National Repository of Grey Literature 261 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Protection against corruption and bribery and their prevention
Faltusová, Eva ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Herczeg, Jiří (referee)
PROTECTION AGAINST CORRUPTION AND BRIBERY AND THEIR PREVENTION The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the phenomenon of corruption and to describe the relevant legislation, which either states the illegality of the matter or is important as a part of the actions taken against corruption. The main reason why the author has chosen this topic is possibly the frustration about the strong corruption climate in the Czech Republic and also the fear that the country is - concerning this issue - not moving forward at all. The motive was to find out the reasons of this situation and to analyse whether the legislation covering this area is sufficient. This work consists of an introduction, three chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of the topic, and the conclusion. In the introduction, the author describes the reasons for choosing the topic and summarises the content of the thesis. The purpose of the first chapter, which consists of four parts, is a description of the term "corruption". It gives a number of definitions and tries to further explain the meaning by presenting different types of corruption. The third part states the origins of the phenomenon and the fourth part describes the ways to measure it. The chapter two is focused on the occurrence of corruption within the Czech...
Structure and Development of Criminality in the Administrative Regions of the Czech Republic
Bejbl, Martin ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
This thesis is focused on the structure and development of crime in the single administrative regions of the Czech Republic over the period from year 2000 when these new administrative units were established until year 2012. The main aim of the thesis is to map and describe the structure and development of crime in the different parts of the Czech Republic, the profile of typical offenders and crime typical for the given region and last but not least the detection rate of crime committed in the analyzed areas. The text also explains the key terms such as criminology and crime and its structure and development and presents the main sources of data used for the hereabove described analysis. The difference between latent and registered crime is also discussed therein.
The crime of habitual drunkenness under s. 360 of the Criminal Code
Kárász, Martin ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
The subject matter of this thesis is a crime of habitual drunkenness under s. 360 of the Act No. 40/2009 - Criminal Code. The offense of drunkenness is atypical one among other offenses and unique in many ways. The aim of this work is to intelligibly and comprehensively describe the issue of the crime of drunkenness and aspects associated with it. The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is devoted to the possible starting points and concepts. There are three basic approaches on the issue of the crime of drunkenness and four more which are based on the concept of so-called rauschdelikt. The second chapter examines the historical development of this issue in our country. There were different regimes over time and each of them approached resolved legal issues differently. For proper grasp and understanding of the current legal situation it is therefore necessary to look back in history. This chapter overviews the most important legislation, case law, and it also contains comparison of historical development with the present one, amended with regard to the development of the institute of insanity. Chapter three is the basis of this work. It consists of a detailed analysis of current legislation and careful analysis of the elements contained in s. 360 of the Criminal Code, then again...
The issue of life imprisonment
Andrlíková, Naděžda ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Herczeg, Jiří (referee)
The aim of my thesis is to analyze the issue of life imprisonment. This punishment is in the recently legal order of the Czech Republic the strictest punishment, which is imposed only for the most serious crimes. It is the punishment, which replaced the death penalty in many countries of the world. The goal of my research is to find the answer to question, if the life imprisonment is a convenient punishment for the worst cases of enormity. My thesis deals not only with the law aspects of this problem, but also discusses the sociological, psychological, moral and economical implications too. The thesis is composed of twelve chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of the issue of life imprisonment. The brief introduction is followed by the chapter about the conception and purpose of the punishment. Chapter Three discusses the problem, if life imprisonment is a sufficient alternative to the cancelled death penalty. After that follows the inevitable chapter about the historical excursion. Next part of my thesis concentrates on the position of life sentence in the system of criminal law in the Czech Republic. The main law aspects of life imprisonment, which are the crux of this thesis, are drawn in chapters Six, Seven and Eight. Here you can find the material and procedural conditions, in...
