National Repository of Grey Literature 112 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Optimization of PEI based LbL capsules with pDNA
Ondrašáková, Petra ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Hofman, Jakub (referee)
Ab rac Charle Uni er i Fac l of Pharmac in Hradec Kr lo Depar men of Pharmacolog and To icolog S den : Pe ra Ondra ko , MSc. S per i or: A oc. Prof. P em l Mlad nka, Pharm.D., Ph.D. Co- per i or: Dr. Haider Sami, Uni er i of Vienna, Di i ion of Clinical Pharmac and Diagno ic Ti le of rigoro he i : Op imi a ion of PEI ba e LbL cap le i h pDNA In hi he i , e foc ed on he de elopmen of pol e h lenimine (PEI) ba ed non- iral cap le , hich ill en er n cle of he cancer cell and lead o he e pre ion of he lacking pro ein, hich ca e di ea e. A fir , PEI ba ed la er-b -la er (LbL) pol mer cap le ere formed. PEI ha man ad an age - i ha pro onable amine , good abili and ran fec ion efficienc . When forming he cap le, I follo ed p on m diploma he i and con in ed o op imi e he mo i able combina ion of pol mer , ha ere la ered on he ​CaCO​3​core. The aim a o ob ain a biodegradable cap le and hen o incorpora e pla mid DNA (pDNA) herein. Fl ore cen l labelled PEI a ed a he la la er o i ali e par icle in fl ore cen micro cope. Then a canning elec ron micro cope (SEM) a ed o ob er e cap le in more de ail . UV-VIS and Dapi aining ere ed o ee he her here i pDNA bo nd in cap le . Ne ep ere ​i i ​cell e perimen on mo e mammar cancer cell - c o o ici and cell lar in ake. Vi ali a ion a pro ided i h fl ore cen micro cop . 2 pe of...
The impact of synthetic chelators from the group of 4-acylpyrazole-5-ones on alcohol dehydrogenase
Sobolová, Zuzana ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Jirkovský, Eduard (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Zuzana Sobolová Supervisor: Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, Pharm.D., Ph.D. Consultant: Marcel Hrubša, MS.c. Title of diploma thesis: The impact of synthetic chelators from the group of 4-acylpyrazole-5-ones on alcohol dehydrogenase Inhibitors of alcohol dehydrogenase play a key role in the treatment of poisoning caused by methanol, ethanol, ethylene glycol, and their toxic metabolites. Such treatment can therefore be considered as life-saving. In clinical practice, a single substance, fomepizole, is used. This thesis is aimed at investigation of the effect of eleven experimental chelators from the 4- acylpyrazol-5-ones group on equine and yeast alcohol dehydrogenases, and the possible definition of structural features that would be the most suitable for interaction with this enzyme. Due to the ability of these substances to chelate zinc ions, it is believed that they could inhibit an enzyme that has a zinc molecule in the structure. The measurement itself is based on principle of increase in absorbance during the enzymatic reaction, which is caused by the formation of NADH. This measurement is relatively simple, efficient and, due to used kinetic method, also less susceptible to be affected by...
Interaction of chalcones with transition metals II.
Šulcová, Martina ; Macáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Phramacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Martina Šulcová Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Ing. Kateřina Macáková, Ph.D. Title of the diploma thesis: Interaction of chalcones with transition metals II. Copper is one of the essencial elements in human body which is involved in the functioning of many enzymes and metabolic pathways. Although it appears in trace amounts in the body, its functions are irreplaceable. However, the ion level must be kept in balance by the various mechanisms of the body. If there is an excess or deficiency of copper in the body, this condition can lead to the development of health issues. Chalcones are substances belonging to the group of flavonoids. Their polyphenolic structure does not have a closed ring C. Studies describe their anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antioxidant, immunosuppressive and other properties. Chosen substances in the group of dihydrochalcones (naringin dihydrochalcone, neohesperidin dihydrochalcone, phloretin, phlorizin) and chalcones (isoliquiritigenin, licochalcone A) were tested for their chelation and reduction activity of the copper ions in this diploma thesis. The activity was measured at different pH environments (7.5; 6.8; 5.5 and 4.5) and...
