National Repository of Grey Literature 22 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
New diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for the prevention of CVD in patients with familial hypercholesterolaemia
Altschmiedová, Tereza ; Češka, Richard (advisor) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee) ; Rašlová, Katarína (referee)
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases are still the most common cause of death in Europe, despite new diagnostic methods and treatment. Although many accelerators of the atherosclerotic process are known, only LDL-cholesterol is considered to be the causal risk factor for atherosclerosis. Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is an autosomal dominantly inherited disease whose carriers have had a high level of LDL-cholesterol since childhood due to reduced amount or function of LDL receptors . Determination of the causative mutation is not always possible and the diagnosis is established by using some scoring systems which take into account personal and family history and some typical signs (e.g. tendon xanthomas) in addition to LDL-cholesterol value. The treatment of FH is lifelong and to achieve the LDL- cholesterol target, combination therapy (ezetimibe, modern biologic therapy) in addition to statins , is often necessary. However statins are always the mainstay of the treatment. By retrospective analysis of data from 1236 patients diagnosed with FH, we confirmed the cardiovasular risk of these patients is different depending on the presence of other risk factors. At the highest cardiovascular risk were individuals with combination of risk factors - high level of LDL cholesterol and total cholesterol, as...
Cariovascular Profile, Level of Its Control in Relation to Complications in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Nussbaumerová, Barbora ; Rosolová, Hana (advisor) ; Lacigová, Silvie (referee) ; Málková, Jana (referee) ; Soška, Vladimír (referee)
1. A sample of 415 type 2 diabetic (DM2) subjects was examined. The control of cardiovascular risk factors, e.g. blood pressure, lipids and glucose metabolism, is unsatisfactory in this sample. There is a lack in nonpharmacological treatment and regimen - physical activity, smoking, low energy diet. The choice of antihypertensive treatment is satisfactory. Many patients have only the monotherapy. The antihypertensives are underdosed. We are not sure about the compliance. The treatment of dyslipidemia is not sufficient enough, there is a lack of the statin + fibrate combination therapy. The nonpharmacological regimen in needed for better glucose metabolism compensation. The pharmacotherapy should be indicated earlier (esp. metformin). 2. The prevalence of microvascular complications (mvc) was high in this sample (54%), especially the diabetic nefropathy (95%). The macrovascular compliactions (MVC) were present in 27% subjects, more in men, 55% of them had coronary heart disease. Subjects with MVC had more often mvc. The risk profile was worse in subjects with any vascular complications. The common risk factors in association with both MVC and mvc were the age over 60 years and hsCRP plasma level over 1 mg/L. We follow the sample prospectively to estimate predictive factors for vascular complications. 3. We...
Significance of Assessment of Glycemic Index of Foods in the Treatment of Insulin Resistance Syndrome
Víšek, Jakub ; Rušavý, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee) ; Blaha, Vladimír (referee) ; Prázný, Martin (referee)
OBJECTIVE - The aim of this study was to compare the impact effectiveness of a diet with a low glycemic index versus a common diabetic diet in selected metabolic and anthropometric parameters. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - 20 volunteers with the type 2 diabetes treated only with metformin were randomly split into two groups. Each group was advised to follow a common diabetic diet (DD) or a diet with a low glycemic index (GI) for a period of 3 months in a crossover design. The effectiveness of the two diets was evaluated according to the selected metabolic and anthropometric parameters using a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp with endogenous glucose production measurement, indirect calorimetry and bioimpedance analysis. RESULTS - Body weight after 3 months following DD was 93kg (83-104) vs. GI 92kg (85- 104) p<0.05, BMI DD 31.3 kg/m2 (27.5-35.9) vs. GI 30.7 kg/m2 (27-35.3) p<0.05, body fat DD 28% (25.5-43) vs. GI 27% (23-43) p<0.05. The diets did not differ in effects on glycosylated hemoglobin, fasting glucose, lipid profile, insulin sensitivity or hepatic glucose production. CONCLUSIONS - In comparison with a common diabetic diet, the diet with low GI leads to a slight weight loss, as well as the BMI and body fat reduction. No significant differences regarding glycemic control, lipid profile, insulin...
