National Repository of Grey Literature 269 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Dynamics of Poverty and Social Exclusion in the Czech Republic: Inequality of Educational Opportunity
Prokop, Daniel ; Tuček, Milan (advisor) ; Katrňák, Tomáš (referee) ; Straková, Jana (referee)
PROKOP, Daniel. Dynamika sociálního vyloučení v České republice: Nerovné šance ve vzdělávání. Praha, 2022. 124 s. Disertační práce (Ph.D.) Univerzita Karlova, Fakulta sociálních věd, Institut sociologických studií. Katedra sociologie. Školitel: doc. Milan Tuček Abstract This cumulative thesis contains three papers focused on analysis of inequality of educational opportunity (IOE) and limited educational and social mobility in the Czech Republic. The first article analysis effects of parent's cultural, social, economic and human capital in different educational transitions. In accordance with the theory of effectively maintained inequality (EMI), the parental capitals and social status play the biggest role in accessing secondary education with GCE (high school with diploma) which is precondition to tertiary education. However, detailed analysis shows that poverty and low skills (HC) of parents have biggest effect in early phases of education whereas social, cultural capital and wealth of the parents are drivers of inequality in later transitions. Hence, the EMI theory is not in conflict with life course perspective assuming significant and waning effects of (some) parental capitals. The second paper analyses the relationship between inadequate housing and the school performance of children from poor Czech...
Development of children's communication skills as a part of school maturity and readiness during COVID-19 pandemic
Marková, Kristýna ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Horynová, Jana (referee)
This thesis addresses preschool education in the COVID-19 pandemic from a speech therapy perspective. The aim was to determine whether the pandemic affects the development of communication skills in children's school maturity and readiness. For the research, a quantitative method was used. A sample of 50 respondents from kindergartens in the Vysočina region completed a self-administered questionnaire to provide data for this work. The research sample was teachers of children with compulsory school attendance. The research found that the number of deferrals of compulsory school attendance is higher in the school year 2020/2021 than in previous years. The root causes cited by the respondents were psychological immaturity, including impaired communication skills. It was also found that for more than half of the respondents, children in the classroom have the same difficulties in communication skills as in previous years, yet 92% of teachers admitted that the educational objectives in the field of communication, according to the Framework Education Programme for Preschool Education, were not met in the 2020/2021 school year. According to the respondents, children most often had difficulties pronouncing the L, R, and Ř syllables, spontaneous narration according to a picture, the formation of sentences,...
Educationaccording to MENSA program in kindergarten Čakovice I
Hurtová, Natálie ; Marádová, Eva (advisor) ; Kadrnožková, Monika (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the Nicola tesla Center learning system that develops exceptionally gifted children. The aim od the thesis is to find out to what extent the NTC learning system stimulates the development of a gifted pupil already in preschool age and the possibilities of supporting and exceptionally gifted pupil in primary education. The theoretical part of třhe work describes intelligence, talent and the NTC system itself. The empirical part consists of two stages. The first stage describes the process of education in kindergarten and work with the NTC learning system and identifies in the process of developing talents in children using the system. The methodology of the NTC learning system is used on the kindergarten in the creation of the school educational program and is practically used with the help of individual activities. NTC learning system activities are included in the daily program. The second stage describes how preschool education took place in the monitored children with focus on manifestations of giftedness, whether there were adjustments to preschool education with regard to giftedness. It also describes how development of an exceptionally gifted child/pupil in a match class and a child/pupil a regular primary school takes place. In the elementary school mathematics...
Familiarization of preschool children with craft activities in framework of cooperation between school and parents.
Mertová, Edita ; Hanyš Holemá, Irena (advisor) ; Koťátková, Soňa (referee)
ABSTRCT EN The topic of this bachelor's thesis is the documentation of the craft activities introduction to children in preschool education. The main researched area is the quality of cooperation between parents and teachers and risk perception when introducing preschool children to craft activities in kindergartens of the Říčany region. The thesis is divided into theoretical part and practical part. The theoretical part deals with scientific findings and the concept of craft activities, craft activities as such, and their inclusion in preschool education. The historical and geographical context of craft activities is presented here as well as the key concepts and main elements of their potential integration into preschool education. Attention is paid to the influence of craft activities on the child's development and on the relationships between the participants in the educational process of the preschool child. It also explains the relationship between the kindergarten and the parents, the importance of the parent's presence in connection with this direction and the way of their involvement in the running of the educational institution. The practical part of this thesis is devoted mainly to the questionnaire research, in order to fulfill two goals. To map the implementation of the findings from the "We...
Development of children's communication skills with different Mother Tongues in pre-school education
Jelínková, Lucie ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Korandová, Zuzana (referee)
This bachelor thesis focuses on analyzing methods of speech development skills of kids with different mother languages in preschool education. Main goal of this thesis is to get knowledge applicable in work with kids with different mother language and in developing their communication skills. Theoretical part is based on information from proffesional literature, current legislation and electronic information sources which desrcibe definitions of terms communication, speech and language, ontogenesis of child's speech till preschool age and specifics of bilingual child's speech development. In this thesis is also a describtion of Czech preschool education system and it is focused on a group of kids with different mother languages. The empiric part is processed in the form of qualitative research. The case study desrcibes development of communication skills of three kids with different mother language and the methods that are used.
Overview of Research Studies on Forest Kindergartens
Bendíková, Barbora ; Jančaříková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Kapuciánová, Magdaléna (referee)
In the Bachelor thesis the author deals with the topic of forest kindergartens. Nowadays, the topic of forest kindergartens is becoming more and more topical. During the last few years, their number has started to increase both in the Czech Republic and abroad. Parents of young children often consider this alternative to traditional preschool education. This work examines what the authors of selected scientific articles from the Web of Science database on forest kindergartens are focusing on, which countries the published research is from, what are the differences on the topic in the countries examined and what findings the authors of the studies have come to. The bachelor's thesis, following the research, also presents a description of the author's own experience from the ERASMUS+ programme in Denmark, in Aarhus, at VIA University College from the programme "Nature and Social Education" and her own practical experience from a Czech forest kindergarten. The thesis is designed as a search based on methodically obtained articles from the Web of Science database. The search is prepared using the PRISMA method. The selected articles deal with the selection of a suitable site or "playscape" for an outdoor kindergarten, the impact of the outdoor kindergarten on its surroundings in Norway, the active...

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