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The Criminalization of Cyberattacks on Information Systems
Stanková, Pavla ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
NÁZEV DIPLOMOVÉ PRÁCE V ANGLICKÉM JAZYCE The Criminalization of Cyberattacks on Information Systems ABSTRACT This master thesis deals with the issue of criminalization of attacks on information systems. The topicality of the topic is supported by the rapid development of information and communication technologies and the shift of everyday activities to the virtual environment. Nowadays, cybercrime poses a growing danger not only to individuals but also to the state. The aim of this thesis is to introduce cyberattacks and to classify them criminally. Furthermore, attention is concentrated on the procedural aspect of attacks, in particular on their detection, investigation and the procedure of international cooperation. The transnational and international framework in the fight against cybercrime is not omitted. The thesis seeks to identify what problematic aspects domestic legislation faces and what future developments in the field of cybercrime can be expected. The introductory section explains the basic terms that are used extensively in the thesis. Subsequently, key international instruments in the fight against cybercrime are introduced. The focus is on introducing the different types of cyberattacks and their subsequent criminal classification. The subsequent part introduces the procedural level of the...
The concept and legal consequences of exceeding the limits of self defense and necessity
Vedra, Jan ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
The presented diploma thesis deals with the criminal law institute of circumstances excluding illegality, specifically the thesis is devoted to necessity and self defense. In the introductory chapters of the thesis, the traditional institute of criminal law, included among the foundations of criminal responsibility, is introduced and placed in the context of the formal concept of crime in the Czech legal regulation of criminal law. Furthermore, the very concept of circumstances excluding illegality is introduced, of which necessity and self defense are then examined. Individual conditions that trigger a state of necessity are thoroughly examined and assessed, respectively. as well as self defense, and subsequently the very limits of action in these states. After determining the limits of necessity and self defense, the thesis moves on to the next part, where cases of deviating from the limits of both of these instruments are pointed out, namely largo sensu, i.e. exceeding in the sense of acting outside these states, and further exceeding the limits of given actions, also referred to as exceeding the limits of necessity and self defense stricto sensu. In the following passages, the thesis focuses on the definition of the specific legal consequences of deviating from the limits of pre-prescribed...
The Concept and Legal Consequences of Self-defence and Necessity Limit Excess
Kubálková, Kristýna ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
1 The Concept and Legal Consequences of Self-defence and Necessity Limit Excess Abstract The diploma thesis deals with the institutions of self-defence and necessity included into the justification. The purpose of both these institutions is to deprive of culpability such an activity that averts a danger threatening the interests protected by the penal code under such circumstances where the state fails to fulfil its task or is unable to fulfil it through its bodies. The aim of the thesis is to classify the conditions and limits of both institutions and the consequences of their excess, whereas the accent is placed on particular cases from the practice of the courts. The diploma thesis is divided into four parts. The first part deals with the concepts of a criminal act and unlawfulness, that are essential for understanding the issue as the whole. This part then summarises concisely all the circumstances of the justification. The second, most extensive part of the thesis, deals in details with self-defence. It explains the individual concepts and the conditions given by the self- defence provisions, whereas the accent is places on the excess of their limits. Various excess limits are mentioned, which are probable to happen; for better understanding, they are illustrated by the concrete court decisions. The...
Appeals in criminal proceedings
Pícha, Lukáš ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
APPEALS IN CRIMINAL PROCEEDINGS Abstract This thesis analyses the legal regulation of appeals in criminal proceedings. The introduction describes the author's motivation for choosing this particular topic, as well as the basic goals of the work the thesis. The main intention of the author was to thoroughly analyze the valid legal regulation of the institute of appeal, with the aim of making a comprehensive analysis. For this purpose, the author gradually discusses the inclusion of the institute of appeal in the system of remedies, the basic principles of the remedial proceedings as well as the development of appeals in the Czech Republic. A partial aim of the thesis was to present problematic issues related to the appeal, to argue over them and to propose their de lege ferenda solution. In this context, the views of leading experts, including key court decisions, are also presented. Finally, the aim was to compare the legal regulation of appeal with foreign legal regulations. The author decided to compare the institute of appeal with the regulation in the German and Slovak legal systems. The first chapter of the thesis is devoted to the general characteristics of remedies in criminal proceedings. The author gradually comments on the essence and purpose of the remedial proceedings and continues with...
Consensual Ways of Processing Criminal Cases
Tesnerová, Tereza ; Mulák, Jiří (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
The topic of this thesis is consensual ways of processing criminal cases. In the introduction, the basic models of criminal justice are analyzed, specifically adversarial procedure coming from the Anglo-American legal culture and inquisitorial procedure by origin from the continental legal system. The text deals with their historical development, basic characteristics and distinguishing features. The essence of the chapter is the influence of the interweaving of elements of these systems on the basic principles of continental criminal procedure with an accent on the recent amendment of the Criminal Code No. 333/2020 Coll. The second part of the thesis is devoted to the agreement on guilt and punishment, guilty plea, undisputed facts and marginally also the criminal warrant. These are consensual ways of processing criminal cases that cannot be classified as a subset of diversions. This is mainly due to their condemning meritorious essence and purpose, which is primarily an effort to rationalize criminal justice, i.e. to speed it up and make it more efficient. The third part deals with diversions in the narrower sense, or traditional diversions, which are conditional discontinuance of criminal prosecution, conditional delaying of submission of a proposal for punishment, approval of settlement and...
