National Repository of Grey Literature 165 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Magdeburg Law in Bohemia and Moravia in the 15th and 16th century
Dolečková, Martina ; Šouša, Jiří (advisor) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
Magdeburg law in Bohemia and Moravia in the period of 14th to 16th century Abstract This thesis aims to discuss the development and form of Magdeburg law in the period of 14th to 16th century including the analysis of existing research about Magdeburg law. The thesis is mainly focused on Litoměřice and Olomouc as the heads of Magdeburg municipal family in Bohemia and Moravia. The thesis is based on the comprehensive analysis of Magdeburg law beginning with its origins and development trends and ending with the description and characteristic of its legal sources as well as its most important legal institutes. The thesis uses not only legal-historical, but also historical and auxiliary historical methods, specifically the method of legal analysis of the text, diplomatic method, comparative method and analysis of the literature. The aim of the thesis is first, to present the state of historical research and literature on Magdeburg law. The goal here is to offer the reader a comprehensive overview of current trends in the research, pending discourse and the various approaches to Magdeburg law. The second aim is to analyse the development of Magdeburg law with the special focus on Litoměřice and Olomouc, which could be described as the most important appealing cities within the Magdeburg legal area in Bohemia...
Legal and Historical Background of Shortcomings and Problems of State Property Privatization after 1989
Šorf, Jiří ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Vochozka, Marek (referee) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
v anglickém jazyce Legal and Historical Background of Shortcomings and Problems of State Property Privatization after 1989 The Doctoral Thesis provides a comprehensive analysis of the legal - historical background of the shortcomings and problems of the process of privatization of state property after 1989 in the Czechoslovak (Czech) Republic in relation to each of the fundamental privatization methods - i.e. small privatization, large privatization (inl. coupon privatization) and restitution. The Doctoral Thesis introduces the historical context of the adoption of relevant legal norms, then provides a detailed legal analysis of their shortcomings and focuses on problems induced by their application. With regards to the identified shortcomings and problems, the Doctoral Thesis analyzes the forms of their mitigation; i.e. addresses the not only the amendments of the respective privatization legal acts, but also the decisions of the general courts as well as the Constitutional court which contributed to their righteous interpretation. Despite the fact that from the time perspective, the first half of 90- s is the decisive period for the Doctoral Thesis, one can identify several overlaps until the present time given by the inconclusive character of several privatization processes. The remarkable...
Measuring system for recording and displaying LF magnetic field
Dušek, Jiří ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee) ; Vyroubal, Petr (advisor)
Diploma thesis describes types and measuring principes of magnetic field as first. Furthermore it deals with parameters of sensor HMC2003 and data acquision. Selected card for acquision was USB-6218 from company National Instruments. After that project describes programing interface LabVIEW, which was used for desing of acquision program. Next part deals with comuncation between card and computer, drivers and properties of card. After that were explained requirements on measuring interface. Furthermore it deals with basic parts of the acquision software and describes its function with connection to user interface. Finally the interface was tested.
Development of game keeping law on Czech territory from the second half of 18th century to the present time
Matis, Jan ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Šouša, Jiří (referee)
103 Summary This diploma thesis is focused on development of the game keeping law from the second half of the eighteenth century till the twentieth century. In the first part of the thesis, in order to provide a comprehensive view on the given issue, a summary of legal development of game keeping law before the year 1754 is outlined, including the oldest legal sources, beginning with "honební regál" issued by Boleslav I. and others. The period of the Thirty Years' War, during which a large downsizing of game ocurred, consequently servingas a basis for "Hunting order" issued by Ferdinand III. on 14th December 1641, prohibiting hunting for three following years and implementing a lot of protective measures, was not omitted. That part of this thesis demonstrates how the contents of gaming is subject to changes over time. At first, gaming was viewed as a sovereign's privilege, afterwards also aristocracy got to enjoy it. Later on, gaming began to include breeding and protection of game itself as well. The major part of the thesis is dedicated to modern laws. Firstly, game keeping law from the government period of Marie Therese and her son Joseph II. is introduced. During these times gaming was subject to economic needs of the monarchy and dangle downsizing of game took place again. Subsequently the attention is...
The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia: law as an instrument of Nazi expansion
Pivarčeková, Zuzana ; Adamová, Karolina (advisor) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
The thesis deals with the role of the law in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (1939-1945) during its economic exploitation, Germanisation and categorisation of the population as a prerequisite for an end solution to the so-called Jewish and Czech question in the plans of the Nazis. It focuses on forming this "law of lawfulness", its content and enforceability and comes to the conclusion that rule-making at that time played an important, above all, organisation-related role in implementing occupation order, however if this was an obstacle to rapid and radical solutions, it became a burden which the Nazis replaced with injustices in the form of special treatment (Sonderbehandlung) of martial law, executions and deportation to concentration camps. An example of the instrumental abuse of the law on behalf of the Nazis to pursue their expansion plans leads us to the general conclusion that to safeguard against abusing the law to control others cannot rely on the law alone, but also requires a democratically functioning society and a conscious historical memory of nations. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
The developement of the body of public prosecution between 1848-1952
Polívková, Michaela ; Adamová, Karolina (advisor) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
The history of the body of public prosecution on the Czech territory has its roots in the late middle age. First prosecutor was named by the king Zikmund in 1437 and his main task was to help the king to regain the property he had lost during the religious wars. As the time was passing by, the king's prosecutor's agenda was slowly expanding. Soon he became authorized to pursue the perpetrators who committed crimes such as manslaughter, murder, heresy, offence of the king or counterfeiting. However with the succession of Habsburg dynasty his role has weakened since the crime proceeding got back to the principle of inquisitorial process which accumulates the role of judge, advocate and prosecutor in one person. In the revolution year of 1848 the Habsburg monarchy was forced to reorganize the justice system due to massive political protests. At the very same year the first public prosecution offices were founded in order to pursue crimes committed in relation with press. In 1850 the competence of state prosecutor expanded - from now on he was authorized by the law to prosecute all crimes that were to be tried in front of the court of justice and to represent the indictment in front of it. The strict hierarchy was given and it copied the judicial system. The exception was at the district courts - there...
