National Repository of Grey Literature 137 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Impact of extracurricular regular physical activity on physical fitness components in preschool chilrden
Auda, Vojtěch ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Flemr, Libor (referee)
Title: Influence of regular extracurricular physical activity on components of physical fitness in preschoolers children Objectives: To determine whether regular physical extracurricular activity has an effect on the components of physical fitness. Methods: The research population consisted of 26 probands aged 5 and 6 years, who were exposed to an 8-month movement intervention that focused on all-round movement development in the form of after-school physical activity. The quasi-experimental and analytical methods were used in this study. The measured values were analyzed using paired T-Test for data with normal distribution and Wilcoxon paired test for data with non-normal distribution. In the investigation, we used motor tests namely: shuttle run 10x5m, long jump from standing, Pavlik's test,, flamingo 30s, seated lying 30s, pull up test, flexibility in sitting, body weight and body height of probands. Result: After processing the results of the research set, there was a significant improvement in all of the following tests: shuttle run 10x5m, long jump, Pavlik's test, pull up test, flamingo 30s, sit-up 30s. Except for the results of the seated flexibility tests where there were no significant changes. The results show that the chosen intervention has an impact on increasing physical fitness in...
Energy cost of slacklining
Klaus, Jan ; Baláš, Jiří (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title Energy expenditure of slackline walking Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the energy expenditure of slacklining in intermediate and advanced slackliners. Methods In this observatory study, 19 slackliners (10 intermediate, of which 7 men and 3 women, 9 advanced, of which 7 men and 2 women) completed experimental energy expenditure measurement of slacklining using indirect colorimetry. The MetaMax 3B metabolic analyzer (Cortex Biophysik, Germany) was used to determine respiratory parameters and the heart rate monitor (Polar Electro OY, Finland) was used to determine the heart rate (HR). Comparative statistical tools were used in the data analysis. Results Relative energy expenditure of 0,471 kJ·min-1 ·kg-1 was found in intermediate slackliners and 0,377 kJ·min-1 ·kg-1 in advanced slackliners in walking on a 10 m long slackline at a constant speed of 15 m·min-1 . In the static standing on slackline, the relative energy expenditure was found to be 0.368 kJ·min-1 ·kg-1 in intermediate slackliners and 0.289 kJ·min-1 ·kg-1 in advanced slackliners. The weighted arithmetic mean for HR in men and women walking on the slackline at 15 m·min-1 was at 67.3% of the predicted HRmax (220 - age for men, 226 - age for women). The MET value in the advanced group (n = 10) was set at 5.15, and in...
The issue of an ACL injury in football players
Kovář, Miroslav ; Kaplan, Aleš (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: The issue of an injury in football players Processed by: Miroslav Kovář Supervisor: doc. PhDr. Aleš Kaplan, Ph.D., MBA. Objectives: The aim of this bachelor's thesis is to collect and process knowledge from professional and scientific articles or publications dealing with the issue with the help of literary research and to create a clear study on the issue of ACL injuries in football players based on the information obtained. Methods: In order to collect data for the creation of a study dealing with the issue of ACL injuries in football, a literature search was created containing professional articles, studies and final theses of Czech, but especially foreign literature. Results: The thesis is based on the research and the opinions of valid sources and its perception on the issue of ACL injuries in football. Within this search, 118 sources were studied, of which 21 Czech and 97 foreign literature.The final thesis showed that the ACL injury is the most common as well as the most complicated injury of the knee joint in football. This type of injury usually occurs on non-contact plays. The most significant limitations are age, anatomical and biomechanical properties, types of playing activities, previous ACL injuries or sex. Studies show that women have higher risk of ACL injuries. In terms of...
Effect of mobility exercises in offline and online environment on subjective perception of back pain
Burgetová, Dominika ; Šteffl, Michal (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Effect of mobility exercises in offline and online environment on subjective perception of back pain Objectives: The main goal of this work was to determine whether the onset of daily mobility contributes to the reduction of individual's back pain perception. Within the work the results between the offline and online group was compared. Methods: The diploma thesis has the character of qualitative research, where case study of 20 probands was applied. Online input and output questionnaires were compiled to obtain data, which respondents filled in at the beginning and end of the intervention. Results: The research included 11 women and 9 men aged 21 - 44 years. Individuals have mostly sedentary jobs and some of them play recreational sports in their free time. At the end of the intervention, all individuals showed an improvement on the scale of the pain intensity, when the perceived back pain was alleviated or disappeared. The offline group performed better than the online group. Conclusion: The study confirmed that the inclusion of daily mobility contributes to the reduction of subjectively perceived back pain. It confirmed that exercising in offline lessons is more effective than in an online environment. Keywords: mobility, back pain, diaphragmatic breathing, torso stabilization, DNS
Motion programmes to influence body composition and physical fitness of seniors
Hráský, Pavel ; Holmerová, Iva (referee)
In this work we focused on the application of physical activity, which aimed to reduce the negative impact of physical deprivation and associated functional and structural changes in the musculoskeletal system. The principal criterion was the diagnosis of the organ systems of the locomotor system, focusing on the muscular system. The subsequent application of appropriate forms of exercise intervention was designed to mitigate the effects of the aging process and functional changes in the body of the senior individual. Finally, we wanted to assess the impact of changes in body composition in its own self- sufficiency and independence of older people and the quality of life of older people in terms of physical and psychosocial aspects. The most significant is the loss of muscle mass, sarcopenia development, increase fat mass with frequent reductions in body weight. The focus of our work and its specific purpose is to clarify the influence of the applied physical interventions. To assess changes in body composition are needed for our work used the method of multi Bioanalysis. Results in body composition in older adults have been evaluated and intra-individual measured data were compared with the general senior population. Kinesiology testing shortened muscle groups was carried out repeatedly to reduce...
