National Repository of Grey Literature 14 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Court execution of immovable assets in the Czech in the age of 1918 - 1963
Ťoukálek, Josef ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Winterová, Alena (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
Court execution of immovable assets in the Czech in the age of 1918 - 1963 Abstract: The work deals mainly with executory proceedings and distrainments in the period of the First Czechoclovakian Republic and after the year 1950. It introduces procedural rules concerning exekutory proceedings in the 1890s which were juridical regulations of a big and detailed extent and which were accepted into the legal code of the First Czechoslovakian Republic and procedural rules issued after 1950 which already didn't know a whole range of exekutory institutes of the previous age. On the other hand, these laws introduced a number of new institutes of enforcement, such as an incidental dispute, debating the debtor's objections directly in the enforcement proceedings. In 1955, a new form of wage enforcement was introduced to enforce maintenance for minor children when the seizure of part of the wage obliged not only the original payer but also all the following to which the debtor eventually went. The work is also patterned on the period legal decisions of individual courts of the First Czechoslovakian Republic, particularly of the Supreme Court. The applications of these decisions are illustrated by real sample cases. Individual entities (creditors, debtors, the third entities, law courts) within the exekutory proceedings...
Retribution Judiciary of Extraordinary People's Courts in the Central Bohemia
Němečková, Daniela ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
Retribution Judiciary of Extraordinary People's Courts in the Central Bohemia Goal of this Dissertation is to complement up-to-date literature resources about Retribution with a statistical analysis of two Extraordinary People's Courts in Mladá Boleslav and Kutná Hora, to answer defined research questions, and to develop a novel methodology for assembling name lists of charged individuals, which can serve in the future as a supporting tool for an easier formation of new name lists coming from other Extraordinary People's Courts. Another goal was to determine an influence of a so-called layman element on the court's decisions. Files in eponymous collections deposited in Regional Archive in Prague served as a main source of data. A brief probe into Extraordinary People's Court in Prague is also included in this work. Studies of the files showed that 487 men and 124 women were charged by the Extraordinary People's Court in Mladá Boleslav. Therefore, one fifth of charged individuals were women. Statistical analysis also showed that an average woman had a bigger chance of being acquitted; men were judged more strictly. This Court prosecuted mainly people of Czech nationality. Nationality also had an influence on a length of a sentence, which was almost double among Germans. Whistle-blowing was the most...
Legal development of the state finance and treasury in Czechoslovakia during the years 1918 - 1945
Pejskarová, Adéla ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
The aim of my thesis is a detailed analysis of the state finances and treasury in Czechoslovakia during the years 1918 - 1945. If we look at the structure of my thesis, the exordium of my thesis is focused on the general concept of the state finances and after that because the state finances consist of several parts, the chapters are devoted to legal development of these several parts of state finances during the years 1918 - 1938. I mean the area of state budgets, taxes and fees, currency and monetary reform, the formation and activities of the bank of issue, as well as the banking and treasury. The legal development of these individual areas is closed with the chapter devoted to the economic crisis (during the years 1929/30 - 1934), the ways and means of its solution and with next period in history of our state, i.e. the period of rearmament. The second part of my thesis is devoted not only to the common development of all areas of state finances during the Nazi occupation of Czechia, but also to comparison this development with the development of the state finances in Slovak State. The end of my thesis is focused on the development of the state finances after the year 1945 and the monetary reform in 1953 as a comparison to the development in the previous periods. In my thesis I deal not only with the...
Organization of judiciary in Austria in the second half of the 19th century
Šalak, Boris ; Malý, Karel (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
The organization of judiciary in Austria in the second half of the 19th century The main aim of this thesis is a description of the organization of the judiciary in Austria (Cisleithania) in the second half of the 19th century and its position in the broader European context. The revolution of 1848 dramatically affected the organization of the judiciary. In 1850 in some territories of the monarchy a new system of ordinary courts was activated which replaced the old system of pre-March. The new system was fully put under state control and separated from the administration at all levels. Despite the fact that this new structure was notably changed in the next half-century, the basic principles of the organization (with certain exception of the years 1855 to 1867) have not changed much. Other milestones in the development are the years 1854/1855 (the so-called Bach reorganization of the judiciary), the years 1867/1868 (the adoption of the December Constitution and application of certain principles contained therein), the years 1873/1874 (the adoption of the new Criminal Procedure Code and the beginning of its efficiency) and finally the years 1895-1898, when the reform of civil procedure and judicial organization took place. Austrian judicial system in the form it had assumed at the beginning of the last...
