National Repository of Grey Literature 14 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Glycoprotein profile of human ejaculate as a marker of its quality
Pavlová, Hana ; Postlerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Krejčová, Tereza (referee)
Glycoproteins are an indispensable component of the sperm glycocalyx. They arise through the process of co-translational or post-translational modification, so-called glycosylation, during which carbohydrate chains are attached to a peptide chain. Glycoproteins are involved in reproductive processes and their presence is often key to successful fertilization. The degree of glycosylation of glycoproteins is highly variable and is determined by the representation of carbohydrate units in glycans. It has already been found that the degree of glycosylation can be related to the fertility of an individual. The diploma thesis is focused on the comparison of the representation of terminal saccharides, sialic acid and fucose, in the glycoproteins of sperm and seminal plasma of patients with normal and abnormal ejaculate parameters. The total rate of sialylation and fucosylation in the seminal plasma was determined, as well as the rate of sialylation and fucosylation of specifically detected glycoproteins of sperm and seminal plasma. A significant difference was noted only in the detection of total fucosylation of seminal plasma glycoproteins. However, subsequent correlation tests revealed important relationship between the degree of sialylation and fucosylation of glycoproteins and ejaculate parameters,...
Diversity of methods used for characterization of molluscan hemocytes
Jindrová, Zuzana ; Horák, Petr (advisor) ; Skála, Vladimír (referee)
Hemocytes are the main immune cells of invertebrates; therefore they can be found in molluscs, too. They differ both in morphology and function. The two generally accep- ted morphological types, granulocytes and hyalinocytes, vary in the level of phagocy- tosis and encapsulation, production of reactive oxygen species and nitrogen oxide, and presence of some enzymes. There is an array of methods by means of which hemocy- tes can be characterized. Microscopy serves particularly for study of morphology. An- tigens localized on the surface can be determined by monoclonal antibodies or lectin probes. Hemocytes can be divided on the basis of cell size and granularity using gra- dient centrifugation or flow cytometry. Production of nitrogen oxide and reactive oxy- gen species is monitored by adding appropriate substrate which changes its proper- ties after reaction with the radical. It may become fluorescent, change absorbance of the solution or form a visible precipitate. Another possibility is the use of chemilu- miniscence. The objective of hemocyte research is to explain mollusc-pathogen inter- action. 1
Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography
Vaněk, Ondřej ; Bezouška, Karel (advisor) ; Hrabal, Richard (referee) ; Bařinka, Cyril (referee)
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague 2010 Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography Abstract of Ph.D. thesis Ondřej Vaněk Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Karel Bezouška, DSc. Natural killer cells (NK cells) were found out for their ability to spontaneously kill certain allogeneic tumour cell lines, without any previous sensitization. NK cells are part of non- adaptive immune response with very short reaction time against pathogens such as viruses, intracellular bacteria, parasites, and they are responsible for elimination of certain tumour cells and thus they are able to fight against malignancy and formation of metastasis. Activity of NK cells is regulated by the balance between activation and inhibitory signals mediated by the NK cell surface receptors. From the structural point of view, the majority of NK cell surface receptors could be classified as the C-type lectin or immunoglobulin-like receptors. One of many C-type lectin subgroups are type II lymphocyte receptors that are expressed on the NK cell surface. This study had two main aims. The first one was to find suitable expression and purification systems for selected C-type lectin receptors of NK cells and the other one was to perform their...
