National Repository of Grey Literature 9 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Firm investment, financial constraints and monetary transmission: an investigation with Czech firm-level data
Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Pašalićová, Renata
This project investigates the effect of financial constraints and monetary policy on firms’ investment behaviour using Czech firm-level data. The empirical specification is based on the dynamic neoclassical investment model, which explains investment by sales and cash flow. In addition, it includes financial constraints and other factors. We differentiate firms according to their size and type of economic activity. We find that indebtedness and availability of liquidity have significant effects on investment. In the post-crisis period firms obtained less additional credit due to greater riskiness and tended to accumulate more liquidity. Expectations about future GDP growth and business sentiment are positively related to investment. At the same time, we observe considerable heterogeneity of the results across sectors. The impact of the short-term real interest rate is highly significant for firms of all sizes and in all important sectors of the Czech economy, reflecting monetary policy effectiveness.
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An empirical analysis of macroeconomic resilience: the case of the great recession in the European Union
Brůha, Jan ; Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana
In this paper, we analyse macroeconomic developments in European economies since the Great Recession. We present evidence that macroeconomic developments in the EU countries can be classified into latent classes. Countries in a given class exhibit a similar pattern of economic and labour market developments during and after the crisis. We then present evidence that the latent classes of countries differ in terms of quality of institutions and regulation. Based on this, we conclude that quality of institutions and regulation are crucial for the resilience of countries to shocks. The most important country characteristics associated with a quick recovery after the initial shock are low protection of temporary contracts, political stability, regulatory quality and pre-crisis fiscal space. On the other hand, other types of employment protection and generosity of unemployment benefits seem to not influence resilience.
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Nowcasting the Czech Trade Balance
Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Brůha, Jan
The Working Paper Series of the Czech National Bank (CNB) is intended to disseminate the results of the CNB’s research projects as well as the other research activities of both the staff of the CNB and collaborating outside contributors, including invited speakers. The Series aims to present original research contributions relevant to central banks. It is refereed internationally. The referee process is managed by the CNB Research Department. The working papers are circulated to stimulate discussion. The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the official views of the CNB.
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Spillover of the ECB's Monetary Policy Outside the Euro Area: How Different is Conventional From Unconventional Policy?
Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Claeys, Peter ; Vašíček, Bořek
This paper studies the macroeconomic impact of ECB policy on the euro area and six non-EMU countries. The analysis is based on the evolution of a synthetic index of overall euro area monetary conditions (MCI) that can be decomposed into conventional and unconventional policy measures. A standard monetary VAR including the MCI subcomponents shows that the transmission of unconventional monetary policy in the euro area is quite different than under conventional policy: prices react quickly, but the response of output (industrial production) is muted. A block-restricted VAR analysis confirms that euro area monetary policy spills over to the macroeconomic developments of non-EMU countries. While conventional monetary policy has a generalised effect on economic activity, exchange rates and prices, unconventional measures have generated a variety of responses. Exchange rates respond rather quickly, but an effect on the real economy is found only for some countries, and inflation remains largely unaffected.
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Evaluating the Links Between the Financial and Real Sectors in a Small Open Economy: The Case of the Czech Republic
Konečný, Tomáš ; Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana
In this paper we use a battery of various mixed-frequency data models to forecast Czech GDP. The models employed are mixed-frequency vector autoregressions, mixed-data sampling models, and the dynamic factor model. Using a dataset of historical vintages of unrevised macroeconomic and financial data, we evaluate the performance of these models over the 2005–2012 period and compare them with the Czech National Bank’s macroeconomic forecasts. The results suggest that for shorter forecasting horizons the accuracy of the dynamic factor model is comparable to the CNB forecasts. At longer horizons, mixed-frequency vector autoregressions are able to perform similarly or slightly better than the CNB forecasts. Furthermore, moving away from point forecasts, we also explore the potential of density forecasts from Bayesian mixed-frequency vector autoregressions.
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Global Economy Outlook - June 2014
Komárek, Luboš ; Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Adam, Tomáš ; Novotný, Filip ; Klíma, Milan ; Benecká, Soňa ; Hošek, Jan
Výhledy HDP, inflace, předstihových ukazatelů, úrokových sazeb, měnových kurzů a cen komodit. V rámci rubriky „Zaostřeno na…“ obsahuje zpráva analýzu "Roční vyhodnocení předpovědí obsažených v GEVu".
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Global Economy Outlook - April 2014
Komárek, Luboš ; Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Adam, Tomáš ; Novotný, Filip ; Klíma, Milan ; Benecká, Soňa ; Dušperk Raková, Marie ; Hošek, Jan
Výhledy HDP, inflace, předstihových ukazatelů, úrokových sazeb, měnových kurzů a cen komodit. V rámci rubriky „Zaostřeno na…“ obsahuje zpráva analýzu Heterogenita finančních podmínek v zemích eurozóny.
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What We Know About Monetary Policy Transmission in the Czech Republic: Collection of Empirical Results
Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Franta, Michal ; Hájková, Dana ; Král, Petr ; Kubicová, Ivana ; Podpiera, Anca ; Saxa, Branislav
This paper concentrates on describing the available empirical findings on monetary policy transmission in the Czech Republic. Besides the overall impact of monetary policy on inflation and output, it is useful to study its individual channels, in particular the interest rate channel, the exchange rate channel, and the wealth channel. The results confirm that the transmission of monetary impulses to the real economy works in an intuitive direction and to an intuitive extent. Our analyses show, however, that the global financial and economic crisis might have somewhat slowed and weakened the transmission. We found an indication of such a change in the functioning of the interest rate channel, where elevated risk premiums played a major role.
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A gravity approach to modelling international trade in south-eastern Europe and the commonwealth of independent states: the role of geography, policy and institutions
Babecká Kucharčuková, Oxana ; Babecký, Jan ; Raiser, Martin
An augmented gravity model is proposed and estimated for a reference group of 82 countries, employing the Poisson and Tobit estimation techniques. Writers find that low quality of economic institutions in the SEE and CIS countries accounted for a considerable proportion of their below-potential international trade. Writers perform policy simulations using institutional data up to 2008 to identify channels for increasing the international trade of the SEE and CIS countries.
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