Preparation of a method for detection of the extent of chelation of calcium and magnesium ions
Konečný, Lukáš ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Jáč, Pavel (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Candidate: Lukáš Konečný Supervisor: prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, Pharm.D., Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Preparation of a method for detection of the extent of chelation of calcium and magnesium ions Calcium and magnesium are biogenic elements belonging to the second group of the periodic table. Calcium is the fifth most abundant element in the human body. In addition to its important role in bone homeostasis, calcium is involved in other processes such as blood clotting, muscle contraction and regulation of nerve excitability Magnesium is the cofactor of many enzymatic reactions essential for a row of physiological functions. The aim of this work was to propose a novel screening method for determination of the degree of calcium and magnesium chelation. In the first step the UV-vis spectra of the selected indicator o-cresolphthalein complexone and its complexes with calcium and magnesium were measured. This was followed by verification of the linearity and the determination of the sensitivity of the method. Concurrently the stability of the indicator and its complexes with both ions was measured. In the last step, the suitability of the method was verified on a standard chelator ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid...
Search of effective cobalt chelators - 8-hydroxyquinolines
Pelnářová, Karolína ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Carazo Fernández, Alejandro (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Karolína Pelnářová Supervisor: Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, PharmD., Ph.D. Consultant: Václav Tvrdý, MSc.; Marcel Hrubša, MSc. Title of diploma thesis: Searching of effective cobalt chelators - 8-hydroxyquinolines Cobalt is one of the essential trace elements present in the human body. It forms a part of the organometallic complex of vitamin B12, which is essential for many physiological functions. Both overload and lack of cobalt in the body is associated with pathological conditions. Manifestations of deficiency can lead up to pernicious anemia or hypofunction of the thyroid gland. Cobalt intoxication can occur in an industrial environment, such as by cobalt metal dust during heavy metal processing, or by its release due to corrosion from orthopedic prostheses. Systemic toxicity is manifested by a number of endocrine, cardiovascular and neurological symptoms. The main aim of this diploma thesis was to find effective chelators of cobalt from the group of substances derived from 8-hydroxyquinoline. In vitro spectrophotometric measurement was used to determine the degree of chelation. The effect of chelation was also monitored ex vivo in rat erythrocytes. All tested chelators - 8-hydroxyquinoline,...
Screening of New Iron - and Copper - Chelating Substances - in vivo and in vitro Studies
Říha, Michal ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Patočka, Jiří (referee) ; Tůmová, Lenka (referee)
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology Candidate: Michal Říha, MSc. First Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, Ph.D. Second Supervisor: Prof. Radomír Hrdina, M.D., Ph.D. Title of Doctoral Thesis: Screening of new iron- and copper-chelating substances - in vivo and in vitro studies Iron and copper are essential trace elements which play a role in a series of physiological processes in human organism. Homeostasis of these transition metals is meticulously regulated since free or loosely bound iron and copper can catalyse the production of free radicals. Hereditary hemochromatosis, transfusion hemosiderosis and Wilson's disease are associated with absolute iron and copper overload in the organism. Transition metal chelators have crucial significance for the treatment of these states. There are several other diseases with documented involvement of iron and/or copper in their pathophysiology. Examples are primarily neurodegenerative diseases, cardio- vascular diseases, tumours and diabetes mellitus. Various chelating compounds are examined in these possible indications. The aim of this doctoral thesis was to perform a screening of iron- and copper- chelating substances and to study their properties in detail using in vitro and...
Copper-chelating properties of isoflavonoids
Horňasová, Veronika ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Spilková, Jiřina (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Veronika Horňasová Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Copper-chelating properties of isoflavonoids Copper is an essential trace element that plays a crucial role in our organism. It is involved in many physiological processes. On the other hand, free copper may be toxic for the organism and therefore copper homeostasis must be carefully controlled. Copper chelators represent a promising component of therapeutic strategies not only in absolute but also in relative (local) excess of copper. Especially substances which are expected to have a lower risk for side effects, such as isoflavones, may be beneficial in the treatment of Wilson's disease as well as neurodegenerative diseases or cancer. Isoflavones belong to one of the subclasses of flavonoids. Their biological effects are quite large - anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, cardio- and neuroprotective and anti-tumor. In this diploma thesis chelating properties of a group of ten isoflavones were tested by two indicators - hematoxylin and bathocuproin. In order to determine the chelating properties, a spectrophotometric measurement was used. It is a precise and rapid method. From the tested compounds,...
