National Repository of Grey Literature 30 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
What is Phenomenology? The Inevitability of the Clash between Husserl and Heidegger
Kvapil, Ondřej ; Novák, Aleš (advisor) ; Nitsche, Martin (referee)
Based on the explicit Husserl-Heidegger polemic, which concerned the ''Phenomenology'' entry for Encyclopaedia Britannica, my thesis captures conflict between the two protagonists precisely when it becomes direct. Tracing the main issues of their dispute, I will firstly demonstrate that the conflict is not a consequence of mutual misunderstanding, but rather a disagreement coming from the core itself of their respective theories. It could therefore not have been avoided. Secondly, I will show that the leading intentions of both traditional versions of phenomenology are not only irreconcilable, but essentially contradictory.
The human dignity topic in the writings of Pope John-Paul II.
Mátl, Vojtěch ; Brož, Prokop (advisor) ; Ventura, Václav (referee)
The thesis named: "The human dignity in the writings of Pope John-Paul II." tries to give a general overview of the theological-anthropological viewpoints of the teaching of the Pope John Paul II concerning the protection of the dignity of human being. The thesis begins by touching the life stages of the Polish priest, bishop and cardinal Karol Wojtyla and later the pontificate of the pope John Paul II. The thesis looks on particular events which had made an impact on his personality orienting his whole being to the protection of human rights and dignity of every human being. The second part of the thesis looks at particular theological- anthropological aspects and statements which make up the corner stones of John Paul II's teaching. The third part then goes on to focus on certain impulses given by the signs of the times and serious topics which lead the pope to raise his voice to call for protection of human rights and dignity of every single human being.
The Life's Alteration Seniors Causes of Transition to Home for Elderly People
Vrtišková, Šárka ; Havránková, Olga (advisor) ; Vojtíšek, Petr (referee)
This thesis is devoted to the elderly and the changes in their lives. The theoretical part deals with the issue of social problems in old age. Briefly describes the age, physical and psychological changes, focusing on changes in social inclusion and the changes in relation to children and grandchildren and also outlined here adaptation. In the research part I through interviews with seniors who are clients of the residence facilities senior home to find out what preceded their decision to enter a home for the elderly. Also, both accept this change and if ever. What aspects of this transition, the hardest for them or, conversely, what they are in this transition most helpful.
Human being by Ibn Rushd and Maimonides
Kopecká, Pavlína ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee)
This thesis interprets the concept of human being in the work of Maimonides and ibn Rushd, two representatives of major Arab and Jewish medieval philosophy. It combines the ancient Greek philosophical tradition, especially Aristotle, with a religious context. When Maimonides and Ibn Rushd tried to harmonize these two traditions, they had to deal with many opposite views, that stemmed from the difference between religious and ancient world. Behind this intellectual ground have they created the original thesis and approaches to grasping reality, the world and the human being in it. The issue of human being is analyzed in three levels. The first level consists of the relationship between human being and creation, which addresses the question about origin of the world the human soul and the resurrection. The second level, i.e. the man and the world, is devoted to describing a scheme of the world, human knowledge and the theory of prophecy. Ethical and political views are analyzed on the third level, which represents the position of human being in relation to the polis. Keywords Ibn Rushd, Maimonides, Aristotle, Plato, neoplatonism, philosophy, religion, The Koran, Torah, human being, world, creation, eternity, soul, resurrection, emanation, knowledge, illumination, active intellect, prophecy, politics,...
Harm to the natural rights of an individual
Svoboda, Marek ; Křesťanová, Veronika (advisor) ; Frinta, Ondřej (referee)
Resume Findings collected in this rigorosum thesis confirm that functional and sensitive settings of the universal system of private law, which provides the legal protection of values connected naturally with human being against unlawful attacks, is an essential task for every civilized legal environment because the natural values connected with a human are really important. The text suggests that the conception of this legal protective system consisting of three cohesive components, namely the conception of an object of legal protection, civil liability, a list of protective rights), is shaped by findings, which have their origin in legal theory, written laws and case law. At the beginning of this rigorosum thesis I concentrate my attention on the first component of the legal protective system. Due to the elastic range of legal protection exclusively focused on human being as an individual, and as a person of law in the legal sense, it is allowed to try to achieve protection of all natural values of human being, that in the summary create the most personal, the innermost and the most intimate sphere of human being1 . This type of particular values has either a biological or psychological or sociological character. The substantive definition of the interest which is protected by law, cannot be complete. In...
Crisis of the Life-World
Holá, Klára ; Pelcová, Naděžda (advisor) ; Hogenová, Anna (referee) ; Pauza, Miroslav (referee)
Krize přirozeného světa The crisis of the Life-world PhDr. Klára Holá This doctoral thesis called The crisis of the Life-world is an interdisciplinary theoretical treatise on a problem of the crisis in connection with the Life-world, the main phenomenological issue. The crisis is related to the Life-world itself. The thesis tries to explain the problem of the crisis as a timeless concept ontologically related to a human being, as well as an ethical issue accompanying the development of the modern society. The aim of the thesis is to define the crisis of the Life-world, to describe its symptoms in the various areas, and to outline some possible solutions. To achieve the aim I have divided the conception of the crisis into two meanings which are related to each other: the ontological crisis and the ethical crisis. My hypothesis has proved the ontological crisis unavoidable, as it springs from the ambivalent position of the human being whereas we can balance the ethical aspects in various ways. I have used the comparative and phenomenological method as well as the phenomenological-hermeneutic methods of the text-interpretation. I also used the specific phenomenological method of transcendental epoché. Therefore, I have preferred the interdisciplinary access to this problem. The access can reveal in the...
Human being as zoon politikon and philosophy as education of man (Being in the world human trough experience with language)
Timingeriu, Filip ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Pauza, Miroslav (referee) ; Kalábová, Helena (referee)
This thesis aims - based on my detailed analysis of the first one of the three Heidegger's lectures on The Nature of Language (Das Wesen der Sprache 1957/58) in which he deals with the possibility of undergoing the experience of speech with the support of the onto-logical starting point, which is overcome by meaning-compliant thinking (besinnlicher Nachdenken) into a poetic experience with a word and with its relation to the entity and non-entity of a thing from the poem by Stefan Georg titled The Word (Das Wort) - to contemplate on the assumptions and limits of the apprehension of the philosophically-educative questioning as the nurture towards thinking, which should inevitably be preceded by the knowledge about what it means to be or not to be brought up in thinking. KEYWORDS education, human being, language, experience, poetry, thinking, Heidegger

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