National Repository of Grey Literature 2,079 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Investment Policy of the European Union - protection of foreign direct investment
Štamberk, David ; Šmejkal, Václav (referee)
Investment Policy of the European Union - protection of foreign direct investment Abstract One of the changes brought about by the Lisbon Treaty is the explicit inclusion of foreign direct investment and its protection in the common commercial policy of the European Union. This is one of the areas of exclusive competence of the EU. The European Union has subsequently stated negotiating bilateral agreements governing, inter alia, investment issues. However, it has not been spared from controversy and negative publicity that has been accompanying especially the TTIP and the CETA. This work aims to analyse the investment policy of the EU and mutual interaction of its institutions with the Member States and third parties. After general introduction to the topic of international investment law and EU law (chapters II. and III.), it is devoted to the issue of protection of foreign investment in the internal market. Its regime is then compared with the BIT regime (chapter IV.). Attention is then focussed towards the EU's external relations in the field of investment protection. Its competence is subjected to further analysis (chapter V.) and current results of efforts of the Commission and the EU as such are also discussed (chapter VI.). It is so in the light of possible impacts of foreign investment in terms of...
China's Geopolitical Aspirations and Serbia's Role in the One Belt, One Road Initiative Analyzed Through the Context of the Heartland Theory by Halford John Mackinder
Kuljanin, Vedran ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Doboš, Bohumil (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to provide an in-depth analysis on the projected nature of China's One Belt, One Road (OBOR) initiative through Chinese engagement in Eastern Europe, with a particular focus on Serbia. The current geopolitical situation provides a unique opportunity for the use of the Heartland Theory, first presented by Halford John Mackinder in 1904, which outlines and justifies state expansion across Eurasia. The main objectives of this thesis are to discuss possible outcomes for Serbia following increased Chinese investment and to provide a recommendation for a European response. Being an adjacent nation of the Heartland, a potential future member of the European Union, and currently balanced between Europe's and China's pull, Serbia has became a unique and important state to consider when assessing China's intentions in Europe. China's continued economic and political rise in recent years has allowed them to become influential in nations previously untethered to China, and has ominously begun to follow the footsteps that Mackinder had predicted a century prior. Although the theory suggests a nation's intent to rule the world, which one could argue China is pursuing, the aim of this thesis is in fact to uncover and illustrate the effects that China's potential advance to world...
Types of corruption and anti-corruption strategies in Ukraine
Smorodina, Sofia ; Frič, Pavol (advisor) ; Ochrana, František (referee)
The thesis investigates corruption and the anti-corruption strategies. Focusing on the case study of Ukraine, it is shown how corruption can affect society and what particular measures can be undertaken for tackling this phenomenon. It is illustrated that the current level of corruption in Ukraine is high in all fields of public management: the customs and taxation systems, law enforcement agencies, the judicial system, business, and so on. The analysis of the Ukrainian government's anti-corruption strategies reveals that they are based primarily on deregulation, demonopolization, the creation of a strong institutional environment, and digitalization. In recent years, Ukraine has been able to achieve institutional advancements through the creation of new anti-corruption bodies and has initiated digitalization as a new strategic direction against corruption. However, none of these activities have brought tangible results so far. The thesis analyzes why the government's anti-corruption strategies have been fruitless to date and how the situation might develop in the future. Keywords anti-corruption strategies, bribery, corruption, European Union, institutional reforms, public officials, Ukraine. Abstrakt Práce zkoumá korupci a protikorupční strategie se zaměřením na případovou studii Ukrajiny. Je...
Permanent Structured Cooperation and European Intervention Initiative as Preludes of a Single European Army
Urban, Patrik ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Földes, Kristián (referee)
The master's thesis focuses on the potential of two recently launched initiatives, The Permanent Structured Cooperation and The European Intervention Initiative, to serve as preludes of the single European army. Both initiatives shared high expectations as vehicles for a relaunch of integration in defence domain in Europe, but do they really move the efforts in this respect forward? To study the two projects, we establish a unique theoretical measurement of defence and security integration, based on the realist concept of the alliance and constructivist concept of the security community. We then ask what constructivist theoretical model for the study of defence integration fits The Permanent Structured Cooperation best, and analogically, which archetype is the most suitable for The European Intervention Initiative. Based on the theoretical underpinnings, we carry out an empirical analysis of both initiatives to find out what novelties they bring to the area of defence. We focused mainly on their governance, institutional fabric and funding. Special attention was paid to varying level of pooled sovereignty. The thesis is built on the content analysis of primary sources and where appropriate on relevant secondary literature.
