National Repository of Grey Literature 171 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
A tool for prediction of small RNA in RNA-Seq data
Pomykalová, Barbora ; Čejková, Darina (referee) ; Jurečková, Kateřina (advisor)
This diploma thesis focuses on the detection of small RNA (sRNA) in the bacterial genome. sRNAs are short non-coding transcripts that play a key role in gene expression. To date, there are several algorithms focusing on the detection of sRNAs from RNA-Sequencing (RNA-Seq) data that can be obtained by some of the sequencing platforms. The most frequently used platforms are Illumina and Ion Torrent belonging to the next generation sequencing and PacBio with Oxford Nanopore belonging to the third generation of sequencing. In this work, the workflow of sRNA detection using freely available tools was described and then an own unique tool for sRNA detection – the SEARCHsRNA tool – was designed. Two open-source software tools – Rockhopper and DETR'PROK, together with newly created tool, were tested on RNA-Seq data for bacteria Vibrio atlanticus LGP32.
Studying the dynamics of gene expression and the role of NAC complex in male gametophyte development
Klodová, Božena ; Fíla, Jan (advisor) ; Fajkus, Jiří (referee) ; Hudzieczek, Vojtěch (referee)
This Ph.D. thesis presents a comprehensive study of gene expression regulation within the male gametophyte development focusing on transcriptional, translational, and post- translational levels. The research introduces an online tool, GOLEM, designed for the visualization and analysis of motif distribution within the DNA of various plant species. Utilizing RNA-seq data, GOLEM enables the study of gene expression across different tissues and developmental stages, as well as a comparative analysis across the evolution of plant lineages. Through an integrated multi-omics approach, combining transcriptomic and proteomic data, the thesis enriches the understanding of gene expression dynamics in male gametophyte development, identifying significant trends and categorizing gene families based on their expression patterns. This multifaceted dataset provides a valuable resource for future functional genomics studies. Additionally, prospects and challenges of studying gene expression regulation in male gametophyte are discussed. Furthermore, the thesis explores the regulatory potential of the nascent polypetide- associated complex (NAC) protein family in male gametophyte development, particularly their role in translation during pollen tube growth. Experiment results indicate that NACβ subunit knock-down...
Effect of abacavir on the expression of nucleoside transporters, adenosine receptors, and enzymes involved in adenosine synthesis and biodegradation in trophoblasts
Gala, Viktor ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Čečková, Martina (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Viktor Gala Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Effect of abacavir on the expression of nucleoside transporters, adenosine receptors, and enzymes involved in adenosine synthesis and biodegradation in trophoblasts The nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) abacavir (ABC) is now the mainstay of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) for HIV in pregnant women. The introduction of cART, along with several other measures, has reduced mother-to-fetus transmission of HIV to less than 1% in recent years. The placenta is a key organ for the health of both the fetus and the mother. Imbalances in placental development can result in adaptive changes and fetal programming errors. cART recommended in pregnancy is known for its good safety profile, but some epidemiological studies suggest a higher risk of reduced fetal weight, preterm birth, etc. The placenta is a rapidly growing organ dependent on the supply of building materials that resembles tumor growth in certain aspects. Nucleosides are promoters of tumor proliferation and are involved in the development of immunotolerance. The placenta is complexly equipped for nucleoside synthesis, uptake,...
Evaluation of gene expression of selected ABC and SLC transporters in the HTR-8/SVneo cell line during stimulation with pro-inflammatory cytokines
Pokorná, Petra ; Čečková, Martina (advisor) ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Petra Pokorná Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. PharmDr. Martina Čečková, Ph.D. Consultant: Mgr. Simona Dudičová Title of diploma thesis: Evaluation of gene expression of selected ABC and OATP transporters in the HTR-8/SVneo cell line during stimulation with pro-inflammatory cytokines Placenta is the first and the largest fetal organ that gradually develops during pregnancy and plays an essential role in the development of the fetus. It fulfills the entire spectrum of functions, ensures the transport of nutrients to the fetus and the removal of waste substances back into the maternal circulation, protects the fetus from toxins, and at the same time fulfills a certain mechanical and especially immunological barrier between mother and fetus. One of the main functions of the placenta is the transport function which is made possible by membrane transporters present mainly in the syncytiotrophoblast layer of the placenta. Transporters in the human placenta can be divided into two families, SLC and ABC which are further divided into several subfamilies. The expression of transporters changes physiologically during pregnancy, but pathological conditions such as inflammation can also influence the expression....
DNA Microarrays Data Analysis
Hebelka, Tomáš ; Jaša, Petr (referee) ; Burgetová, Ivana (advisor)
This work concerns with data analysis of DNA microarrays by using cluster analysis. It explains biological terms - gene expression and DNA microarray. Next, it contains mathematical and informatical description of clustering methods and describes a way to apply these methods to microarrays data. Next, the work contains implementation's detail of clustering methods k-means, DBSCAN and introduces an original clustering algorithm Strom++. Then, description of implementation and application manual follow. Finally, accomplished results are evaluated.
Identification of non-coding RNAs of Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-598 using RNA-Seq data
Pomykalová, Barbora ; Sedlář, Karel (referee) ; Jurečková, Kateřina (advisor)
This bachelor thesis contains short introduction into bacterial small non-coding RNA problematic. It is oriented on their features and functions in organisms, especially in bacteria Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-598. Bachelor thesis also contains description of various laboratory methods for gene expression determination and suggests a detection method for small non-coding RNA in bacteria Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-598. Suggested method works with data, which were obtained by RNA-Seq technology. Within the framework of the bachelor thesis was suggested method implemented in programming and numeric computing platform MATLAB and its results were discussed.
