National Repository of Grey Literature 330 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Prevention in the Civil Code
Prokeš, Martin ; Šustek, Petr (advisor) ; Hendrychová, Michaela (referee)
Prevention in the Civil Code The topic of my thesis is prevention in the Civil Code. This thesis examines the definition of the concept of prevention within the Civil Code as a key aspect in the provision of general rules of mutual coexistence in our main legal code. Prevention is not only understood here as an effort to prevent illegal actions, but is extended to a broader concept of preventing damage or injury to the health and life of individuals in society, when its essence goes beyond the concept of law. The work reflects the development of the concept of prevention and its anchoring in the Civil Code, with an emphasis on various historical concepts and the development of legal regulations. The first chapter of the thesis analyzes various concepts of prevention mainly in a general sense, focusing on its importance in various fields, including medicine, social sciences and criminology. The content of other types of prevention such as primary and secondary or general and specific is also defined here. The second chapter is devoted to a brief summary of the development of the Civil Code as a legal code, with an emphasis on its development in Roman society, the Middle Ages and modern times. This part of the work also traces the transformation of the prevention institute itself in these individual...
Indemnification of claims of injured persons resulting from the insurance of liability for damage caused by operation of a vehicle
Suchá, Veronika ; Karfíková, Marie (advisor) ; Kohajda, Michael (referee)
The thesis deals with indemnification of claims of injured persons resulting from the insurance of liability for injury caused by operation of a vehicle and especially with individual claims of injured persons resulting from the insurance of liability for injury caused by operation of a vehicle, where it endeavours to compare legal regulation effective until 31th December 2013 with the legal regulation effective as of 1st January 2014 and it highlight the most important impacts of the Act No. 89/2012 Coll., Civil Code, in the area of indemnification of claims of injured persons originating due to infliction of physical injury or death. It is a very current topic considering the number of traffic accidents and due to the fact, that this is an issue was affected by the re-codification of the civil law. The thesis is composed of five chapters. Chapter one discusses development of legal regulation of the insurance of liability for injury caused by operation of a vehicle in the territory of the Czech Republic. Chapter two defines the basic terms and legal institutes related to indemnification of claims of injured persons resulting from the insurance of liability for injury caused by operation of a vehicle, which are: operation, operator, insurer, the policy holder, insured and injured person, damage and...
The Phenomenon of Responsibility in the Postmodern Era
Jirgl, Sebastian ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor)
The dissertation The Phenomenon of Responsibility in the Postmodern Era discusses the phenomenon of responsibility in the context of the postmodern era. The issue of responsibility is viewed here primarily from a philosophical point of view. At the same time, the dissertation attempts a partial thematic overlap, in connection with the meaning of the selected concept of responsibility, within the ethics and particularly even other related social science disciplines. In the beginning, the basic problematics is set here. This discusses the etymological point of view and responsibility is subsequently given here in the connection of the context of terms such as freedom, response or ambiguity. Furthermore, the basic relationship is presented, in the context of the phenomenon of responsibility, and responsibility is also here confronted with the present. Subsequently, the approaches and theses of an important author of the 20th century, who systematically dealt with the phenomenon of responsibility, the French author Emmanuel Levinas, are particularly emphasized. The main thesis here can be characterized as an attempt to interpret and process the concept of responsibility, especially within the context of philosophical discourse. This is done mainly against the background of the thinking of Emmanuel...
The Phenomenon of Responsibility in the Postmodern Era
Jirgl, Sebastian ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Semrádová, Ilona (referee) ; Svobodová, Zuzana (referee)
The dissertation The Phenomenon of Responsibility in the Postmodern Era discusses the phenomenon of responsibility in the context of the postmodern era. The issue of responsibility is viewed here primarily from a philosophical point of view. At the same time, the dissertation attempts a partial thematic overlap, in connection with the meaning of the selected concept of responsibility, within the ethics and particularly even other related social science disciplines. In the beginning, the basic problematics is set here. This discusses the etymological point of view and responsibility is subsequently given here in the connection of the context of terms such as freedom, response or ambiguity. Furthermore, the basic relationship is presented, in the context of the phenomenon of responsibility, and responsibility is also here confronted with the present. Subsequently, the approaches and theses of an important author of the 20th century, who systematically dealt with the phenomenon of responsibility, the French author Emmanuel Levinas, are particularly emphasized. The main thesis here can be characterized as an attempt to interpret and process the concept of responsibility, especially within the context of philosophical discourse. This is done mainly against the background of the thinking of Emmanuel...
