National Repository of Grey Literature 13 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Specifics of Ballet Environment as Potentially Risk Factors for the Development of Eating Disorders: Qualitative Analysis
Šimčáková, Markéta ; Vanek, Marián (advisor) ; Taušová, Jitka (referee)
Ballet is a risk environment for the development of eating disorders. At the same time there are specific risk factors that occur only in this environment. For these factors, a statistically significant relationship with risky eating behaviour has been proven. For the vast majority of ballet dancers, these factors induce dissatisfaction with the body. The aim of this study was to expand knowledge about these factors, with an emphasis on how they may affect ballet dancers and how ballet dancers may perceive, experience and respond to these factors. Data was collected through semi-structured interviews and two questionnaires and processed by thematic analysis method. The result is a description and interpretation of the 14 factors through the experience of ballet dancers, a hierarchical categorization of specific risk factors according to how they affect ballet dancers and a thematic map integrating the emerging topics at a higher level of abstraction. Based on the data analysis, the parent "superfactor" Ballet Ideal was identified, giving meaning to all other factors. Ballet dancers who do not fulfill the Ballet Ideal may be more vulnerable and prone to developing eating disorders. The impact of the risk factor on ballet dancers who do fulfill this ideal may be greatly diminished or eliminated....
Psychological manipulation in couple relationships
Pletichová, Eliška ; Taušová, Jitka (advisor) ; Božík, Michal (referee)
ABCTRACT This thesis deals with psychological manipulation in partner relationships. The aim of this bachelor thesis is to explore the relationship between the manipulator and his victim. The theoretical part is divided into seven chapters, while the first chapter deals with the definition of the concept of psychic manipulation and its occurrence in society. The second chapter deals with the phases of the manipulative relationship, which are divided into the phase of idealization, the phase of appropriation and the phase of identity erosion. The third chapter deals with manipulative techniques. The fourth chapter is focused on the personality profile of the manipulator, where I did not deal only with the masks which the manipulator wears in society, but I also focused on his characteristic qualities and the question whether the manipulative individual is aware of his behavior and manipulative techniques and uses them consciously in order to gain consent. The fifth chapter is focused on the profile of the victim's personality. In this chapter, I focused not only on the typical qualities that victims usually possess, but also on the questions of why it is always so difficult for the victim to leave the relationship and what makes him or her stay in the relationship despite never-ending arguments and insults....
The identity and social interactions of nonbinary adolescents
Divišová, Nikola ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Taušová, Jitka (referee)
The diploma thesis focuses on the identity, gender experience, and social interactions of young nonbinary people in the Czech Republic. The research aims to contribute to filling a gap in Czech scientific literature and to improve our understanding of nonbinary people's experiences, which is necessary for psychological practice with nonbinary clients. In relation to this aim, the thesis has three objectives. To understand the concept of gender and one's own gender identity among young nonbinary persons in the Czech Republic. To explore what factors play a role in the choice of a label for one's gender identity and how nonbinary persons think about different identities. As for our final goal, we set out to explore the effects of choosing a specific label on social interactions. The theoretical part of the thesis focuses on identity, nonbinary gender, language, and the social experiences of nonbinary people. As part of the empirical part, we conducted eleven interviews with non-binary people aged 18-23, which were then analysed using reflexive thematic analysis. This resulted in four themes: "I exist the way I want," "To make it easier," "It's an option," and "Relationship with masculinity and femininity." Based on our analysis, the research questions were then answered. The thesis showed that...
Level of perceived stress and the need to use social media among students on a study abroad placement
Šafář, Vojtěch ; Lukavská, Kateřina (advisor) ; Taušová, Jitka (referee)
This study aims to investigate whether studying abroad alters levels of perceived stress, loneliness, and the need to use social networks. Standardized questionnaires and a question on average daily screentime on social media were used to determine these variables for a group of students on a study abroad program and a group of students who were studying at their home university for a given semester. T-tests showed a statistically significant difference between these groups for the length of social media screentime and the loneliness variables, while no difference was shown for the perceived stress variable. Subsequently, the linear relationships between these variables were also tested, and except for the relationship between loneliness level and daily screentime on social media, all were proven to be statistically significant by correlation tests.
