National Repository of Grey Literature 121 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Social legislation in Czech lands in the years 1918 - 1948
Roubíková, Petra ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Kindl, Vladimír (referee) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
Social legislation in Czech lands in the years 1918 - 1948 Abstract The dissertation deals with the theme of social legislation in the period of 1918-1948. i.e. during the so called First, Second and Third Czechoslovak republic. However, the foundations of the Czechoslovak laws in this area lays in the period of Austrian laws, especially from the second half of the 19.th century. Development of social legislation was directly conected with the existence of a legal regulation of modern municipal self-government and higher levels of self-government. Two very important acts were adopted in this respect: Act No. 18/1862 The empire's code implemented on 5th March 1862 "The Act on Municipal matters" and on 3rd December 1863 Act. No. 105/1863 The empire's code "The act about Domestic rights". For poor relief the "The Poverty act" (Act No. 59/1868 The provincial code) was enacted on 3rd December 1868. Based on the social policies of "stick and carrot" of Otto von Bismarck in Germany, the Austrian Government enacted series of Acts on health and other types of social insurance systems, which were not universal, but had differences for different types of workers and employees, for example for miners, factory workers or white collars. Because the Act No. 11/ 1918 Coll. of laws transferred practically all existing...
Prague Care of Orphans and Abandoned Children in the First Half of the 20th Century
Fremrová, Květa ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
The master thesis investigates the care of orphans and abandoned children paying special attention to how the care was executed in Prague in the 1st half of the 20th century. First, the thesis describes the general development of care of these children and of legislation. It then focuses on Prague social care of children. The orphans and abandoned children could be provided either in foster families (this form of care was more frequent) or in orphanages. Prague children were often placed outside of Prague to the so called family colonies, where the foster families were concentrated and where it was easier to control the quality of care those children attained in foster families. The other option was care in orphanages. Those could be established by the city, by the church or by an independent charity association. For each option I chose one Prague orphanage as an example. I also tried to describe the everyday life in these institutions. The last chapter focuses on the period view on advantages and disadvantages of both forms of care. Keywords: orphans, abandoned children, social care, Prague, children's homes, foster care, family colonies
Czechoslovak Occultism and its Representatives during the First Republic
Šabek, Jiří ; Rákosník, Jakub (advisor) ; Čechurová, Jana (referee)
The bachelor's thesis Czechoslovakia Occultism and its Important Representatives during the First Republic copes the theme of modern occultism in context of western esoteric traditions and formation the modern society. It focuses on the methodological issues of new religion movements and secularization, and on the comprehensive typology of occultism. By processing the thesis a special emphasis was given on deeper culture and historical roots, which were the basics of the Czech modern occultism. Firstly there is the evolution and dynamics of individual occult movements in Czech country and subsequently its most important representatives are mentioned. The main concentration is on the directions, which achieved eminent organized forms during the First Republic such as the spiritism, the hermeticism or the mysticism. However other significant directions are also mentioned in the thesis for example the theosophy. Key words: social history, first republic, new religion movements, secularization, modernization, western esotericism, occultism, hermetism, spiritism, mysticism, theosophy, secret societies, religious societies, Universalia, Psyché
First attempt at new (post-stalinist) interpretation of the political trials (1952- 1954) in Czechoslovakia
Lóži, Marián ; Pullmann, Michal (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
This study concentrates on the understanding of development, reasons and effects of the first post-stalinist interpretation of the political processes with the anti-state Slansky conspiracy centre. Original concept legitimating in Czechoslovakia purges and trials of the early fifties - in particular Stalin's thesis of constant intensification of the class struggle and belief in presence of the enemy agents in the highest circles of the communist party - was gradually abandoned, making it necessary to create a new explanation. This had to be so because the KSČ and its ruling body particularly did not want to be exposed to doubts about their previous conduct, which would have only led to crisis of identity and caused threat to the performance of power. That is why the new interpretative construction was created between 1953 and 1957 with an aim of reconciling collective memory of party members and new approach to the so- called time of terror. Executed general secretary Slansky did not yet become "victim" of the regime, but on the contrary he was represented as an instigator of stalinist terror and main perpetrator of arbitrariness, who was justly exposed and punished by party ranks. Contemporary ruling elite thus purified itself from its own antecedent conduct, which was often important component of...
Collectivization of Agriculture: Example of the Village Veltěže
Kaloušová, Lenka ; Rákosník, Jakub (advisor) ; Roedl, Bohumil (referee)
Anotation This bachelor's thesis concentrates on a description of general trends of collectivization and their reflection on the example of small village Veltěže village in Louny district. The thesis is a micro probe, which shows the practical sides of realization the proces of collectivization in people's democratic Czechoslovakia. Every chapter of the thesis firstly deals with the proces of collectivization from the general point of view and then it describes the individual problems which are related to this process in the chosen region. There is also a description of the process which leads to formation of jednotné zemědělské družstvo (United Agricultural Cooperative), and also the fight against the farmers, who denied the entry into JZD. On the example of the village Veltěže there is described the running of local JZD, the supression against local huge farms and the positions of other citizens to the process of collectivization. The thesis especially works with archive materials.