Motion programmes to influence body composition and physical fitness of seniors
Hráský, Pavel ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Štilec, Miroslav (referee) ; Holmerová, Iva (referee)
In this work we focused on the application of physical activity, which aimed to reduce the negative impact of physical deprivation and associated functional and structural changes in the musculoskeletal system. The principal criterion was the diagnosis of the organ systems of the locomotor system, focusing on the muscular system. The subsequent application of appropriate forms of exercise intervention was designed to mitigate the effects of the aging process and functional changes in the body of the senior individual. Finally, we wanted to assess the impact of changes in body composition in its own self- sufficiency and independence of older people and the quality of life of older people in terms of physical and psychosocial aspects. The most significant is the loss of muscle mass, sarcopenia development, increase fat mass with frequent reductions in body weight. The focus of our work and its specific purpose is to clarify the influence of the applied physical interventions. To assess changes in body composition are needed for our work used the method of multi Bioanalysis. Results in body composition in older adults have been evaluated and intra-individual measured data were compared with the general senior population. Kinesiology testing shortened muscle groups was carried out repeatedly to reduce...
Influence of body position on pelvic floor muscle contraction strength
Zahořová, Markéta ; Křivánková, Markéta (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Methods of secondary prevention of the pelvic floor after childbirth Objectives: This is a theoretical work with a descriptive-analytical part. It includes an analysis of the literature from available sources, an analysis of active approaches in the secondary prevention of the pelvic floor and the creation exercise unit for further research. Methods: Literature analysis including processing of information from available sources. Results: Handbook of pelvic floor training with methodical descriptions. Keywords: Pelvic girdle, pregnancy, gynecological weaknesses after childbirth, incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, sexual dysfunction, pelvic floor examination, Arnold Kegel method, Ludmila Mojžíšová method, Alexander method, Feldenkrais method, Cantienica, exercise unit
Genetic and Etnic impact on endurance performance focussed on track and field
Duchoňová, Andrea ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Semerád, Miroslav (referee)
Titel: Genetic and Etnic impact on endurance performance, focused on track and field- running disciplines. Goals: Research and analysis of domestic and foreign sources, in context with the determining factors of endurance performance, extended by statistical processing of results from track and field competitions. Method: Research Results: Comparaison of World Championship results and all time records in track and field disciplines according to nationalities. Key words: Genetic factors, Gender, Ethnics, endurance performance, environment
Parkinson's disease in the context of the musculoskeletal system and rehabilitation care
Špína, Martin ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Majorová, Simona (referee)
Title: Parkinson's disease (PD) in the context of comprehensive rehabilitation Objectives: The aim of the thesis was to process knowledge about Parkinson's disease and methods of treatment. The practical part of it focused on examining the symptoms, methods of exercise and home conditions of patients with PD. The results were used to make recommendation for these patients. Methods: Within a theoretical part a survey was created and compiled for patients with PD. The survey anonymously addressed 15 respondents suffering from PD. The research took place in May 2021. The respondents' anonymisation was fully preserved. Results: People with PD mostly suffer from symptoms such as rigidity, tremor and deterioration of cognitive abilities. Over 50% of the respondents do regular exercise on a ball. A smaller number of them do Yoga. None of them had experience with Schultz's autogenous training and Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation. Keywords: Treatment, physical activity, symptoms, Parkinson's disease, therapy, comprehensive rehabilitation.
Use of streching exercises as a compensation for overloaded muscle parts in case of football players
Pavlík, Michael ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Nováková, Pavlína (referee)
Title: Use of streching exercices as a compensation for overloaded muscle parts in case of football players Objectives: Diagnose shortened muscle parts of the lower limbs in probands and on the basis of this diagnosis compile a compensation plan using stretching exercises to reduce muscle shortening of the examined muscle groups. Methods: Functional muscle tests according to Janda (2004) were used for the research. These tests were used to examine shortened muscle groups in football players. A five-point scoring scale used for enroll the results, according to the head of this work, Dr. Hráský. After the first initial examination, a simple stretching exercise plan was drawn up to reduce muscle contraction. After two months of application of this program, an output measurement followed, which had the task of determining the degree of functionality of this program. Results: Improving the muscular flexibility of the examined muscle parts after the application of the compensation plan, especially significantly visible in the group of probands who trained regularly under the supervision of the principal investigator throughout the research period. Keywords: stretching, compensatory exercises, functional muscle tests, football training

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