Study on gene expression in Cupriavidus necator and other selected polyhydroxyalkanoates producers
Centnerová, Radmila ; Šedrlová, Zuzana (referee) ; Pernicová, Iva (advisor)
The aim of this bachelor thesis was study on gene expression in bacterium Cupriavidus necator H16 that is known as a model bacterium for the metabolism of polyhydroxyalkanoates. In the first part of this thesis, the optimalization of RT-qPCR method was performed. The optimized method was implemented on the study on gene expression. Furthermore, there were tested several commercial isolation kits for the genomic DNA isolation, the RNA isolation and the reverse transcription of the RNA and synthesis of the complementary DNA. These kits were compared in order to choose the one that would have provided the most relevant results and also the kit handling would have been simple and safe. There were different results accomplished for all kits. This means the kit used for the isolation had unneglectable impact on the quality of the isolated nucleic acid and therefore also on the success of the whole measurement. Isolated genomic DNA was used for optimalization and calibration. Isolated RNA and complementary DNA were used in the second part of the thesis. In this part, the studied bacterium was cultivated under various conditions and carbon sources. Subsequently, the optimized RT-qPCR method was performed and used for study on gene expression of chosen genes involved in the biosynthesis of polyhydroxyalkanoates. There were more significant differences in gene expression observed for fructose as a carbon source, compared to -butyrolacton as a carbon source. The greatest increase of the gene expression for fructose as a carbon source was measured for gene encoding 4-hydroxyphenylacetate-3-hydroxylase. There were more considerable differences in gene expression observed for -butyrolacton as a carbon source only for gene encoding 4-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase. Therefore, the choice of the carbon source impacts fundamentally the gene expression.
Analysis of intron sequence variability
Kukačková, Hana ; Provazník, Ivo (referee) ; Kubicová, Vladimíra (advisor)
This bachelor thesis reviews genetic expression, the main characteristics of introns, their importance, and the methodology of their recognition. Practical part focuses on intron variability analysis and conservative sequences searching. In the beginning, there is a structure of nucleic acids with their chemical and physical characteristics reviewed, follow by gene expression description with all steps – transcription, posttranscriptional splicing and translation. Afterwards, there is an analysis of introns importance, introns evolution theories and similarities among different organisms mentioned, follow by some introns recognition methods. Practical part is focused on the initial and terminal regions of introns and conservative dinucleotide sequences verifying. The thesis studies intron – exon and exon – intron boundaries. The last part tries to suggest new potentially conservative sequences – patterns, search for them and check their conservativeness.
Operon structures inference in genome-wide analysis
Nejezchlebová, Julie ; Jurečková, Kateřina (referee) ; Schwarzerová, Jana (advisor)
The bachelor thesis is devoted to the problem of derivation of operon structures and creation of a software tool that allows prediction of operon structures. The tool both predicts operons based on gene expression information, but also refines already predicted operons with gene expression information. The tool is tested on the bacteria Escherichia coli BW25113 and Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-598. The theoretical part is devoted to description of operon structure and function, genome sequencing, transcriptome analysis, Clostridium beijerinckii NRRL B-598, Escherichia coli BW25113 and already available online tools for inferring operon structures. In the practical part of the thesis, the pre-processing of raw transcriptomic data to obtain a suitable format for the prediction of operon structures, testing of online tools and the actual implementation of the tool itself are discussed.
Studying of Gene Expression Involved in Hyaluronic Acid Synthesis in Streptococcus Equi Subsp. Zooepidemicus Using DNA Microarrays and Real-Time PCR
Hrudíková, Radka ; Šeda,, Ondřej (referee) ; Bobek,, Jan (referee) ; Velebný, Vladimír (advisor)
Hyaluronic acid (HA) is an important substance, which is mostly used in pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. This substance is commonly found in the human body. HA is one of the factors contributing to virulence of microorganisms. Some bacterial strains produce hyaluronic acid in the form of a mucoid capsule that encapsulates the cell to protect bacteria against the immune system of the host organism. One of the main producers is the bacterial strain Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus. Contipro a.s. uses the strain CO4A to produce hyaluronic acid in large scale. The production strain was obtained by random mutagenesis by UV light. The aim of the work was to study changes in the genome, which led to a significant increase in hyaluronic acid production, using DNA microarray and real-time PCR (qPCR). The genome of the strain CO4A was sequenced and compared to reference ATCC35246 [1]. The size of the genome is 2,167,251 bp and 83 relevant variants (59 SNV and 34 indels) have been identified. Variants in coding regions were annotated and amino acid sequence changes were determined. In SNV mutations there was a change in the amino acid sequence in 45 cases. The change was identified in every case of indel mutations. The expression level of selected groups of genes was monitored in both strains by the method of DNA microarrays. A cascade of increased expression level of amino sugar metabolism genes leading to the synthesis of UDP-N-acetyl glucosamine was observed in strain CO4A (the increase in expression level of these genes compared to ATCC35246 was on average 28 %). Subsequently, the expression of selected genes was verified by qPCR. There was no significant difference in the expression level of the has operon genes of both strains. The effect of supplementation of the culture medium with N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), which is one of the precursors of HA synthesis, was also studied by qPCR. A positive effect of the supplementation of the culture medium with external GlcNAc in the CO4A strain has been recorded. Also, the supplementation has positive effect on the yield of HA from the medium (increase in yield was on average by 17 %). GlcNAc has been shown to have a positive effect on the yield of HA in ATCC35246 strain as well (increase in yield was 9 % on average), but no significant changes in the expression levels were found in selected groups of genes in ATCC35246.

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