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Conditional discontinuance of criminal prosecution and settlement in prosecutorial practice - comparison
Blažková, Kristýna ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Conditional discontinuance of criminal prosecution and settlement in prosecutorial practice - comparison At the outset, the first chapter outlines the possible alternatives in criminal proceedings and describes the principles of restorative justice. Following this, the thesis also elaborates on alternative sentences and alternatives to punishment, focusing on diversions. This thesis deals mainly with two diversions in criminal proceedings, which are conditional discontinuance of prosecution and settlement. These diversions are defined and compared using the method of literature search. The second chapter is devoted in detail to the legal conditions for the application of the CDCP. In particular, it discusses in more detail the concept of the offence, the circumstances of the accused's confession and his consent to the application of the CDCP. This chapter also discusses the obligation of the accused to compensate for the damage and to hand over the unjust enrichment and, last but not least, a part is also devoted to the specification of when the application of the CDCP can be considered a sufficient solution. Subsequently, the third chapter is again theoretical and describes the settlement in more detail. It first compares which conditions are the same for a CDCP and a settlement and then discusses...
The Principle of Subsidiarity of Criminal Repression
Brodňan, Zdeněk ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with one of the key principles of criminal law - the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression. This principle, now expressly formulated in Section 12 Subsection 2 of the Criminal Code, is the subject of interest of both legal theory and application practice. The research tries to answer the questions whether the current enshrinement of the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression in the Criminal Code is necessary, whether the wording used is appropriate and whether this principle of application practice is handled appropriately. The thesis is divided into two parts: The first one deals with the theoretical definition of the examined principle and the concepts related to it. In the second part, specific practical cases are presented, which affect the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression, and the methods of solving these cases are then compared with the conclusions made in the theoretical part. In the theoretical part, we first proceeded to an analysis of the professional literature that deals with this topic. This analysis first focuses on the legal regulation, where the concepts and conceptions of the crime are examined according to the current regulation and according to the previous regulation. Attention is also paid to distinguishing between...
Criminal Trial
Bartoš, Marek ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
1 CRIMINAL TRIAL Abstract The subject of this thesis is the criminal trial as the most important stage of the criminal proceedings. In this stage, the facts are established on the basis of evidence according to the precise provisions of the Czech Criminal Procedure Code and subsequently, the guilt or innocence of the defendant is determined. Aim of this thesis is to describe the criminal trial, from the definition of the basic principles on which it is based, through its preparation, taking of evidence, to the court's decision at the end. The emphasis is on theoretical interpretation of the key institutes and also to the problems encountered in practice. The thesis is supported with relevant case law, proceedings in juvenile and corporate cases, and also with de lege ferenda proposals that are either already part of the draft of the new Criminal Procedure Code or should be part of it. The thesis consists of a total five chapters, an introduction and a conclusion. The first chapter deals in detail with the application of the basic principles of criminal procedure in the criminal trial and also discusses the debated expression and placement of these principles in the new Criminal Procedure Code. One of the subchapters discusses in detail the institution of plea bargaining in terms of the principles. The...
Cassation and appeal in the criminal procedure code
Podlucký, Jakub ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
Cassation and appeal in the criminal procedure code Abstract The principle of cassation and appeal are the two basic principles that govern corrective criminal proceedings. This thesis maps the rate of their occurrence in the current legal regulation of Czech criminal proceedings and proposals for regulation in the new criminal code, the adoption of which has been discussed very frequently in recent years. Today, we can no longer find the principle of cassation or appeal in its pure form in any remedy, but there is always a combination of both principles with the predominance of one of them. The thesis thus tries to find a suitable combination of these principles for individual remedies. The first part of this thesis deal with the position of the cassation and appeal principle in the system of principles that govern the Czech criminal procedure and defines the definition of the appeal and cassation principle in their pure form. The second part describes a historical excursion of the position of the appeal and cassation principle in the criminal codes valid on the territory of the current Czech Republic from 1873 to 2001. The third part of this thesis deals with the current legal regulation, in particular the definition of the current concept of individual principles, their advantages and disadvantages, and...
Criminal Warrant
Hrušková, Kateřina ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Šámal, Pavel (referee)
70 Abstract This presented thesis deals with the subject of criminal warrant. Its goal is to analyse the current legal regulation of these provisions covered in Act No. 141/1961 Sb., Criminal Procedure Code, and to propose possible solutions for the individual contested parts, which would contribute to better and more effective application of this regulation in the future. The thesis contains five main chapters, which are further divided into individual subchapters. The first chapter describes the history of the criminal warrant on our territory from its first introduction into our legal system in 1929 to the present. The second chapter presents the criminal warrant in its current form in a broader context of the criminal procedure. It focuses on its relation with certain theoretical terms, which are typically connected to it, such as judicial decision, special type of proceedings, and diversion. The third chapter is dedicated to relations between the criminal warrant and the basic principles of criminal procedure, with the emphasis on those which are resicted or otherwise modified when criminal warrant is applied. Also mentioned is the case law of the European Court of Human Rights and its position on the criminal warrant in light of the right to a fair trial. The fourth chapter is then focused on the...
