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Use of myofunctional therapy in the speech therapy in preschool children
Kadlecová, Viktorie ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Korandová, Zuzana (referee)
The topic of this bachelor thesis is the use of myofunctional therapy in speech therapy intervention in preschool children. The bachelor thesis is divided into theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part of the thesis consists of three main chapters. The first chapter deals with the ontogenetic development of speech, language, and communication. The chapter introduces both the pre-speech stages of speech development and the stages of speech development, the linguistic planes are discussed in detail in terms of speech ontogeny. In the second chapter, we define impaired communicative competence and present its classification in terms of symptomatology and etiology. The chapter includes the most common types of disorders of speech development in children for whom we encounter the use of elements of myofunctional therapy. Special attention is paid to myofunctional disorders. The third chapter introduces diagnosis and techniques and the use of myofunctional therapy in speech therapy intervention. The practical part of the thesis is a qualitative research investigation. The main aim of the thesis was to identify and describe the possibilities of using myofunctional therapy in preschool children with communication disorders. Based on the main objective, sub- objectives and research questions...
Development of communication skills in children with specific language impairment
Malinová, Tereza ; Korandová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Horynová, Jana (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on speech therapy, specifically on the development of communication skills in children with developmental language disorders. The theoretical part includes two chapters. The first chapter deals with the theoretical background and then the developmental language disorder itself. The theoretical background defines communication, speech, and language, and describes the development of speech, language, and communication, as well as impaired communication skills. The etiological classification of impaired communicative ability is also briefly mentioned. At the end of the chapter, neurodevelopmental disorders, their common features and classification, diagnosis and therapy are defined. The second chapter deals with developmental language disorder. Specifically, it describes its classification, terminology, etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis, and therapy. The empirical part includes a qualitative research investigation consisting of two case studies of selected children with developmental language disorder. The main aim of the bachelor thesis is to analyze the development of communication skills of selected preschool children with developmental language disorder. The stated subobjectives are to analyse the current state of communication skills of the studied preschool children...
A young man with stuttering
Miškovská, Klára ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Kotvová, Miroslava (referee)
The topic of the bachelor thesis is a young adult with stuttering. The bachelor thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical parts. The theoretical part contains three chapters. The theoretical background of the thesis was prepared by a research of Czech and foreign literature and electronic information sources. The first chapter defines stuttering, then describes the etiology, symptomatology and classification of stuttering. In the second chapter attention is paid to speech therapy intervention in stuttering. Speech diagnostics of stuttering and speech therapy for stuttering are described in more detail in two subchapters. The third theoretical chapter presents current research on stuttering in adults. These researches were conducted in the Czech Republic and abroad. The theoretical part is followed by the empirical part, which is presented in the fourth chapter. The main aim of the empirical part of the bachelor thesis is to identify and describe the life course of a young adult with stuttering. In order to fulfil the aim of the thesis a qualitative research method was chosen. A case study was used as the main research design for the research investigation. The main methods of collecting relevant data to construct a case study of a young adult with stuttering were document analysis,...
Support for preschool childern with developmental language disorder in education
Boháčová, Terezie ; Korandová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Horynová, Jana (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the support of children with developmental language disorder in preschool education. The thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical parts. The first chapter introduces the theoretical background, it describes the development of speech, language and communication and clarifies these terms. This chapter then focuses on developmental language disorder, its terminology, classification, etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and therapy. The second chapter discusses the preschool education system, legislation, the goals of early preschool education, and support options. Counseling facilities and support measures are defined and described, with particular attention to the concepts of the individual education plan and the teaching assistant. This chapter also addresses the issues of school maturity, enrolment in compulsory schooling and its deferral. The third chapter presents a qualitative research investigation. Data was collected through analysis of available documents, analysis of activity products and through participant observation. The content of the research investigation is a case study of a girl attending a preparatory class of primary school. The main objective of the research investigation is to analyze the support of the child in preschool education. The...
Possibilities for the development of partial functions in children with developmental language disorder in preschool age
Selingerová, Pavlína ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Klenková, Jiřina (referee)
The topic of this bachelor thesis is the possibilities of development of partial functions in children with developmental language disorder in preschool age. The thesis is structured in four chapters, three theoretical and one practical. The first chapter is devoted to the description of the preschool child and is divided into subchapters that introduce ontogenetic speech development, impaired communication skills and school maturity. The second chapter deals with developmental language disorder and includes aetiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and speech therapy. The third chapter defines the concept of sub-functions and lists the different areas such as auditory perception, visual perception, motor skills, thinking, attention, memory, speech, language and communication. The fourth chapter, the practical part of the bachelor thesis, includes case studies of children with developmental language disorder in preschool. It describes the personal and family history, preschool education, speech therapy intervention and the level of partial functions, which includes my own work with children. The aim of the practical part of the bachelor thesis is to analyse the possibilities of development of sub-functions in children with developmental language disorder in preschool age. The sub-objectives are to...
