National Repository of Grey Literature 280 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The development of nonbinary gender identity from the perspective of social cognitive theory
Krovová, Anna ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Francová, Veronika (referee)
The thesis discusses the development of non-binary gender identity using the framework of social cognitive theory. The thesis has three objectives. Firstly, to understand what gender, gender identity and the binary concept of gender mean for non-binary people. Second, to identify which significant aspects enter into the development of non-binary gender identity and third, to explore how to view non-binary gender identity through the lens of social cognitive theory.The theoretical section focuses on gender socialization, gender and gender identity and the theoretical perspectives that address gender identity development. It then focuses on the development of non-binary gender identity and subfields. The empirical section presents the actual research. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine non-binary individuals aged 18-25 years old thematically focused on their subjective experiences of gender identity development. The data were analysed through reflective thematic analysis. Subsequently, the themes of "Existing outside the box", "(In)visibility" and "Such a pet" were established. Based on the analysis, the research questions were answered. The thesis showed that non-binary persons perceive their difference already in childhood, although they do not know what this difference means until...
Attitudes of preschool teachers and their experience with lesbian mother families
Reichertová, Karolina ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Taušová, Jitka (referee)
This master's thesis discusses the topic of preschool teachers' experience with lesbian mother families and the topic of attitudes towards same-sex parenting. The primary aim of this thesis was to map how teachers perceive, experience and practice their professional relationship with lesbian mother families. Also, the research sought to examine whether and how teachers include family diversity issues in preschools. Theoretical chapters introduce subject of attitudes towards lesbian and gay parenting and homoparental families in preschool environments. Empirical chapters present quantitative research, whose main method was a survay questionare. The research sample consisted of 70 female teachers and 3 male teachers from preschools. Experience with lesbian families was reported by half of the research sample. The results revealed that the majority of teachers perceive their experience with lesbian families as positive and their cooperation is not associated with any major difficulties. Despite teachers' mostly positive attitudes towards same-sex parenting as well as towards cooperation with these families, the issue of homoparentality in preschools is still rather invisible. Inclusion of family diversity issues and specific activities promoting a welcoming environment for lesbian and gay families are...
Experience of Gay families with preschool institutions
Gregorová, Karolína ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Viktorová, Ida (referee)
This bachelor's thesis explores the topic of gay families' experiences with female kindergarten teachers. The aim of this thesis was to explore and evaluate the perspectives of families where both parents are male on working with female kindergarten teachers and to describe the relationships and communication between gay families and the kindergarten teacher. Another aim of this study was to determine if there are any communication and relationship barriers in relation to the given specificity of the research families. The theoretical part of the thesis is an introduction to the issue of homoparental families, the relationship between the family and the kindergarten teacher, based on current research in the field of gay families and society. The empirical part of the thesis is conducted through qualitative research, the method of which was a semi-structured interview. The interviews were conducted with one parent from the paternal couple each time, and in addition, interviews were conducted with kindergarten teachers who have professional experience with a child growing up in a gay family. The research sample consisted of 3 families and 3 kindergarten teachers. The data collected was subjected to analysis which revealed several significant pieces of information regarding the relationship and...
Folktale, dream and their connections
Vídršperková, Lenka ; Kučera, Miloš (advisor) ; Smetáčková, Irena (referee) ; Voldřich, Michal (referee)
The dissertation discusses the similarities or even possible relatedness of folktales and dreams. The theoretical framework of this research is mainly psychoanalytical - in accordance with psychoanalytic theory, the assumption is accepted that manifestations of the unconscious can be observed in folktales, as well as in dreams. Manifest and latent content can be found in both, folktales and dreams, and therefore they can be interpreted. Some authors, such as the Hungarian folklorist G. Róheim, propose that a folktale originally comes from an individual dream, which was told by a dreamer and gradually enriched with cultural specifics. M. Kučera's theory of induction follows from this - folktales induce dreams that would have been dreamed anyway, because their content is based on child's unconscious needs and conflicts. The first part presents the theoretical basis. In the next part, a possible procedure for interpreting a folktale is shown on the folktale type ATU 510B (Princess with a Golden Star on her Forehead from B. Němcová). The available versions of the folktale are searched and compared; the basic timeline of the folktale is defined. The most famous interpretations are presented: According to some of them, the folktale deals with the psyche of an abused woman, according to others, the...
