National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Increase in muscle mass during remission in patients with Crohn's disease
Dittrichová, Jana ; Křížová, Jarmila (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Pacients with Crohn's disease lose a significant amount of muscle mass during the acute phase. The amount of muscle mass plays a crucial role in determining an individual's physical fitness, quality of life, and improves the prognosis of the disease. The theoretical part of the presented work focuses on the importance of muscle mass, its growth in relation to protein intake, the issues related to Crohn's disease, and the increase of muscle mass during remission. In the practical part of the study, the goal was to determine how many kilograms patients with Crohn's disease typically lose during the acute phase of the illness and compare it with the weight loss in patients with ulcerative colitis. The aim was also to verify the impact of protein intake education and recommendations for the frequency and type of exercise on muscle mass growth, increased muscle strength, and walking speed in patients with Crohn's disease. In the practical part, it was found that patients with Crohn's disease lose between 11.79 to 16.29 kg during the acute phase of the illness. In the study with education, each participant underwent two measurements with an interval of 4-6 weeks. The parameters examined included the amount of muscle mass, a 4-meter walking test, and handgrip strength. After the first measurement,...
Differences in food intake among obese and non-obese pacients with diabetes
Číhová, Anna ; Škrha, Jan (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Basis: Disorders of glucose metabolism, including prediabetes and diabetes, and obesity are very common diseases, the prevalence of which continues to rise worldwide. Overweight and obesity are usually associated with type 2 diabetes, and some authors use the term diabesity for the joint occurrence of these two diseases, but even in patients with type 1 diabetes, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing. The basic measure in the treatment of an obese diabetic is a diet leading to weight reduction, ideally to achieve optimal body weight. Objective: This work focuses on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in patients with diabetes, respectively in individual types of diabetes and on the differences in food intake of obese and non- obese patients with diabetes, with the aim of determining whether overweight and obesity, or excessive energy intake, are related to worse diabetes compensation. Methodology: In the practical part of this diploma thesis, two methods of data collection were chosen, a questionnaire survey and anonymous data collection from electronic medical documentation. All data obtained were continuously recorded and then statistically analysed using the Welch t-test and the chi-squared test in the TIBCO STATISTICA 13 program. Findings: In the entire research population...
Diseases of Civilization Prevention by a Lifestyle Modifications
Vinklárková, Monika ; Šatný, Martin (advisor) ; Altschmiedová, Tereza (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the most common diseases of civilization and their prevention by a healthy lifestyle. The aim of this thesis is to map how people aged 18 - 65 follow a healthy lifestyle that leads to the prevention of diseases of civilization. The work is divided into theoretical and practical part. The theoretical part deals with the characteristics and especially the prevention of the most common diseases of civilization, which include arterial hypertension, obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia and atherosclerosis with its complications (atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases), or cancer. A healthy lifestyle includes proper nutrition, adequate physical activity, non-smoking, enough sleep and rest, reduced stress and the absence of tobacco and alcohol abuse. The practical part finds out the observance of the principles of a healthy lifestyle by a questionnaire survey. The research was conducted on 122 randomly selected persons without diseases of civilization aged 18 - 65 years. The results of the research show that most respondents do not pay much attention to a healthy lifestyle. Respondents eat a shortage of vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and sour dairy products. Their diet often includes white bread, meat and sausages. Furthermore, most respondents have insufficient...