Civil Applications of Autonomous Systems: Implications for the Military Sector
Fortunati, Lorenza ; Solovyeva, Anzhelika (advisor) ; Nikolić, Luka (referee)
This thesis aims to examine the growing development of autonomous systems from a civilian and military perspective. The literature analysis has shown that in the military sector there is much access to an interactional-scientific and literary debate, especially on the growing possibility of autonomous weapons development. On the other hand, however, the civilian sector is increasingly advancing the development of autonomous systems. Many of these are already being applied in civilian society: from self-driving cars to medical equipment. Nonetheless, the study showed that although these sectors are going at different speeds, the risks and challenges related to the topic of autonomous machines are very similar, especially with regard to the concept of responsibility and human-machine nexus. For this reason, this thesis aims to analyze the civilian experience in the field of autonomy to determine whether there might be any transferable lessons from the civilian to the military world for the future development of autonomous weapons. After a thorough analysis of the aircraft crashes involving the Boeing 737 MAX and the accidents caused by the self-driving cars, this thesis concludes that the best way to address the ethical and moral challenges of autonomous weapons is to develop and design such systems...
Cancel Culture - A Challenge Or A Threat?
Kvačková, Kristýna ; Kýrová, Lucie (advisor) ; Kozák, Kryštof Přemysl (referee)
The thesis entitled "Cancel Culture - A Challenge Or A Threat?" deals with the phenomenon of the so-called Cancel Culture, which is mainly known from the USA and the UK, but the first signs of it are also noticeable in the Czech Republic. The thesis analyses examples from the cultural, political, and academic spheres in the United States, with the aim of revealing the effects of the Cancel Culture on society and on the perception of the limits of freedom of speech and, by extension, academic freedom. The thesis establishes the boundary between legitimate criticism and cancellation. The threat to freedom of speech and, by extension, academic freedom, is presented when academics are disturbed because of their unpopular opinion, such as their political beliefs. In the cultural and political spheres, interference represents the threat described by the concept of the spiral of silence. As research shows, people are afraid to express their opinion if it is not in line with the majority opinion, for fear of cancellation and possible consequences. Despite its shortcomings, this phenomenon can be a legitimate tool for achieving social justice, because it effectively highlights sensitive social issues such as racism, sexism, xenophobia, etc.
Autonomous weapon systems and international humanitarian law
Halajová, Ludmila ; Lipovský, Milan (referee)
Autonomous weapon systems and international humanitarian law Abstract There is practically no branch of international law that has been left unaffected by significant advances in modern technology in recent years. In the context of armed conflict, these advances could have far-reaching consequences for the application of not only established rules of international humanitarian law, but also of the rules of international criminal law or the rules governing international responsibility. Many States are currently devoting their attention as well as resources to the development of highly sophisticated weapon systems with autonomous functions, the control of which is being increasingly transferred from human operators to computer systems. These Autonomous Weapon Systems (AWS) have the potential to affect profoundly the nature of future armed conflicts. Although these systems are no longer a novelty at the international scene, they continue to cause tensions and provoke divisive reactions amongst the international community. This dissertation aspires to provide a comprehensive insight into the development and use of AWS in the context of armed conflict. The dissertation has six parts. The first part clarifies the basic terminology relating to AWS and explains how autonomy in the context of a weapon system...
The role of nurse from physician perspective in pharmaceutical care
Poláková, Lucie ; Hocková, Jana (advisor) ; Švárová, Beáta (referee)
Introduction to the problem: Pharmacotherapy is a very complex and specific topic. Many of healthcare professionals, including nurses, are involved in pharmacotherapy management. Although this field is ensured by various legal standards, some competences of nurses are not clearly defined. The primary aim of this research was to analyse the current role of the nurse in pharmacotherapy out of a physician's perspective. Methodology: The data as a part of the multicentric project was collected in the form of semi- structured in-depth interviews with selected physicians also called key-informants. The obtained data were analysed by open coding followed by categorisation. Finally, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis was used to assess the opportunities and threats, which are related to determination of the ideal role of the nurse in drug administration. Results: Current practice shows that nurses are performing activities beyond their competences. Therefore, I consider legislative changes in this area appropriate. At many departments is not cooperation with the clinical pharmacist well established, moreover in some cases doctors are not interested in it. In contrast, the literature also the workplaces, where the clinical pharmacist is part of the team reports many benefits....
Eesponsibility of business entities for admnistrative tfenses
Bače, Václav ; Prášková, Helena (advisor) ; Adamec, Martin (referee)
The presented diploma thesis aims to introduce the addressee of the text to the institute of liability of entrepreneurial natural persons for administrative delicts, which was introduced into the Czech legal system as a separate liability regime only with the adoption of Act No. 250/2016 Coll., on Liability for Administrative Delicts and Proceedings. Although an entrepreneurial natural person could, of course, have been the perpetrator of an administrative delict before, it was only with the adoption of the Act that its liability for administrative delicts was completely separated from the liability of a legal person for administrative delict. Therefore, the author of the thesis decided to discuss the regime of liability of an entrepreneurial natural person for administrative delicts in such a way that the addressee of the text would be able to get to know all important aspects of the functioning of the liability regime of an entrepreneurial natural person. The structure of the thesis consists of eight chapters including the conclusion. In the first chapter, the author defined the basic institutes constituting the very concept of liability of an entrepreneurial natural person for administrative delicts. Subsequently, the author portrayed the development of the liability for administrative delicts...

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