National Repository of Grey Literature 411 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Pure Economic Loss
Tůma, Martin ; Elischer, David (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee) ; Psutka, Jindřich (referee)
Pure Economic Loss Abstract The presented work deals with the issue of compensation for pure economic loss, which was introduced into the Czech legal system by Act No. 89/2012 Coll., Civil Code. In the previous version of civil law, compensation for pure economic loss was not limited at all. However, the legislator has newly taken over the regulation of liability from the German BGB, which significantly narrows the liability for pure economic loss. The aim of the author was therefore to evaluate the compatibility of this approach with the basis of the responsibility system of Czech civil law. The author first focuses on explaining the concept of pure economic loss and some related terms and subsequently presents an analysis of the theoretical concept of the function of private liability and a presentation of the key functions of liability law. This introductory part is followed by a comparative analysis of foreign legal regulations in relation to liability for pure economic loss, which, in addition to the necessary analysis of the relevant provisions of the German BGB, focuses on the analysis of jurisprudence across selected legal systems. In the chapters following this comparison, the author analytically evaluates the knowledge gained, especially in relation to the generally prevailing restrictive approach...
Influence of Cyclone process parameters on the quality of ceramic shells
Lederer, Vojtěch ; Šustek, Petr (referee) ; Krutiš, Vladimír (advisor)
Diploma thesis contains introduction into shell drying, its monitoring and influence on shell properties. The thesis works with the Cyclone machine described further. The shell drying process in the machine and experiments are carried out broadening understanding of functions and parameters of rapid drying process. Experiments comparing courses of drying under respective settings of Cyclone and under common drying in air-conditioned room are carried out. Also mechanical properties of commonly dried shells and shells made by the Cyclone machines are compared. The positive effect of the machine on the ultimate strenght of dried shells and positive effect on the drying speed has been confirmed.
Design of a suitable shape of test bars used for HCF (high cycle fatigue) and LCF (low cycle fatigue) and elimination of internal defects for reduction of their influence
Hemala, Robert ; Šustek, Petr (referee) ; Ňuksa, Petr (advisor)
The topic of this thesis is the formation of microporosity in cast test bars of nickel-base superalloy Inconel 713LC during solidification. The theoretical part consists of nickel alloys, their macrostructure, the method of casting and crystallization of nickel-based superalloys. The second part is devoted to the design of casting conditions, the production of shell molds, the size and shape of grains, evaluation of microporosity by various available methods, comparing the influence of grain size and the proportion of microporosity on the resulting values of the mechanical tests. Experiments were carried out in cooperation with PBS Velká Bíteš and ÚST foundry department.
Prevention in the Civil Code
Prokeš, Martin ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
Prevention in the Civil Code The topic of my thesis is prevention in the Civil Code. This thesis examines the definition of the concept of prevention within the Civil Code as a key aspect in the provision of general rules of mutual coexistence in our main legal code. Prevention is not only understood here as an effort to prevent illegal actions, but is extended to a broader concept of preventing damage or injury to the health and life of individuals in society, when its essence goes beyond the concept of law. The work reflects the development of the concept of prevention and its anchoring in the Civil Code, with an emphasis on various historical concepts and the development of legal regulations. The first chapter of the thesis analyzes various concepts of prevention mainly in a general sense, focusing on its importance in various fields, including medicine, social sciences and criminology. The content of other types of prevention such as primary and secondary or general and specific is also defined here. The second chapter is devoted to a brief summary of the development of the Civil Code as a legal code, with an emphasis on its development in Roman society, the Middle Ages and modern times. This part of the work also traces the transformation of the prevention institute itself in these individual...
Security interest and related institutions in comparison with Spanish legislation
Haushalterová, Andrea ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Zvára, Michael (referee)
Security interest and related institutions in comparison with Spanish legislation Abstract The aim of the author of this rigorous thesis was to compare Czech legislation of security interest and institutions related to security interest with Spanish legislation. In the first part of the thesis, the author outlined general and elementary aspects of security interest in the Czech Republic and Spain and then focused on the comparison of these aspects in the context of the historical development of security interest. Following this historical excursus through the regulation of security interest, the author addressed various aspects of security interest, related prohibitions that can be established and functioning of the relevant registers in which security interest can be registered. Emphasis was placed on comparison of the regulation of those aspects which differ from one legislation to another. The first chapter of the second part of this rigorous thesis was dedicated to the regulation of mortgage, i.e. security interest over immovable property. In this chapter, the author focused on the definition of immovable property under both legal systems, the constitutionality of registration of mortgage in the relevant public registers and the voluntary nature of registration of immovable property in the Real Estate...