Influence of education on blood lipid levels in dyslipidemic patients
Macinauerová, Romana ; Zlatohlávek, Lukáš (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Dyslipidemia belongs to the risk factors of cardiovascular diseases with the prevention and treatment based on the necessary dietary restrictions and a change in the lifestyle. The main aim of this work is to assess the impact of dietary restrictions and a healthier lifestyle on the patient's lipid profile, a secondary aim is to evaluate the patient's eating habits. The thesis is divided into two parts, a theoretical background and an applied study. The theoretical background describes the importance and types of different lipids in humans and their characteristic transport pattern and digestion. This work also explains the concept of dyslipidemia, the classification, treatment and diagnostic approaches and the role in a metabolic syndrome clustering. An important part of the dyslipidemia treatment and prevention is the public education and this part of the thesis also outlines different forms with the correct principles. An integral part of the education is the adherence of a patient, what may be a key aspect of the dyslipidemia treatment. The applied study exploits: (i) a questionnaire that follows eating habits and consummation frequency of selected foods and drinks in patients from the Lipid Clinic of The Center for Cardiovascular Prevention, General University Hospital in Prague and 1st...
The influence of lifestyle on components of metabolic syndrome
Křesáková, Nikola ; Svačina, Štěpán (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Metabolic syndrome is a group of risk factors, including abdominal obesity, arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia and glucose metabolism disorders (prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus). This syndrome affects about a quarter of the total population and raises the risk for developing especially cardiovascular diseases. In addition, it also affects other health areas, so this problem is very serious. This work consists of two parts. Part one, theoretical, describes metabolic syndrome, i.e. its precise diagnostic criteria, causes, main risks, prevention and pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment, which may be invasive (bariatric surgery), but mainly consists in lifestyle changes. Part two of the thesis, practical, presents a research in the form of a questionnaire survey. The questions were intended for patients visiting the obesity clinic for the first time and were mainly related to the current health problems and the patients' current lifestyle. Over a half of the patients met the metabolic syndrome criteria, 2/3 of the patients had hypertension, and of all factors, hypertension was most associated with obesity. As far as lifestyle questions are concerned, a lack of exercise had a negative impact on health, when only a few patients had regular physical activity, and diet, when most...
Assessment of dietary and regimen knowledge in patients with acute coronary syndrome
Eliášová, Marie ; Vrablík, Michal (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Introduction: Acute coronary syndromes (ACS) belong to cardiovascular diseases and contribute significantly to mortality, morbidity and disability in developed countries. Therefore the aim of current therapy is to reduce the risk of subsequent complications, including early death, and to increase patients' quality of life. For successful therapy it is necessary to follow regimen and dietary principles which are along with pharmacotherapy an integral part of treatment. Therefore sufficient knowledge of these principles by patients is a basic precondition for their successful treatment. Objectives: The aim of the diploma thesis was to assess dietary and regime knowledge in patients diagnosed with ACS. The specific objectives were: to determine an effect of sex or previous education on the knowledge; to describe patients' dietary habits; to specify their knowledge of nutrition; and to identify which knowledge is the most deficient. Methods: The research was carried out as a questionnaire survey. The questionnaire was compiled directly for the purposes of this thesis and was approved by the VFN Ethics Committee for use in inpatient wards at II. and III. internal clinics and at the Coronary unit of II. internal clinics of VFN. A total of 80 patients diagnosed with ACS were included in the study....
Food allergies and intolerances - facts and myths
Češková, Blanka ; Pejšová, Hana (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Food-related diseases, including food allergies and food intolerances, are on the rise worldwide. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), allergic diseases in the economically advanced countries of the WHO have become the largest child environmental epidemic. Dysregulation of immune tolerance is the basic mechanism involved in the development of food allergy. It is believed that the risk of developing allergies is more related to other lifestyle factors such as a diet, physical activity or obesity. Food allergies in children and adult populations vary both in the spectrum of triggering foods and also their symptoms and their severity. The prognosis also differs in allergies for different types of foods. One of the most important factors affecting the correct development of the baby's immune system is nutrition. In the first 4 - 6 months, the baby should only receive breast milk - for infants it is the most appropriate and allergenically safe diet. It strengthens their immune system. Its positive effect is observed especially on the occurrence of food allergies and atopic eczema. However, developing asthma and other allergies may not be prevented. Breastfeeding has an extraordinary importance and benefits in preventing many illnesses for both the child and the mother. Milk is a major food...

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