National Repository of Grey Literature 37 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Operation Percentage
Fořtík, Milan ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Beneš, Otmar (referee)
(in English): The presented bachelor's thesis deals with the fate and resistance activities of the only member of the special operation Percentage of the František Pavelka. It analyzes Pavelka's connection and subsequent cooperation with the domestic resistance organization Petition Committee, we will remain faithful. All this in the context of the first wave of airdrops sent from the west in the 1941/1942 operational period.
"Veksláci" in Socialist Czechoslovakia
Havlík, Adam ; Pullmann, Michal (advisor) ; Michela, Miroslav (referee) ; Roubal, Petr (referee)
This dissertation thesis deals with the notion of "vekslactvi" in socialist Czechoslovakia and with a social group called "vekslaci", which orchestrated illicit trade with foreign currencies, the so called tuzex vouchers, and smuggled consumer goods. The analysis lays emphasis on the daily operations of the "veksláci" and also on the commodities which they traded. From this perspective, "vekslaci" could be treated as a driving force within the Czechoslovak black market. In addition to the basic principles of "veksl", the chapter also presents a certain typology of traffickers and mutual hierarchical links within this specific community. The lifestyle of the "vekslák subculture" is also a subject of historical reconstruction as the thesis seeks to place "veksláci" in the context of the Czechoslovak society before 1989. The thesis also deals with the social and economic circumstances that enabled the birth of a peculiar social group of "vekslaci". Among others, it focuses on the role of the Tuzex hard currency shops, which was introduced in order to sell (mostly imported) consumer goods in exchange for foreign currencies or special vouchers. Attitude of the Czechoslovak state regarding the issue of "veksláctví" is also a subject of analysis. The research focuses on legislation, which gradually...
Allied relations of the Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia between 1918--1938. On the example of the 48th I. R. "Yugoslavia" celebrations.
Mláka, David ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Šedivý, Ivan (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyze the relationships between allied nations Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia in years 1918 and 1938 from the perspective of selected commemorative acts. The main aim of this thesis is to define the role of the 48th Infantry Regiment in these celebrations. This Thesis is based on the hypothesis that through its honorary title "Jugoslavia" was created symbolic function of the regiment, which was strengthened mutual friendly relationships between Czechoslovakia and the Kingdom of SHS. My thesis statement is not chronologically limited on the years 1918 and 1938 because the "seed" was planted before the founding of the independent countries. The thesis examines relationships between Czechs and South Slavs before and during 1st World War, focusing on the relationships and short history of 102nd Infantry Regiment "Potiorek", which has been precursor of the 48th Infantry Regiment "Jugoslavia". Keys words: 1st World War, recollection, holidays, celebrations, collective memory, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, France, Little Entente, 48th Infantry Regiment "Jugoslavia", 102nd Infantry Regiment, Benešov u Prahy.
The transfer of the Germans from Jindřichův Hradec
Dvořáková, Tereza ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Stehlík, Michal (referee)
The transfer of the Germans took place after the Second World War and it could be divided into two stages - a wild transfer and an organized transfer. Jindřichův Hradec was mainly a Czech town, where just 5 percent of the Germans lived before the war. After the Munich Agreement had been signed, Jindřichův Hradec was attached to the Second Republic. However, the town became a Czech peninsula as the most of its surroundings was the part of the Third Reich. During the war the germanization of citizens took place in Jindřichův Hradec and the post-war transfer was also conducted there as it happened in many other places after the Second World War. The main part of my thesis deals with the transfer of the Germans from the town as well as the closest villages. The aim of this study was to investigate how the transfer was carried out, how many people had to leave and on the other hand how many of them were permitted to stay and why. Furthermore I also address the establishment of detention camps and folk justice. The thesis covers not only the progress of the whole transfer but it takes into consideration turning points which could have affected it as well as it could have had an impact on the post-war situation. The study is proceeded mainly from local primary sources, especially a fund Okresní úřad...
"Old Maid": Czech Society and the Honour Shield of the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia
Beneš, Otmar ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Šedivý, Ivan (referee)
Presented diploma thesis focuses on research and analysis of the only decoration founded in the name of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia. It is not only focusing on the timeframe of the Second World War, but it also tracks the phenomenon of civil decorations and medals across entire modern Czech history. The main research question is following: why was not the preceding First Czechoslovak Republic creating similar institutions and why after 1945, or more precisely 1948, the time has come to create enormous inflation of them. The main aim of the thesis is to define the Honour Shield of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia as probably the very first civil decoration of modern Czech history. The thesis is not only focusing on the period of the occupation (1944-45), when the decoration was distributed. It also concentrates in detail on the previous thinking of the Nazi occupation authorities, which then resulted in founding of the decoration, together with the postwar retribution, with which were the awarded people confronted after 1945. The thesis is modifying so far common purely phaleristical approach to the topic, which it is supplementing with wider context. It is assessing the reaction of the Czech population on this particular award and on the term of honour, which it was supposed to...
