National Repository of Grey Literature 67 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The Role of Business Confidence in the Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism: Evidence from the Euro Area
Liu, Zhaozhi ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Komárek, Luboš (referee)
Traditional macroeconomics believes that confidence is not the main cause of economic fluctuations, but when faced with financial crises, monetary authorities still emphasize the role of stabilizing confidence. Although people generally agree that confidence is an important part of the transmission of macro-policies to micro- individuals, there is neither empirical evidence support nor corresponding mechanism research. This thesis attempts to answer the following questions: Does business confidence affect the effectiveness of monetary policy? Does business confidence have the same impact on monetary policy in different economic periods? This thesis first constructed a structural vector auto-regression (SVAR) model to test the role of business confidence in the transmission of monetary policy in the euro area. The empirical results show that expansionary monetary policy can effectively boost business confidence while stimulating output growth. In addition, this thesis extends the model by introducing share prices and exchange rates to investigate the role of these two important to the monetary transmission mechanism, concluding that business confidence plays a strong role in interest rate transmission and a weaker role in the transmission of asset prices and exchange rates. Subsequently, in order to...
The Principle and Economic Analysis of Bitcoin
Jiang, Jinggang ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Čech, František (referee)
The development of Internet technology has promoted the progress of all aspects of society. Under the background of Internet finance, the traditional financial model is changing, such as currency payment. With the deepening of Internet technology, the virtualization of money is deepening, and the market entry, trading and payment methods are also subverting the tradition. Bitcoin as a new means of payment began to appear in the public eye. It is a challenge to the traditional way of trading supported by Internet technology. Despite the constant controversy since its inception, Bitcoin still occupies a place with its unique advantages - Asymmetric encryption, decentralization,transparency of transaction records and so on. In the eyes of opponents, Bitcoin is more of a highly speculative asset, and as it becomes progressively more difficult to mine, the cost of mining is increasing. However, in the eyes of supporters, it is a reliable means of payment, not subject to government supervision, nor will it produce a virtual transaction record. From the regulator's point of view, it is more like a shelter for unscrupulous people to evade regulation and commit money laundering and crime. It is undeniable that in just a few years, Bitcoin has developed to a certain scale,has a certain industrial chain...
Mechanism of Negative Interest Rate's Influence on Bank Net Interest Margin
Fan, Yingxuan ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Jakubík, Petr (referee)
Net interest margin (NIM) is an important indicator of a bank's operational efficiency. Based on the balance sheet data of 189 major listed banks in Europe from 2010 to 2019, this thesis studies the bank's NIM mechanism in a negative interest rate environment. This thesis focuses on the system GMM method and the results show that the policy interest rate is positively related to NIM in the long run and negatively related in the short run, but the relationship between the two is not significant in the short run. Moreover, in a negative interest rate environment, bank NIM's sensitivity to policy interest rates has greatly increased, especially the policy of interest rate cuts. In addition, the sensitivity of NIMs of different banks to policy interest rates also differs significantly. Generally, the NIMs of banks with a high degree of internationalization and larger size are less sensitive to changes in policy interest rates, while the NIMs of banks with a higher share of retail business in their total business are more sensitive to changes in policy interest rates. Finally, through the value-at-risk analysis and stress test, this thesis concludes that the policy interest rate, net loan-to-asset ratio, non-performing loan ratio and inflation rate are sensitive factors of NIM. When NIM is subject to a...
Do Central Bank FX Reserves Matter for Inflation?
Keblúšek, Martin ; Havránek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Holub, Tomáš (referee)
01 Abstract Foreign exchange reserves are a useful tool and a buffer but maintaining an amount that is too large can be costly to the economy. Recent accumulation of these reserves points to the importance of this topic. This thesis focuses on one specific part of the effect of FX reserves on the economy - the inflation. I use panel data for 74 countries from the year 1996 to the year 2017. There is a certain degree of model uncertainty for which this thesis accounts for by using Bayesian model averaging (BMA) estimation technique. The findings from my model averaging estimations show FX reserves to not be of importance for inflation determination with close to no change when altering lags, variables, when limiting the sample to fixed FX regimes nor when limiting the sample to inflation targeting regimes. The most important variables are estimated to be a central bank financial strength proxy, exchange rate depreciation, money supply, inflation targeting, and capital account openness. These results are robust to lag changes, prior changes, and for the most part remain the same when Pooled OLS is used.
