
Malenová, Hana ; Kolářová, Marta (advisor) ; Ulrichová, Monika (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the stress management strategy issue while dealing with child sponsorship from Covid-19 until the war in Ukraine. The work goal is to describe and analyse the effects of the pandemic Covid-19 and the war in Ukraine for child sponsorship and to find out the stress management strategy of the Centrum Narovinu staff while dealing with the child sponsorship. The theoretical part defines the stress and stress relief strategy (coping) concept; child sponsorship with a specific supported country description - Kenya. It also defines the term of Covid-19 and the war in Ukraine with its impact on the Czech Republic and Kenya. The practical part deals with qualitative research with respondents which has interviews form. The diploma thesis focuses on respondents' sample who work in the Centrum Narovinu, i.e., in an organization dealing with child sponsorship. The result of the research gives an interpretation of the child sponsorship impact and stress management strategies of the Centrum Narovinu staff from Covid-19 until the war in Ukraine. The collected data can help to support developing countries and boost stress management abilities among workers who help in these countries. Keywords Stress, stress management strategies, child sponsorship, pandemic, Covid-19, war in Ukraine.
The evolution of SARS-CoV-2 virus during the pandemic of COVID-19
Karban, Šimon ; Tachezy, Ruth (advisor) ; Pačes, Jan (referee)
Coronaviruses are animal and human viruses which, in the case of humans, cause respiratory diseases. The genome of coronaviruses is non-segmented and encodes several structural and several non-structural proteins. As their genome consists of single-stranded RNA in a positive sense, they encode RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. The origin of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is uncertain and may never be known. However, this thesis covers up-to-date knowledge and the arguments for the main theories on the emergence of this virus. The pandemic of disease COVID-19 caused by the SARS-CoV-2 had an enormous impact on the health and lives of people worldwide. The length and severity of the pandemic were caused by the characteristic of the virus, transmissibility and asymptomatic type of infection with severe symptoms in elderly and chronically ill individuals and the fast evolution of the virus after its appearance in humans. This thesis will describe important characteristics of the most important variants of the virus and changes which gave them a selection advantage. In the end, trends in the evolution of SARS-CoV-2 will be discussed. Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Coronaviridae, variants, phylogeny, origin, evolution

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