National Repository of Grey Literature 287 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Primary prevention of threats of children in kindergarten
Bělohradská, Tereza ; Felcmanová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the definition and explanation of the terms primary prevention, endangered child, social exclusion and the context of social exclusion or endangerment of a child by social exclusion with primary prevention. Component part of the work is a detection tool that can help kindergarten teachers in evaluating the child and his situation, so that any problems can be detected in time. Areas that the detection tool deals with and how it has been evolved are described here. It also suggests possible procedures for solving problems based on the cooperation of the kindergarten teacher with a special pedagogue. It points out the shortcomings of the current system and suggests possible changes to the system with regard to streamlining the primary prevention of endangering children (in kindergartens). Component part of the diploma thesis is research based on qualitative and quantitative methods, especially interviews and questionnaire surveys, the aim of which was, among other things, to map the primary prevention of threats to children in kindergartens and to map compulsory preschool attendance. Primary prevention of endangering children in kindergartens is not possible, primarily for children with disabilities or at risk of social exclusion, and with regard to this issue it is...
Analysis of navigation system RightHear in the building of the Faculty of Education of the Charles University
Bertlová, Barbora ; Šumníková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Květoňová, Lea (referee)
The aim of the thesis is to provide a qualitative analysis of the RightHear navigation system in the building of the Faculty of Education, Charles University (Magdalény Rettigové 4, Prague) as a means of providing assistance with spatial navigation and independent mobility to visually impaired people. In the introduction, the thesis provides an overview of various aids and systems supporting independent mobility of the visually impaired. It also discusses the RightHear navigation system. The research part of the thesis analyses the current configuration of the RightHear system and proposes ways to improve it in the Faculty of Education building. The research utilised the methods of participatory observation and an unstructured in-depth interview with two consultants. The output of the thesis is a proposal for a new configuration of the RightHear navigation system in the building and suggestions for general rules for creating descriptions used for indoor navigation with RightHear. This output is based on knowledge of spatial orientation, independent mobility of visually impaired people and indoor navigation systems as well as the consultants' comments. The thesis includes specific conclusions and recommendations for practice and future research.
Support of social and emotional development of shildren with ADHD in pre-school education
Melvaldová, Aneta ; Kubíčková, Anna (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
The thesis focuses on children in pre-school educational institutions who are diagnosed with ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder), as well as on the methods of supporting their social and emotional development. The thesis consists of two parts, the theoretical and the practical one. The theoretical part deals with the basic information of ADHD, children's development and the methods of working with children suffering from this syndrom. We can find there three main chapters. The first chapter deals with pre-school children's development. The second chapter concentrates on the definition, causes, occurrence, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of ADHD. Finally, the third chapter focuses on the methods of working with ADHD children, creating a positive environment, integration of these children, general reccomendations for working with ADHD children and on educational methods and techniques of controlling their behaviour. The practical part investigates how these methods and techniques are used by teachers in pre-school educational institutions. The theoretical knowledge gained from literature is completed by practical findings which I have obtained from interwieving five kindergarten teachers. The main goal of this practical part is to describe what methods and techniques these teachers use...
Possibilities of using the method of alternative and augmentative communication of PECS in children with ASD in early care ang in the period of attendance to kindergarten and primary school
Neumannová, Lenka ; Felcmanová, Lenka (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
The thesis deals with the setting of functional communication using the Picture Exchange Communication System method at people with autism spectrum disorder through individual levels of education and is divided into the theoretical and the practical part. The key terms explaining the problematic of autism, significance of communication and education of people with autism spectrum disorder introduces the theoretical part which is split into a few areas. The main overarching is the Picture Exchange Communications System methods which compensates the disorder in communication of an individual with autism spectrum disorder either temporarily or permanently. Furthermore, based on the interviews with participants in the educational process, the thesis analyzes the application of the method and cooperation of the individual educational institutions but also parents. In the empirical part are the interviews complemented by the case study which completes the whole picture of research problem in question. The output of the thesis are recommendations compared with the results of the conducted research. The area of education of individuals with autism spectrum disorder is one of the most difficult pedagogical disciplines regarding to attention, individual approach, environment modification and at the same time...
Employment of persons with intellectual disabilities.
Hošková, Jitka ; Šiška, Jan (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
The bachelor's thesis on the topic of employment of people with mental disabilities deals with understanding the process of transition of people with mental disabilities on the labor market. The research focuses on the expectations of employees with mental disabilities from work, on the relationships in the work team and on the process of learning for employees with mental disabilities in the workplace. Our intention is to provide in depth insight into this process, which is why we have chosen a qualitative research design for our research. The obtained results are based on analyses of interviews with four employees with mental dissabilities. We process data using the method of open and closed coding.
Social relationships and people with mild intellectual disabilities
Kučerová, Lenka ; Šiška, Jan (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
1 Abstract The diploma thesis clarifies the specifics of establishing social relationships ofpeople with mild intellectual disabilities. The aim of the work is to understand the specifics of establishing social relationships for people with mild intellectual disabilities, to understand in depth how people with mild intellectual disabilities perceive the possibilities of gaining and maintaining social ties. The first part summarizes the findings from the study of available literature related to this topic. In the second part, using a qualitative research survey, which used the method of interviewing respondents with mild intellectual disabilities who live in sheltered housing, seeks answers to the questions that were asked at the beginning of the research survey. An e-mail interview with two sexual confidants working in the organization was used to supplement the information obtained from the respondents. Qualitative research was chosen due to the nature of the target group. The results of the work are based on analysis of the mentioned interviews with respondents and they are supplemented by information from the sexual confidants. It was found that the topicality of social relations is of great importance for people with mild intellectual disabilities. Maintaining social relationships or developing them can...

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