Development of language skills according to D. B. Elkonin's methodology in children with specific language impairment
Rouhová, Eva Marie ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Kotvová, Miroslava (referee)
This bachelor's thesis is focused on the development of language skills according to D. B. Elkonin's methodology in children with specific language impairment. The thesis includes a theoretical part and a practical part. The theoretical part consists of three chapters. In the first chapter, the basic theoretical starting points such as language, speech and communication are defined. The chapter is also focused on the ontogenetic development of speech and language skills and communication disability. The topic of the second chapter is specific language impairment, its symptomatology, diagnosis and therapy. The third theoretical chapter approaches the development of language skills in preschool age from the point of view of linguistic levels. The chapter also describes the D. B. Elkonin's methodology. The practical part of the bachelor's thesis presents a qualitative research investigation, which was carried out using case studies. In the practical part, aims are defined and research questions are set. The aim of the thesis was to find out and describe how individual and group training according to D. B. Elkonin's methodology of children with specific language impairment take place. The sub-goals were to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of group and individual training according to D. B....
Speech therapy intervention in children with Down syndrome from the parent's perspective
Homolková, Barbora ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Hádková, Kateřina (referee)
Diploma thesis with the topic Speech therapy intervention for children with Down syndrome from the perspective of the parent examines how the parent of a child with Down syndrome perceives speech therapy and what he sees as its greatest essence and benefit. The diploma thesis is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The diploma thesis is divided into a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part contains chapters related to the issue of Down syndrome. The theoretical part is devoted to the definition of Down syndrome, the prevalence and history of Down syndrome. The theoretical part further deals with the etiology, describes the forms of Down's syndrome and possible risk factors. It also presents the diagnosis of Down syndrome and the main characteristics, symptoms of Down syndrome. Last but not least, the theoretical part of the diploma thesis deals with physical signs in children with Down syndrome and is also devoted to speech therapy and parents of children with Down syndrome. The practical part states the goal of the work, which is to find out how parents of children with Down syndrome perceive speech therapy. A qualitative approach was used in the practical part of the thesis. A semi-structured interview was used as a data collection method. The obtained data were...
Specifics of speech therapy intervention for people with Huntington's disease
Topolská, Andrea ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Horynová, Jana (referee)
The diploma thesis is elaborated on the speech therapy topic, the specifics of speech therapy intervention for people suffering from Huntington's disease. It consists of a theoretical part, in which, within three chapters, the reader is gradually introduced to the diagnosis of Huntington's disease and general knowledge about the history and etiology of the disease, the occurring symptoms and diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. The second chapter discusses impaired communication skills in people with Huntington's disease. Summarizes findings on cognitive-communication disorders, dysarthria and dysphagia. The third chapter deals with findings about speech therapy intervention itself for the clients in question. In its content, it discusses both the requirements and possibilities of diagnosis of the mentioned deglutition and communication disorders, as well as knowledge regarding the provision of speech therapy according to the present communication disorders and swallowing disorders. The last chapter is devoted to the research part of the thesis. The research was carried out using a qualitative approach using grounded theory methodology. Data were obtained through a total of twenty semi- structured interviews. Two clinical speech therapists and eighteen respondents who have experience with the...
Specifics of speech and language therapy intervention in adults after stroke
Králová, Tereza ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Klenková, Jiřina (referee)
The thesis focuses on the specifics of speech therapy intervention in adults after stroke in the acute and subacute phase of the disease. The thesis is divided into two main parts, namely the theoretical part and the empirical part. The theoretical part of the thesis defines the concept of stroke and summarizes the knowledge in the field of etiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and prevention. It also defines the individual communication disorders associated with stroke (i.e. aphasia, dysarthria, dyspraxia, dysphagia and cognitive-communication disorders), their classification, aetiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and therapy. The empirical part of the thesis is focused on a qualitative research investigation, the main aim of which is to identify and describe the specifics of speech therapy intervention in people after stroke in the acute and subacute phase of the disease, when the patient is hospitalized in a hospital. The research investigation is carried out by direct observation of the work of a clinical speech therapist in a hospital setting in patients after stroke in the acute and subacute phase of the disease, as well as by analysis of medical reports and documents. From the results of direct observation and document analysis, five case studies of patients hospitalized in the hospital just...
Phonemic awareness in children with Down syndrome
Santolíková, Anna ; Horynová, Jana (advisor) ; Hádková, Kateřina (referee)
Phonetic-phonological ability is one of the components that is purposefully developed during speech therapy intervention. This ability is very important for the development of reading and writing in the early stages of literacy acquisition. In particular, emphasis is placed on phonemic awareness, which is related to the perception of the phoneme structure of words, phonetic analysis and synthesis etc. For the targeted development of phonemic awareness, a structured methodology of Language skills training according to D. B. Elkonin was created. The diploma thesis examines the possibility of developing phonemic awareness in children with Down syndrome in the case of using Language Skills Training according to D. B. Elkonin. The practically conceived part presents the results of a qualitative research investigation. Participant observation was the method of data collection, and a non-standardized pre-made test of phonemic awareness was used to assess the level of phonemic awareness, based on the test of the authors of the Elkonin methodology and the Preschool Skills Diagnostic by Bednářová and Šmardová (2015). The research investigation was conducted by action research 6 pre-school and younger school age probands with Down syndrome were included in the action research. Based on the analysis of the...

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