National Repository of Grey Literature 63 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Flow-cytometric analysis of inhibitory effect of novel targeted drugs on the activity of ABC drug efflux transporters
Burianová, Gabriela ; Hofman, Jakub (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Gabriela Burianova Supervisor: RNDr. Jakub Hofman, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Flow-cytometric analysis of inhibitory effect of novel targeted drugs on the activity of ABC drug efflux transporters Cancer is the second leading cause of death. Cancer treatment often combines conventional chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. More recent approach to treatment is the use of targeted cancer therapy with a greater specificity towards cancer cells. Development of resistance is a major obstacle in the success of chemotherapy. Multidrug resistance (MDR) can be acquired through various mechanisms e.g. overexpression of efflux transporters. ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters represents a large family of transmembrane proteins that use ATP to pump molecules across the membrane. The three main ABC proteins related to MDR are: P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (ABCC1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2). Use of ABC transporter inhibitors increases the amount of chemotherapeutical substrates accumulated within the cells. In this study we evaluated interactions of six synthetic small molecule inhibitors (alisertib, ensartinib, entrectinib, talazoparib,...
Changes of internal organs after percutaneous exposure to sulfur mustard
Šulová, Veronika ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokřál, Ivan (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Veronika Šulová Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. External supervisor: pplk. doc. MUDr. Jaroslav Pejchal, Ph.D. et Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Changes of internal organs after percutaneous exposure to sulfur mustard Sulfur mustard is a chemical warfare agent belonging to the group of blistering agents. The theoretical section of the thesis is mainly focused on the description of acute toxic effects, the mechanism of action, and deals with the current possibilities of poisoning therapy. The experimental section is focused on monitoring the effect of sulfur mustard poisoning in the liver, lung, and kidney of female C57BL/6J mice after the percutaneous administration. This work aimed to evaluate markers of oxidative stress and histopathological changes of the selected organs at 3, 5, and 7 days after the poisoning. Ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) methods were used to determine markers of oxidative stress. Histopathological changes were evaluated microscopically using the hematoxylin-eosin staining method. The airness of the lung parenchyma was also assessed by computer image analysis. First, the LD50 of sulfur mustard was...
Flow-cytometric analysis of inhibitory effect of novel targeted drugs on the activity of ABC drug efflux transporters
Burianová, Gabriela ; Hofman, Jakub (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Kralove Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Gabriela Burianova Supervisor: RNDr. Jakub Hofman, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Flow-cytometric analysis of inhibitory effect of novel targeted drugs on the activity of ABC drug efflux transporters Cancer is the second leading cause of death. Cancer treatment often combines conventional chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. More recent approach to treatment is the use of targeted cancer therapy with a greater specificity towards cancer cells. Development of resistance is a major obstacle in the success of chemotherapy. Multidrug resistance (MDR) can be acquired through various mechanisms e.g. overexpression of efflux transporters. ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters represents a large family of transmembrane proteins that use ATP to pump molecules across the membrane. The three main ABC proteins related to MDR are: P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (ABCC1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2). Use of ABC transporter inhibitors increases the amount of chemotherapeutical substrates accumulated within the cells. In this study we evaluated interactions of six synthetic small molecule inhibitors (alisertib, ensartinib, entrectinib, talazoparib,...
Role of drug transporters in placental transfer of entecavir
Lukášová, Veronika ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Hofman, Jakub (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Veronika Křečková Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Role of drug transporters in placental transfer of entecavir Entecavir (ETV), an analogue of guanosine, is a highly efficient anti-hepatitis B antiviral drug. It is the first-line therapy for both adults and children. Its use in pregnancy is limited due to a number of factors, including lack of data on placental pharmacokinetics. The placental transition of drugs is frequently controlled by drug transporters. ATP-binding (ABC) transporters, P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) or multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) localized in the apical membrane of syncytiotrophoblast and pumping their substrates in the feto-maternal direction belong to most significant determinants of placental pharmacokinetics. Moreover placental transport of nucleoside-derived drugs can be affected by the activity of nucleoside transporters (NTs); equilibrative nucleoside transporters (ENTs) mediate facilitated diffussion, while the concentrative nucleoside transporters (CNTs) control active influx of their substrates. The aim of the diploma thesis was to describe the role of P-gp, BCRP, MRP2 and NTs (ENTs and...
Intracellular pH homeostasis in pathogenic yeast Candida albicans and Candida glabrata
Winterová, Lucie ; Štaud, František (advisor) ; Červený, Lukáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Lucie Winterová Supervisor: prof. PharmDr. František Štaud, Ph.D. Consultants: RNDr. Marie Kodedová, Ph.D., RNDr. Hana Sychrová, DrSc. Title of diploma thesis: Intracellular pH homeostasis in pathogenic yeast Candida albicans and Candida glabrata The thesis examines the influence of culture conditions on intracellular pH homeostasis in Candida albicans and Candida glabrata yeast strains with deletions of alkali- metal-cation membrane transporters, Cacnh1Δ and Cgtrk1Δ. Intracellular pH was measured with the use of pHluorin: a variant of a green fluorescent protein which had been expressed in the cytosol of both yeast species. Fluorescence of the expressed pHluorin was confirmed by a fluorescence microscopy and a calibration curve was created to determine the dependence of fluorescence intensity of pHluorin on intracellular pH. This thesis further demonstrates impact of medium composition (especially different nitrogen sources) and antifungal agents (fluconazole, clotrimazole, amphotericin B and terbinafine) on intracellular pH values in both yeasts. The effects of Cacnh1Δ and Cgtrk1Δ mutations were established on certain physiological parameters, such as the growth speed under different culture...
