National Repository of Grey Literature 160 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Psychometric quality of the classroom relationship questionnaire and its modification
Solnařová, Jana ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Sotáková, Hana (referee)
Rigorózní práce Psychometric quality of the classroom relationship questionnaire and it's modification ABSTRACT The rigorous thesis follows the topic of a diploma thesis which deals with relations in gender-unbalanced classes. A non-standardized questionnaire of relationships in classes was used in the diploma thesis and possible gaps and shortcomings appeared during its elaboration. The questionnaire is the subject of this thesis. The theoretical part maps the influence of gender stereotypes on development of individuals and character of relationships in coeducated and separated classes. The empirical part works with 324 collected questionnaires, and concist of two parts. Questionnaires in the first part were psychometrically processed and a due to insufficient reliability of some items, a modification of the questionnaire was proposed. The second part consists of detailed analysis of the collected data. Results show the influence of several variables on relationships in the classes. Pupils have the best relationships with each other in primary schools while the worst relationships are in vocational and secondary vocational schools. Relationships between individuals worsen with age, especially in a subgroup of girls. Girls are considerably influenced by gender composition of the class. They have the best...
The relationship between burnout and social support at school
Jadrná, Tereza ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Poche Kargerová, Jana (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with the burnout syndrome in primary school teachers. The field of interest of this thesis is the relation between the burnout syndrome and the social support offered by individual schools. It primarily focuses on formal activities at schools that assist with the social support which works as a prevention of the burnout syndrome development. The submitted work consists of two parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part defines the most important terms linked with the burnout syndrome. Primarily stress, one of the main causes of the burnout syndrome and its effect on the human health. Secondarily the burnout syndrome itself, the concept thereof, causes and symptoms and lastly its phases. In the next chapter, stress and the burnout syndrome in the teaching profession are described, followed by possibilities of their prevention. The last chapter of the theoretical part is then concerned with the specific formal activities for assistance with the professional social support. The results of research in two schools, chosen based on the different number of formal activities, are presented in the practical part. Teachers in these schools were given a questionnaire, the first part of which provides a general information, the second part uses the standardized...
Gender relationships between boys and girls in mixed class groups in the first grade at elementary school
Jindrová, Zdeňka ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Zemanová, Lenka (referee)
Univerzita Karlova Pedagogická fakulta Katedra psychologie DIPLOMOVÁ PRÁCE Genderové vztahy mezi dívkami a chlapci ve smíšených třídních kolektivech na 1.stupni ZŠ Gender relations between boys and girls in mixed class groups in the first grade at elementary school Zdeňka Jindrová Vedoucí práce: doc. PhDr. Irena Smetáčková, Ph.D. Studijní program: Učitelství pro základní školy M7503 Studijní obor: 7503T047 Učitelství pro 1.stupeň ZŠ (OKM1STV06) Rok odevzdání: 2020 ABSTRACT My diploma thesis deals with the relations between boys and girls in two mixed class groups of a state primary school in the city "n" and two mixed class groups of a private primary school in the city "b". The work is divided into theoretical and empirical part. In the theoretical part I describe the basic definitions concerning the keywords of this work. I pay particular attention to the approach of individual pupils to gender issues and gender relations between pupils. I am interested in how good the relationships between girls and boys in mixed groups are. My work is based on professional literature, available Internet resources and the assigned questionnaires of relationships in the classroom. In the empirical part of the work I explain the methods and phases of my research. Questionnaires also serve as a decisive factor, if there is...
Ambivalent sexism theory and techniques of its detection
Nováková, Veronika ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Lukavská, Kateřina (referee)
This diploma thesis is dealing with the theory of ambivalent sexism and the technique of how to measure it. The main goal of the thesis is the conversion and validation of the 22 - item Ambivalent Sexism Inventory toward Women (ASI, Glick & Fiske, 1996) and through this inventory, the validity of the ambivalent sexism theory, from which the inventory stems from, on the Czech population. The thesis is therefore primarily focused on psychometric quality of the presented items and on the structure mapping of factors of the ASI in Czech setting. Secondarily it describes what the ASI says about Czech society. The conversion and validation of the ASI was made on a representative sample numbering 120 respondents in line with selection quotas. For the measurement of psychometric quality of the questions asked in the ASI, Cronbach's alfa was used as well as discriminability, skewness and kurtosis. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used for working with the factors and structure of the ASI. As for determining the content validity of the ASI, scenarios evaluated through Spearman's correlation coefficient with the included items, were employed. The results showed that the items of hostile sexism dispose of a psychometric quality unlike the items of benevolent sexism. The items dealing with...
