National Repository of Grey Literature 2 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Differences in food intake among obese and non-obese pacients with diabetes
Číhová, Anna ; Škrha, Jan (advisor) ; Šatný, Martin (referee)
Basis: Disorders of glucose metabolism, including prediabetes and diabetes, and obesity are very common diseases, the prevalence of which continues to rise worldwide. Overweight and obesity are usually associated with type 2 diabetes, and some authors use the term diabesity for the joint occurrence of these two diseases, but even in patients with type 1 diabetes, the prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing. The basic measure in the treatment of an obese diabetic is a diet leading to weight reduction, ideally to achieve optimal body weight. Objective: This work focuses on the prevalence of overweight and obesity in patients with diabetes, respectively in individual types of diabetes and on the differences in food intake of obese and non- obese patients with diabetes, with the aim of determining whether overweight and obesity, or excessive energy intake, are related to worse diabetes compensation. Methodology: In the practical part of this diploma thesis, two methods of data collection were chosen, a questionnaire survey and anonymous data collection from electronic medical documentation. All data obtained were continuously recorded and then statistically analysed using the Welch t-test and the chi-squared test in the TIBCO STATISTICA 13 program. Findings: In the entire research population...
Celiac disease in childhood and adherence to gluten-free diet
Číhová, Anna ; Frühauf, Pavel (advisor) ; El-Lababidi, Nabil (referee)
Basis: Celiac disease is a systemic autoimmune disease caused by gluten intolerance in genetically predisposed individuals that occurs in both children and adults. The presence of gluten in the diet results in the intestinal inflammation, crypt hyperplasia and villus atrophy in the predisposed individuals and consequently nutrient malabsorption. Celiac manifestations include a diverse spectrum of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal disorders. The only treatment that leads to the normalization of the intestinal mucosa and the disappearance of problems is a lifelong, strictly gluten-free diet. Objective: Two objectives were chosen for this work. The first objective was to compare the levels of antibodies and thereby the compliance to the gluten-free diet of patients diagnosed by the biopsy and the non-biopsy procedure. The second objective was to compare the somatic parameters (weight, height and BMI) of all 170 individuals with the celiac disease, with the general population, especially the compliant and non-compliant patients with the general population, and the two groups. Methodology: In the practical part of this work, the chosen method was an anonymous collection of data from medical records. All findings that were collected were registered and compared and the statistics were analysed by...

Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.