National Repository of Grey Literature 19 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Opioid Crisis in the USA and its relevance to the Czech opioid situation
Sovík, David ; Kopsa Těšinová, Jolana (advisor) ; Nekola, Martin (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the topic of opioid abuse in the United States of America and in the Czech Republic. The current situation of opioid abuse in the USA is called the "Opioid Crisis". The thesis describes the historical development of the problem, including its division into three main phases, in each of which a different opioid is the most abused. In the first phase, it is prescription opioids that are most commonly abused, while the last two stages are dominated by illicit opioid abuse of heroin and fentanyl. The identification of the primary causes of the Opioid Crisis is an important part of the thesis. Purdue Pharma is explicitely mentioned as having manufactured opioids that have directly contributed to the widespread abuse of opioids. Within the thesis, a typology is created in order to clarify which social groups in the USA are the most susceptible to becoming addicted to opioids. In the part of the thesis dedicated to the situation in the Czech Republic, a historical and current perspective of national opioid abuse is provided. Potential present and future threats that could lead to a worsening of the situation are also identified.
Adductive Drugs Abuse among Girls Placed in the Institutions of Institutional Care
HLADÍKOVÁ, Andrea
This bachelor thesis deals with addictive substances in girls placed in foster-care homes. The aim of this thesis was to identify the specific traits of drug abuse and the attitude of girls placed in foster-care homes towards addictive substances. In the theoretical part, using expert literature, I tried to define basic terms related to theis issue. I defined the term of addictive substances, their division and effects, drug abuse, addictive substances in youth and within institutional care. Last but not least, I generally focused on establishments carrying out institutional and foster care and then only on foster-care homes. The practical part is processed via qualitative research, using the method of interrogation. I chose to use the technique of semi-structured interviews I carried out together with girls from a chosen foster home. The interviews were subsequently evaluated using the method of open coding.Using research, I found out there were several specific traits of drug abuse within the chisen foster-care home, although none are specified in expert literature. Approaching addictive substances, research has proven that there are differences between legal and illegal substances. Meanwhile accessing legal addictive substances is easy, accessing illegal substances is understood very differently by every individual girl. This bachelor thesis may be useful for both, the chosen foster-care home as well as other institutions carrying out institutional and protective care. Further, this thesis may serve as a pilot study for further study of this issue or other research. Last but not least, this thesis may benefit expert publication authors who might start dealing with it more often and publish greater amounts of expert articles.
Education of adolescent girls with addictology problem in institutional care
Štromajerová, Kristýna ; Presslerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Vídršperková, Lenka (referee)
This paper focuses on adolescent girls who are clients of a diagnostic institution and have been transferred to a specialized ward with more addictive support due to substance abuse. In this ward, they then attend school facilities that are not part of the institution and, according to the documentation of said ward, they are not successful in their studies and in most cases drop out of high school or apprenticeship. Therefore, the aim of this study was to find out what are the reasons and obstacles that prevent them from successfully completing their studies. The data collection was based on semi-structured interviews with the clients, the teaching staff of the diagnostic institute, the teaching staff of the schools where the clients attend and the parents of the clients. Another method used in this thesis was a detailed analysis of the documentation of the relevant department where the clients are placed. On the basis of the analysis of the interviews by means of selective coding, 41 categories were determined and these were subsequently narrowed down to 6 coherent themes that can be considered as direct causes of the school failure of the mentioned clients: self-assessment, finances, choice of field of study, problems at primary school, method of education, lack of information of class teachers....
The potential of psychedelics in the treatment of drug addiction in animal models.
Mallarino, Barbara ; Šíchová, Klára (advisor) ; Honc, Ondřej (referee)
Psychedelics are mind-altering and perception-changing psychoactive compounds that can produce some significant changes in the ordinary wiring of the brain. Substantial attention is paid to some of the most promising compounds for addiction and mental health research: LSD, tryptamines (psilocybin, DMT) and ibogaine. The underlying neurobiological basis of the development of addiction and relevant animal models and methods are described in the first part. Following, changes in brain regions connectivity induced by psychedelics and molecular mechanisms of action are discussed, emphasising the potential anti-addictive properties. The last part of the thesis focuses on data acquired from preclinical animal studies, which helps to further understand some of the mechanisms underlying their effectiveness in the clinical treatment of drug addiction.