Flow cytometry in the diagnostics and characterization of congenital disorders of glycosylation
Veselá, Šárka ; Hansíková, Hana (advisor) ; Hodek, Petr (referee)
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) are rare multisystem metabolic diseases and their number has rapidly grown in recent years. The clinical manifestation includes very broad spectrum of symptoms. In most of all cases CDG are caused by mutations in genes encoding the enzymes of glycosylation pathway. Based on the type of defect, CDG are divided into the following groups: disorders of N-glycosylation or O-glycosylation of proteins, defects in modification of proteins by GPI anchor, disorders of lipid glycosylation and defects that impact multiple glycosylation pathways. The aim of the thesis was to find new biochemical analyses suitable for diagnostics and characterization of CDG patients. The experimental conditions were optimized for selected markers (Sambucus Nigra (SNA) lectin, proaerolysin (FLAER), antibodies to proteins CD55 and CD59) and the staining was applied to cultivated skin fibroblasts from controls and patients diagnosed with CDG by whole-exome sequencing (ATP6AP1-CDG, PIGN-CDG, SLC10A7-CDG, PISD deficiency). The experiments were performed using flow cytometry (FACS) and fluorescent microscopy (FM). The detection of sialylation by SNA lectin and analysis of the mitochondrial membrane potential changes by a fluorescent labelled probe JC-1 with FCCP simulation of mitochondrial...
Expression of endogenic lectins and their glycoligands in the tear fluid, human corneal and conjunctival epithelium under physiological and disease conditions
Hrdličková, Enkela ; Filipec, Martin (advisor) ; Heissigerová, Jarmila (referee) ; Čejková, Jitka (referee)
Purpose: Lectins play an important role in many biological processes. The aim of this work was to analyse mainly the expression of endogenic lectins, such as galectins and plant lectin, e.g. Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA), and their glycoligands in the tear fluid, human corneal and conjunctival epithelium in physiological and disease conditions. Further, we studied the human natural antibody against Galα1,3Gal-R, which is mainly responsible for hyperacute rejection of xenografts transplants. We tried to investigate its localization in human corneal epithelium, lacrimal gland and tears. Material and Methods: Human tissue (lacrimal gland, tear fluid, conjunctiva, cornea, epidermis, keratinocyte and cultured corneal epithelium), as well as porcine tissue (cornea, liver and epidermis) were examined. Endogenous galectins (galectins-1, -3 and -7) were detected using immunohistochemistry methods. Binding sites for galectins, as well as binding sites for plant lectin Dolichos biflorus agglutinin, were localized by lectin histochemistry. Reverse lectin histochemistry was used for the study of binding reactivity of endogenous lectins using labelled (neo)glycoligands. Employing biotinylated natural human IgG anti -galactosides, as well as anti -galactosides, we detected reactive epitopes in human...
Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography
Vaněk, Ondřej
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague 2010 Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography Abstract of Ph.D. thesis Ondřej Vaněk Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Karel Bezouška, DSc. Natural killer cells (NK cells) were found out for their ability to spontaneously kill certain allogeneic tumour cell lines, without any previous sensitization. NK cells are part of non- adaptive immune response with very short reaction time against pathogens such as viruses, intracellular bacteria, parasites, and they are responsible for elimination of certain tumour cells and thus they are able to fight against malignancy and formation of metastasis. Activity of NK cells is regulated by the balance between activation and inhibitory signals mediated by the NK cell surface receptors. From the structural point of view, the majority of NK cell surface receptors could be classified as the C-type lectin or immunoglobulin-like receptors. One of many C-type lectin subgroups are type II lymphocyte receptors that are expressed on the NK cell surface. This study had two main aims. The first one was to find suitable expression and purification systems for selected C-type lectin receptors of NK cells and the other one was to perform their...
Interactions of the eggs and miracidia of Trichobilharzia regenti with the duck nasal mucosa
Vlčková, Linda ; Horák, Petr (advisor) ; Chanová, Marta (referee)
Trichobilharzia regenti is a nasal avian schistosome which has during the initial phase of infection an affinity to the nervous system. Larvae migrate through the central nervous system to the nasal mucosa of waterfowl, where they mature and reproduce. Until now this infection phase has been described only marginally. Adults are located in the nasal mucosa approximately from 13th to 24th day post infection. During this life phase, they migrate through the vascularized connective tissue and lay eggs, the presence of which has been detected in the tissue only. Maturation and hatching of miracidia occur in the tissue (unlike human schistosomes). The parasite causes inflammation, and the tissue is infiltrated with immune cells. Lymphocytes, granulocytes, macrophages, plasma cells and giant multi-nuclear cells were described by histological methods. The thesis is focused on a more detailed description of cellular immune response and histopathological changes of the tissue by means of histological stains, and antibody/lectin probes. The flukes were observed more frequently in the blood vessel lumen, together with a higher number of immune cells compared to the healthy duck. Infiltration by a high number of lymphocytes occurred in the tissue, the macrophages were frequently observed in clusters around the...
