National Repository of Grey Literature 433 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Development of tactile perception in blind children of preschool age
Vacková, Adéla ; Šumníková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Bertlová, Barbora (referee)
The bachelor's thesis addresses the topic of developing tactile perception in preschool-aged children who are visually impaired. Tactile perception is a key factor for individuals with visual impairments, especially for those who are blind, as it facilitates a more manageable and meaningful life. People with visual impairments rely on tactile perception (as well as other sensory perceptions). These individuals focus primarily on individual details, which they gradually connect to form an overall picture of a given object. The thesis includes basic theories on visual impairment, tactile perception, and typhlography. The subsequent sections focus on the development of tactile perception, stimulation, thinking, creativity, and imagination in preschool-aged children with visual impairments, as well as the importance of developing tactile perception in these children. The research was conducted using qualitative methods, with data collected through semi-structured interviews and observations. The study involved children with visual impairments and their educators from the Jaroslav Ježek Kindergarten. For comparison, interviews and observations were also conducted with children without visual impairments. The research mainly focused on the development of tactile perception in children with visual...
Higher education options for visually impaired students
Marková, Jana ; Šumníková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Květoňová, Lea (referee)
According to Act No. 111/1998 Coll., universities are required to provide persons with various types of disabilities suitable conditions for studying at a university. This support is not specified in detail in the Act, so each school decides individually what steps to take in this area, but there is an effort to gradually harmonize methods. This thesis is focused on the support provided specifically to students with visual impairments. In the theoretical part of the thesis, the main idea is to describe what kind of support students with visual impairments need and what are its possibilities in the field of education. The aim of the practical part of the thesis is to find out what kind of support is currently provided to students in the Czech Republic and how it is used and evaluated by them. The qualitative method of a structured interview was used to answer these questions. Responses show that students are provided with support commensurate with their needs and none of the respondents feel that professional centers do not provide such support sufficiently. KEYWORDS college student, visually impaired, visually impaired students, college counselin
Primary school pupils with special educational needs at an outdoor school
Dvořáková, Hana ; Marádová, Eva (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
This work aims to find out how schools in the context of the presence of pupils with support needs prepare for organizing an outdoor school in the 1st grade of primary school and then formulate practice recommendations. The goal was achieved based on a research investigation, within the framework of which two probes were implemented. Probe I includes structured interviews with educational counselors at five selected primary schools. It investigated whether a subsequent written inquiry could take place at the selected schools. Probe II includes an online questionnaire survey aimed at teachers and teaching assistants. Based on this, it was found that in the area of teaching, free time, ensuring self-service activities of pupils, strengthening the pupil collective, and communication with parents, teachers prepare for school in nature differently than for regular teaching. They are helped by the activity, independence, and creativity of teaching assistants if they are willing to help. In the area of preparation for teaching, in the context of cooperation with teaching assistants, it is recommended to set goals beforehand, with which all its participants will become familiar. In the case of trips where leisure activities are provided by outsiders, we recommend that they familiarize themselves with the specifics...
The efficiency of the use of assistive devices fot the visually impaired
Skočovská, Soňa ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
Rigorous work deals with the effectiveness of the use of compensatory aids for the visually impaired. The introductory chapters address the issue of visual impairment, the mapping of the condition in the area of rehabilitation and compensatory aids for the visually impaired, the legislative conditions to obtain them and the possibilities to support citizens with visual impairment in adulthood. The research investigation was, on the basis of interviews, analysis of documents and case methods identified the effectiveness of the use of the various types and types of rehabilitation and compensatory aids, their important role and irreplaceable position in the life of people with visual disabilities, including data on the most frequented, preferred aids, managing the operation of aids using state financial subsidies for their acguisition and use of Braille by visually impaired people in the context of the rapid také-up of digital technology in the area of information and communication in the 1990s with eventual influence of their written speach. The result of the research has shown that rehabilitation and compensatory aids for the visually impaired play an important role in the life of people with visual impairment and an irreplaceable site. With their properties and their possibilities of use, they...
Tactile perception children with severe visual impairment through application of STIP test
Kramosilová, Zuzana ; Květoňová, Lea (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
The aim of this thesis was to provide a comprehensive summary of findings and statistical results of verification of visually impaired children's tactile abilities in preschool age (5 - 8 years), early school age (9 - 12 years) and older school age (13 - 17 years) using STIP tests I. - III. (Speed of Tactile Information Processing). The STIP test, taken from the English original, is converted into Braille and testing reading abilities of numerals. The test assesses accuracy - error making in lines, rate and concentration.
Impact of ADHD of lives adults
Hošová, Dominika ; Šumníková, Pavlína (advisor) ; Zemková, Jaroslava (referee)
This master's thesis deals with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in adults, and aims to describe the specific effects of this disorder on the lives of adults from their perspective. The theoretical background explores the concepts associated with ADHD, including the development of the concept of diagnosis and related terminology. It also focuses on information about the origins, development, and epidemiology of ADHD, and presents the classification of the disorder according to current diagnostic manuals. Presents the diagnosis of ADHD in the context of adulthood, including symptomatology, comorbidities, and diagnostic and treatment options. Methods of data collection, selection of the research population and analysis of the obtained information are presented. Results show that people diagnosed with ADHD perceive the impact of attention deficit disorder in most of their daily activities. Furthermore, the primary symptoms have both positive and negative effects on all areas of life. The paper presented compensatory strategies to mitigate the negative effects of ADHD and provided insight into the impact of ADHD on the lives of adults with the disorder. KEYWORDS ADHD, adults, diagnosis, impact, compensatory techniques
Acceptance of visual impairment in the productive age
Havlíčková, Adéla ; Květoňová, Lea (advisor) ; Šumníková, Pavlína (referee)
The bachelor thesis consists of a theoretical and a research part. It deals with the acceptance of visual impairment in the working age, specifically looking at acquired visual impairment. The theoretical part defines congenital and acquired visual impairment, then includes the most common causes of visual impairment, its consequences and the associated psychological changes, then describes the possibilities of successful acceptance in the form of a foreign study, and finally deals with the possibilities of social rehabilitation and its forms. The aim of the research is to describe how people reflect on their process of acceptance of sight loss and what areas have influenced this acceptance and what the differences are between male and female experiences in relation to their personality traits. Using qualitative research in the form of semi-structured interviews with three respondents, it became clear that the most significant change for respondents was a change in mindset and motivation to cope with the crisis situation. Furthermore, monitoring one's own progress towards self-sufficiency and the support of those around them proved to have a great influence on the acceptance process. Professional support and help also played a significant role. Furthermore, it was possible to observe differences in...

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