The development of the legal form of the Skoda factory in Pilsen in the years 1859-1946
Valentová, Vendulka ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Bažantová, Ilona (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
The object of this work is the development of business regulation Skoda factory from 1859, representing the company's own foundation in 1946, when it was nationalized. In the context of this development work also deals with economic and social aspects that influenced the nature of this business. Research will focus on legal standards and their implementation in the Skoda factory. The analysis of most of the legislation under which developed the legal form of the company should show a benefit or adverse effect on the positive development of the company.
The criminal procedure law recodification from 1948 to 1950
Bláhová, Ivana ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
The aim of this dissertation work is to analyze the progress of recodification works during the so-called two-year legal plan, this being illustrated on preparations of the Criminal Procedure Code. The conclusions can be applied to contemporary efforts of recodification of the Criminal Procedure Code - especially from the organisational and material point of view. The first part of the paper deals with the state of criminal procedure law in Czechoslovakia before the commencement of the two-year legal plan and with the recodification attempts between 1918 and 1947. The next chapter describes the two-year legal plan, its announcement, development, organisation of work and results. It is followed by a chapter devoted to the preparation of the Criminal Procedure Code itself. This part analysis the activities of the Ministry of Justice in this respect, the codification department of the Ministry of Justice, its codification committee and subcommittees. In 1949 the subcommittees drafted a fundamental bill that served as a basis for the preparation of the outline of the Criminal Procedure Code elaborated at the beginning of 1950. This dissertation also provides a detailed analysis of the legislative process and an overview of influences of the organs of the communist party on the final version of the...
Czechoslovak Press Laws in the Legislative Process and the Rulings of the Supreme Court from 1918 until 1938
Kohout, Martin ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
This dissertation deals with the topic of development of Czechoslovak press law during the First Republic, primarily through the legislative process of press law or of legislation related to press law, adopted by the National Assembly of the First Republic, and also by the impact that adopted legislation, and in particular the Act on Protection of the Republic in 1923 and amendments of press law in 1924, had on the rulings of the Supreme Court during the First Republic. It takes a comprehensive look at the development of press law during the First Republic based on the one hand on legislation carried over from Austro-Hungarian and later amended, and on the other hand on new legislation adopted during the First Republic. The study also analyses the common features of the legislative process of individual press regulations and at least in part the role of the Supreme Court in the interpreting of valid law.
Legal-Historical Aspects of Punishment of Nazi Criminals on the Background of the Adolf Eichmann Trial
Kohout, David ; Seltenreich, Radim (advisor) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee) ; Horák, Záboj (referee)
in English Dissertation Thesis David Kohout: Legal-Historical Aspects of Punishment of Nazi Criminals on the Background of the Adolf Eichmann Trial This Dissertation on the topic of "Legal-Historical Aspects of Punishment of Nazi Criminals on the Background of the Adolf Eichmann Trial" seeks to analyze the main approaches to the prosecution and punishment of the Nazi crimes. It was chosen to use the trial of Adolf Eichmann in Jerusalem in years 1961 - 1962 as a connecting thread of this whole work. It was so not only due to the individual remarkableness of the trial but also due to the fact that it was in many ways a very illustrative for the previous legal development until that time. Additionally, many commentators of this trial attribute it a great impact on the renewal of the interest in the prosecution of former Nazis who were implicated in perpetration of crimes committed until 1945 and who remained at large after the end of war. Therefore this Thesis goes beyond the Eichmann trial and focuses on its broader context in material but also personal sense (in the text it often referred to cases of prosecution of close collaborators of Adolf Eichmann). In the opening chapters this Dissertation, however, starts with events that go far back in time before the Adolf Eichmann trial. This is for the...

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1 Vojáček, Lumír
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