Extraordinary People's Court Tribunal Chairmen in Jihlava (Trebic) and Their Role in Retribution Process (1945-1947)
Hanák, Zdeněk ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Stehlík, Michal (referee)
( in English) In this Diploma Thesis the activity of Extraordinary People's Court in Jihlava during the first phase of restitution period (1945-1947) is investigated via the means of a case study. Todate investigations of retribution courts have been focused on the analysis of retributive judgments. This thesis differs from the earlier ones namely in the angle of view on retribution court's activity. The research is concentrated on the administrative operation of the retribution court in Jihlava (i.e. on the activity of retribution court head and their deputies) and on the role of individual retribution senate heads. The decision making of retribution court is not looked at only as a result of court's operation, but individual court senates' operation is subject of analysis here. Particular criminal cases are taken into account only when there is an assumption that they help to uncover day-to-day working habits of judicial officers, or, potentially, they are related to the person of the head of senate, or the filed material in its content gets beyond standard retribution proceedings at Jihlava retribution court. The thesis has used mainly sources of official origin filed with the Regional Archive in Brno, the National Archive, and the Security Services Archive.
Unequal Friends: Jews in the Nation-State of Czechs and Slovaks, 1945-1948
Sedlická, Magdalena ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Menachem Zoufalá, Marcela (referee) ; Kocian, Jiří (referee)
The topic of the dissertation is the integration of Jewish citizens into the majority population between the years 1945-1948. It focuses primarily on three Jewish population groups in the Czech lands whose reintegration was fraught with difficulties. The groups in question were "German Jews", people who declared Jewish nationality, and Jewish optants from the former territory of Carpathian Ruthenia who decided to settle in Czechoslovakia after World War II. Their legal standing was unclear, in particular in the immediate post-war years. The most important issue for them was acquiring Czechoslovak citizenship, something that could help them become full-fledged citizens, and so had a significant impact on the future of these individuals. For this reason, the submitted work focuses on the bureaucratic actions that influenced the everyday lives of Jewish citizens. Many lower-level government clerks were unsure about how to proceed with the Jews' citizenship applications. The important criteria that often decided the outcome of the applications became the 1930 census, but especially the applicants' stated nationality or mother tongue. Furthermore, the dissertation focuses on the problems that the Jews faced when they were denied citizenship. For "German Jews", this meant being forcefully deported, while...
Cult of personality and children's reader. The image of communist functionaries in magazines for children from 1948 to 1955
Hlaváčková, Alexandra ; Šedivá Koldinská, Marie (advisor) ; Michela, Miroslav (referee)
(in English): This bachelor's thesis is focused on the manifestations of the cult of communist functionaries in Czechoslovakia between years 1948 and 1955, specifically on the cult of personality in children's magazines (Jiskry, Vlaštovička, Mateřídouška, Ohníček, Pionýr, Pionýrské noviny, Práce pionýrů). The thesis is namely about Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin, Klement Gottwald, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, Antonín Zápotocký and Zdeněk Nejedlý. The author used discourse analysis as a method. The research deals with the image of these individuals, with the facts of their lives that are presented as significant. The analysis points out attributes ascribed to these historical figures; there is sameness, but on the other hand there are also distinctions in the way of representing these politicians.
Images of of Roma in the Czech cultural and communicative memory.
Čápová, Lada ; Činátl, Kamil (advisor) ; Michela, Miroslav (referee)
(in English): This work aims on understanding the media image of Roma in various types of media as textbooks, Wikipedia and Corpus for Czech language. The aim of this work is to find out, how these media form images of Roma, which are shared by Czech majority. I tried to solve the problem by discourse analysis of media representations, relating to the category of Roma. Through research I have identified one of the possible causes of today's socio-economic stereotype of Roma which is shared within the Czech society and the analysis of Wikipedia showed that the depiction of Roma within this medium is strongly influenced by the way in which certain subject are communicated in the society.
Action Stones and the stories of witnesses
Ježková, Anna ; Michela, Miroslav (advisor) ; Stehlík, Michal (referee)
(in English) The following Bachelor's thesis deals with emigration attempts of Czechoslovak citizens after 1948. It focuses on those border crossing efforts which were connected to operation "KAMEN" in which the StB (Statni bezpecnost, the civilian state security apparatus), on purpose, provoked citizens who opposed the Communist regime to illegaly cross the border. However, the crossing of the border was only feigned and was fully under the StB control. The StB arrested the participants and persecuted them. The thesis is based on the analysis of interrogation records of the arrested. These records, which are kept in the Archive of Security Services (Archiv bezpečnostních složek), contain thorough biographical information, descriptions of the course of the operation, and reasons which led to the aforementioned border crossing attempts. This thesis contains the description of the course of the crossings and also explains the reasons which people had for the crossing itself - whether their reasons were personal or connected to their opposition of the political situation.

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