LGBT Catholic Church Members: The Relation to One's Erotic Love
Šmejkalová, Klára ; Beláňová, Andrea (advisor) ; Smetáčková, Irena (referee)
The thesis deals with the issue of Catholic faith and minority sexual orientation in adult men living in the Czech Republic. Consideration is given to the formation and experience of identity in relation to the aforementioned phenomena, and yet is based on the development theories of E. H. Erikson and J. E. Marcia. The thesis consists of two parts: theoretical and empirical. The theoretical part defines the concepts of identity, LGBT and Catholicism and continues working with these concepts. Furthermore, the mentioned development theories are introduced and finally the thesis deals with three types of identities: gender, sexual and religious. Empirical part analyzes interviews with six informants using case reports. A semi- structured questionnaire created by the author of this thesis was used. As an outcome, there are four thematic blocks resulting from the data obtained. It showed that the intersection between faith and sexuality in LGBT Catholics in the Czech Republic is given by the personality and background of each informant, however it is moving towards balance in sustainable and continuous identity. KEY WORDS identity, LGBT, Catholicism, faith, gender
The idea of a female and male teacher in the perspective of students at lower secondary schools
Procházková, Martina ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Jarkovská, Lucie (referee)
This thesis is looking into problematics of children's view of teachers from gender perspective. It compares idea of typical male and female teacher, idea of ideal male and female teacher and also characteristics of actual male and female teachers. Main subject of this research is, if and how much is an ideal model of a teacher and children's real life experience influenced by a gender stereotype. Several researches have proven, that pedagogical personality and the way it is received has a major impact on studying effectiveness and attitudes towards school. These particular research uses quantitative methodology. Specifically a questionnaire survey. Several students of elementary school filled three questionnaires. First focused on imagine of typical male and female teacher, seconds focused on imagine of ideal model of a male and female teacher and third focused on description of a real-life teacher. The analysis will present a comparison of typical, ideal and real-life teachers and if gender has an impact on those three categories (typical, ideal and real-life teacher). This research is based and is expanding research of typical teacher published fifteen years ago (Moravcová-Smetáčková, 2003) and will be comparing the outcomes. Key words: gender, gender stereotypes, pedagogical personality,...
The Pupils' Strategies of Mathematical Word Solving Problems With Real-Life Context
Gruberová, Nicole ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Páchová, Anna (referee)
In my thesis I concentrated on mathematical problem solving by pupils at elementary school. I lead interviews with six 3rd grade children, during which they were instructed to solve the problems as well as to share their stream of thoughts concerning their solving strategies with me. I tried to understand the ways how they solve the problems and where their mistakes stem from. My attention focused on the ways the problems were formulated and what specific words may have either helped or distracted the children while the problem solving. The special attention was paid to contextual information which children use during the solving of word problems - its attractivness as well as the way it is served to them. The information about the childrens' school results and the difference between word problems from my set and the regular ones I gained from an interview with the school teacher of the children from my research group. The research showed that the difference between intuitive and analytical way of thinking had the most crucial impact on the strategies the children chose during the word problem solving. The occurence of non-standard context as a motivator was proved, however it was not so in the case of it in a role of a cognitive help. This impact was not proved surely. Concerning the length of the...
Sexual harassment of Czech university students in 2018 - comparison with 2008 research
Dvořáková, Dominika ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Kolářová, Kateřina (referee)
The principal objective of my thesis was to find out what changes in sexual harassment of university students have occurred since 2008/2009 when the research project Sexual harassment at university: occurrence and perception was carried out. In the theoretical part I describe the term sexual harassment, specifics of the university environment and at the end of the theoretical part I show negative effects of sexual harassment and outline possible ways how to prevent it. In the methodological part I describe the research itself. I interviewed a total of 946 students using a questionnaire survey to find out what forms of sexual harassment students most often face, whether women perceive annoying behaviour more critically than men and whether they have more experience with it and also how students define sexual harassment. The analysis of the results showed that there were no major changes in the total share of students who experienced the sexual harassment by their teachers compared to the previous research. At the same time, some types of harassing behaviour have become more frequent (e.g. abusive behaviour due to being a man or a woman, ridiculing students' appearance). Keywords: sexual harassment, universities, education, gender stereotypes

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