National Repository of Grey Literature 365 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The needs of people with dementia and the support of their independent living in their own environment
Bártová, Alžběta ; Šteffl, Michal (advisor) ; Bunc, Václav (referee) ; Jurašková, Božena (referee)
The present thesis which focuses on the needs of people with dementia and the support of their independent living in the home environment was written within the framework of the PhD study in Longevity at the Faculty of Humanities, Charles University, GAČR project co- researcher and AZV participated in during post gradual studies. Presented research focuses on the needs of home dwelling people with dementia, the needs of their informal carers, the needs and experiences with providing care of patients with dementia in acute hospital care. The text of the thesis is divided into four parts, which are based on texts reviewed and published or prepared for publication. The first three parts present own research aimed at identifying the needs of people with dementia and experiences with caring of them in their home environment and in the hospital environment during acute care. The final part presents the possibilities and services to support their independent life in their own environment.
Environmental influences and the influence of parents' preferences on the development of movements precondition of school-age children
Viktorín, Ondřej ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Šteffl, Michal (referee)
Title: Environmental influences and the influence of parents' preferences on the development of movements precondition of school-age children Objectives: This bachelor thesis is focused on better description to better describe infleunce of family environment on motoric growth of children and to reveal connection between parents' preferences and child's movement preconditions. Next goal is to quantify physical activities of both parents and child on weekly basis and asses the relation between child's activities and both parents past and present activities. Methods: For theoretical part we used research of existing studies that indclude this topic. With an use of surveys we got qualified and quantifies data of motoric abilities of children and parents influence to it. Participants were parents of children between 6 and 15 years of age. This Survey was created in Google Forms and is based on answers considering 43 boys and 28 girls. Respondents were chosen by a snowball method and simple targeting method though institutions. Analysis of collected data was done in Excel program. Results: Based on collected data we can state that movement and nutritional literacy are determined by family habbits and example set by parents. We can also say that more physically active parents have more physically active...
Movement programs for overweight and obesity influencing.
Křišťan, Zdeněk ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Čechovská, Irena (referee)
1 Abstract Title: Movement programs to affect overweight and obesity in children Objectives: The aim of the work is to design an exercise programme to reduce the weight of overweight or obese children with varying current levels of exercise skills based on exercise history. Methods: The information, data and knowledge of the chosen issues were sought by researching the scientific literature of Czech and foreign publications, I obtained further information by studying selected professional articles, from internet sources, the PubMed website and other available publications, according to identified keywords in the title and text - for example, children, obesity, exercise activities, skills, etc. The criteria also included the authors' expertise on the subject. Another inclusion criterion was obesity, prevention and movement of children, while the exclusionary criterion was adult obesity. Results: On the basis of a literary research, I have prepared a proposal for an exercise program where physical skills have a clear influence on the implementation of physical activity. Program is prepared for mildly obese children falling in elementary school age, impaired posture, no medical complications, with basic exercise skills from school physical education and no regular exercise training. I set up an exercise a...
Body composition and motor performance in children of younger school age
Hladilová, Klára ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Kinkorová, Ivana (referee)
Title: Body composition and motor performance in children of younger school age Objectives: The main objective is to prepare a literature review on the issue of body composition and motor performance. A partial goal is to evaluate the methods of estimating body composition and evaluation of test batteries designed to diagnose motor performance of individuals of younger school age. Methods: The work was processed on the basis of research and comparison of domestic and foreign professional literature, which deals with body composition and motor performance. These concepts were identified through content analysis of professional communications, publications and articles. Many information sources were used to obtain data, mainly professional literature and books on sports topics concentrated in the National Digital Library of the Czech Republic. And then also the Portal of Electronic Resources of Charles University, especially PubMed and SPORTDiscus. To search for data for this work, I used keywords such as body composition, physical fitness, motor performance, diagnostics, younger school age, test battery. Results: Research summarized the literature on the topic body composition and motor performance. Another result is a summary of body composition estimation methods and test systems for diagnosis the...
The effect of evening exposure to blue light on sleep quality
Baumová, Nikola ; Šteffl, Michal (advisor) ; Bunc, Václav (referee)
Title: The effect of evening exposure to blue light on sleep quality Objective: The main aim of this bachalar thesis is to compare and determine the effect of exposure to blue light in the evening on the quality and parameters of sleep using the results obtained from previous studies dealing with evening exposure to blue light on sleep quality. Methods: The bachalar thesis was carried out as a systemastic review. The source of information were scientific articles and studies from the electronic database PubMed and scientific literature related to the issue. Results: Exposure to blue light in the evening decreased the quality and parameters of sleep. These negative effects were eliminated by using blue light blocking glasses. Keywords: Blue light, sleep, blue light blocking glasses, melatonin
Integration of walking intervention combining activity monitor and online application into preventive care in general practice: pilot randomised controlled study
Větrovský, Tomáš ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Sigmund, Erik (referee) ; Radvanský, Jiří (referee)
4 Abstract Background: Insufficient physical activity is one of the leading modifiable risk factors responsible for numerous chronic diseases and for premature death. Walking can be considered as the most natural form of physical activity and can be easily incorporated into many activities of daily living. Interventions aimed at promoting walking could substantially contribute towards increasing physical activity levels of the most sedentary individuals; within these interventions, pedometers are commonly used as effective motivational instruments to increase walking in healthy adults and across a range clinical conditions. Additional counseling provided in regular intervals throughout the intervention period can positively influence patients' adherence and help patients overcome certain psychological or lifestyle barriers, ultimately increasing physical activity. Objectives: The main objectives are: (1) To evaluate the feasibility of a pedometer-based walking intervention supplemented with a counseling component in a pilot randomized controlled trial. (2) To assess the preliminary efficacy of the intervention on PA levels and health-related outcomes, including measures of mental health and health-related quality of life. (3) To qualitatively explore the views of patients participating in the intervention....
