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Criminal law aspects of police provocation
Šulda, Pavel ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
1 Criminal law aspects of police provocation Abstract in English This diploma thesis deals with definition of possibly the most exact limit between legal entry of prosecuting authorities to the factual act of the crime and inadmissible police provocation. Following this determination of the limits, which is the main aim of the thesis, it gives the tightest definition of police provocation, it solves possible criminal law consequences of police provocation and it brings a brief analysis of admissibility of further forms of behaviour that can result in an intention of other person to commit a crime. For this purpose the thesis is divided into 4 chapters. The first chapter deals with the problem of police provocation in a broader context of fight against organized crime. It is highlighted the necessity of really careful consideration of the tools and the amount of their usage when fighting organized crime so that their deployment means tolerable rate of interference with human rights and freedoms. The second chapter follows, which deals with general introduction of tools used to fight not only organized crime. These are operational and investigative acitons and supportive operational and investigative actions, using which there most often comes to police provocation. In case of operational and investigative...
Criminal procedure in front of a single judge
Herš, Michal ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Šelleng, Dalibor (referee)
PROCEEDINGS BEFORE A SINGLE JUDGE Abstract The topic of this diploma thesis is criminal proceedings before a single judge. Due to the relatively broad subject matter, the author of this diploma thesis has focused largely on the history of the development of criminal justice as such and in a later stage of development directly on the proceedings before a single judge in criminal proceedings and the institution of the criminal order. The description of the historical development begins in the second half of the 19th century, where, according to the author, the first beginnings of the European reformed criminal procedure were planted, from which the criminal procedural law is based until today. In the part of this diploma thesis devoted to the historical development of the proceedings before a single judge, the comparison of the earlier and current legal regulation of this institution and the analysis of the subsequent development up to the present day is the key. The historical analysis is followed by the second main part of this diploma thesis, which is devoted to the special regulation of proceedings before a single judge. A significant part of this chapter is devoted to the conditions under which it is possible to hold proceedings before a single judge and under which conditions it is excluded. The...
Criminal Trial
Hradečný, Aleš ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
CRIMINAL TRIAL ABSTRACT This diploma thesis deals with the criminal trial, which is the most important stage of criminal procedure, because it fulfills the purpose of criminal procedure, which is the proper detection of crimes and fair punishment of their perpetrators. The thesis focuses on the individual phases of the criminal trial, as well as the basic principles that determine the form of the Czech criminal trial, and in the trial, they mostly find their best use. At the same time, attention is paid to current issues related to the criminal trial, as well as to new institutes that change its traditional form to some extent, such as the plea bargain, the declaration of guilt or the institute of indisputable facts. In connection with the planned recodification of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the current regulation contained in the drafts of the new Code of Criminal Procedure is also being evaluated. The work is divided into four chapters, the first of which deals with the application of the basic principles of criminal procedure during the criminal trial. All the basic principles that determine the form of the criminal trial are briefly discussed, as well as the relations between them and possible conflicts. After that, the first chapter deals with the new institutes in the Code of Criminal Procedure...
Crime of fraud, credit and loan fraud pursuant to section 209,210, 211 and 212 of the Criminal Code
Taschnerová, Jana ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
Crime of fraud, insurance, credit and loan fraud pursuant to section 209, 210, 211 and 212 of the Criminal Code The purpose of my thesis is to consider all the aspects of law structure of frauds in the Czech Criminal Code. The thesis is composed of six chapters, the first chapter dealing with the general term of economic, financial and property delinquency, while the other chapters investigate particularity of different fraud types of the Czech criminal regulation. The methodology employed was a review of the judicial decisions offering contradictory interpretation of fraud statutes. Privatisation process in 1990's started the growing trend of fraudulent actions when some people identified the lack of regulations and opportunity for gaining profit out of it. Despite the fact that we never quantify the true extent of frauds as there remians a high proportion of latent acts, the trend of frauds was (and still is) increasing. Although all the fraudulent activities were punishable pursuant the provision of fraud, damage was not always possible to be proven. Fraud involves intentional misrepresentation or concealment of fundamental information intended to result in an unauthorized benefit of a person. Impossibility to subsume abusive acts under the general fraud has led to the most significant amendment...
Formal and material aspekt of the notion of a crime
Ranostaj, Michal ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Šámal, Pavel (referee)
I. Preview The recent adoption of the new Penal code in Czech republic has entailed a range of new approaches, including new conception of the notion of the crime - a crucial institution of the penal law itself, stretching from the fundamental questions of criminal liability via the institution of an attempt to the field of penal procedure. This has give rise to multiple juridical questions, that this work aims to analyse. II. Subject of analysis One of the principal objectives of this diploma thesis is to be seen in the delineating of conclusions of the positive school of penal law and evaluating the measure to which they influenced the Czechoslovak legislation in the realm of criminal law, examining the role of the phenomenon of the social dangerousness in relation to the particular questions on the field of substantial as well as procedural law. III. Prior research Due to its extensiveness and position in the point of intersection of multiple disciplines , the points at issue have been continuously subject to academic works of numerous authors, stretching from the ancient philosophers, religious authors, canonic jurists, on shoulders of whom the modern jurisprudence had elaborated several conceptions that influenced the modern codifications and have been a significant source of inspiration to...