Patogenesis of aortic stenosis. Posibillity of medical treatment
Štěrbáková, Gabriela ; Linhartová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee) ; Staněk, Vladimír (referee) ; Hricák, Vasiľ (referee)
Background: Calcific aortic stenosis is the most frequent and most frequently operated valvular diasease. Currently, there is no known medical treatment to slow the progression of the disease. The aim of our study was first, to assess predictors of the progression of the aortic valve calcification, and second, to assess the association of the progression of aortic stenosis with the bisphosphonate treatment. Methods: Part I - prospective follow-up of consecutive patients with coronary artery disease associated with aortic stenosis (mean transvalvular aortic gradient of 30 mmHg or greater), aortic sclerosis or normal aortic valve were prospectively identified. Clinical, laboratory, echocardographic, angiographic and calcium score evaluation using multidetector computer tomography at baseline, and at the end ofthe study. Predictor of calcification were sought using multivariate regression. Part II - pilot retrospective study of patients with aortic stenosis and two echocardiographies >8 months apart. The patients were divided into those treated with bisphosphonates for osteoporosis and those not treated. We compared the annualized gradient change between the groups and identified predictors of AS progression. Results: Part I 294 patients were prospectively enrolled, with mean follow-up 30±11 months....
Depression and Insulin Resistance
Hess, Zdeněk ; Rosolová, Hana (advisor) ; Šimon, Jaroslav (referee) ; Souček, Miroslav (referee) ; Beran, Jiří (referee)
Introduction: Metabolic syndrome and depression are considered to be important risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is estimated to be around 25% of the adult population in industrialized countries, including the population of Czech Republic. The prevalence of depression is estimated to be around 15% of the same adult population. It is not clear yet on the base of poor literature, which is so far available, whether there is a causal relationship between these factors or not. Objective: To try to find a relationship between metabolic syndrome and depression in a population sample using clinical and metabolic parameters. Methods: The prevalence of depressivity or other psychopathologies was evaluated with the use of self-report questionnaires in a randomly selected population sample of 259 people living in Pilsen. The questionnaires were mailed to the subjects. Those of them who responded were invited to the examination of anthropometric and laboratory parameters defining the metabolic syndrome and to the examination of some other parameters. The occurrence of risk factors of the metabolic syndrome of insulin resistance and the relationship between depression and metabolic syndrome was investigated. Metabolic syndrome of insulin resistance...
Risk factors for aortic valve stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease
Linhartová, Kateřina ; Čerbák, Roman (advisor) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee) ; Staněk, Vladimír (referee)
In calcific aortic valve disease, the early sclerotic valve lesion is similar to the atherosclerotic arterial plaque, but at the later stage calcification prevails. Our aim was to assess the association of several new potential risk factors, eg. systemic inflammation, neurohormonal activation and altered calcium metabolism with aortic stenosis (AS) in patients with significant coronary artery disease..
The study of new risk factors of the cardiovascular diseases
Eremiášová, Lenka ; Danzig, Vilém (advisor) ; Vrablík, Michal (referee) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee)
Bilirubin is a major product of the heme catabolism in the vascular bed with substantial antioxidant properties. These importantly contribute to pathogenesis of diseases associated with increased oxidative stress, including cardiovascular or cancer diseases. In the first part of this PhD project serum bilirubin concentrations were examined in the 1 % representative sample of the general Czech population, together with determination of the prevalence of Gilbert's syndrome. Bilirubin concentrations were determined also within individual polymorphisms of the UGT1A1 gene (OMIM*191740) responsible for bilirubin biotransformation in the liver, including their association with the basic risk factors for atherosclerosis. We also assessed the activity of the standard liver enzymes (representing another significant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular diseases) with surprisingly high proportion of subjects with elevated values. Simultaneously, we determined the concentrations of serum bilirubin in a group of patients with an acute coronary syndrome, who manifested with significantly lower concentrations as compared to general population. In the second part of this research project, the relationship between plasma concentrations of bilirubin and individual variants of UGT1A1 gene polymorphisms...
