National Repository of Grey Literature 75 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The organization of judiciary in Austria in the second half of the 19th century
Šalak, Boris ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee)
The organization of judiciary in Austria in the second half of the 19th century The main aim of this thesis is a description of the organization of the judiciary in Austria (Cisleithania) in the second half of the 19th century and its position in the broader European context. The revolution of 1848 dramatically affected the organization of the judiciary. In 1850 in some territories of the monarchy a new system of ordinary courts was activated which replaced the old system of pre-March. The new system was fully put under state control and separated from the administration at all levels. Despite the fact that this new structure was notably changed in the next half-century, the basic principles of the organization (with certain exception of the years 1855 to 1867) have not changed much. Other milestones in the development are the years 1854/1855 (the so-called Bach reorganization of the judiciary), the years 1867/1868 (the adoption of the December Constitution and application of certain principles contained therein), the years 1873/1874 (the adoption of the new Criminal Procedure Code and the beginning of its efficiency) and finally the years 1895-1898, when the reform of civil procedure and judicial organization took place. Austrian judicial system in the form it had assumed at the beginning of the last...
Establishment of the Ukrainian National Council in Presov, the role and representation of the interests of the Carpathian Ruthenians
Feľbaba, Vladimír ; Šouša, Jiří (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee)
Establishment of the Ukrainian National Council in Presov, the role and representation of the interests of the Carpathian Ruthenians Abstract The establishment of the Ukrainian National Council in Presov has its historical and legal significance in the history of national minorities in Czechoslovakia. In the conditions of the liberated parts of Czechoslovakia, on 1 March 1945 in Presov is constituted a national- political body, which is to represent the interests of the Ruthenian-Ukrainian ethnic group, mostly in the north-eastern parts of Slovakia. The presented rigorous work examines the available factual data on the circumstances of the constitution, operation and subsequent activities of this national-political representative of the Ruthenian-Ukrainian minority in Czechoslovakia up to its definitive extinction. In the context of historical development, part of the work focuses on the historical context, which records the ethnogenesis of the Ruthenian- Ukrainian minority, the integration of the ethnic group into the state bodies, as well as the war conditions, which resulted in the loss of Czechoslovakia and the annexation of the Sub- Carpathian Russia to Soviet Ukraine. Within the scope of the research, the author deals also with related issues directly related to the activities of the Ukrainian...
Administrative Justice in the CSR in the Years 1918 - 1938 within European context
Vetešník, Pavel ; Kindl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Gábriš, Tomáš (referee) ; Kopecký, Martin (referee)
Administrative Justice in the CSR in the Years 1918 - 1938 within European context. For my thesis I chose as a topic 'Administrative Justice in the CSR in the Years 1918 - 1938 within European Context', as administrative justice including the protection against illegal interventions of executive power is topical for any democratic state at any time. The purpose of administrative justice is reviewing administrative acts of public administration namely by independent courts. I decided to target my thesis on the period of so-called first republic thus on the period from 28 October 1918 i.e. from establishing the independent Czechoslovak state to 30 September 1938, i.e. the signing of the Munich agreement. After establishing the independent Czechoslovak state The Act on the Supreme Administrative Court and on Solving Competence Litigations was one of the first acts passed by the National Czechoslovak Committee. This year i.e. in 2018 it has been 100 years since constituting administrative justice in the Czechoslovak Republic. However, when the Czechoslovak Republic came into being administrative justice was not formed from scratch, but by the above mentioned Act on Administrative Justice and Solving Competence Litigations Austrian administrative justice was adopted. During the first republic, however,...
Preparation and adoption of constitutional laws on the Czechoslovak federation
Hlaváč, Martin ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee)
1 Preparation and adoption of constitutional laws on the Czechoslovak federation ABSTRACT (ENGLISH) The diploma thesis is focused on the preparation of the conception, respective negotiations, and also actual implementation of the federalization of the Czechoslovak state from January 1968 to December 1970. It considers the internal political situation in the context of the state development and of the relations between the federal and national state institutions. I have divided my thesis into five chapters. The first chapter provides brief introduction into development of Czechoslovak constitutional law and Czech-Slovak relations in the period of 1944 - 1967. The second chapter describes in detail negotiations on prepared changes of constitution arrangement, main options which were discussed, process of adoption of respective constitutional law in October 1968 and description of adopted conception of federation. The third chapter deals with realization of Czechoslovak federation, the fourth one is focused on deformation (re-centralization) of federation which resulted in constitutional laws adopted in December 1970. The fifth chapter shortly describes extinction of Czechoslovak federation after Velvet revolution in 1989. Key words: History. Czechoslovakia. Federation.
Retribution Judiciary of Extraordinary People's Courts in the Central Bohemia
Němečková, Daniela ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
Retribution Judiciary of Extraordinary People's Courts in the Central Bohemia Goal of this Dissertation is to complement up-to-date literature resources about Retribution with a statistical analysis of two Extraordinary People's Courts in Mladá Boleslav and Kutná Hora, to answer defined research questions, and to develop a novel methodology for assembling name lists of charged individuals, which can serve in the future as a supporting tool for an easier formation of new name lists coming from other Extraordinary People's Courts. Another goal was to determine an influence of a so-called layman element on the court's decisions. Files in eponymous collections deposited in Regional Archive in Prague served as a main source of data. A brief probe into Extraordinary People's Court in Prague is also included in this work. Studies of the files showed that 487 men and 124 women were charged by the Extraordinary People's Court in Mladá Boleslav. Therefore, one fifth of charged individuals were women. Statistical analysis also showed that an average woman had a bigger chance of being acquitted; men were judged more strictly. This Court prosecuted mainly people of Czech nationality. Nationality also had an influence on a length of a sentence, which was almost double among Germans. Whistle-blowing was the most...
