National Repository of Grey Literature 77 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.08 seconds. 
Janoušek, Jiří ; Kačmařík,, Michal (referee) ; Nedělník,, Jan (referee) ; Marcoň, Petr (advisor)
The thesis discusses various perspectives on the analysis of multispectral images, emphasizing in particular the technique’s potential in remote sensing of the Earth. Within multispectral imaging, the author has explored diverse methods for scanning plants to examine the impact exerted by the invididual electromagnetic spectrum components on the reflectivity of the investigated vegetation. Regarding the relevant vegetation indices, one of the main activities lay in comparing the approaches employed to compute the indices from applicable multispectral images. To deliver general data on the state of the plants being grown, the research involved designing and structuring relevant indicators that enabled the author to correlate the multispectral indices. In this context, the final sections of the thesis present the spectral maps acquired from the multispectral camera images and expose the analyses centered on the resulting index values, the aim being to help determine reliably the optimum harvest time in agricultural crops. The output of the project outlined within the thesis is then embodied in novel linear regression models that facilitate defining the optimum such a time. Importantly, by extension, the author also proposes a compact methodology that covers the individual phases and steps between the vegetation imaging the crops and finding the optimum harvest time.
X-ray computed tomography of mouse embryo
Šejnohová, Marie ; Walek, Petr (referee) ; Kolář, Radim (advisor)
The aim of this semestral thesis is to compare the possibilities of available micro-CT systems. Theoretic part of this thesis there deals with possibilities of staining soft tissues and embryos because of enhancement the contrast of micro-CT images. Here follows a description of sources X-ray and detectors of available micro-CT systems. In practice there was realized the staining of embryo in cooperation with Department of histology and embryology in Brno. Then followed a measuring on FSI in Brno, ČVUT in Prague and synchrotron Elettra in Italy. In semestral thesis are described of the thesis there are compared the micro-CT systems and results of measuring embryos by means of presented systems and results are compared.The best results were obtained on micro-CT in Brno, where X-ray tube and flat panel detector were used. This images were used for a segmentation of cartilage olfactory system by means of 3D region growing. From results they were created 3D models for comparison with a manually segmented model. A less accurate results were obtain with the semi-automatic segmentation but this method isn’t too time-consuming.
Microdots scanner
Červinka, Luděk ; Honec, Peter (referee) ; Horák, Karel (advisor)
The microdots are very small object. The microdots are applied in protection object. The project purpose is to find and to analyze the microdots. The project consists from two parts. A first part describes the hardware sensor construction and a second part describes the software solution. I selected the optics, camera module and illumination in the hardware part. I’m analyzing of the microdots on a picture in software part.
Design elements turbo-roundabouts
Smělý, Martin ; Bačová,, Katarína (referee) ; Kocourek,, Josef (referee) ; Radimský, Michal (advisor)
Dissertation describes new methodology of design turbo-roundabouts in Czech Republic. Especially innovative is approach to the design of traffic lanes with regards to standard vehicles and widening of traffic lanes according to their dimensions. Innovative is also approach to road signs, where details of current signs are modified, however, these details are important for drivers’ better understanding while driving through turbo-roundabouts. Dissertation fills legislative, but also technical, blank spot during turbo-roundabouts design and I believe that it will benefit particularly designers of these intersections.
Image analysis for correction of electron microscopes
Smital, Petr ; Schwarz, Daniel (referee) ; Kolář, Radim (advisor)
This thesis describes the physical nature of corrections of an electron microscope and mathematical methods of image processing required for their complete automation. The corrections include different types of focusing, astigmatism correction, electron beam centring, and image stabilisation. The mathematical methods described in this thesis include various methods of measuring focus and astigmatism, with and without using the Fourier transform, edge detection, histogram operations, and image registration, i.e. detection of spatial transformations in images. This thesis includes detailed descriptions of the mathematical methods, their evaluation using an “offline” application, descriptions of the algorithms of their implementation into an actual electron microscope and results of their testing on the actual electron microscope, in the form of a video footage grabbed from its control computer’s screen.
Experimental estimation of arterial collagen waviness
Vávra, Jan ; Man, Vojtěch (referee) ; Polzer, Stanislav (advisor)
The bachelor thesis is focused on the experimental estimation of collagen waviness in arterial . The aim of this thesis is to get orientation of fibres from polarized light microscopy. This is possible thanks to phase correlation and image analysis in programe called MATLAB. After that, it is needed to vertify results in program called Hyperfit. Its done by estimating coefficients of constitutive model and comparing them with biaxial tests of porcine aortas.
Computer analyse of LBIC pictures
Štencel, Jakub ; Křivík, Petr (referee) ; Vaněk, Jiří (advisor)
This thesis is concerned with image picture analysis, especially with images obtained by diagnostic LBIC method. The individual defects occuring on solar cells are described in theoretical part, including methods which serve for making referential image. Furthermore, the creation of difference image is analysed, from whom the interferences will be evaluated. The aim of practical part is to focus on generation of algorithms which investigate the defects, and the description of application for program control is described in conclusion.
Measuring of Vehicle Instant Velocity
Štencel, Jakub ; Petyovský, Petr (referee) ; Horák, Karel (advisor)
The theoretical part of this paper summarizes the methods for motion analysis in an image. Inspected in detail are the methods used for motion detection in the image sequences. The practical part is focused on finding the significant points in the image (the targeting reticles on the body of the vehicle) which are then used to calculate the speed of the vehicle.
Digital image analysis of mitotic chromosomes
Jaroš, Luboš ; Vítek, Martin (referee) ; Škutková, Helena (advisor)
The development in modern medicine has allowed to study human genome and detect predispositions to several diseases. One of very promising techniques is the analysis of human karyotype, i.e., the number and appearance of chromosomes in the cell nucleus. The most important step in the karyotype analysis is the chromosome detection and categorization. In this work, a new algorithm for detection of chromosomes from an image of microscopic DNA sample and their categorization into seven groups was developed. The algorithm was implemented in Matlab. The accuracy of segmentation and classification was tested on a set of images from two databases with 117 and 38 images, respectively. The sensitivity of the developed segmentation reached 88% while the value of positive predictivity of segmentation reached 92%. The success rate of chromosome pairing achieves 77%.
2 + 1 Roads
Kosňovský, Michal ; Apeltauer, Tomáš (referee) ; Kocourek,, Jiří (referee) ; Radimský, Michal (advisor)
This dissertation addresses the possibility of using the 2+1 road arrangement in the Czech Republic. Given that there is no such 2+1 segment in the Czech Republic, it was necessary to find sections with similar characteristics, evaluate and measure the rate of accidents as well as sectional velocity. The accident rate was evaluated on 72 sections and based on this research the optimal length of 2+1 arrangement road sections was determined. Digital image analysis and license plate recognition was used to evaluate the sectional velocity. Eight selected sections was subjected to the additional sectional velocity measurement, which showed improvement in passenger vehicles travel time. Traffic model microsimulations were performed after the data analysis. 2+1 arrangement roads are suitable solution for increasing travel speeds on sections where building of four-lane road is not economically viable.

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