Expression of endogenic lectins and their glycoligands in the tear fluid, human corneal and conjunctival epithelium under physiological and disease conditions
Hrdličková, Enkela ; Filipec, Martin (advisor) ; Heissigerová, Jarmila (referee) ; Čejková, Jitka (referee)
Purpose: Lectins play an important role in many biological processes. The aim of this work was to analyse mainly the expression of endogenic lectins, such as galectins and plant lectin, e.g. Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA), and their glycoligands in the tear fluid, human corneal and conjunctival epithelium in physiological and disease conditions. Further, we studied the human natural antibody against Galα1,3Gal-R, which is mainly responsible for hyperacute rejection of xenografts transplants. We tried to investigate its localization in human corneal epithelium, lacrimal gland and tears. Material and Methods: Human tissue (lacrimal gland, tear fluid, conjunctiva, cornea, epidermis, keratinocyte and cultured corneal epithelium), as well as porcine tissue (cornea, liver and epidermis) were examined. Endogenous galectins (galectins-1, -3 and -7) were detected using immunohistochemistry methods. Binding sites for galectins, as well as binding sites for plant lectin Dolichos biflorus agglutinin, were localized by lectin histochemistry. Reverse lectin histochemistry was used for the study of binding reactivity of endogenous lectins using labelled (neo)glycoligands. Employing biotinylated natural human IgG anti -galactosides, as well as anti -galactosides, we detected reactive epitopes in human...
Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography
Vaněk, Ondřej
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague 2010 Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography Abstract of Ph.D. thesis Ondřej Vaněk Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Karel Bezouška, DSc. Natural killer cells (NK cells) were found out for their ability to spontaneously kill certain allogeneic tumour cell lines, without any previous sensitization. NK cells are part of non- adaptive immune response with very short reaction time against pathogens such as viruses, intracellular bacteria, parasites, and they are responsible for elimination of certain tumour cells and thus they are able to fight against malignancy and formation of metastasis. Activity of NK cells is regulated by the balance between activation and inhibitory signals mediated by the NK cell surface receptors. From the structural point of view, the majority of NK cell surface receptors could be classified as the C-type lectin or immunoglobulin-like receptors. One of many C-type lectin subgroups are type II lymphocyte receptors that are expressed on the NK cell surface. This study had two main aims. The first one was to find suitable expression and purification systems for selected C-type lectin receptors of NK cells and the other one was to perform their...
Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography
Vaněk, Ondřej ; Bezouška, Karel (advisor) ; Hrabal, Richard (referee) ; Bařinka, Cyril (referee)
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague 2010 Structure and function of C-type lectin NK cell receptors studied by recombinant expression and protein crystallography Abstract of Ph.D. thesis Ondřej Vaněk Supervisor: Prof. RNDr. Karel Bezouška, DSc. Natural killer cells (NK cells) were found out for their ability to spontaneously kill certain allogeneic tumour cell lines, without any previous sensitization. NK cells are part of non- adaptive immune response with very short reaction time against pathogens such as viruses, intracellular bacteria, parasites, and they are responsible for elimination of certain tumour cells and thus they are able to fight against malignancy and formation of metastasis. Activity of NK cells is regulated by the balance between activation and inhibitory signals mediated by the NK cell surface receptors. From the structural point of view, the majority of NK cell surface receptors could be classified as the C-type lectin or immunoglobulin-like receptors. One of many C-type lectin subgroups are type II lymphocyte receptors that are expressed on the NK cell surface. This study had two main aims. The first one was to find suitable expression and purification systems for selected C-type lectin receptors of NK cells and the other one was to perform their...

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