Copper reducin properties of a series of xanthe-3-ones
Kopková, Nikola ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Němečková, Ivana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Candidate: Nikola Kopková, MSc Consultant: Assoc. Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, PharmD., Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Copper reducing properties of a series of xanthen-3-ones Key words: copper, reduction, xanthene-3-one, homeostasis Copper is present as a trace element in all tissues and is essential in cellular respiration, in the biosynthesis of neurotransmitters, for the scavening of reactive oxygen species, and is also a cofactor for various enzymes. Disruption of homeostasis can lead to liver and CNS damage, and tumor formation. Typical examples of an imbalance in copper homeostasis represents Wilson and Menkes disease. Xanthene derivatives are biologically active compounds with a possible broad therapeutic spectrum. Some of these derivatives have antitumor, antipyretic, immunomodulatory, antioxidant and other positive biological activities. The aim of this work was to determine whether 2,6,7-trihydroxyxanthen-3-one derivatives have the ability to reduce cupric ions and possibly to detect the effect of various substituents on this ability. As a methodology, a spectrophotometric method based on bathocuproindisulfonic acid as an indicator was used. Ten compounds were tested at different pH values. All...
Sulfates as phase II metabolites of natural phenolic compounds
Hetman, Anastasiia ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Siatka, Tomáš (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Anastasiia Hetman Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, PharmD., Ph.D. Co-supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Kateřina Valentová, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: Sulfates as phase II metabolites of natural phenolic compounds Natural monophenolic compounds, which both occur in plants and are formed during gut microbiota metabolism of polyphenols, are absorbed and pass through phase II metabolism. This results in the formation of various conjugated metabolites, such as sulfates, whose biological activity was not studied as yet. This work focused on the preparation and isolation of pure sulfated metabolites of phenolic compounds, namely 4- methylcatechol, protocatechuic, homoprotocatechuic, and 2,3,4-trihydroxybenzoic acid, and phloroglucinol, using the aryl sulphotransferase from Desulfitobacterium hafniense. As a result, two sulfated products of sufficient purity were prepared, namely 4- methylcatechol-O-sulfate (an inseparable mixture of 4-methylcatechol-2-O-sulfate and 4- methylcatechol-1-O-sulfate) and phloroglucinol-O-sulfate. Their antioxidantactivity was evaluated and compared with the activity of the parent compounds using the following six in vitro tests: DPPH (1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl) and...
Copper chelating properties of flavanones
Kantorová, Tereza ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Spilková, Jiřina (referee)
Charles University in Prague Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Departmet of Pharmacology and Toxicology Candidate: Tereza Kantorová, MSc. Consultant: Assoc. Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, Pharm.D.,PhD. Title of the Rigorous Thesis: Copper chelating properties of flavanones Copper is an essential trace element playing an essential role in our body. As part of couproenzymes, it is involved in many physiological processes. However, at the same time, it also poses a certain risk to the human body. Free copper has the ability to potentiate the formation of reactive oxygen species and thus to promote oxidative stress. Therefore, copper homeostasis must be carefully regulated. Flavanones belong to one of the subclasses of flavonoids. These natural substances are very interesting from a scientific point of view due to their possible various pharmacological effects. In this work, we focused on their copper-chelating properties. Flavanones, which are expect to possess a low potential for side effects, could find application as copper chelators and thus expand the current therapeutic modalities for some diseases associated with copper imbalance (e.g. Wilson's disease, tumors). Four selected flavanones (hesperetin, hesperidin, naringenin and naringin) were tested for their ability to chelate copper ions using two...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 112 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.