The Role of Therapist Adult Attachment Styles for the Therapeutic Alliance and Outcomes
Sládková, Johana ; Taušová, Jitka (advisor) ; Lexová, Eliška (referee)
This bachelor thesis examines the relationship between the therapist attachment, the therapeutic alliance, and treatment outcomes. The literature review section introduces the concept of attachment, specifically its theoretical framework, types, and ontogeny, especially in the context of attachment in adulthood. The next chapter focuses on attachment in psychotherapy and emphasizes the importance of the therapist's role in the psychotherapeutic process. The thesis also critically summarizes current findings regarding the association between therapist attachment, therapeutic alliance, and treatment outcomes. Last but not least, it draws attention to the limitations of previous studies and briefly mentions possible clinical implications. The research design examines the association between therapist attachment, client-rated therapeutic alliance, and client-rated therapy outcomes using the self-report measures Working Alliance Inventory - Short Revised, Outcome Questionnaire, and Relationship Questionnaire. The paper concludes by discussing the potential benefits as well as the limitations of the project. Key words: attachment; attachment in therapy; therapist's attachment; therapeutic alliance; therapeutic outcome
Cultural orientations and Psychological Functioning among the Second-generation Vietnamese Living in the Czech Republic
Neumannová, Karolína ; Taušová, Jitka (advisor) ; Nikolai, Tomáš (referee)
The objective of this Master's thesis is to examine the psychological functioning and psychological adjustment among the second-generation Vietnamese living in the Czech Republic. Theoretical part explores relationship between cultural orientations on one side and negative and positive aspects of psychological functioning on the other side. Concrete strategies and concepts of acculturation will be described more closely, including the concept of bicultural identity. Concept of subjective well-being is also discussed in the theoretical part and the information used in the theoretical framework come mostly from the research regarding the subjective well-being and overal psychological functioning among the second-generation immigrants. The aim of the research is to explore relationship between the level of cultural orientations and the aspects of psychological functioning among the second-generation Vietnamese living in the Czech republic. The positive aspects of psychological functioning will be assessed by the questionnaire that measures life satisfaction which represent one component of subjective well- being and negative aspects of psychological functioning will be assssed by the screening tool evaluating negative psychological functioning. The research will be focused on the second generation...
Self Compassion in Population of Obese Patients
Ringelová, Valentina ; Zajícová, Markéta (advisor) ; Taušová, Jitka (referee)
Obesity is a growing problem of our society; its prevalence is almost reaching 60 %. It is a complexproblem,influencedbyphysical, psychological, andsocial factors,soits therapyneeds to be approached holistically. However, weight management programmes are not effective enough and health care professionals are trying to develop a new approach. Still emerging findings about self-compassion (= a kind way of relating to oneself when experiencing pain) suggest its potential effectivity in obesity treatment. People with obesity tend to lack self- compassion, so the new approaches aim to increase their level of compassion. This could support people's adherence to a weight management plan.
The relationship between selected traits from the Cattell's 16 Personality Factor Model, family factors and the rates of alcohol consumption.
Convoy, Klára ; Taušová, Jitka (advisor) ; Niederlová, Markéta (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the relationship between the selected traits of the Cattell's 16 Personality Factor Model, the family factors and the rates of alcohol consumption. Attention is paid to the description of personality, to the theory of personality and also to the description of Cattell's 16 Personality Factor Model. This work also deals with the description of alcohol and the factors that may be related to its use and the use of other addictive substances. The function of alcohol, the consumption patterns and addiction issues are also described. The quantitative research was chosen. The target was to determine whether there is a realationship between selected personality characteristics of Cattell's 16 Personality Factor Model, the primal family influences, the demographic variables, and the level of alcohol consumption. The methods used in this research were: Cattell's 16 factor personality questionnaire and the BSQF (Beverage specific quantity-frequency) questionnaire, which made it possible to determine the average daily consumption of pure alcohol in grams and to determine the level of consumption based on this. There were questionnaire methods added to include additional questions that examined the family situation during childhood, substance abuse of biological parents, the...
Selected psychological aspects of collective blame
Bradáčová, Nikola ; Vranka, Marek (advisor) ; Taušová, Jitka (referee)
This Master's degree thesis focus on introducing collective blame from the psychological point of view. The theoretical part begins by defining the phenomena in general, including the context of its occurrence. The key chapter follows, focusing on the mechanism of collective blame attribution, its model, theories, and approaches. Following chapter describes the intercultural comparison of collective blame. Next part address the related phenomena (vicarious retribution, collective punishments etc.). The final chapter is related to interventions in the context of collective blame phenomena. The experimental part focuses on the mechanism of collective blame in relation to relevant moderating factors, based on previous studies. The research itself is a replication study, following the work of Denson et al. (2006). It is a correlation study that mainly focuses on whether membership in different types of groups is related to different levels of assigned collective blame, and also to explore which other included variables are correlating with collective blame attribution. The research data were collected through an online questionnaire. Respondents were mostly recruited through the database of the PLESS laboratory. Our research's result mainly confirms the result of the original study from Denson et al....

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2 Taušová, Jana
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