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Slavoj Žižek and the critique of ideology
Takač, Peter ; Hauser, Michael (advisor) ; Benyovszky, Ladislav (referee) ; Pelcová, Naděžda (referee)
The goal of the thesis is to analyze the contemporary form of ideology through the work of Slavoj Žižek. It aims to answer the question - resulting from the widespread notion of the end of ideology - what do people believe in nowadays. In other words, what do we follow or what do we respect if it is said that we do not believe in anything? The collapse of the communist project in the Eastern bloc brought a period of distrust towards grand narratives and utopian projects. In addition, the widespread form of ideology, which currently has been liberal democracy, allows each individual to choose their own way of life and among a wide range of parties with different political orientations. The answers to the critical analysis of this assumption and the current form of ideology are found in the work of Slavoj Žižek, who has been dealing with these questions since the end of the Cold War. The first part of the thesis presents the Marxist tradition of critique of ideology - its forms and observations it brought into this area. The second part deals with Žižek's contribution to the topics while clarifying the concepts of the Symbolic and the Big Other, representing the current forms of the unconscious and practiced collective activity. The influence of the dominant form of ideology on the population and...
Masaryk's concept of modern man and history
Krčil, David ; Pelcová, Naděžda (advisor) ; Hauser, Michael (referee)
The Bachelor thesis is focused on thoughts of Tomas Garrigue Masaryk and his views on a "modern man" in relation to the events of early 20th century. The thesis analyses those views, focusing mainly on his understanding and definition of the place of the "modern man" in world and history in a confrontation with the contemporary philosophy. It also touches on Masaryk's idea of "crisis of the modern man" and the question of to what extent Masaryk himself adhered to his own ideals. For better understanding of Masaryk's thoughts the thesis starts with his life's circumstances and experiences, mainly his youth in Moravia, which is described in the first part of thesis. The following parts focus on his elaboration of the experienced topics, specifically the essence of humanity in history and in the contemporary era. The last part concerns with the contemporary era itself, which Masaryk considers to be era of crisis.
Importance of Game in Upbringing and Education
Nekolová, Iveta ; Pelcová, Naděžda (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee)
The work will consist of two parts. The first will be theoretical and will reflect the elementary concepts - game, education, education process, the world and culture. The theoretical reflection will comprise a historical overview, philosophical analysis and comparison of various game conceptions. It will be the definition of historical, philosophical, sociological and anthropological perspective. The second part will be oriented practically. We will focus on using games in education as a teaching method. A mini-research executed among schoolmates, soon-to-be teachers, will be included. Using questionnaires we will try to find out the extent of using games in educational process.
Commenius', Locke's and Rousseau's Image of Child
Šístek, Martin ; Pelcová, Naděžda (advisor) ; Krámský, David (referee)
The seeds to the contemporary understanding of a child as a unique human being that deserves the highest degree of protection and care, were planted in the 17th and 18th century. The writings of the philosophers J.A.Comenius, John Locke and J.J. Rousseau have significantly contributed to this modern-era "turn toward the child". Using the background of individual scholars' opinions and ideas, the author is studying or noticing in what each of the thinkers sees the basis of uniqueness and irreplaceability of childhood.

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