National Repository of Grey Literature 283 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The issue of cruelty and other inappropriate treatment of animals and their protection through criminal law
Průcha, David ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
The issue of cruelty and other inappropriate treatment of animals and their protection through criminal law This thesis is focused on the protection of animals against cruelty and other inappropriate treatment, and its securing through criminal law within the legal order of the Czech Republic. The aim of this work was to evaluate the current level of legislation concerning animal cruelty in the sense that it is possible, especially in criminal law, but also in administrative law, to effectively detect, sanction and prevent its recurrence in the future. The aim of this thesis was also to evaluate the changes in the protection of animals against cruelty, which occurred with the adoption of Act no. 114/2020 Coll., amending Act no. 40/2009 Coll., Penal Code, as amended, and some other laws. The content of this thesis consists of a total of 10 chapters, which are further divided into subchapters. Defining the basic terms, outlining the development of legislation on animal protection and animal Welfare in the world and in the Czech Republic, and insight into supranational legislation in the field of animal protection, both at the international level and at the level of the Council of Europe and the European Union, is the content of the first four chapters, which are not crucial for the purposes of this...
Appeals in criminal proceedings
Staněk, David ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
APPELS IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS ABSTRACT The goal of this Diploma thesis is to analyse the legal regulation of appeals in criminal proceedings and the issue of this regular remedial measure in general. Author's goal is to present readers with the historical genesis of the institution of appeal since early feudalism until the adoption of current Criminal Procedure Code, considering the most important amendments of this law, and to put the intrastate legal regulation into the context of international law and embedment of the right of appeal in criminal proceedings in international treatises. The author also aims to explain appeal as regular remedial measure together with other remedial measures in Criminal Procedure Code and to introduce basic and specific principles, that impact the legal regulation. In the main chapter the recent regulation of appeals in Criminal Procedure Code is critically analysed. The author further deals with the admissibility and effects of the appeal, by all parties that are legitimate to appeal, the time limit, place and means of filling it, while listing practical examples of abnegation of the right to appeal to a higher court and withdrawal of the appeal, content requirements and possible problems in practice, the operation of the court of first instance after appealing, and also...
The Impact of the State of Emergency on the Assessment of Crimes
Kozáková, Eliška ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The Impact of the State of Emergency on the Assessment of Crimes Abstract The thesis provides an insight into the issue of assessing crimes committed during states of emergency during the pandemic of the covid-19 disease in the years 2020 and 2021. The aim of the thesis was to find out how the state of emergency is reflected in the Criminal Code, to identify the problems caused by the pandemic of the covid-19 disease in this area, and to evaluate the legislation in terms of the identified problems and, if necessary, to put forward de lege ferenda proposals. The Criminal Code provides for a state of emergency in the provisions regulating basic bodies of three crimes, it also includes it among the generally aggravating circumstances and the state of emergency may also play a role in assessing the fulfilment of a circumstance triggering the application of a higher penalty rate for nine crimes. The thesis considers the definition of the above-mentioned circumstance triggering the application of a higher penalty rate for only nine crimes to be unsystematic and therefore proposes examples of other crimes where the circumstance should be included. States of emergency and the covid-19 pandemic have caused inconsistency in the courts' decision-making practice. The courts have disagreed on the necessary degree of...
Agreement on guilt and punishment
Skolil, Ondřej ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
Agreement on guilt and punishment - Abstract The topic of this rigorous thesis is an institute of an agreement on guilt and punishment, which is one of the diversions in criminal proceedings that is regulated by our criminal law. Given that the institute of the agreement on guilt and punishment is conceptually subordinated to just mentioned concept of diversions in criminal proceedings, this thesis does not deal only with the institute of agreement on guilt and punishment, but also with all other diversions in criminal proceedings, which are regulated by our criminal law. The main usage goal of the institute of an agreement on guilt and punishment is to simplify and speed up the entire criminal proceedings, when thanks to a conclusion of an agreement on guilt and punishment, the entire criminal proceedings can come to a successful conclusion relatively quickly. This thesis is divided into three chapters. The first chapter deals with the concept of diversion in criminal proceedings, the principle of so-called restorative justice, as well as with all the individual diversions in criminal proceedings (with the exception of the institute of the agreement on guilt and punishment). Part of this chapter are also statistics, thanks to which the reader of this thesis can find out to what extent the diversion is used...
The role of public prosecutor in the preparatory criminal proceedings
Blagodárná, Ivana ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The role of public prosecutor in the preparatory criminal proceedings The thesis on The role of public prosecutor in the preparatory criminal proceedings attempts to comprehensively analyse the role and activities of the public prosecutor in the criminal proceedings. The public prosecutor is the significant subject and also the party in the criminal proceedings. His role in the criminal proceedings is irreplaceable and he is able to fundamentally affect the preparatory criminal proceedings through his activities. It depends on him whether the accused will be bring to court or the case will be already terminated in the preparatory criminal proceedings. The paper is dividend into four chapters. The first chapter outlines the historical development of the public accusation in the Czech lands from the the beginning until the present. As the thesis deals with the role of public prosecutor in the preparatory criminal proceedings, so the second chapter deals with the preparatory criminal proceedings and it describes its aim, kinds, periods and functions. The third chapter deals with the role and the competence of the public prosecution in the Czech legal system. There are defined basic principles and rules of the activities of the individual public prosecutors. The fourth chapter represent the very core of...