Occurence comparison of socio-pathological phenomena in school facilities in areas with different population size
Klusáčková, Renata ; Marádová, Eva (advisor) ; Kučírek, Jiří (referee)
The object of this work is action research and analysis of its results, which relate to the socio-pathological phenomena studied in two schools in areas with different populations. It is a school of Jan Werich in Prague 6, which represents the big city school facilities and school Libice nad Cidlinou representing rural schools in areas with low population. The theoretical section deals with the short characteristics examined social pathology in the research section is devoted to analysis of the results.
Causes of increased risk of drug abuse in adolescents
Rychnovská, Simona ; Šulová, Lenka (advisor) ; Boukalová, Hedvika (referee)
This work deals with the problem of drug use among adolescent populations. The aim is to find out what the risk of excessive drug use causes. The focus is based on the increasing in drug-dependent adolescents in the Czech Republic and the need to systematically address this issue. In our country, there is research that primarily aims to warn children and adolescents from using drugs. In my work I deal why pubescent and adolescence decide to try the drug and continue to use it as a solution to their problems. The work consists of five chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the period of adolescence, the definition of the developmental period of time from the perspective of different theories. The second chapter deals with changes in puberty and adolescence. First, it is focusing on the biological changes, then the psychological and social. The third chapter is devoted to drug use and its consequences, including a description of the physical and psychological dependence. Also in this chapter are discussed in more detail the effects of the most commonly used drugs in the Czech Republic. The fourth chapter contains a summary of the causes of drug use in adolescence. The last chapter is devoted to the prevention and rehabilitation of the individual. The work also includes a proposal for a research...
Secondary and tertiary drug abuse prevention
Havlovičová, Kristina ; Šotolová, Eva (advisor) ; Mlčková, Marie (referee)
This bacelor work deals with the subjective perception of significance of substitution treatment by it's clients. It's aim is to find out, how the clients of this treatment perceive it's significance primarily in their lives. Out of the data gained from the research it is obvious that despite some negatives of the substitution treatment it's clients considers it to be very positive especially because it allows them to get involve in the society and to live the "normal life". Suprisingly, in comparison with the orientation of intact population the clients almost completely ignore the influence of substitution on their state of health and the risk of transer of infection diseases. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Criminal legislation of drug abuse
Tukinská, Markéta ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor)
Title: Criminal legislation of drug abuse Author: Mgr. Markéta Tukinská Supervisor: Prof. JUDr. Jiří Jelínek, CSc. Abstract: Drug abuse is a worldwide problem. The production and illegal trade of drugs is the domain of international organized crime. Illegal weapon trade and human trafficking often follow these activities. The drug abuse means serious threat for the society. It doesn't mean danger only for the drug addict, who is suffering from health problems, which are following the addiction, family and friends alienation, financial problems and losing its place in the society, drug addicts often need medical care, they commit crimes to earn money, because they are unable to do it legally, and they are often carrying and spreading lots of infectious diseases. It's not only the people living on the fringe of society who become drug users. Due to the very rapid lifestyle, consumerism, desire for experiences, which are more intense, even managers who want to be more efficient at their work or young people desiring the amusement are becoming drug users. We should not forget the most famous and abused drug - alcohol. The real danger of this drug is in the social tolerance of drinking alcohol and also its abuse, because not to drink is abnormal for our society. It is not so rare to see on the news that the...
Shadows/Conspiracy
Valchářová, Martina ; Houdek, Vladimír (referee) ; Rathouský, Luděk (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with psychosis. Portraits of people who suffered from some type of psychosis, and which in most cases is caused by long-term drug abuse or drinking of alcohol. This is depicted with figurative painting in such a way that the painting that its style and the color spectrum corrensponds to the profile of a person with this form of mental illness and mental changes in the brain at different stages of of the disease. The output will be a series of paintings of a united size of formats that will be based , thematically a basis of dialogues with people who currently suffer or have suffered from some psychosis. The authenticity of the experiences of these people with toxic psychosis is very sensitive material, therefor it is proccessed, in this series, in such a way that can it bring closer to the viewers to posibally unimaginable situations and ways of perception of reality.
Secondary and tertiary drug abuse prevention
Havlovičová, Kristina ; Šotolová, Eva (advisor) ; Mlčková, Marie (referee)
This bacelor work deals with the subjective perception of significance of substitution treatment by it's clients. It's aim is to find out, how the clients of this treatment perceive it's significance primarily in their lives. Out of the data gained from the research it is obvious that despite some negatives of the substitution treatment it's clients considers it to be very positive especially because it allows them to get involve in the society and to live the "normal life". Suprisingly, in comparison with the orientation of intact population the clients almost completely ignore the influence of substitution on their state of health and the risk of transer of infection diseases. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)

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