Body composition and life style of 11-12 years old school children in Usti region
Nosek, Martin ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Krejčí, Milada (referee) ; Havel, Zdeněk (referee)
This dissertation thesis focuses on the relation between body composition and selected life style categories of students at primary schools and gymnasiums in Ústí region. In order to find this relation, we used the data of 424 boys and 382 girls in age range 11,0 - 12,9 years in Ústí region that had been gathered in April and May 2009. The bioimpedance analysis through the use of Bodystat 1500 MDD was used for the body composition classification. The aspects related to the life style were found out using the questionnare of 6. National anthropological research. As for body composition, we have found, by means of the bioimpedance method, that a quarter of 11-12 years old children is overweight (14,9%) or obese (10,9%). At the same time we have detected a significant interdependence between the quantity of body fat and the amount of motoric activities carried out by children (boys: r= - 0,343, ES r2 = 11,7 %; girls r= - 0,329, ES r2 = 10,8 %). Another finding is the fact that boys spend as much time doing phy sical activities as girls. The average time spent doing physical activities is 7,9 hrs/week for boys and 7,46 hrs/week for girls. During the analysis of the interdependence between parents' educational attainment and a child's body composition we have also found out the significant relation...
Effect comparison of educational-movement therapy "stabilization function"of a trunk and traditional rehabilitation therapeutic approach for patients with nonspecific low back pain
Jalovcová, Miroslava ; Pavlů, Dagmar (advisor) ; Bunc, Václav (referee) ; Tošnerová, Vlasta (referee)
Title: Effect comparison of educational-movement therapy "stabilization function"of a trunk and traditional rehabilitation therapeutic approach for patients with nonspecific low back pain. Nonspecific low back pain is a main cause of disability and the principal cause for injury-related lost work-days. The various therapies for nonspecific low back pain have been elaborated in many studies. The recommended therapeutic guideline for primary care of patients with nonspecific low back pain is early mobilization combined with a specific rehabilitation therapeutic approach. One such specific rehabilitation therapeutic approach is "trunk stabilization" therapy. The objective of this dissertation is to compare a therapeutic approach involving "stabilization exercises" with the traditional clinical approach that has been clinically proven to be most efficacious for patients with acute nonspecific low back pain. This study compares the effects of the prescribed therapies on 24 patients with non- specific acute low back pain. The test subjects (men and women with an average age 41.2 years) were allocated into two simple randomized subgroups. The test subjects received 2 outpatient therapy sessions per week for 4 weeks. Pre-test and post-test spine shape and range of motion examination were determined using...
Training loads and results of an individual in various training environments. Case study of elite Czech triathletes
Seidl, Jiří ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Vobr, Radek (referee) ; Zvonař, Martin (referee)
Aim: Analysis of the relation between the training load and the race performance of elite world-class triathletes. Evaluation of the effect of other factors on the race performance. Method: A case study of a Czech elite triathlete VF, who trained for several years in three different training environments including two top international groups DS and JF. Results: Training volume of VF was about 28 hours per week in the initial and DS environment and decreased to 23 hours per week in JF environment. The standard periodization scheme was used in none of the training environments. Instead, the annual training cycles had no distinct culminations; training load oscillated in a sequence of microcycles. Specific tempering was not applied prior to competitions, rather the affected microcyclus had been adjusted. Competitive performance of VF expressed as so called ITU equivalent was comparable in the three environments. Long-term performance markedly deteriorated in the DS environment but improved in the environment JF. Discussion: Two reasons are proposed for the deterioration of the long-term performance in the environment DS: (i) long-term major injuries; (ii) a several month long high-altitude stays during competitive seasons, leading to negative mood and motivational changes and other overtraining symptoms. A...
Changes of selected parameters of potural stability and effect of shooting under model load in modern pentathletes
Černá, Sylvie ; Bunc, Václav (advisor) ; Véle, František (referee) ; Salinger, Jiří (referee)
6 ABSTRACT Title: Changes of selected parameters of postural stability under influence of physical workload and shooting accuracy of modern pentathletes within combined event. Objective: Aim of study was to analyze influence of workload to postural stability and determine dependency between postural stability and shooting result. Methods: Study was carried out on the sample of modern pentathletes (6 male, 4 female), members of junior national team. Experimental design can be described as quasi experiment with time series. Changes of selected postural stability parameters have been observed during shooting from air pistol between running laps (3 x 1 km). As an output from shooting, pistol kinematics and shooting result have been used. We have used ANOVA as a main statistical tool for evaluation of data. As a measure of effect size we have used 2 . Results: Running workload on ANT significantly influences postural stability (p < 0.01, ω2 = 0.41), difference has been observed mainly between shooting without preceding run and after first run lap. Shooting accuracy has not been influenced neither by running workload on ANT nor by postural stability (p > 0.05, ω2 = 0.01). During pistol shooting left leg is more loaded than right one (p < 0.01, ω2 = 0.99). We have confirmed week degree of correlation between...

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