The investigation of political delinquency of Czechoslovakian military personnel in the years 1948 - 1989
Polnar, Stanislav ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Klimko, Jozef (referee) ; Kuklík, Jan (referee)
The investigation of political delinquency of Czechoslovakian military personnel in the years 1948 - 1989 Abstract The primary objective of this dissertation is to reconstruct the investigation of political delinquency in the environment of military forces. The text is focused on the persecution of military personnel in the years 1948 - 1989. The key issue is described in the broader context of the socialistic legal system and contemporary structure of power and political development of the Czechoslovakian state. The author used methods of legal history, the roots of which are interdisciplinary and lie on the boundary of legal and historical science. The text is integrating the recent material and procedural criminal law, which is considered to be a part of public law. Moreover, this theses draws out of archival sources and files created by military investigating organs and organs of military prosecution. The author also used rare historical sources, which are typical for contemporary history. We are talking about film documents and memories of participant. Basic stated algorithm is bet in the context of Czechoslovakian political progress after events in February 1948. Implemented research showed the fact, that political delinquency of military personnel was its special form. Consequently, this topic...
Development of the Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov district in years 1949 - 1993
Jarolínová, Veronika ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Gábriš, Tomáš (referee) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
Development of the Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov district in years 1949 - 1993 Abstract Presented work deals with origin, development and activity of District Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov in years 1949 - 1993. Time frame of this work is defined by the beginning of the year 1949, when District Prosecutor's Offices were originated as whole new type of public prosecutor's offices, and by the end of the year 1993, when whole new legal regulation of public prosecutor's offices was accepted, which no longer had roots in communist Czechoslovakia. In the first part the work deals with organisation and position of public prosecutor's offices from historical and legal point of view, where belongs the origin of District Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov. Second part of the work deals with substantive jurisdiction of the Prosecutor's Office, main principles of its activity, qualification and ethics of the prosecutor. Especially it focuses on the problematics of prosecution supervision, which integral components were general supervision, criminal prosecution of persons, supervision over maintaining lawfulness in criminal proceedings, supervision over lawfulness of procedure and court decisions and state notaries and supervision over maintaining lawfulness in places of custody, imprisonment, protective treatment and...
Court execution of immovable assets in the Czech in the age of 1918 - 1963
Ťoukálek, Josef ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Winterová, Alena (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
Court execution of immovable assets in the Czech in the age of 1918 - 1963 Abstract: The work deals mainly with executory proceedings and distrainments in the period of the First Czechoclovakian Republic and after the year 1950. It introduces procedural rules concerning exekutory proceedings in the 1890s which were juridical regulations of a big and detailed extent and which were accepted into the legal code of the First Czechoslovakian Republic and procedural rules issued after 1950 which already didn't know a whole range of exekutory institutes of the previous age. On the other hand, these laws introduced a number of new institutes of enforcement, such as an incidental dispute, debating the debtor's objections directly in the enforcement proceedings. In 1955, a new form of wage enforcement was introduced to enforce maintenance for minor children when the seizure of part of the wage obliged not only the original payer but also all the following to which the debtor eventually went. The work is also patterned on the period legal decisions of individual courts of the First Czechoslovakian Republic, particularly of the Supreme Court. The applications of these decisions are illustrated by real sample cases. Individual entities (creditors, debtors, the third entities, law courts) within the exekutory proceedings...
Legal regulations regarding paved and unpaved roads in Czechoslovakia from 1918 to 1992
Tetourová, Andrea ; Kindl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to map and describe the law-history framework of legal regulations concerning paved and unpaved roads in the period from 1918 to 1992. The state of Czechoslovakia adopted the normative basis for the legal regulation of paved and unpaved roads from that of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the year 1918. These Austro-Hungarian legal regulations were accepted into the legal framework of the state of Czechoslovakia by the receptional provisions of Law and Directive No 11/1918 Coll. of March 28th 1918 on the founding of the independant state of Czechoslovakia. This thesis draws from primary sources such as relevant legal regulations, as well as from specialist historical literature. An important source of information on the method of application of the laws focused upon is the jurisprudence of the law courts of the First Czechoslovak Republic. A surprising finding of this thesis is the fact that in 1938, the Ministry of Public Works put forward a so called Great Road Bill for approval by the National Assembly of the Republic of Czechoslovakia. This law and its details, which up to today has remained unrepeated, focused upon the unification of measures, which had until that time been divided into tens of norms, into one legal regulation. The forward to this law including the...

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