National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Conspiracy Theories in Democracy
Kott, Josef ; Bíba, Jan (advisor) ; Těmín, Kristián (referee)
This bachelor's thesis explores the conspiracy theory of a rigged 2020 US presidential election created by Donald Trump as a form of political manipulation. This is done using the theoretical basis of Robert Goodin's manipulation theory. This theoretical framework is introduced as well as the basic characteristics of conspiracy theories. The thesis also presents Trump's narratives of voter fraud, how they evolved during the campaign and after the election, how they spread, and what their most immediate impact was. This particular conspiracy theory is analyzed by Goodin's manipulation theory and how serious the theory considers the manipulation to be. Keywords manipulation, conspiracy theory, Donald Trump, new conspiracism, electoral fraud, narrative
Agonistic pluralism and Deliberative democracy's criticism
Bučoková, Bernardeta ; Bíba, Jan (advisor) ; Těmín, Kristián (referee)
The thesis deals with theory of deliberative democracy in classic conception by Jürgen Habermas, German political philosopher and leading representative of deliberative democracy. Fist part of the thesis describes the origin, historical development and theoretical framework of mentioned theory - its principles, characteristics and components. It explains how the principles of deliberation work, which is considered as a key element of deliberative democracy. Second part of thesis tries to describe the attitude of Chantal Mouffe, Belgian political scientist and representative of radical democracy, towards deliberative democracy. It describes her criticism against the lack of pluralism, antagonism and agonism in deliberative democracy. This thesis is trying to specify these shortages in some of the chapters and subsections. Thesis's Conclusion dedicates to answer principal questions - wether is democratic decision-making a form of deliberation, therefore concession, or is it a democratic process with a form of conflict.
International Relations in the Era of Climate Crisis: Flaws in Realist Analysis
Jakubů, Matyáš ; Slačálek, Ondřej (advisor) ; Těmín, Kristián (referee)
This thesis concerns analysis of climate and ecological crisis by realism in international relations. Firstly, realism is defined in contrast with neoliberalism. Next chapter describes Latour's and Moore's analyses of the causes of these crises, which identify the dichotomy between humans and non-human nature, the concept of nature as a passive object, accumulation of capital, and extractivist relationship with non-human nature. It is shown that attempts to synthesize realism and ecological thought cannot take these causes into consideration; therefore, these attempts are considered flawed. Thus, the degrowth movement is introduced as an alternative reaction to these crises, which overcomes their causes, but which does not present a comprehensive vision of global transformation. The last chapter offers a neo-gramscian analysis of international transition to degrowth. Key words international relations theory, ecorealism, New Climatic Regime, Capitalocene, degrowth
Hannah Arendt on Democracy
Těmín, Kristián ; Štefek, Martin (advisor) ; Znoj, Milan (referee)
The thesis deals with the specific problem of Hannah Arendt's positive political project which has never been a central topic for her. She rather reflects political phenomenon from ancient Greek polis to modern times of mass society in the second half of the 20th Century. She assumes that one of the human conditions is acting - political activity. On the one hand, this activity needs a specific space for demonstrating itself. On the other hand, this activity presupposes the equality of acting people. However, these presuppositions have been disfigured during the growth of the society. This thesis examines the positive political project of Hannah Arendt which stands as a remedy of disfigured political space. We start with Arendt's theory of freedom and contrast it with Isaiah Berlin's theory. Then we describe the concept of acting and explain why has been disfigured during modernity. Finally, we show why we can call Arendt's positive political project or regime as a democratic one. We identify two moments (moment of deliberation and moment of participation) which are essential for understanding Arendt's political project. Then we deal with the problem of elites which is explicitly in her thoughts. But we show an interpretation which is based on J. C. Isaac article that real political space for...
The Best Political Regime According To Aristotle
Těmín, Kristián ; Jinek, Jakub (advisor) ; Špinka, Štěpán (referee)
Autor: Kristián Těmín Vedoucí práce: Jakub Jinek, Dr. Phil Název: Nejlepší politické zřízení podle Aristotela Rok: 2017 Abstract This thesis examines Aristotle's conception of the best regime. It deals with the concept of the citizen and the regime in general, it explores the well-known six-member classification of regimes and, finally, it deals with the best regime itself. Focusing primarily on the text of Books III, VII and VIII of the Politics we wish to demonstrate that the best regime from Books VII and VIII presents a different type of regime compared to the one explored in the third book. We want to show the best regime as a polis which achieves the highest good and which forms a natural summit of Aristotle's political doctrine. For better understanding of the best regime according to Aristotle, the thesis concentrates on two questions: firstly, what difference is between the six regimes from the third book and the best regime of Books VII and VIII; and, secondly, which life is choiceworthy for living in the best regime? Besides, the thesis deals with the problem of education in the best regime and it demonstrates the relationship between education, music arts and worthy life in the best regime.

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