Price Level Targeting with Imperfect Rationality: A Heuristic Approach
Molnár, Vojtěch ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Horváth, Roman (referee)
Price Level Targeting with Imperfect Rationality: A Heuristic Approach Vojtěch Molnár Abstract The thesis compares price level targeting and inflation targeting regimes in a New Keynesian model without rational expectations hypothesis. Economic agents instead form their expectations using heuristics-they choose between a few simple rules based on their past forecasting performance. Two main specifications of the price level targeting model are examined-the agents form expectations either about price level or about inflation, which is ex ante not equivalent because of sequential nature of the model. In addition, several formulations of the forecasting rules are considered. According to the results, price level targeting is preferred in the case with expectations created about price level under the baseline calibration; but it is sensitive to some model parameters. Furthermore, when expectations are created about inflation, price level targeting over time loses credibility and leads to divergence of the economy. On the other hand, inflation targeting model functions stably. Therefore, while potential benefits of price level targeting have been confirmed under certain assumptions, the results suggest that inflation targeting constitutes significantly more robust choice for monetary policy.
Asset prices and macroeconomics: towards a unified macro-finance framework
Maršál, Aleš ; Horváth, Roman (advisor) ; Holub, Tomáš (referee) ; Kónya, István (referee) ; Pástor, Luboš (referee)
Asset prices and macroeconomics: towards a unified macro-finance framework Aleš Maršál March 30, 2020 Abstract The dissertation consists of three papers focused on fiscal policy and explaining what determines the dynamics of cross-sectional distribution of bond prices. The connecting factor of the thesis is however not just its main theme but also the used methodology. The valuation of bonds and effects of studied policies are endogenous outcome of the full-fledged macro-finance dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model. The first chapter provides broader context and non-technical summary of the three papers in following chapters. The first paper studies the role of trend inflation in bond pricing. Motivated by recent empirical findings that emphasize low-frequency movements in inflation as a key determinant of term structure, we introduce trend inflation into the workhorse macro-finance model. We show that this compromises the earlier model success and delivers implausible busi- ness cycle and bond price dynamics. We document that this result applies more generally to non-linearly solved models with Calvo pricing and trend inflation and is driven by the behavior of price dispersion, which is i) counterfactually high and ii) highly inaccurately approximated. We highlight the channels be- hind the undesired performance...
Balance sheet implications of the Czech National Bank’s exchange rate commitment
Franta, Michal ; Holub, Tomáš ; Saxa, Bronislav
We present projections of the Czech National Bank’s balance sheet after the discontinuation of the exchange rate commitment. Our model addresses the situation of a large central bank balance sheet with assets consisting almost exclusively of foreign exchange reserves in the circumstances of a catching-up economy exhibiting an exchange rate appreciation trend. Apart from the baseline projection, several counter-factual scenarios are discussed. The scenarios concern the evolution of the balance sheet in the cases of no exchange rate commitment and a commitment with earlier discontinuation. The simulated counter-factual duration of negative CNB equity, and thus the period of no profit distribution to the government, does not differ substantially from the baseline. The fiscal implications of the exchange rate commitment are thus estimated to be relatively small and related only to the period after the year 2030. Our stochastic simulations, however, show that the uncertainty bands are very wide. In addition, we show that the simulation tool can be employed to discuss the consequences of a long-run decline in currency in circulation, the composition of the asset side and the resumption of foreign exchange income sales by the central bank.
Fulltext: Download fulltextPDF
Equilibrium Exchange Rates and Exchange Rate Misalignments in the Visegrad Group
Pavlikova, Patricia ; Holub, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kočenda, Evžen (referee)
Title: Equilibrium Exchange Rates and Exchange Rate Misalignments in the Visegrad Group Author: Patricia Pavlikova Department: Institut of Economic Siences Supervisor: doc.Mgr. Tomáš Holub Ph.D, IES Abstract: The main objective of this diploma thesis is to estimate equilibrium exchange rates for four countries forming Visegrad Group partnership and to evaluate whether their exchange rates are overvalued, undervalued or in equilibrium with their economic development and with market. We focused on two widely used models, Behavioral Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model and Fundamental Equilibrium Exchange Rate Model and estimated several alternations of each model. Results where then compared and we derived implications for each country. We could clearly see that each country is developing differently in terms of equilibrium exchange rates. While the exchange rate of Czech Republic seems to oscillate steadily around its equilibrium value, we spotted higher misalignments for the rest of the country. Also, we saw that Hungary is on path of constant depreciation, which is related with economic issues country is struggling. Polish Zloty is characterized by overall high amplitude of movements of its exchange rate and by frequent undervaluation of the currency, implying favorable development of the economy, taking into...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 67 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Holub, Tadeáš
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.