National Repository of Grey Literature 18 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Study of sperm proteins in different mammalian species
Pohlová, Alžběta ; Postlerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Ryšlavá, Helena (referee)
Reproduction is an essential feature of all animals and a fundamental step to produce new generations. Study of sperm proteins is crucial for understanding of the sperm-egg recognition. We searched out sperm surface proteins involving in the zona pellucida (ZP) binding and studied whether these proteins are preserved throughout mammalian species. Indirect immunofluorescent technique was used to test a panel of monoclonal antibodies prepared against boar sperm surface proteins on spermatozoa of bull and mice. We found a cross-reactivity of some antibodies against boar sperm with bull ejaculated and mouse epididymal spermatozoa. Further, we isolated sperm proteins from different mammalian species, such as pig, bull, dog, cat, mouse and human. Proteins were separated by SDS- electrophoresis and protein/glycoprotein profiles from epididymal, ejaculated and in vitro capacitated sperm were compared. The interaction of sperm with ZP was studied on electrophoretically-separated sperm surface proteins from pig and bull with biotin-labeled ZP glycoproteins. Antibodies, which reacted with boar sperm surface proteins with ZP- binding activity, therefore could be potential egg-binding receptors, were used for monitoring of the sperm protein origin in reproductive fluids and tissues. (In Czech) Keywords: sperm...
Isolation and study of proteins with zona pellucida binding activity
Zigo, Michal ; Postlerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Ryšlavá, Helena (referee) ; Antalíková, Jana (referee)
Binding of sperm to the oocyte is mediated by complementary molecules on the surface of both gametes and involves the interaction of sperm protein receptors with the zona pellucida (ZP) saccharide structures. It has been shown that many proteins receptors are involved in the sperm-ZP interaction, and potential primary sperm receptors for ZP glycoproteins have been investigated in various mammals. The majority of proteins with identified sperm-ZP binding activity belong to the plasma membrane proteins. However, the exact methods for isolation of sperm membrane proteins are still to be standardized. This study is focused on investigating how employment of various isolation protocols leads to acquisition of various protein mixtures. Further in the work, two possible approaches towards identification of potential ZP-binding partners are implemented, in order to disclose novel primary ZP-binding receptor candidates. Sperm proteins of ejaculated and in vitro capacitated boar sperms were isolated by: Triton X-100, Triton X-114, acetic acid, sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS), N-octyl-β-D- glucopyranoside (OBG), rehydration buffer (RHB), and finally by freezing-thawing extraction and they were characterized by 1-D, 2-D protein profiles, glycoprotein staining and substrate zymographic methods. The results have...
Secreted proteins by male reproductive tract
Cozlová, Nina ; Postlerová, Pavla (advisor) ; Železná, Blanka (referee) ; Antalíková, Jana (referee)
1 AbstractAbstractAbstractAbstract Proteins secreted in the male reproductive tract play a key role in post-testicular development of sperm and in further steps needed for fertilization. Sperm maturation represents a key step in the reproduction process. Sperm, during the passage through the epididymis undergoes significant changes due to proteolytic and glycolytic activities in the epididymal fluid. Inhibitor of acrosin protects spermatozoa and reproductive epithelium against proteolytic degradation and also protects binding sites for ZP on sperm plasma membrane. In boar reproductive system acrosin inhibitor (AI) was found in seminal plasma and on sperm plasma membrane. Polyclonal antibody recognized AI in extracts of the cauda epididymidis, seminal vesicles, prostate, and Cowper's glands. Using immunofluorescence method has revealed the AI in the epithelium and lumen of these organs but also on the surface of epididymal and ejaculated spermatozoa. We registered the increasing signal of AI from caput to cauda epididymis. Gene expression of AI mRNA was detected in the epididymis, seminal vesicles, prostate, and Cowper's glands and increased gradually throughout the epididymal duct. In present study, we also monitored AI in boar epididymal fluid and spermatozoa along the organ. In the epididymis, AI may...
Use of transcriptomics to study mechanism of the action of complex mixtures of organic compounds occurring in the ambient air focusing on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Líbalová, Helena ; Topinka, Jan (advisor) ; Krásný, Libor (referee) ; Postlerová, Pavla (referee)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) represent a large group of organic compounds occuring as pollutants in ambient air. Besides their genotoxic effect, some of them are known to be complete carcinogens and act via nongenotoxic and tumor promoting mechanism. Although effects of many individual compounds are well-documented, human exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ambient air occurs through complex mixtures and only few studies describe the behavior of PAH in real complex mixtures. The first part of the thesis is dealing with the global gene expression changes in human embryonic lung fibroblasts (HEL) as a consequence of the effect of complex mixtures containing PAH extracted from the respirable airborne particles PM2.5. These particles were collected in 4 localities in the Czech republic (Ostrava - Bartovice, Ostrava - Poruba, Karviná, Třeboň) differing in the level of the air pollution. Gene expression changes induced by three subtoxic concentrations of organic extracts (EOM - extractable organic matter) from each locality after 24 hour incubation were examined by microarray analysis. Pathway analysis using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database was applied to interpret gene expression data. In each locality we identified several deregulated signaling pathways...