Public procurement-related crimes
Hřebíček, Vladislav ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Šámal, Pavel (referee) ; Musil, Jan (referee)
Public procurement-related crimes (in Czech republic) (summary of the dissertation) Vladislav Hřebíček In his paper, the author focuses on the area of public procurement-related crimes in the Czech Republic. As there has been no comprehensive coverage on the subject so far, the paper's primary ambition is to sum up the current state of knowledge while critically considering particular resources (mainly legislation and practice of courts), overlapping significantly into the area of daily practice of detecting such crimes and gathering evidence. In the first chapter, the author provides definitions for key terms and examines the term procurement from the perspectives of its legal definition as well as its interpretation based on court practice. Furthermore, the chapter specifies what is to be understood as procurement-related crime, placing this type of crime within the broader context of economic crime. At the same time, it offers answers to the related criminological questions and presents statistical data provided by the Police of the Czech Republic and the Czech Ministry of Interior. The second chapter gives the reader a historical overview of this area of law mainly from the perspective of criminal law. Covering the timeframe of 1918 (when the previous legislation was adopted) until the present day, it...
The principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression
Kolder, Adam ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Mulák, Jiří (referee)
This thesis is a compilation of selected topics related to the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression as a guiding principle of criminal law. The text of the thesis deals with the historical development of the approach to this principle in the Czech Republic, as well as the current normative anchoring of this principle in the effective criminal legislation. Furthermore, the text pays attention to the general character of this principle, which is manifested by its interpenetration into a number of institutes of criminal law, as well as its clash with other legal principles. In the practical part of the thesis, attention is then focused on the role of the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression as a corrective to criminal injustice, as well as on the overlaps of this principle in the field of administrative law. This part of the thesis also takes into account the current cases that occur in the public sphere in relation to the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression. The final part of the thesis compares selected foreign approaches to the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression. Keywords: ultima ratio, subsidiarity of criminal repression, formal concept of crime, corrective of criminal injustice
Criminal Trial
Hradečný, Aleš ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
CRIMINAL TRIAL ABSTRACT This diploma thesis deals with the criminal trial, which is the most important stage of criminal procedure, because it fulfills the purpose of criminal procedure, which is the proper detection of crimes and fair punishment of their perpetrators. The thesis focuses on the individual phases of the criminal trial, as well as the basic principles that determine the form of the Czech criminal trial, and in the trial, they mostly find their best use. At the same time, attention is paid to current issues related to the criminal trial, as well as to new institutes that change its traditional form to some extent, such as the plea bargain, the declaration of guilt or the institute of indisputable facts. In connection with the planned recodification of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the current regulation contained in the drafts of the new Code of Criminal Procedure is also being evaluated. The work is divided into four chapters, the first of which deals with the application of the basic principles of criminal procedure during the criminal trial. All the basic principles that determine the form of the criminal trial are briefly discussed, as well as the relations between them and possible conflicts. After that, the first chapter deals with the new institutes in the Code of Criminal Procedure...
Formal and material aspekt of the notion of a crime
Ranostaj, Michal ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Šámal, Pavel (referee)
I. Preview The recent adoption of the new Penal code in Czech republic has entailed a range of new approaches, including new conception of the notion of the crime - a crucial institution of the penal law itself, stretching from the fundamental questions of criminal liability via the institution of an attempt to the field of penal procedure. This has give rise to multiple juridical questions, that this work aims to analyse. II. Subject of analysis One of the principal objectives of this diploma thesis is to be seen in the delineating of conclusions of the positive school of penal law and evaluating the measure to which they influenced the Czechoslovak legislation in the realm of criminal law, examining the role of the phenomenon of the social dangerousness in relation to the particular questions on the field of substantial as well as procedural law. III. Prior research Due to its extensiveness and position in the point of intersection of multiple disciplines , the points at issue have been continuously subject to academic works of numerous authors, stretching from the ancient philosophers, religious authors, canonic jurists, on shoulders of whom the modern jurisprudence had elaborated several conceptions that influenced the modern codifications and have been a significant source of inspiration to...
The principle of subsidiarity in a criminal law
Raček, Pavel ; Novotný, Oto (advisor) ; Šámal, Pavel (referee)
The principle of subsidiarity in a criminal law Summary The Master's degree thesis analyzes the principle of subsidiarity in a criminal law as an actual topic beacause this principle is included in the new czech penal code in art. 12 para 2: "The crime responsibility and its consequences can be applied only in social harmful cases if an application of an other kind of a law responsibility is insufficient." However before the new penal code was passed the czech Constitutional Court and Supreme Court had dealed with the principle of subsidiarity in a criminal law in their judgments. The first chapter reports on a general definition of the principle of subsidiarity and the ultima ratio principle and concludes that the phrasing in the citied art. 12 para 2 is too "thin" because the criminal law should be subsidiary not only to the other law but also to the all social tools. The second chapter deals with the principle of subsidiarity as a rule for an interpretation. In the new czech penal code this principle can be used only for the interpretation of these words describing crimes which are not expressed to unequivocal. The next chapter refers to the german "theory of law goods" (Rechtsgutstheorie) and the term social harm. The judgements of the german Constitutional Court are taken into consideration. The...

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1 Šámal, P.
1 Šámal, Patrik
8 Šámal, Petr
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