JUDr. Karel Hostaš, the life of the local elite representative at the turn of the 19th Century
Marcel, Josef ; Štaif, Jiří (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
Cílem této práce je zmapovat život jednoho z největších klatovských rodáků JUDr. Karla Hostaše. Ještě dnes po sedmdesáti letech od jeho úmrtí se s jeho jménem v Klatovech často setkáme. Asi každý Klatovan zná muzeum, které nese jeho jméno. Po podrobnějším zkoumání klatovských dějin konce devatenáctého století a počátku století dvacátého se s jeho jménem setkáváme stále častěji. Jeho jméno vystupuje do popředí v souvislosti s městskou a okresní samosprávou, stavbou klatovských škol, nemocnice, opravou děkanského kostela, činnosti v klatovských spolcích a veřejných korporacích. K životopisu JUDr. Karla Hostaše se dochovalo množství materiálů. Jejich hlavním zdrojem je pozůstalost, která byla po jeho smrti předána muzeu synem Vladimírem. Pozůstalost je uložena v několika desítkách kartónů, které nejsou bohužel zpracovány. Zpracování Hostašovi pozůstalosti se teprve plánuje. Tyto prameny mi posloužily především k zmapování Hostašova rodinného a vůbec soukromého života. Pozůstalost částečně srovnal ke konci života sám JUDr. Hostaš, obohatil ji výstřižky z novin, svými dopisy, nejrůznějšími opisy veřejných listin spojených s jeho veřejnou činností, deníky z cest. Druhým zdrojem pramenů byly většinou neuspořádané fondy ve Státním okresním archívu v Klatovech. Zde jsem zpracoval materiály k Hostašově činnosti v...
Strike of Strakonice Textile Workers in 1933 - social-economy conflict during the great depresion
Melichar, Bohumil ; Rákosník, Jakub (advisor) ; Čechurová, Jana (referee)
The thesis, whose content is based on social history analysis of specific historical event which took place in Strakonice town at the turn of 1932 and 1933, is focused on the issue of strike as social- economical conflict with regard to catastrophe of the Great Depression 1929 significantly influencing political opinions of individual citizens. The main aim is to depict the dichotomy between anti system features of strike (strike as a political tool designated to control social tenses which can be used as weapon against government) and perceiving the strike clearly like a mutual conflict of interests between employer and employee without political aims. Afterwards, there will be interpreted several strategies and motivations of historical players (workers movement, political parties, other local elites of the town), which led to a competition for dominance. Substantial emphasis is placed on the analysis of ideology and strategy of Czechoslovak Communist party which struggled for hegemony over the local community of workers. Conclusions bring evaluation of social credit of historical players in the time of its entering and exiting the conflict and also the causes of its profits or loses.
Religious Sects in Czechoslovakia in the 1950s
Hemza, Tomáš ; Rákosník, Jakub (advisor) ; Pullmann, Michal (referee)
The thesis deals with religious sects in Czechoslovakia in the 1950s. Firstly, it describes new religious movements, which occurred in Czechoslovakia in the first half of the 20th century, especially Jehovah's Witnesses, Adventism, Mormonism and the others. The key theme of this thesis is the phenomenon of religious sects. It explores a procedure of the government, Communist party of Czechoslovakia and State Security. The thesis deals also with the conscientious objection in Czechoslovakia in the 1950s. In conclusion the thesis tries to describe the image of religious sects in newspapers. It draws from various primary sources (National Archives of the Czech Republic, Security Services Archive, Military History Archive) and from various historiographical and sociological literature.
Chomutov 1945-48
Šulka, Petr ; Jakubec, Ivan (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
Bachelor's thesis "Chomutov 1945-1948" deals with post Second World War events in Chomutov and its outskirts with an emphasis on everyday life and the resettlement of this area after expulsion of the ethnic Germans. The thesis is based primarily on printed, archival and Internet resources but as key information sources are used narrative of direct participants in these events and their memories and testimonies. In the introduction, the work attempts to outline the coexistence of the Czech minority in the pre-war period, briefly events in 1938, and life in the Third Reich to its collapse and reconnection of Chomutov to the Czechoslovak republic. In another part of the work the author is concerned with the deportation and persecution of the German population and its relations with the newcomers. The central part of the work is trying to outline the life of immigrants in this period. Using eyewitness accounts, it was possible to map the daily life of settlers and their problems, such as everyday supply problems, health care, education and childhood in this region. There is also mention about regional culture, sports and political situation. The work presents the development of a society that arose often in great pain; the society with many people coming from completely different and opposing cultures. The work...
The role of the professor Vladimír Krajina in the National-Socialist Party after the World War II
Stegurová, Karolína ; Čechurová, Jana (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
This Bachelor's thesis is focused on the fate of the important leading member of the anti-nazism resistance organization "ÚVOD"- Professor Vladimír Krajina in the times after the world war the second. Its goal is to clarify his role in the Czechoslovak national socialistic party and capture his influence on the politics of the whole National front. Moreover the most important moments of his life are being analyzed. All this is done in the context of the major political problems of the Czechoslovak republic in the years 1945-1948.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 121 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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8 Rákosník, Jiří
2 Rákosník, Jonáš
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