National Repository of Grey Literature 10 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Intra-individual variability in perception of otherness
Doubková, Nikola ; Preiss, Marek (advisor) ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (referee) ; Stuchlíková, Iva (referee)
This dissertation focuses on intra-individual variability in the perception of otherness, specifically on the variability of experienced emotions toward diverse representatives of otherness in relation to attitudes and personality functioning. At the beginning of the thesis, the theoretical background is introduced, especially the concept of otherness. A total of 205 respondents from the general population and the population of people with mental disorders participated in the study. The research was conducted in three phases, and the results are presented in three studies. In the first phase, the semi-structured interview assessing the severity levels of personality functioning (STiP-5.1) was translated into Czech, and its psychometric properties were verified. In the second phase, the association between attitudes toward minorities and the level of personal functioning impairment was examined. The last, third phase focused on the intra-individual variability of experienced emotions (disgust, empathy, anger, compassion, pity, respect) toward different representatives of otherness (e.g., close ones, Romani, migrants, people with mental disorders) and its relation to personality functioning and attitudes, using the experience sampling method. Significant differences in personality functioning were...
Assessment of the efficacy of an eHealth intervention including lapse management program in population of Czech tobacco smokers.
Kulhánek, Adam ; Gabrhelík, Roman (advisor) ; Ochaba, Robert (referee) ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (referee)
Background: Tobacco use is one of the key problems that public health has to face. Tobacco smoking is among the main causes of morbidity and preventable mortality that can be effectively avoided. The eHealth approach uses information and communication technologies to improve the quality of health and healthcare. EHealth interventions delivered through technologies and the Internet are an effective therapeutic tool which contributes to behaviour change, including smoking cessation. This paper presents the results of continuous research on fully automated online eHealth intervention for smoking cessation. Aims: The main objective of this study was to identify the effect of the form of reminders (SMS vs. email) in eHealth smoking cessation intervention using the Endre eHealth program in the population of Czech tobacco smokers. Materials and methods: This research consists of two studies. First, a pilot study on user- acceptance of eHealth intervention was performed in a sample involving 30 respondents. This was followed by a randomized two-arm controlled study comparing the effect of a predictor in the form of eHealth intervention reminders for smoking cessation. Adult tobacco smokers were recruited based on advertising through a variety of online channels. 158 respondents were randomised for the...
Attachment at women and men with substance use disorders in an aftercare programme - gender analysis
Podzimková, Anna ; Kalina, Kamil (advisor) ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (referee)
Introductions: The research deals with the attachment theory at women and min with substance use disorder in an aftercare programme. It is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part explains the concept of attachment, describes its theoretical foundations, the connections between attachment and addiction, the possibilities of therapeutic work with attachment, its application in work with people with addiction, gender differences and the specifications of aftercare programmes. The practical part is base on qualitatively oriented research. The research was conducted on interviews with ten respondents, five women (set A) and five men (set B). All respondents are people with SUD, currently abstinents, after addiction treatment, participating in an aftercare programme. Aim: The aim of the research was to compare the differences and similarities at men and women with addiction disorder in their attachment, partnerships and family relationships and the subsequent implications of the results for practical use. Methods: Two semi-structured clinical interviews, the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) and the Current Relationship Interview (CRI), were used for the data generation. AAI is focused on childhood and early relationships between the respondent and his parents, CRI is focused on...
Ability to assess the severity of personality psychopathology based on the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO) in master students of addictology
Riegel, Karel Dobroslav ; Kalina, Kamil (advisor) ; Miovský, Michal (referee)
Background: With the development of multidisciplinary addictology teams, the ability of an addictologist to reliably assess personality psychopathology can be considered an important prerequisite that significantly enters the process of treatment planning. Because the addictologist is often the first professional to come into contact with the client, verification of the accuracy of clinical judgment seems to be one of the key indicators of addictologist competence. Aims: Verification of the reliability and validity of the clinical assessment of personality psychopathology in master students of addictology based on the course on scoring the Structured Interview of Personality Organization (STIPO). Methods: 31 master students of addictology independently evaluated 7 protocols of the STIPO on the basis of recordings. The presented patients were unknown to the students. Data was collected as part of the STIPO scoring course. The resulting scores of students were compared with: 1. the expert scores of a clinical psychologist with many years of experience with the STIPO; 2. the scores of 4 other psychologists without previous experience with the STIPO who attended the course; 3. information on previous clinical experience and previous education of the students. The comparison of scores was performed by...
ADHD in users treated in therapeutic communities in terms of course of treatment, incidence of complications and specific needs within treatment, including diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitation perspective
Rubášová, Eva ; Miovský, Michal (advisor) ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (referee) ; Aigelová, Eva (referee)
The onset and development of addiction in people with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) can be predicted by various factors. An essential factor linking the comorbidity of ADHD and the risk of developing substance abuse is increased vulnerability due to neuropsychological deficits and a wide range of biopsychosocial problems that occur from childhood to adulthood. The occurrence of dual diagnoses in substance users treated in residential treatment in therapeutic communities has a major impact on intrapsychic and interpersonal abilities, cognitive and executive functions, and on the ability to manage a treatment program primarily intended for clients without comorbid load. Current research on ADHD in substance users points to a high prevalence of ADHD associated with specific treatment complications and an increased drop-out rate. The aim of the monothematic dissertation, which is based on the results of pre-research and main research project (Study I. - IV.), Is an overview of key findings in terms of ADHD prevalence, ADHD diagnosis in therapeutic communities, treatment complications and gender specifics in treatment and overview. main findings on the development of motivation and specific needs of clients with ADHD. The output of the dissertation is a summary of outputs and...