Mandatory rules in the Civil Code
Vrbová, Katarína ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
Mandatory rules in the Civil Code Abstract The diploma thesis entitled "Mandatory rules in the Civil Code" is dedicated to the analysis of mandatory rules in Act No. 89/2012 Coll., the Civil Code. The aim of this thesis is the theoretical definition of the concept of mandatory and non- mandatory rules and legal rule itself, which is necessary for framing them within the context; the analysis of the valid legislation in the Civil Code as well as the legislation immediately preceding it and a comparison with the current and past recodification efforts in the Slovak Republic. Therefore, the thesis is systematically divided into three parts. Firstly, the term legal rule is defined in the initial part of the work, the specific features, structure and classification of the legal rules are discussed. Furthermore, it provides a definition of a pair of the terms mandatory and non-mandatory, as it is defined in the Czech Republic, but also abroad as well as a brief historical overview. Finally, the attention is drawn to a specific decision of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic regarding the nature of the provision regulating the amount of default interests. In the second part of the work, the currently applicable legislation in the Civil Code is discussed. At this point we can find a description of the...
Merging of state contributory organisations and organizational units in the competence of the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic
Slovák, Štěpán ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Salač, Josef (referee)
Merging of state contributory organisations and organizational units in the competence of the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic Abstract The thesis focuses on the consolidation of state contributory organizations and organizational units of the state within the scope of the Ministry of Health of the Czech Republic. The initial stage involved mapping all relevant state contributory organizations, organizational units, and state enterprises, which fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry. Subsequently, state contributory organizations suitable for consolidation, such as the University Hospital Brno, St. Anne's University Hospital Brno, and Centre of Cardiovascular and Transplantation Surgery, were identified. The thesis is divided into five chapters covering topics including organizational units, state contributory organizations, state enterprises, specific state contributory organizations providing healthcare services, and the possibilities of merging these entities. The fifth chapter describes the possibilities of merging the identified entities, with the author attempting to offer solutions for potential consolidation. However, the legislator, through the amendment of the Property Act adopted shortly before the finalization of the text, has facilitated the entire process of consolidating state...
Prevention in the Civil Code
Prokeš, Martin ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
Prevention in the Civil Code The topic of my thesis is prevention in the Civil Code. This thesis examines the definition of the concept of prevention within the Civil Code as a key aspect in the provision of general rules of mutual coexistence in our main legal code. Prevention is not only understood here as an effort to prevent illegal actions, but is extended to a broader concept of preventing damage or injury to the health and life of individuals in society, when its essence goes beyond the concept of law. The work reflects the development of the concept of prevention and its anchoring in the Civil Code, with an emphasis on various historical concepts and the development of legal regulations. The first chapter of the thesis analyzes various concepts of prevention mainly in a general sense, focusing on its importance in various fields, including medicine, social sciences and criminology. The content of other types of prevention such as primary and secondary or general and specific is also defined here. The second chapter is devoted to a brief summary of the development of the Civil Code as a legal code, with an emphasis on its development in Roman society, the Middle Ages and modern times. This part of the work also traces the transformation of the prevention institute itself in these individual...
Sale per aversionem
Jakubec, Radim ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
1 Sale per aversionem Abstract The aim of the diploma thesis is to carry out a thorough analysis of the legal institute of a bulk sale from the point of view of its diachronic development and the effects of the application of this legislation in the sphere of rights and obligations of the addressees of legal norms. In the first part of the thesis, with the help of historical legal sources, the development of the form of the institute is gradually reconstructed in the legal sources of ancient Rome, the region of Central Europe and finally in the borders of the territory of Czech statehood. The second part of the work is devoted to the current wording of the summary institute, its attributes, the applicability of the provisions on the summary and other related issues. In the introduction of the second part, emphasis is placed on the linguistic analysis of the current wording of the provision, which is subjected to grammatical, semantic and syntactic analysis. The linguistic analysis is followed by a legal analysis, which examines the conditions necessary to be able to use the provision on the transfer in aggregate in accordance with the legal regulations. The conclusions made about the conditions of use are followed by chapters on alternative and dissenting views on the issue in question. At the end of the...
Compensation for non-pecuniary damage caused by tax proceedings
Soukupová, Soňa ; Dvořák, Jan (advisor) ; Šustek, Petr (referee)
Compensation for non-pecuniary damage caused by tax proceedings Abstract This rigorous thesis presents ground-breaking case law regarding compensation for non-pecuniary damage arising from an excessive length of tax proceedings. The primary aim of the thesis is to evaluate the potential benefits and pitfalls of the current approach to compensation for the length of tax proceedings and propose its optimal setting. The secondary aim is to explore the possible consequences of expanding the state's liability for damage caused by the exercise of public authority, as illustrated by the current approach to compensation for lengthy tax proceedings. Compensation for tax proceedings under the regime of an excessive length of proceedings, under which the occurrence of non-pecuniary damage is presumed based on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, was fundamentally rejected for years due to the absence of the application of Article 6(1) of the Convention to tax matters. However, as a result of the case law of the Constitutional Court, the situation began to change, following the subsequent judgment of the Supreme Court of 31 August 2021, file no. 30 Cdo 3118/2020, tax proceedings were classified among other proceedings assessed in the light of their excessive length. The thesis seeks, among other things,...

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