Legal regulations regarding paved and unpaved roads in Czechoslovakia from 1918 to 1992
Tetourová, Andrea ; Kindl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to map and describe the law-history framework of legal regulations concerning paved and unpaved roads in the period from 1918 to 1992. The state of Czechoslovakia adopted the normative basis for the legal regulation of paved and unpaved roads from that of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in the year 1918. These Austro-Hungarian legal regulations were accepted into the legal framework of the state of Czechoslovakia by the receptional provisions of Law and Directive No 11/1918 Coll. of March 28th 1918 on the founding of the independant state of Czechoslovakia. This thesis draws from primary sources such as relevant legal regulations, as well as from specialist historical literature. An important source of information on the method of application of the laws focused upon is the jurisprudence of the law courts of the First Czechoslovak Republic. A surprising finding of this thesis is the fact that in 1938, the Ministry of Public Works put forward a so called Great Road Bill for approval by the National Assembly of the Republic of Czechoslovakia. This law and its details, which up to today has remained unrepeated, focused upon the unification of measures, which had until that time been divided into tens of norms, into one legal regulation. The forward to this law including the...
Organization of judiciary in Austria in the second half of the 19th century
Šalak, Boris ; Malý, Karel (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
The organization of judiciary in Austria in the second half of the 19th century The main aim of this thesis is a description of the organization of the judiciary in Austria (Cisleithania) in the second half of the 19th century and its position in the broader European context. The revolution of 1848 dramatically affected the organization of the judiciary. In 1850 in some territories of the monarchy a new system of ordinary courts was activated which replaced the old system of pre-March. The new system was fully put under state control and separated from the administration at all levels. Despite the fact that this new structure was notably changed in the next half-century, the basic principles of the organization (with certain exception of the years 1855 to 1867) have not changed much. Other milestones in the development are the years 1854/1855 (the so-called Bach reorganization of the judiciary), the years 1867/1868 (the adoption of the December Constitution and application of certain principles contained therein), the years 1873/1874 (the adoption of the new Criminal Procedure Code and the beginning of its efficiency) and finally the years 1895-1898, when the reform of civil procedure and judicial organization took place. Austrian judicial system in the form it had assumed at the beginning of the last...
Extraordinary people's court in Prague
Němečková, Daniela ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
Résumé The outrageous crimes committed by the Nazis and their treacherous accomplices in Czechoslovakia demanded strict justice. These were the first words of the Decree No. 16/1945 concerning the punishment of Nazi criminals, traitors and their accomplices and concerning the Extraordinary People's Courts (so called the Great Decree). This decree was used to punish Nazi criminals, traitors and their accomplices who stood trial before the Extraordinary People's Courts. The biggest extraordinary people's court resided in Prague, it carried out its activity from 5th September 1945 to 4th July 1947 and it had to deal with eleven thousand cases. During its existence this court had to solve a lot of issues: such as missing professional judges and public prosecutors, problematic cooperation with the District National Committees, and finally the interpretation of problematic provisions. A lot of important Nazis had to stand trial before this court, such as the prosecutor of the Special court Kurt Blaschtowitschka, the politician of the First Republic and the Minister of State for Bohemia and Moravia Karl Hermann Frank, the Deputy Protector of Bohemia and Moravia Kurt Daluege, the gestapo leader in Kladno Harald Wiesmann with another fifteen gestapo members and at last the parachutist and later paid confident, the...
Development of legal regulation of relations between persons of the same sex in the Czech Republic
Švecová, Klára ; Adamová, Karolina (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee)
The subject of this thesis is to provide comprehensive description of the subsequent evaluation of the historical development of legal regulation of relations between persons of the same sex in the Czech Republic since the first signs of its existence until the present in order to suggest the direction of the development of relevant legislation (ie. the legislation de lege ferenda). In the thesis is proceeded on the timeline from the oldest to the youngest (current) adjustments, from the general definition of homosexuality to a special analysis of the relevant legislation. The main method that is used in this thesis is descriptive method further comparative and analytic method. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
The Relationship of the Czech State towards the Holy Roman Empire based on the Golden Bull of Sicily and the Golden Bull of Charles IV
Krajčír, Tomáš ; Adamová, Karolina (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee)
The subject of the rigorous work "The Relationship of the Czech State towards the Holy Roman Empire based on the Golden Bull of Sicily and the Golden Bull of Charles IV" is a juristic analysis of the Golden Bull of Sicily from 1212 and the Golden Bull of Charles IV from 1356. The first part of the work addresses the general issues of the Golden Bull of Sicily and the historical circumstances preceding this decree. The second part focuses on the Golden Bull of Charles IV and in particular on the general interpretation of this code of law, as well as on the situation preceding its issuing. The last part contains the exact wordings of this decree and code of law and their legal analyses.

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