National Repository of Grey Literature 89 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Conceptualization of mores in 17 th Century French Tragedy
Šuman, Záviš ; Pohorský, Aleš (advisor)
Conceptualization of Mores in Seventeenth-Century French Tragedy This thesis is devoted to the study of interpretations of how tragic characters should be portrayed ("mores", "ethos", "moeurs") in French seventeenth-century theories on Tragedy. The theoretical writings of Jean Chapelain, La Mesnardière, Pierre Corneille, d'Aubignac, René Le Bossu, Rapin, Saint-Évremond, Jean Racine and André Dacier are examined in detail. Their findings are compared with the Latin and Italian commentaries on how the Aristotelian notion "character" ("éthé", "éthos") ought to be perceived and understood and what its impact is on dramatic action. The main focus is paid to the detailed analysis of very divergent and often incompatible interpretations of the four Aristotelian conditions outlined briefly in Chapter XV of Poetics and on how the French theorists and dramatists responded to Aristotle's requirements. We have tried to detect the main arguments as it is posed by the contemporary critics and we also draw some genetic lines between the texts. Especially some of Corneille's remarks which seem to be adopted from Tasso. Racine had probably known the Italian commentary by Alessandro Piccolomini as we suggest in our analysis of Britannicus. But the main focus is to describe the theoretical frames with which the dramatists...
The Image of Napoléon Bonaparte in Works of Henri Marie Beyle (Stendhal)
Kokeš, Kevin ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
(anglicky) The main objective of this BA thesis Image of Napoleon Bonaparte in the Works of Stendhal is to uncover on the basis of intertextual analysis of Stendhal's works a way of Stendhal's attitudes to Napoleon Bonaparte. Due to the complexity of Stendhal's character, diversity of genres he took interest in and specificity of era in which and about he was writing, we'll have to examine closely author's life which is the subject of our second chapter. The definition of historical novel and autobiography in relation to the veracity shall depict and make clear why the author has chosen these two specific genres, a consideration which we devolop mainly in the third chapter. The fourth chapter is devoted to the importance of historical context for Stendhal's novel creation. We pay particular attention to Stendhal's criticism of Bourbon Restoration and his Napoleonic idolatry, the strict opposition between those conflicting attitudes which is very typical for Stendhal's novels. The fifth chapter deals with particular examples of Stendhal's protagonists of The Red and the Black and The Charterhouse of Parma who are the supporting pillars of the contrast between the two eras mentioned above. In a certain manner, the fifth chapter is but an extension of the previous one with the difference that it...
Hidden Presence of Romain Gary in Work by Émile Ajar
Hálová, Kateřina ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
This diploma thesis is examining hidden presence of a French author Romain Gary in the works of Émile Ajar. Only after Gary's death the public learned, that Émile Ajar was in fact Gary's pseudonym, although he has publicly denied this connection throughout his life. Because of this unrevealed mystification, Gary was given Goncourt prize twice, despite the fact that each author is only allowed to receive it once. Gary claims in his testament, that an observant reader of his work should immediately discover the connection. Can we agree with him, even if literary critics failed to find out? This work investigates various literary practices used by authors to hide their identity. The "lives" of both authors are presented. Gary did not only create Émile Ajar's life story, he also persuaded his nephew to pose as Ajar in public. The stories are followed by a comparative analysis of eight novels: four published under Gary's name and four under the pseudonym. Comparing the selected works from diverse aspects, we try to answer the principal question: Was it possible to prove that Émile Ajar was Gary's creation during his very lifetime?