Interactions of antiretroviral drugs with membrane transporters
Martinec, Ondřej ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Boušová, Iva (referee) ; Chládek, Jaroslav (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Candidate: Mgr. Ondřej Martinec Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of doctoral thesis: Interactions of antiretroviral drugs with membrane transporters Oral delivery is the most common, convenient, and economical form of drug administration. Absorption of orally administered drugs occurs mainly in the intestine. Intestinal absorption can be reduced by the activity of efflux drug ABC transporters, mainly p-glycoprotein (ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2), located in the apical membrane of the intestinal epithelium. HIV-infected patients are dependent on lifelong pharmacotherapy, which includes a combination of three or more antiretroviral drugs. Hepatitis C (HCV) is a common co-infection of HIV. In addition, the HIV-positive population is aging, which is associated with burden of other comorbidities. This results in an indication of polypharmacy and thus an increased risk of drug-drug interactions. Many antiretroviral drugs used are substrates, inhibitors and /or inducers of ABCB1, so they might quantitatively affect the intestinal absorption of co-administered drugs (ABCB1 substrates), thereby affecting the efficacy/safety of treatment. As part of this...
In vitro and ex vivo study of drug-drug interactions of antiretrovirals on intestinal ATP-binding drug transporters
Jahodová, Michaela ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokřál, Ivan (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Student: Bc. Michaela Jahodová Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: In vitro and ex vivo study of drug-drug interactions of antiretrovirals on intestinal ATP-binding drug transporters The absorption of orally administered drugs takes place especially in the intestine, where it can affect by the activity of drug's ABC transporters located on the apical membrane of the intestinal epithelium. Study of drug interactions in intestinal ABC transporters is essential to ensure effective and safe pharmacotherapy. Testing of bi- directional transport on Caco-2 cells is generally the preferred method for in vitro evaluation of substrates and inhibitors of ABC transporters. Drawbacks of the Caco-2 model increase the need and necessity to introduce new models. A great potential is the involvement of ex vivo methodologies in the human or rat intestine. The aim of the work was to introduce an in vitro methodology using the Caco-2 cell monolayer and the ex vivo methodology of precision-cut rat intestinal slices. By the bi-directional transport method, we analyzed drug interactions of the model substrate P-gp and BCRP Rhodamine 123 (RHD123) and clinically-used tenofovir...
Interactions of membrane transporters with drugs in the placenta and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Jirásková, Lucie ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Mičuda, Stanislav (referee) ; Pejchal, Jaroslav (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Candidate: Mgr. Lucie Jirásková Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of doctoral thesis: Interactions of membrane transporters with drugs in the placenta and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma Membrane transporters are found throughout the body, where they are responsible for many vital functions. Important representatives of membrane transporters are P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), Breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) belonging to the ATP-biding Cassette (ABC) family. Nucleoside transporters belonging to Solute Carriers family (SLC) transporters represent another important group. It has been well evidenced that these transporters also affect drug disposition and contribute to tumor resistance to anticancer therapy. Over working on this dissertation thesis, we investigated the mentioned transporters (with special focus on nucleoside transporters) in complex fashion. We described the expression profile of nucleoside transporters in the placenta at different stages of gestation. We also examined whether the expression of nucleoside transporters changes depending on the degree of differentiation or can be affected epigenetically, and we...
Study of drug-drug interactions of antiviral drugs on intestinal transporters
Záboj, Zdeněk ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Vokřál, Ivan (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Zdeněk Záboj Supervisor: PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Study of drugs interactions of antiviral drugs with intestinal transporters Sofosbuvir is an antiviral agent widely used in the treatment of chronic hepatitis C. This orally administered prodrug is a designed substrate of ATP-binding (ABC) efflux transporters, P- glycoprotein (ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2). ABCB1 and ABCG2 are important determinants of intestinal absorption and are the site of significant pharmacokinetic drug interactions, leading to changes in drug exposure. Pharmacokinetic drug interactions may be undesirable (increasing the toxicity of the treatment) or desirable (allowing dose reduction). Because sofosbuvir is often administered in combination regimens with other anti(retro)virotics, the aim of this thesis was to study the ability to enhance intestinal absorption of sofosbuvir. To study the pharmacokinetic drug interactions on ABCB1 and ABCG2, a widely established in vitro bi-directional transport method through a polarized monolayer formed by the Caco-2 cell line derived from colorectal cancer has been used. We analyzed the drug interactions of sofosbuvir on these efflux...
Interactions of membrane transporters with drugs in the placenta and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma
Jirásková, Lucie ; Červený, Lukáš (advisor) ; Mičuda, Stanislav (referee) ; Pejchal, Jaroslav (referee)
Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Candidate: Mgr. Lucie Jirásková Supervisor: doc. PharmDr. Lukáš Červený, Ph.D. Title of doctoral thesis: Interactions of membrane transporters with drugs in the placenta and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma Membrane transporters are found throughout the body, where they are responsible for many vital functions. Important representatives of membrane transporters are P-glycoprotein (ABCB1), Breast cancer resistance protein (ABCG2) and multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (ABCC2) belonging to the ATP-biding Cassette (ABC) family. Nucleoside transporters belonging to Solute Carriers family (SLC) transporters represent another important group. It has been well evidenced that these transporters also affect drug disposition and contribute to tumor resistance to anticancer therapy. Over working on this dissertation thesis, we investigated the mentioned transporters (with special focus on nucleoside transporters) in complex fashion. We described the expression profile of nucleoside transporters in the placenta at different stages of gestation. We also examined whether the expression of nucleoside transporters changes depending on the degree of differentiation or can be affected epigenetically, and we...

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1 Červený, Ladislav
4 Červený, Luboš
4 Červený, Ľuboš
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