Familiar hyperlipoproteinemias and other risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in men with erectile dysfunction
Prusíková, Martina ; Češka, Richard (advisor) ; Bultas, Jan (referee) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee)
Background: The relationship between erectile dysfunction and risk factors of atherosclerosis has been confirmed by a number of previous investigations. There are also plausible pathophysiological mechanisms explaining the observed association. One of the tested hypotheses in our work was the assumption that risk factors of atherosclerosis would be more prevalent in men with erectile dysfunction than in controls selected from the representative sample of the Czech population. Our work did not confirm this hypothesis. Most likely explanation can be greater representation of younger-middle aged men in our group than in the Czech post-Monica study in which the age distribution was equal. On the other hand authors of the Czech post-Monica study admit worse compliance in younger participants of their survey. Nevertheless, the risk factors of atherosclerosis occur very frequently in males with erectile dysfunction. Results: In our group mean cardiovascular risk calculated according to the SCORE chart was 3.39% (±3,39). In the Czech post-MONICA study conducted between 2007 and 2008 the mean SCORE risk reached 2.47%. There was a trend, though not statistically significant, towards direct relationship between the severity of ED and the SCORE CVD risk. Asymptomatic atherosclerosis was detected in 56.25% of our study...
Patogenesis of aortic stenosis. Posibillity of medical treatment
Štěrbáková, Gabriela ; Linhartová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee) ; Staněk, Vladimír (referee) ; Hricák, Vasiľ (referee)
Background: Calcific aortic stenosis is the most frequent and most frequently operated valvular diasease. Currently, there is no known medical treatment to slow the progression of the disease. The aim of our study was first, to assess predictors of the progression of the aortic valve calcification, and second, to assess the association of the progression of aortic stenosis with the bisphosphonate treatment. Methods: Part I - prospective follow-up of consecutive patients with coronary artery disease associated with aortic stenosis (mean transvalvular aortic gradient of 30 mmHg or greater), aortic sclerosis or normal aortic valve were prospectively identified. Clinical, laboratory, echocardographic, angiographic and calcium score evaluation using multidetector computer tomography at baseline, and at the end ofthe study. Predictor of calcification were sought using multivariate regression. Part II - pilot retrospective study of patients with aortic stenosis and two echocardiographies >8 months apart. The patients were divided into those treated with bisphosphonates for osteoporosis and those not treated. We compared the annualized gradient change between the groups and identified predictors of AS progression. Results: Part I 294 patients were prospectively enrolled, with mean follow-up 30±11 months....
Familiar hyperlipoproteinemias and other risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in men with erectile dysfunction
Prusíková, Martina ; Češka, Richard (advisor) ; Bultas, Jan (referee) ; Rosolová, Hana (referee)
Background: The relationship between erectile dysfunction and risk factors of atherosclerosis has been confirmed by a number of previous investigations. There are also plausible pathophysiological mechanisms explaining the observed association. One of the tested hypotheses in our work was the assumption that risk factors of atherosclerosis would be more prevalent in men with erectile dysfunction than in controls selected from the representative sample of the Czech population. Our work did not confirm this hypothesis. Most likely explanation can be greater representation of younger-middle aged men in our group than in the Czech post-Monica study in which the age distribution was equal. On the other hand authors of the Czech post-Monica study admit worse compliance in younger participants of their survey. Nevertheless, the risk factors of atherosclerosis occur very frequently in males with erectile dysfunction. Results: In our group mean cardiovascular risk calculated according to the SCORE chart was 3.39% (±3,39). In the Czech post-MONICA study conducted between 2007 and 2008 the mean SCORE risk reached 2.47%. There was a trend, though not statistically significant, towards direct relationship between the severity of ED and the SCORE CVD risk. Asymptomatic atherosclerosis was detected in 56.25% of our study...

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