Alternative punishments
Soukupová, Zlata ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
The general aim of this work was to develop an analysis of current legislation Institutes of alternative sentences of imprisonment, to analyse their place in the Czech legal environment, to identify problems and to summarize the proposals de lege ferenda , which could be a compass or anticipated future solution of this problem . Unquestioned issues of criminal policy are a big increase in crime along with its new forms, overloading the courts, krescentní percentage of recidivist offenders. It should be stoic resist thinking; lax approach will be rewarded crisis imprisonment. Endless storage imprisonment as punishment universal and comfortable the whole situation is getting worse and dishonoring approach.
Applying formal defense in the pre-trial phase of criminal proceedings
Štěpánek, Martin ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
Applying formal defense in the pre-trial phase of criminal proceedings Abstract This rigorous thesis deals with the application of the formal defense in the pre-trial phase of prosecution. The thesis circumscribes the defense in the terms of the defense lawyer in the investigation phase, i.e. after the initiation of the prosecution, while the focus is apart from other things on the important and unneglectable instruments of the defense, particularly on the petition against the resolution of prosecution initiation, the inspection of the court file, also on the participation of the defense lawyer on the investigation, the evidence procurement by the defense lawyer, the study of the court file and the suggestion for completion of the investigation, and the suggestion for the preliminary discussion of the defense. The thesis also shows the peculiarities of the defense during the prosecution of the defendant in detention, while the emphasis in put on the defendant in detention defense execution itself with the focus on the personal visits in the detention center and the matter of demanding release from the detention and utilizing the measures substituting detention. The focus is also on the address of the defense lawyer, or more precisely on their professional limits in relation to the ethical prescriptions and...
Nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare principle
Ryger, Tomáš ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Richter, Martin (referee)
Principle nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare Abstract This thesis is devoted to the principle of nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare (the right against self-incrimination), one of the most important rights of the defense in criminal proceedings. This thesis provides a comprehensive view of the principle of nemo tenetur and its application in the Czech legal system, where special attention is paid to the interrogation of the accused and the witness. Thesis begins with an interpretation of the term "principle" in law and includes the principle of nemo tenetur as a basic principle of criminal proceedings, even though it is not explicitly listed in § 2 of the Criminal Code. The second chapter is devoted to the historical development of the nemo tenetur principle in ancient times and its subsequent development on the territory of the Czech state. In the next part of the thesis, international human rights treaties to which the Czech Republic is bound and which contain the principle of nemo tenetur are examined. Furthermore, the legal embedding of the principle of nemo tenetur in Czech national law, both at the constitutional and statutory level, including the new draft of the Criminal code, is discussed in this chapter. This is followed by a chapter devoted to the interrogation of the accused, where the limits between...
The role of public prosecutor in preparatory criminal proceedings
Křižková, Lucie ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Richter, Martin (referee)
The intended aim of this diploma thesis called The role of public prosecutor in preparatory criminal proceedings is try to remind but also more elucidate the importance and meaning of public prosecutor - in many cases underrated but in fact indispensable subject of criminal proceeding - both to scholarly and the general public. The emphasis is put on the role of public prosecutor in preparatory criminal proceedings. The juristic theory calls public prosecutor by Latin expression dominus litis - it means master of preliminary criminal proceedings. According to actual legislation, criminal proceedings are not conceivable without his participation. The indisputable benefit and decisive effect of public prosecutor for the result of preparatory criminal proceedings is demonstrated by the description of his activities and authorizations. The key role of public prosecutor particularly consists of the supervision over the observance of legality of activities of the police. The public prosecutor bears the responsibility for the result of pre-trial proceedings. The text tries to offer complex but still clear insight to forewarned issues as much as possible and also provides answers to occurring questions. The diploma thesis is divided into four parts - their order tries to reflect coherent continuity of the...
Concepts and legal consequences of an excessive use of self-defence and necessity
Procházková, Lucie ; Vokoun, Rudolf (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
The concept and legal consequences of excessive self-defense and necessity Abstract The presented master's thesis deals with the criminal law institutes of self-defense and necessity, especially their legal conditions and legal consequences associated with their violation. In the system of Czech criminal law, both institutes hold a place among the explicitly regulated circumstances excluding criminal liability. They are significant institutions that enable anyone to protect their legitimate interests or the legitimate interests of others, the state, or society as a whole when these interests are threatened by a certain danger, and the competent authorities are unable to ensure their proper protection. The fact that an act was committed in a situation of necessity or self-defense excludes the unlawfulness of such conduct and, consequently, the criminal punishment associated with it. However, for such conduct to be considered permissible and beneficial for society, it is essential that the conditions and limits stipulated by the criminal code for actions in necessity and self-defense are met. The aim of this work is to comprehensively analyze these individual conditions and limits, and subsequently define the concept and different types of excess in necessity and self-defense. The thesis also thoroughly...

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