Pierre de Ronsard through the eyes of Vladimír Holan
Cupalová, Veronika ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the topic of translations of Pierre de Ronsard by Vladimír Holan. The part one is dedicated to this French poet and concentrates mainly on his life and poetic vision. The part two focuses on Ronsard's position in Czech literature and it elucidates when and at what circumstances the first studies on Ronsard and translations of his poetry have come. The part three focuses on the personality and poetic vision of Vladimír Holan and its objective is to find out what was Holan's impulse to translate Ronsard's poetry. The final and fourth part analyses Holan's translations in comparison with the original texts. It concentrates on sonnets, madrigals and odes and assesses to what extent the formal and semantic elements of the poems have been preserved. Key words Pierre de Ronsard, Vladimír Holan, French poetry, literary translation, Renaissance, Symbolism
The Search for a Feminine Ideal of Beauty in Gainsbourg's and Baudelaire's
Sotonová, Jana ; Pohorský, Aleš (advisor) ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is the search for a feminine ideal in Gainsbourg's and Baudelaire's works. The image of an ideal woman is apparent in the works of both authors. In Gainsbourg's case, we partly dealt with the image in our bachelor thesis Lolita in Serge Gainsbourg's life and works. We try to follow up on the study. The first part of this thesis deals with Gainsbourg, especially his relationship with women. The second part treats of Baudelaire and his perception of a perfect woman. In the third part, we present selected Gainsbourg's texts, and on their basis we define the author's perception of the feminine beauty. Analogously, the fourth part deals with the analysis of Baudelaire's poetry. In the fifth part, we marginally mention also the works of other authors, where we can see a similar search for a feminine ideal. Keywords : Gainsbourg, Baudelaire, woman, ideal, myth
Stylistic analysis of Madame de Staël's Corinne ou l'Italie
Pautava, Maryia ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
The bachelor thesis will focus on stylistic (linguistic and literary) analysis of Corinne or Italy, a novel by Germaine de Staël. This extensive novel is unique in its ambiguous narrative, which lies in multilayered overlap between individual storytelling instances. Criticism also highlights the autobiographical features of this novel. We notice to what extent the story of the narrator with the real attitude of Mme de Staël can be identified in this novel, and how the way of narration leads a dialogue with the reader. Our analysis will result in the complex characterization of this significant early romantic novel.
A Return to Classicism? Proust's Thinking about Love
Šťastná, Kristýna ; Voldřichová - Beránková, Eva (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
A Return to Classicism? Proust's Thinking about Love A sceptical approach to love has always been represented in French literature, especially during the Classicism era. This work is an in-depth analysis of Charles Swann and his romantic relationship with Odette - as it is depicted in the first part of Marcel Proust's In Search of Lost Time. This paper attempts to verify if Proust, a 20th century author, remains anchored in the moral literary tradition and to what extent. The work examines Proust's understanding of love and compares it with the ideas of Classicism, which the author often references. The work also delineates how this pessimistic approach to love was further developed in French literature and philosophy. To what extent can, for example, Jean-Paul Sartre or Maurice Merleau- Ponty be considered as Proust's disciples?
Britannic folklore in Anatole Le Braze's La Légende de la Mort chez les Bretons Armoricains
Burdová, Zuzana ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
This thesis aims to introduce the readers to characteristic aspects of britannic folklore and to try to trace them afterwards in the book La Légende de la mort chez les Bretons armoricains by Anatole Le Braz. To this purpose is used a typology of three chosen characters, namely the character of death Ankou, night laundress and rector. On the basis of the analysis it is possible to remark the influence of those aspects on popular tellings. Firstly the thesis presents the author and his life. Then it briefly shows important historical events that led to britannic renaissance, in other words to the time, when Anatole Le Braz lived and wrote his books. The following parts concentrate on cultural interferences of Celtic and Christian faith and on extraordinary strong state of Death. The main part of the thesis consists of chapters dedicated to the description of Ankou, night laundress and rector, including analysis of some legends, in which those characters are situated. The last chapter refers to the contemporary response of britannic folklore in contemporary culture.
Inspiration in Graffigny's Lettres d'une Péruvienne within the context of the French Enlightenment
Schlaichert, Miroslav ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
The present bachelor's thesis analyzes one of the most famous French 18th century novels. Lettres from a Peruvian Woman are, as to its form, an epistolary novel and, as for its genre characteristics, an example of the sentimental and philosophical tradition. The aim of this work is, above all, to ascertain how the author was inspired by all of these traditions. First we will delimit the epistolary novel and, subsequently, specify the two basic types which were commonly used during the 18th century. Later on we will focus on the historical, philosophical and sentimental side of the novel and show author's masterful ability to make it one well- functioning literary unit. At the end we will focus on the novel's denouement and its interpretation in which the sense-sensibility dichotomy is present. As to the results, we find out that Graffigny composed a novel which constitutes an organical unit of well-communicating traditions.
La Fontaine's Les Amours de Psyché et Cupidon in the light of "galanterie"
Kovářová, Magdalena ; Šuman, Záviš (advisor) ; Pohorský, Aleš (referee)
(in English): This paper deals with the analysis of La Fontaine's work "Les Amours de Psyché et de Cupidon" in the light of galant literature, which spread through 17th century France. To better comprehend this theme, the evolution of the word gallantry, its establishment as a literary movement, and the main traits of galant literature are described. La Fontaine as an author and the general characteristics of the novel Psyché are considered. The traits of gallantry are applied on La Fontaine's work to create space for analytical arguments. Of which the concentrations are the analysis of the character Psyché, humour, galant love between the heroes, and the narration and composition of the text. The aim of this work is to show how La Fontaine worked with galantry and what makes an author, known mainly for his Fables, a true representative of galant literature.

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