National Repository of Grey Literature 150 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Work in the late capitalistic society as a philosophical problem
Landa, Jindřich ; Hauser, Michael (advisor) ; Lánský, Ondřej (referee) ; Maialeh, Robin (referee)
Title: Work in the late capitalistic society as a philosophical problem Author: Jindřich Landa Department: Department of Social Sciences and Philosophy Supervisor: doc. Mgr. Michael Hauser, Ph.D. Abstract: There is no doubt that work is an important part of human existence and our lives, but it seems that now we are working more than ever before. Just a quick look on our everyday routine will confirm the following statement: work is invading all parts of our lives. Everything is somehow connected to work: we are working on ourselves, on our bodies, on our relationships and it significantly affects our perception of the world. The definition of work and what it implies has dramatically changed in the course of time and hence new challenges have appeared. In this paper I focus on some of these challenges such as the phenomenon of precariat, bullshit jobs, idleness at work, work as a center of human life and new anti- work movements. I am also trying to describe how these problems affects human beings, society and self-presentation of individuals. I also tried to problematize widely accepted idea about the importance of work in the contemporary late capitalistic society and also suggest few ideas how to improve work conditions and life of workers. Key words: existence, work, neoliberalism, capitalism,...
The role of media in contemporary society in terms of political decision-making (based on the example of the elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic in 2021)
Pastrnková, Nela ; Stracený, Josef (advisor) ; Hauser, Michael (referee)
The thesis asks the question what role contemporary media play in Czech society in political decision-making. Its purpose is to stimulate the reader to think about what influence the media can have on us. The theoretical part covers the types of media, their effects and mass communication, including political communication. Space is also devoted to political marketing. Subsequently, an analysis of media content is carried out, as the aim of the thesis is to find out whether media messages published in selected types of media in the period of one month before the elections could have influenced the voters' decision-making in the elections to the Chamber of Deputies of the Parliament of the Czech Republic in October 2021. Emphasis is also placed on the role the media play in our political decision-making in general. This objective is achieved through a combination of qualitative and quantitative analysis of selected media content. Although the influence of other factors must not be neglected, it is important to remember that the media influence us both in everyday life and in political decision-making, as it is through the media that we receive a substantial amount of information. Therefore, we need to look at them with a distance, think critically about them and be aware of both their positives and...
The Postmodernism as a Mistrust of the Metanarrative
Kolář, Matěj ; Zicha, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Hauser, Michael (referee)
This thesis is concerned with the postmodern era, mainly from the viewpoint of postmodern philosophy. It includes the thoughts of Jean Francoise Lyotard, who is considered to be the founder of modern philosophy, about the mistrust of the contemporary society of metanarrative. The thesis also focuses on the ongoing discussion of whether the use of the word "postmodernism" is legitimate and what the concept even means in general. That is the reason why a significant part of this thesis elaborates on the genealogy of the word, focusing on the role of art, which attempts to explain the main principles of the world that we live in. Lyotard's omnipresent motif of mistrust of metanarrative has become so significant as to appear regularly in the works of today's philosophers and sociologists. Therefore, this thesis looks at the continuation of such a motif. The last part of the thesis introduces the Czech perception of the postmodern, again incorporating the theme of mistrust of metanarrative or, in other words, great stories. This thesis aims to analyze texts written by two global authors (W. Welsch, Z. Bauman) and two Czech authors (V. Bělohradský, M. Hauser) in order to observe the continuation of Lyotard's thesis. The analysis will allow the reader to grasp the current era as a postmodern one. KEYWORDS...
Existencialism and its Implementation in Education
Krivdová, Annamária ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Hauser, Michael (referee)
This thesis aims to outline the most influential ideas of existentialism and relate them to our everyday life. The first part focuses on five existential writers and their most profound contributions. It addresses the works of Dostoyevsky, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, Sartre, and Camus. The second part consists of twelve subchapters, tackling the questions of freedom, determinism, anxiety, suffering, authenticity, responsibility, and the search for meaning in life. This part seeks to put issues of existential philosophy into practical use and highlight its everlasting influence and relevance in today's world. It is constructed in the form of twelve lessons, offering various examples and views on the thought-provoking concepts presented in the first part.
Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx: their view on man and their heritage
Havel, Jan ; Hauser, Michael (advisor) ; Rybák, David (referee)
Jan Havel Sigmund Freud and Karl Marx - theit vision of human and their legacy Abstrakt: This paper is about how Marx and Freud see a human being. Besides introduction, methodology and cunclusion there are three main parts. These are the chapters "Genesis of Marx's and Freud's vision of human", Evolution of marxism and psychoanalysis" and "Comparison of the vision of human". "Genesis of Marx's and Freud's vision of human" speaks about predecessors of both authors and about things that had an impact on their work. Chapter "Genesis of Marx's and Freud's vision of human" shows how were both ideas changing during history. In the chapter "Comparison of the vision of human" are examined ideas and thoughts of other authors and connections between their work and the work of Marx and Freud are shown. This paper also includes attachements that include short biographies of chosen authors and also a list of qutations from primary sources of literature.
Perennial philosophy
Šotola, Jan ; Hogenová, Anna (advisor) ; Hauser, Michael (referee)
My diploma thesis researches the concept of perennial philosophy (philosophia perennis, theologia prisca) and its development in the history of different cultures of the World. As I claim, the concept of Perennialism presents a useful means of understanding of different cultures distanced from us in time and space, including the history of the culture of ours. Perennialism shows, that Wisdom is not an exclusive property of just one civilization, but a common heritage of the Humankind as a whole. Further, it points to mutually beneficial influence of different cultures of the Globe. Throughout the paper, my focus lies on the development of philosophia perennis in the Islamic civilization, particularly on Sufism. Before being demolished by the rise of nationalism, the Sufist philosophy enabled a peaceful coexistence and dialog between different cultures and religions. The development of Perennialism is further studied in the philosophy of european Renaissance, where it was first tolerated by the Catholic Church, later to be abandoned, unfortunately (with few exceptions), during the Reformation and the Thirty Years' War. In the current pedagogical practice, the conception of philosophia perennis may become means of highlighting the common grounds of different cultures in the times of culminating...
Film propaganda and the Hitlerian Era in Germany
Bína, Ondřej ; Stracený, Josef (advisor) ; Hauser, Michael (referee)
For political manipulators became an ally of the film medium, allowing them to operate more effectively on mankind. The film is an ideal means of indirect communication. Thanks to the mass character of film distribution, which adds to the rapid technological development, it is possible using film to create images and illusory worlds. Use them to influence audience awareness of reality. The first half of the 20th century brought a case in Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union, two typical examples of how film can be used for the subjugation of a communique to the general public. The first example was devoted to this work. Its purpose was to highlight the links between film means, propaganda and political history. Documented by the example of Third Reich cinema. At the same time provide high school teachers the information base to grab this issue and its subsequent use in teaching. Potential, which has a controlled structure poltickou cinematography is great, its weakness is also possible that the viewer will become bedlivějším "reader" film communication and learn to perceive the film entertainment in broader contexts. One way this situation is through convergence with the problems of film propaganda during the teaching humanities subjects such as civics, history and Czech language. In terms of further grasp of...

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