Movie as an addition intervention in the regime addiction treatment
Deckertová, Eliška ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (advisor) ; Miovský, Michal (referee)
Background: The effectiveness of exposure therapy in the treatment of addiction is a topic of discussion. The question remains whether movie exposure can be a meaningful intervention in regimen. A research project with a similar focus has not yet taken place in the Czech Republic, although the use of movies in addictology treatment is not new. Also, only a small number of similar studies can be found worldwide. Aims: The primary goal was to verify the possibilities of movie intervention as a supplement to the standard regimen treatment of addictions in the inpatient department of men of the Department of Addictology. Methodology: The diploma thesis is based on a qualitative research methodology supplemented by a questionnaire survey. Patients were selected by deliberate targeted selection. In addition to the general criteria for entering treatment, a cut-off of min. third week of treatment. The research group consisted of 22 patients with an average age of 39 years. The obtained data were analyzed mainly by means of content analysis of focus groups, based on the method of grounded theory. The research used 3 types of questionnaires focused on the current feelings of patients, appetite for addictive substances and evaluation of predefined problems that commonly occur in treatment. Results: The focus...
Assessment of the efficacy of an eHealth intervention including lapse management program in population of Czech tobacco smokers.
Kulhánek, Adam ; Gabrhelík, Roman (advisor) ; Ochaba, Robert (referee) ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (referee)
Background: Tobacco use is one of the key problems that public health has to face. Tobacco smoking is among the main causes of morbidity and preventable mortality that can be effectively avoided. The eHealth approach uses information and communication technologies to improve the quality of health and healthcare. EHealth interventions delivered through technologies and the Internet are an effective therapeutic tool which contributes to behaviour change, including smoking cessation. This paper presents the results of continuous research on fully automated online eHealth intervention for smoking cessation. Aims: The main objective of this study was to identify the effect of the form of reminders (SMS vs. email) in eHealth smoking cessation intervention using the Endre eHealth program in the population of Czech tobacco smokers. Materials and methods: This research consists of two studies. First, a pilot study on user- acceptance of eHealth intervention was performed in a sample involving 30 respondents. This was followed by a randomized two-arm controlled study comparing the effect of a predictor in the form of eHealth intervention reminders for smoking cessation. Adult tobacco smokers were recruited based on advertising through a variety of online channels. 158 respondents were randomised for the...
Attachment at addicted women in an aftercare programme - a qualitative research
Podzimková, Anna ; Kalina, Kamil (advisor) ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (referee)
The thesis deals with the theory of attachment at addicted women in an aftercare programme. It is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. In the theoretical part the term attachment is explained, the foundations of several theories underpinning the connection of the addiction with relational disorders are described and the specifics of female addiction are described. The practical part is build on five interviews with selected set of respondents. In the practical part is described in detail the method used for the data collecting, Adult Attachment Interview, the method of the data analysis, Current Relationship Interview and the summary and final analysis of all the interviews. The aim was to find out if there are similarities in an attachment of addicted women, compare their family and partner relationships. The research claims that the similarities between addicted women in an attachment are striking. Four out of five women have an uncertain attachment to both parents and all 5 women have an uncertain attachment to their fathers. Four out of five women have a preoccupied state of mind - angry, to their fathers. The similarities are also in describing of the womens childhood experiences with their parents, especially with their fathers. This early relationship with father influence the...
Role of Motivation for Physical Activity in Treatment of Addictions
Prunerová, Anna ; Riegel, Karel Dobroslav (advisor) ; Miovský, Michal (referee)
Title of diploma thesis: Role of Motivation for Physical Activity in Treatment of Addictions Abstract: Motivation for a healthy habit in the form of physical activity may be beneficial for patients seeking abstinence. Physical activity take part of the treatment program and can improve the overall prognosis of treatment. It can improve an individual's psyche and prevent potentially harmful habits associated with drug abuse. The aim of this study was to determine the motivation of patients for physical activity during three-month treatment at the Department of Addictology in Prague. The research group consisted of 72 patients in standard 3-months inpatient treatment. Following measures were used for data collection: 1) Behavioural Regulation in Exercise Questionnaire (BREQ-2) and Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID- 5); 2) anthropometrics; 3) body composition data from "InBody 230"; 4) training diaries. According to the results, 72 % of patients were treated with alcohol dependence. Excellent internal consistency values of the PID-5 facets and satisfactory to good internal consistency values of BREQ-2 on the item level were obtained. Significant correlations of the PID-5 facets and domains of the BREQ-2 confirm criterion validity in terms of motivation. Type of motivation significantly varies according type...
Czech version of the Personality inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5): Theoretical background, psychometric properties and implications for clinical practice.
Riegel, Karel Dobroslav ; Preiss, Marek (advisor) ; Vevera, Jan (referee) ; Praško Pavlov, Ján (referee)
2 ABSTRACT In the Alternative DSM-5 Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD), the diagnosis of specific personality disorders is obtained through an evaluation of the level of impairment in personality functioning and an assessment of dimensional personality traits associated in 25 "lower order" facets and 5 "higher order" domains. The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) was developed for examination of personality traits within this system. This Ph.D. thesis covers five relevant publications regarding AMPD, particularly PID-5. First, the authors introduce the theoretical background of the PID-5. Attention is paid on its ease of use, data interpretation and use of these data for treatment planning in different clinical settings. Two empirical studies test PID-5 psychometric properties (internal consistency, validity, discrimination capacity and unidimensional structure) in the sample of community volunteers (n=351) and a clinical sample of psychiatric patients (n=143). PID-5 was administered individually and in a group setting using pen-paper method and online data collection. 33 respondents completed the inventory twice to check test-retest reliability. Authors presumed, evidence will be found to support internal consistency and convergent validity of the PID-5 personality trait domains, as well as their...

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