Construction and development of student identity of college students whose parents do not have university degree
Škanderová, Taťána ; Machovcová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Smetáčková, Irena (referee)
This master thesis investigates how student identity of college students whose parents do not have university degree is constructed and further developed. The aim is to find out what meanings, factors, resources, actors and identities enter and influence the process of building and developing their student identity. It focuses on turning points, which are accompanied by a change in their own identity and uncertainty in their own social and cultural world. The theoretical part of the work is focused on defining and describing the specific characteristics of college students with parents without a college degree, the problem of a deficit perspective on them and the specifics of first-generation students in more prestigious fields of study. The following sections deal with social and educational inequalities from a historical point of view in the Czech context and from the point of view of critical social psychology. The conclusion is devoted to identity, which is viewed from three theoretical perspectives, namely from the perspective of social identity theory, from the perspective of social constructivism, and from the sociocultural developmental perspective on identity changes. In the empirical part, repeated semi-structured in-depth interviews and photo diaries were used to collect data. The...
LGBT+ students: What teachers think and do concerning to them
Kameníková, Denisa ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Frombergerová, Anna (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on exploring teachers' attitudes towards LGBT+ students and LGBT+ issues within schools. The theoretical section of the thesis establishes fundamental concepts and phenomena related to LGBT+ adolescents, as well as attitudes and prejudices towards LGBT+ students. The primary emphasis is on LGBT+ students and issues in the school environment. The objective of this study is to investigate the attitudes of secondary school teachers towards their LGBT+ students. For the research, a qualitative approach was employed, and data collection was carried out through individual semi-structured interviews, using pre- prepared question set. The interviews involved 5 female and 3 male respondents. The data gathered was then analyzed using thematic analysis, leading to the identification of 13 themes and 20 sub-themes. These findings are visually represented to enhance clarity and to demonstrate potential interrelationships among them. The results of this study eveal the complexity of teachers' attitudes, highlighting the diverse components that contribute to their perception of a singular subject. Furthermore, the research explores additional themes such as the inclusion of LGBT+ topics in the classroom, specific actions taken by teachers to support LGBT+ learners, and recommendations...
LGBT+ topics as curricula in foregin language edution in the Czech schools
Polách, Dominik ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Topolovská, Tereza (referee)
This thesis "LGBT+ topics as curricula in foreign language education in the Czech schools" deals with the issue of integrating LGBT+ and gender-related topics into foreign language teaching. This thesis builds on previous research in the field of LGBT+ in Czech schools. Through a qualitative study in the form of semi-structured interviews with foreign language teachers in Czech primary and secondary schools, answers are sought to the questions of how are LGBT+ and gender topics integrated into foreign language teaching and how are these topics dealt with in foreign language classes. Teachers' perspectives on the integration of these topics into language teaching and possible problems that may arise when integrating these topics into language teaching are also researched. It was found that in most cases these topics arise spontaneously in foreign language classes, usually from the learners' side, who find these issues present and interesting. Teachers perceive certain shortcomings in the teaching materials in terms of integrating these topics, but they find the incorporation in the curriculum sufficient in terms of the general theme of tolerance and respect. And in relation to the theme of tolerance and respect, they consider the integration of LGBT+ and gender issues into language teaching to be...
The Experience of Nonbinary Individuals with Self-Presentation and Gender Expression (from a Phenomenological Perspective)
Novotný, Ondřej ; Smetáčková, Irena (advisor) ; Macháčková, Marcela (referee)
This bachelor's thesis explores lived experiences of individuals who identify as non-binary, both in personal spheres and social interactions. It defines the concept of gender and examines related concepts such as its development, roles, stereotypes, and its socially constructed nature, as well as its interaction with social and personal identity. It briefly touches on androgyny and gender-aschematicity and their potential positive impact on society through reducing the salience of gender stereotypes, by promoting more flexible notions of gender. In the empirical section, the thesis analyses the narratives of four non- binary informants (obtained through semi-structured interviews) using interpretive phenomenological analysis. It specifically focuses on self-presentation and gender expression in relation to authenticity, studying the interaction between the self and the social environment. The thesis highlights the variability in experiences among these four individuals and summarizes their experiences into emergent themes and subthemes. Through description and interpretation, it seeks to elucidate and explain the individual experiences of the informants. Various common themes arise, such as: (1) the relationship between pressure exerted on the individual and the perceived need to challenge...

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