National Repository of Grey Literature 147 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
André Gide, engaged writer
Poppr, Martin ; Jamek, Václav (advisor) ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (referee)
André Gide, an engaged writer Bc. Martin Poppr The French author André Gide (1869 - 1951) was one of the most important writers of the end of the nineteenth and the first half of the twentieth century and an important figure of the public intellectual life. This thesis analyses to what extent André Gide was a politically and socially engaged author and the reach of his work beyond the world of literature. The method used in this work is a literary critical analysis focused on the author's personality as the key factor for the interpretation of his work. The initial and second part of the thesis summaries the concept of engaged literature developed by Jean-Paul Sartre in his study "Qu'est-ce que la littérature?" and mentions examples of other engaged writers. In this framework, the thesis also deals with the general question of "What is literature?". The third part of the thesis describes the life of André Gide and presents Gide's works which fall under the definition of engaged literature. These include works celebrating human freedom and ethics which attempt to foster the reader's strength and courage, but also Gide's autobiographic works, in which the author himself serves as an honest and liberated role model. This section also covers Gide's participation in the "Dreyfus affair" and in the...
The ways to aestheticize consumption and advertising in three chosen modern novels
Averina, Aleksandra ; Janišová, Míla (advisor) ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the means of aestheticizing consumer society and advertising in three works: Frédéric Beigbeder's "99 Francs," Christophe Léon's "Black Friday," and Gauz's "Debout-payé." This selection of works allows us to see the image of consumption from three different angles. In Beigbeder's work, we find the people who produce advertising, Christophe Leon opens up the world of consumption and purchasing, and in Gauz's "Debout-payé," we see people working "standing up" so that others can consume. The narrator in all the novels attempts to convey the image of consumer society, with each narrator choosing their own social level. Our analysis will be based on Jean Baudrillard's theory of consumption and Umberto Eco's thoughts on mass media and communication. Given the position of this work at the intersection of literature and sociology, one chapter will be dedicated to the literary styles that authors choose to aestheticize or "de-aestheticize" consumption. In the other chapters, we will analyze the social aspect of purchasing in the novels.
The perception of Maupassant's fantastic literature among teenagers who have grown up with modern fantasy
Mlynáříková, Běla ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Mengozzi, Chiara (referee)
This thesis examines the perception of Maupassant's stories as representatives of fantastic literature among Czech adolescents in the context of their childhood marked by modern fantasy. The theoretical approach is based on Tzvetan Todorov's definition of fantasy and the horizon of expectations according to the Constance School of Reception Aesthetics. The practical part includes the analysis of questionnaires from reading individual stories.
The Anticolonial Novels Published in the 50th of Last Century in ParisObjectivation, Thingification and Identity Emptiness of Sub-Saharan Character
Šarše, Vojtěch ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Fučíková, Milena (referee) ; Vurm, Petr (referee)
The 1950s were marked by the anticolonial novel movement inspired by social realism. The decade saw the appearance of sub-Saharan novelists who became pillars, of sub-Saharan literatures written in French, later considered classics. These authors were all published in Paris, like their predecessors. In their novels, they describe the daily situation in the French colonies in Africa. They represent the first generation of sub-Saharan writers who, in a complex and systematic way, depicted the relations between colonizers and the colonized, relations disturbed and misbalanced by the strict and categorical practice of domination by the Occident. The prominent authors of this crucial period are: the Congolese Jean Malonga (1907-1985), the Ivoirians Bernard Binlin Dadié (1916-2019) and Aké Loba (1927-2012), the Senegalese Ousmane Socé Diop (1911-1973), Ousmane Sembène (1923-2007) and Cheikh Hamidou Kane (1928), the Guinean Camara Laye (1928-1980), two Cameroonians Ferdinand Oyono (1929- 2010) and Mongo Beti (1932-2001). These authors, who I explore in my paper, do not belong, as we can see, to the same generation, but their first novels were written and published in the decade before decolonization (except Ambiguous Adventure by Cheikh Hamidou Kane, which was not published until 1961). Moreover, these...