Isolation and characterisation of oviductal proteins involved in formation of sperm oviductal reservoir in cow
Kračmerová, Jana ; Liberda, Jiří (advisor) ; Postlerová, Pavla (referee)
The oviduct plays an important role in the complex process of fertilization and in the early phase of embryo development. Isolation and characterization of some components of bovine oviduct participating in the formation of oviductal sperm reservoir was a subject of the present study. Two affinity sorbents containing immobilized components of bull seminal plasma (non-separated proteins of bull seminal plasma and their phosphorylcholine binding fraction) were prepared and used for the study of interaction of immobilized ligands with components of oviductal epithelium. Two types of preparation of oviductal membrane proteins of the isthmus region were isolated: complete membrane proteins and the apical fraction of membrane proteins. These preparations were separated using prepared affinity matrices. in both cases only an insignificant amount of proteins was found in the adsorbed fractions. Further attention has been paid to the identification of four protein zones detected after electrophoretic separation in the presence of SDS (rel. mol. wt. 15 500 - 18 500) in the fraction of apical membrane proteins. These proteins were identified after the electrophoretic separation and tryptic digestion using MS analysis as bovine histones H4, H2A typ 2-C, H2B typ 1-K a H3.3. Proteins identified as bovine...
Biochemical methods as tool for study of reproductive proteins
Postlerová, Pavla ; Zigo, Michal ; Pohlová, Alžběta ; Jonáková, Věra
Study of molecular mechanisms in reproduction is essential for the understanding of this outstanding process. Our lab studies proteins secreted by reproductive organs and sperm using various biochemical methods for a long time. We have expertise in protein extraction from spermatic cells using different approaches, and by kits for proteins from the sperm surface and distinct subcellular compartments. The proteins of reproductive organ fluids are separated by chromatographic methods, such as size exclusion chromatography, high-performance liquid chromatography with reverse phase (RP-HPLC) and affinity chromatography on matrices with various ligands. Proteins are subjected to SDS- or 2D-electrophoresis for their characterization and comparison of various extraction methods, different mammalian species, and sperm in different functional development. Electrophoretically separated proteins may be transferred onto nitrocellulose membrane (Western blot) for antibody detection or binding studies with lectin-labelled ligands (lectins, polysaccharides, zona pellucida glycoproteins). We use immunoprecipitation method with specific antibody for protein determination followed by the MALDI identification. Proteins are localized by immunofluorescent techniques on/in spermatic cells and tissue sections of reproductive organs. Isolation of proteins from reproductive tissues and fluids, and the antibody detection is crucial for the studying of reproductive protein origin.
Epididymal maturation – a crucial step in the post-testicular sperm development
Postlerová, Pavla ; Pohlová, Alžběta ; Zigo, Michal ; Jonáková, Věra
Mammalian spermatozoa after their development in testis undergo the post-testicular maturation in epididymis where acquire their fertilization ability and competence of movement. The epididymis is tissue with very active fluid-absorbing and fluid-secreting activity. Epididymal fluid contains ions and small molecules, proteins, glycoproteins and enzymes. The surface of spermatozoa is exposed directly to the epididymal fluid, and the sperm plasma membrane is significantly changed. Some testicular proteins are altered, masked, or replaced by new proteins/glycoproteins of epididymal origin. Several proteins produced by epididymis have been described in various mammalian species and shown to be associated with spermatozoa suggesting a role in the sperm maturation and/or sperm-egg binding and fusion. We isolated proteins from fluid, tissue and sperm of boar epididymis, and separated them by chromatographic and electrophoretic methods. We searched for known proteins using panel of antibodies and tested proteins of epididymal fluid for binding abilities. In the epididymis, we found proteins described as proteins of seminal plasma and associated with the sperm surface, such as spermadhesins, beta-microseminoprotein and acrosin inhibitor. These proteins were detected in epididymal sperm, fluid and tissue. We showed that some epididymal proteins may bind the spermatozoa and change the binding sites on the sperm surface. We determined and identified some proteins from boar epididymal fluid with affinity to heparin, hyaluronan and zona pellucida glycoproteins. These phenomena indicate that epididymal fluid proteins bind to the sperm surface during epididymal maturation and might subsequently play role in the sperm capacitation or sperm-zona pellucida binding.
Sperm protein profiles of different mammalian species
Pohlová, Alžběta ; Zigo, Michal ; Jonáková, Věra ; Postlerová, Pavla
Proteins are a substantial equipment of the spermatic cell; therefore, the characterization of sperm proteins is crucial for explanation of molecular mechanisms in the reproduction process. We isolated sperm proteins from different mammalian species - pig, bull, human, mouse, dog and cat. Extracted proteins were separated by SDS-electrophoresis and protein/glycoprotein profiles from epididymal or ejaculated sperm were compared. Additionally, we tested cross-reactivity of antibodies prepared to sperm boar proteins on spermatozoa of other mammalian species using immunofluorescent technique. Our future plan is to compare the protein profiles of sperm during their functional development (epididymal, ejaculated, capacitated) in various mammalian species and identify species-specific sperm proteins with zona pellucida binding activity.

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