The development of criminal punishment for homosexual activity and sodomy in the Czech republic
Davídek, Petr ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The development of criminal punishment for homosexual activity and sodomy in the Czech republic This thesis deals with the development of the criminalization of homosexual intercourse and sodomy in the Czech Republic. The aim of this work is to monitor the development of decriminalization of homosexual intercourse and, marginally, sodomy with an emphasis on the period from 1852 to the present. The work is conceived as an analysis of criminal provisions applicable during the period and at the same time monitoring the circumstances that led to decriminalization. The following are examples of punishments for homosexual conduct and sodomy as stated by selected decisions of the courts. The work is divided into an introduction, followed by the monitored period into four parts, and these parts are divided into sections and subsections, followed by a conclusion. The first part follows the historical period from antiquity to 1852, where each time period is described very briefly, with emphasis on the relevant provisions of penial laws for homosexual intercourse and bestiality. The second part follows the period between 1852 and 1961. This period is already examined in detail, with emphasis on the period of the First Republic, where there were efforts to decriminalize homosexual act and where they conducted...
The Right to Defense in Criminal Proceedings
Hejdová, Petra ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The Right to Defense in Criminal Proceedings - Abstract This rigorosum thesis deals with the issue of the right to defense in criminal proceedings. It aims to provide an overview of its effective legal regulation de lege lata and it also focuses on its problematic aspects. Contemporary interpretative issues are being analysed and also suggestions how to solve them are presented. The thesis is divided into three parts. Whereas the first part is dedicated to the subject of general legal regulation incorporated in the European Convention on Human Rights, the second part includes an analysis of this matter in the Czech legal order and the last part comprises of a thorough study of detailed legal regulation of the specific institute of mandatory defense in the Czech Republic. In the first part of the rigorosum thesis, the right to defense is initially put in the context of the right to a fair trial where its individual specific elements are examined with regard to the European Convention on Human Rights. Given the quite vague formulation of minimal rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights that only in their complex state form the right to defense in its entirety, the thesis aims to solve unclear aspects of its interpretation as a whole. Grounds for these suggestions are based upon the case law...
Controversial issues of self-defence in Czech case law
Houzar, Petr ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The focus of the thesis is set on the controversial issues connected with a legal institute of Czech criminal law called "self-defence", and how these controversial issues were dealt with within judicial practice. The first chapter serves as an introduction to the whole topic. The second chapter describes the concept of self-defence, as well as its prerequisites. The self- defence was classed into the system of criminal law. The goal of the third chapter is to define preconditions which are necessary in connection with application of the self-defence institute. The main parts of this chapter describe firstly attacking, first of all and secondly defence. Subsections of this chapter analyse the term of attacking itself, the attacker and his characteristics, the term of harmfulness of such attacks towards society. As for the second part of the third chapter it focuses on the defence itself, its proportionality etc. The fourth chapter is about the role of judicial practice within the context of Czech legal system. This chapter serves as a relevant contribution to the main part of the thesis, which is chapter five. Chapter five introduces specific cases, especially those which were at some point controversial. The specific case is briefly described and the controversial issue is named and further...
Crimes relatring to the abuse of addictive substances
Bohuslav, Lukáš ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
Crime Related to Substance Abuse The topic of my thesis is Crime Related to Substance Abuse which is focused on drug- related crime. The main aim of this work is to explain drug problematic in penal law consequences to the reader. First Chapter introduces the reader to drug problematic and drug addiction issue including drug crimes, defining health, social, psychological and economic risks and dangers which may be caused by drugs. The drug crimes are divided into few basic categories because of different rational motives why those crimes are committed. Then, several essential terms connected to drug abuse are explained. Second Chapter deals with classifying drugs into several categories and analyzing their different characteristics. Third Chapter concerns with international cooperation, including its history and current international law treaty's on drugs passed within the United Nations. Three essentials applicable and effective treaties are following: Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs (1961), Convention on Psychotropic Substances (1971) and United Nations Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (1988). They involve international regulation and control of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The Czech Republic acceded and signed all of them. Theirs...
The crime of disorderly conduct at sports events
Janda, Patrik ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
This thesis deals with the current issue of spectator violence. We can observe increased attention of media regarding this issue in these days, but author doesn't think it's so serious problem how media presents. The content of this thesis is divided into ten chapters whose aim is to comprehensively characterize the issue. Thesis is characterized in particular by exceeds of the criminal law to other disciplines such as criminology and psychology and using empirical statistical data. The author sees the issue not only from the point of view of public aspect such as criminal law, but also as a administrative law and considerable space is devoted to a private law focused on the relationship between the organizer as a seller and spectator as a customer. The first and second chapter focuses on the historical development of legislation in the territory of the Czech Republic from 1852 and analysis of the current legislation, where occupies considerable space explanations vague legal terms, arising from the statutory regulation. In addition, this thesis allowed to the readers an insight into the laws of selected countries relating to the offense of disorderly conduct. The third chapter is working with psychological concepts. The author tries to explain the phenomenon of spectator violence with use of those...

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