To Be Marginalized in Morocco - the Representation of Otherness, Sexual Taboos and the Corporality in Abdellah Taia's Novels
Jalovičiar, Matúš ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Šuman, Záviš (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on the depiction of marginalised groups in selected novels by the contemporary Moroccan writer and director Abdellah Taïa. The author, currently residing in Paris, is himself a homosexual, a Muslim, and a novelist, and in his works, he reveals a hidden and taboo image of Moroccan society. This work aims to describe and analyse the position of marginalised citizens not only in Taïa's novels but also in official government documents. Through autofiction and what is known as the aesthetics of corporeality, Taïa lays bare taboo topics and gives voice to those who, for various reasons, remain silent. The thesis seeks to answer the following questions: how does the author depict corporeality and marginalised groups of citizens? What role does corporeality occupy in Muslim society, and what taboos are associated with it? How does Taïa stylize his protagonist, what are his distinct features, and how does corporeality influence the author's writing style? Key words: Maghrebian literature, Francophone literatures, Africa, marginalisation, sexual taboo, corporeality
The World "Down There" Portrayal of the Working Class in A Man's Place by Annie Ernaux and Returning to Reims by Didier Eribon
Strand, Matylda ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Šuman, Záviš (referee)
The thesis analyses the portrayal of the working class in two texts: A Man's Place by Annie Ernaux and Returning to Reims by Didier Eribon. Both texts draw heavily on the thought of the French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, and the thesis thus summarises concepts central to the interpretation of the selected works. Given its position at the intersection of literature and sociology, one chapter is devoted to the question of genre as an indicator of the possible modes of reading. Both texts aim to describe a collective, a social class, but Eribon and Ernaux each choose a radically different literary strategy. Through this personal journey, the narrators attempt to restate the image of the social class from which they originate. The description of the working class is not reduced to economic differences as sociocultural differences are emphasized. The themes raised by the texts extend well beyond the literary field: the description of the marginalized subject is deemed a political act.
Consent: a New Literary Genre?
Klímová, Aneta ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Mengozzi, Chiara (referee)
The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to analyse the literary genre of Consent in order to determine whether it represents an emerging genre. Vanessa Springora's Consent is an autobiographical book that is part of the French version of the #MeToo movement, #balancetonporc. After three decades of silence, the author denounces the hold that writer Gabriel Matzneff had on her, both in her personal life and in his books. An autobiographical book, Consent does not fit into any of the traditional literary genres. In order to determine its literary genre, this thesis analyses Consent from the point of view of different autobiographical genres. It draws from the contemporary trends analysed in Dominique Viart and Bruno Vercier's methodological book La littérature française au present : Héritage, modernité, mutations.
Dramaturgical and Aesthetical Development of Deux ex Machine in Selected Works by Pierre Corneille and Jean Racine
Balucha, Martin ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (referee)
The present study focuses on a theatrical principle known as a Latin calque Deus ex machina meaning "God from the Machine". Although this plot device used to resolve a seemingly unsolvable problem is already mentioned in the Aristotle's Poetics, its application and understanding keeps developing. Moreover, the status of Deus ex machina among other theatrical constraints changes as well. The aim of this M.A thesis is to describe the evolution of this particular theatrical device in terms of aesthetics and dramaturgy of the 17th Century French Tragedy. The first part of the study is dedicated to a theoretical analysis of Deus ex machina. Therefore, we introduce the opinions of three French classicist theorists, namely Jean Chapelain, abbé d'Aubignac and Hippolyte-Jules Pilet de La Mesnardière. In each of these theoretical works the theatrical device is analysed in the context of individual dramaturgical doctrines as well as in a close correlation with other theatrical rules. In the second part of the work we study the practical integration of Deus ex machina in six selected tragedies dealing with the legends on Iphigenia and Medea. In the entire work Deus ex machina is described mainly in the context of other "irrational" elements of the plot as they represent an inevitable part of a tragic action. Powered by...
Concept of woman in André Breton's works written between 1928 and 1937
Veverková, Martina ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
This paper explores the concept of women in prosaic writings of André Breton, a key figure of French surrealism. The writings included are Nadja (1928), The Communicating Vessels (1932), Mad Love (1937) and Arcane 17 (1944). To Breton women were those who enable a poet to reach freedom and surreal and he wanted to love and celebrate them. However, many critics see the notion of women in his (and surrealist in general) work as isolated from a real woman, expressing only desires and ideas of a man and giving women only a passive role. In the analytical part of this paper the specific women in Breton's work are examined to evaluate the above mentioned criticism. The aim is to assess how accurate this criticism is. Also, coherence of the Breton's actual portrayal of women and his theoretical concepts is reviewed. Keywords French literature, surrealism, André Breton, woman

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