Europeanisation of municipalities in the Czech Republic
Schacherlová, Sylva ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The diploma thesis Europeanisation of Municipalities in the Czech Republic deals with the effects of membership in the European Union on the administrative structures of selected municipalities. This is a comparative case study of municipalities of various sizes and significance, namely the capital city of Prague, the statutory city of Pilsen and the city with extended powers Pisek. The aim of the thesis is to clarify which institutions in these municipalities manage the European agenda. The thesis follows three dimensions of the concept of Europeanisation (top-down; bottom-up and horizontal), which allows us to observe this issue from different angles. Research questions follow the logic of these three dimensions and the last research question focuses on comparing the Europeanisation of selected municipalities and identifying differences based on their size. The main source of the information was interviews with officials and politicians responsible for the European agenda in selected municipalities. The results of the work confirm the theoretical assumption that the size of municipalities has a significant impact on the management of the EU agenda. Financial and administrative capacities, the setting of European funds for the given city and the opinions of local political elites play the role...
Eurosceptic Political Parties Faction in the European Parliament: constitution, form, political activity and changes in the context of the European Parliament elections 2019
Doležal, Tomáš ; Brunclík, Miloš (advisor) ; Perottino, Michel (referee)
The thesis deals in the theoretical part with a presentation and comparison of views of political science on party-political euroscepticism, including a description of the development of the form of eurosceptic factions in the European Parliament after 2014 and political subjects associated in them. Practical part presents, analyzes and interprets the voting of these political entities in the election periods 2014-2019 and 2019-2024, especially in terms of their coherence within individual factions. Both in general (overall average coherence) and by individual thematic agendas. In its outputs, the work tries, based on the obtained data, to answer the question, what are the dominant common ideological characteristics of the eurosceptic political parties represented in the European Parliament and whether they form, or can form, a separate so-called party-political family. Keywords: Euroscepticism, European Union, European Parliament, factions, political parties, populism, elections Title: Eurosceptic Political Parties Factions in the European Parliament: constitution, form, political activity and changes in the context of the European Parliament elections 2019
Europeanization of the Slovak Foreign Policy
Novotná, Lucia ; Martinková, Viera (advisor) ; Jeřábek, Martin (referee)
This thesis dealt with the degree of the EU on Slovak foreign policy in three particular areas, namely in relation to Slovak political stance to international status of Kosovo, Slovakia's foreign policy towards Ukraine and Slovak political stance to possible membership of Turkey in the EU. The research was carried out on on the basis of a content analysis of official documents, in which the focus was on codes belonging to the different intensity of Europeanization, national influence, NATO's influence and influence of other factors on Slovakia's foreign policy agenda. Using the percentage agreement method and Cohen's kappa method, it was possible to mark the obtained research results as sufficiently reliable. Therefore, research hypothesis which assumed that Slovak foreign policy is europeanized in all three research areas, could be rejected. It follows that the influence of the EU on Slovak foreign policy was not confirmed within the three examined areas.
Institution Building in Post-Conflict Areas: The Quest for Legitimate Institutions in Kosovo
Semenov, Andrej ; Salamon, Janusz (advisor) ; Đorđević, Vladimir (referee) ; Jovanović, Srđan Mladenov (referee)
The pivotal argument of this thesis is that, due to specific circumstances, Kosovo operates as an EU protectorate. Firstly, the political status of Kosovo deeply divides the UN members, including the major powers, which makes unilateral decisions ineffective. This implies that neither side can achieve maximalist demands, and thus further negotiations are required. Secondly, both representatives of Kosovo and Serbia expressed hope that their future is in the EU. Both sides are ready to compromise their legal and/or political status and welcome a solution under the formula: Kosovo to be independent of Serbia even if it means that Kosovo is not a sovereign state; and, Serbia not to recognise Kosovo, even if it means that Serbia loses authority over the region. Thirdly, the great powers, led by the USA and Russia, decided that the conflict and the political status of Kosovo should be facilitated by the EU. This decision, accompanied by the ICJ decision that Kosovo's solution should be sought through the EU political channels, gives the EU role of a moral agent. Finally, while the EU protects Kosovo in international affairs, it also requires from Serbia to recognise Kosovo's institutions and local autonomy.
The development of telemedicine in the context of cross-border healthcare services in the European Union: comparative approach France / Czech Republic
Müllerová, Petra ; Tomášek, Michal (advisor) ; Berrod, Frédérique (referee) ; Brosset, Estelle (referee)
The development of telemedicine in the context of cross-border healthcare services in the European Union: comparative approach France / Czech Republic The role of the European Union, within the context of its support in the field of public health, consists of helping the Member States to achieve the goals defined in the multiannual framework program. Among these goals, telemedicine is a priority of eHealth. Telemedicine is a form of healthcare provided remotely using Information and Communication Technology (ICT). It aims to improve the efficiency of medical care systems faced with the ageing of the European population. This thesis is a study of cross-border telemedicine in the context of cross-border medical care as it is regulated by European Union law. However, the deployment of cross-border telemedicine depends on the competence of the Member States. A comparison between French and Czech legislation, in terms of the implementation of telemedicine in these Member States, reveals different strategies regarding the integration of telemedicine into their healthcare systems. In light of these two significant examples, it will be possible to show how the deployment of telemedicine in domestic law influences its cross-border development. European legislation encourages states to use cross-border...

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