House Arrest Punishment, Its Execution and Control
Sommer, Ivo ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
House Arrest Sentence, Its Execution and CHouse Arrest Sentence, Its Execution and CHouse Arrest Sentence, Its Execution and CHouse Arrest Sentence, Its Execution and Controlontrolontrolontrol House arrest is one of the new types of sentences brought by the new penal code, which came into force in 2010. This thesis should give a brief view on the matter of imposing, executing and control of the house arrest sentence in the Czech Republic. House arrest is a type of sentence when offender serves his sentence at home instead of prison. He or she must stay at home at night from 22.00 till 5.00 or in time determined by court and all the weekends and public holidays. It means that the sentenced person is able to perform his job or studies and take care of his/her family. Other reason for enacting the house arrest sentence is that the convicted person is not affected by the prison environment, which makes his return to normal life difficult or even impossible. Very important is also the financial matter of the sentence, because compared to imprisonment, the house arrest should save more than 2/3 of expenses. A court may impose house arrest when the criminal offence is punishable by the prison sentence in maximum duration of 5 years. The offender's explicit consent with the imposing of this sentence and other...
Criminological aspects of crime recidivism
Oliberiusová, Jitka ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Marešová, Alena (referee)
The issue of criminal recidivism represents a significant social problem. The aim of this thesis is to analyze the problematics of criminal recidivism, gather available information related to this topic, evaluate current measures used to counter recidivism and propose possible ways of increasing their efficiency The thesis consists of five main chapters, which are divided into smaller subchapters. Chapters are focused on different aspects of criminal recidivism. The initial foreword is followed by the first chapter, which is focused on different perceptions of the term "recidivism". Subchapter describes dealing with recidivism in terms of its recourse (nebo sanctioning) within the Czech legal system. The second chapter reflects the current state of recidivism in the Czech Republic. It shows that the statistics concerning recidivism within the whole concept of criminality differ in judicial, police and prison statistics according to different perceptions of this term. The third chapter summarizes the causes of criminal activity. It is divided into two subchapters. The first part looks at the "outer"causes of recidivism. As a specific cause it refers to imprisonment, which is analyzed to higher extent. The second part presents the recidivist's personality and its role in committing illegal...
Alternatives to unconditional imprisonment
Hrstka, Josef ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
Josef Hrstka: Alternatives to unconditional imprisonment Abstract The main purpose of this thesis called "Alternatives to unconditional imprisonment" lies in the evaluation of the current alternatives to unconditional imprisonment in the Czech penal law focusing mostly on the substantive aspects of alternative punishments in the narrower conception. Author tried to present proposals based on studying literature, laws, judicial decisions and comparison with foreign legislations, which could lead to improving Czech legal regulation in this area. The thesis is composed of 8 chapters. In the introductory chapter readers are informed about content of the thesis, purpose of the thesis and methods used. Next three chapters deal with topics related to the purpose and functions of punishment, the benefits of alternatives to imprisonment and factors, which counteract against the efforts to reduce prison population. Author deemed necessary to analyze purpose of punishment, before he examined specific alternatives. Author tried to show that some conception of the purpose of punishment supports the use of alternatives to imprisonment, but attention must be also paid to social and economic conditions of offenders. He pointed out that the economic advantages of alternatives must be taken only as a supportive argument not...
The issues of life imprisonment
Kuďousek, Jiří ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Herczeg, Jiří (referee)
~73~ X. SUMMARY The purpose of this thesis is to describe and analyze one of many aspects of European company law- transfer of (registered and head) office of the company within the European Union. Freedom of establishment (as an element of the free movement of persons) is one of the fundamental rights provided to all physical and legal entities in the common internal market by Articles 43 and 48 of the Treaty establishing the European Community. Companies are thus entitled to move inside the European Union, set up subsidiaries, branches or agencies in another member state or carry on any economic activity in a stable and continuous way. And even though companies are given many options in their business, such as international mergers, acquisitions of shares in the company of another member state or forming of international holding-type groups and supranational European companies, they still cannot transfer their registered office to another member state without winding up and dissolution of the company and re-incorporation in another member state with one serious consequence- losing their legal personality during the transfer. Transfer of the head office is possible in limited number of cases, depending on the theory (incorporation or real seat theory) applied by home and host member state. First chapters...

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