The crime of theft under s. 205 of the Criminal Code
Šušák, Michal ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
The purpose of this thesis is to analyze the offence of theft, as the typical representative of all the offences against property. The reason for my research is to offer a comprehensive view to this difficult issue. My study is composed of four main chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of the topic. Chapter one is introductory and defines basic goals and a content of the text. This chapter also includes some considerations about the theft and about the thesis itself. Chapter two attempts to illustrate a historical introduction of the topic. It is subdivided into three main parts. The first part describes the oldest references about a theft in the history, the second part analyzes a development in the roman law and the third part is about the notion of the theft as it went through changes throughout Czech law history. Chapter three examines relevant Czech legislation. It is subdivided in four main parts. There are the nature of the offences against property and the legal formulations of offence of theft in current Act No. 40/2009 and in previous Act No. 140/1961 introduced in the first and second part of this chapter. The third part focuses on problems which followed the coming into force of the current law, such as complications caused by a new formulation of the theft and its consequences,...
Alternatives to unconditional imprisonment
Hrstka, Josef ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
Josef Hrstka: Alternatives to unconditional imprisonment Abstract The main purpose of this thesis called "Alternatives to unconditional imprisonment" lies in the evaluation of the current alternatives to unconditional imprisonment in the Czech penal law focusing mostly on the substantive aspects of alternative punishments in the narrower conception. Author tried to present proposals based on studying literature, laws, judicial decisions and comparison with foreign legislations, which could lead to improving Czech legal regulation in this area. The thesis is composed of 8 chapters. In the introductory chapter readers are informed about content of the thesis, purpose of the thesis and methods used. Next three chapters deal with topics related to the purpose and functions of punishment, the benefits of alternatives to imprisonment and factors, which counteract against the efforts to reduce prison population. Author deemed necessary to analyze purpose of punishment, before he examined specific alternatives. Author tried to show that some conception of the purpose of punishment supports the use of alternatives to imprisonment, but attention must be also paid to social and economic conditions of offenders. He pointed out that the economic advantages of alternatives must be taken only as a supportive argument not...
The Scope of the Prosecutor in the Preliminary Criminal Proceedings
Petr, Milan ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Krupička, Jiří (referee)
Resumé This thesis titled The Scope of the Prosecutor in the Preliminary Criminal Proceedings presents a compact view on the prosecutor's role and activities in the preliminary proceedings. At this stage, the prosecutor has a vital role and is regarded as the master of the preliminary proceedings (dominus litis), for he carries the ultimate responsibility for its results. In the court proceedings, where he is accorded the party status, the prosecutor represents the public prosecution. In relation to the police authorities, the prosecutor has a number of privileges that enable him to supervise the adherence of legality in the preliminary proceedings. The work is divided into four main chapters. The first chapter discusses the legal base of prosecution as a body of public prosecution in the criminal proceedings. This chapter also characterizes the institute of external and internal supervision within the system of prosecution. The second chapter defines the preliminary proceedings as an obligatory, pre-trial part of every criminal proceeding. Furthermore, this chapter elaborates individual functions of the preliminary proceedings, including its forms and stages. The core of the thesis is the third chapter, which defines the actual scope of the prosecutor. First, this part deals with the prosecutor's...
Criminal Trial
Kantorová, Lucie ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Říha, Jiří (referee)
I have chosen the topic "Criminal Trial", because I am interested in criminal law and during my studies I completed an internship at court, which gave me the opportunity to experience criminal trial in practice. The aim of my thesis is to provide a comprehensive view of criminal trial as the most important part of criminal proceedings with its actual issues. The thesis begins with an introduction and ends on a conclusion. Between that, the thesis is divided into three main chapters. The first chapter is called the general characteristics of criminal trial and deals with the Czech legislation governing criminal trial, purpose and meaning of criminal trial and describes the basic principles of criminal proceedings, especially those most used in criminal trial. The second chapter focuses on the preparation of criminal trial, which is very important. Only a precise preparation can lead to a fluent criminal trial without any adjournment, as law requests. This chapter also discusses presence of the public and media at the court. The chapter tries to answer the question whether it is appropriate if the presiding judge permits making video and audio broadcast from the hearing. The third chapter analyses the course of the criminal trial, especially its beginning, rights and obligations of parties in the...
Crimes related to substance abuse
Abu Dayeh, Christián ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
Crimes related to substance abuse Criminal offences related to substance abuse are still a highly topical issue having serious social, health-related, financial and security impacts on the whole society. Since the subject is very broad, I decided to focus on substantive law of so-called drug-related crimes. The thesis is divided into eight sections. In the first one I define the basic terms that are frequently used in the thesis and whose definition is crucial for understanding the text as a whole. Second section contains historical background of the current legal form of drug- related crimes in the Czech Republic, while also some international legal rules are included as they influenced local legal development as well as many legal obligations result from them for the Czech Republic until the present. Third section covers current legislation; it contains a common introduction for individual elements of the drug-related offences as well as a broader context within the Penal Code, and it also mentions certain non-penal legislation that is closely connected to this topic. Substance of this thesis is in sections 4 - 8 describing individual elements of the drug offences. In each section there is also some part devoted to analyzing current issues. In the fourth section I deal with an act of cannabis...

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See also: similar author names
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28 ŘÍHA, Jan
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20 Říha, Jakub
28 Říha, Jan
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5 Říha, Jaroslav
2 Říha, Josef
28 Říha, Ján
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