National Repository of Grey Literature 21 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Locus of control in socially excluded Roma
The aim of the diploma thesis was: "to describe the Locus of control of socially excluded Romani people", while the main research question was: "What is the specifics of Locus of control in socially excluded Romani people?" The following hypotheses were established: "The degree of social exclusion affects the Locus of control in socially excluded Romani people.", "There are differences between gender and Locus of control in socially excluded Romani." and "There are differences in Locus of control in socially excluded Romani people employed and unemployed. " To achieve the goal, a strategy of quantitative research was chosen, which was carried out using the method of questioning through standardized questionnaires Locus of control IPC scale Hanna Levenson and the questionnaire Scale of social exclusion. The research group consisted of 537 respondents from the ORP České Budějovice and Cheb 106. Hypothesis H1 was tested using the so-called correlation analysis. Hypotheses H2 and H3 were tested using the so-called T-test for two independent groups (unpaired, two-sample T-test). In the first hypothesis (H1) based on the findings, it can be stated that one of the three parties available to Locus of Control has been confirmed, as there is a statistically significant relationship between internal and random (r = 0.118; p = 0.006); external and random (r = 0.184; p = 0.000) and external and exclusive (r = -0.090; p = 0.037). In the second hypothesis (H2) it has been found that the relationship does not exist, i.e. nothing significant was found (internal - t = 1,642 and sig = 0,101; external - t = -, 270 and sig = 0,788; random - t = 1,186 and sig = 0.236). In the third hypothesis (H3) it has been found that the relationship does not exist, i.e. nothing significant was found (internal - t = 1,642 and sig = 0,101; external - t = -, 270 and sig = 0,788; random - t = 1,186 and sig = 0.236). The findings of the diploma thesis can be used in the integration of acquired knowledge into community work in socially excluded localities.
Nutrition of Patients from Selected National and Religious Minorities in Medical Devices.
BRŮŽOVÁ, Daniela
Nowadays, we frequently meet individuals from other countries, people of different religion, with their own values and culture, which is different from the general majority. These individuals also have specific dietary and nutritional requirements. If food is based on the very foundations of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, it is a fundamental aspect of human existence. The goal of modern nursing is to provide individuals with culturally specific care through culturally appropriate ways to match the cultural values, beliefs, and life habits of the individual or group. The aim of this master thesis is to map the issue of nutrition of patients from selected national and religious minorities in health care facilities. The empirical part of the thesis is based on qualitative research. The data collection technique was a semi-structured interview, which was conducted with representatives of minorities (Roma, Vietnamese, followers of Islam and followers of Orthodoxy), as well as with representatives of general nurses and nutrition therapists. The research results show that representatives of the Roma and Vietnamese minorities have minimal dietary requirements during hospitalization. The requirements of followers of Orthodoxy depend on whether and to what extend they are fasting. Representatives of Islamists have the greatest dietetic requirements in hospital facilities. Furthermore, significant differences in diet can also be found within one minority. During the hospitalization, majority of probands were not asked about the dietary specifics and requirements based on their culture or about the eating habits of them as individuals. This statement was further confirmed by general nurses, when several probands told us that they do not ask patients about their dietary requirements. The results of interviews with general nurses clearly show high level of deficiency in the knowledge of transcultural nursing, as well as in the provision of transcultural care. Probands from the ranks of general nurses named very few cultures that they encounter during their practice. Also, it was clear from interviews with nutrition therapists that they do not encounter a great cultural diversity of patients. This raises questions such as whether the nursing history is obtained by the nurses in the right way and whether the eating habits and requirements of the patients are recorded. Collaboration between general nurses and nutritional therapists was assessed positively by representatives of both of these research groups. The output of this master thesis is an educational material designed for nurses, which should acquaint health professionals with the specifics of providing care for selected minorities.
The Politics of the First Czechoslovak Republic to the Roma Minority
Sitta, Marek ; Kubátová, Hana (advisor) ; Gelnarová, Jitka (referee)
The goal of this bachelor thesis "Policy of first Czechoslovak Republic to the Roma Minority is to describe the legislative measures applied from Czechoslovakia to Romani ethnic group in the years of 1918 to 1938. The thesis is primary focused on law no. 117/1927 Sb. On travelling gypsies had exceptional character for its time. It's trying to describe circumstances during which the law was created. The thesis includes analysis of explanatory report of the law, analysis of debates about the law in the National Assembly and eventually implementation of the law by state.
Education of children in COVID 19 period from the point of view of Roma mothers
Noskovič, Marek ; Doubek, David (advisor) ; Bittnerová, Dana (referee)
The topic of the thesis is education of children in COVID 19 period from the point of view of Roma mother. In the theoretical part the author presents the history of Roma population in Czech republic and their cultural specifics. Special focus is given to education. Practical part then focuses on analysis of interviews and observations of Roma mothers. Focus will be given to their perception of online education of their children including evaluation of what possible support was offered to them by the state and what obstacles they met in online education.
The Right to Education of Members of Ethnic Minorities in the European System of the Human Rights Protection
Kalenská, Petra ; Bílková, Veronika (advisor) ; Šturma, Pavel (referee) ; Bayerová, Monika (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The thesis deals with the right to education in the European system of the protection of human rights. It examines theoretical approaches to judicial protection of the right to education. It compares the right to education in the European system of the protection of human rights with the United Nations' human rights protection and the human rights protection system with the system of the Organization of American States. The thesis shows the development of the right to education through the general commends and recommendations and views of the UN human rights committees and through judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. The thesis analysis six cases of violation of the right to education of ethnic minorities, namely the D.H. and Others v. the Czech Republic, Sampanis v. Greece, Oršuš v. Croatia, Sampani v. Greece, Horváth and Kiss v. Hungary and Lavida v. Greece. These cases show that the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights stating the violation of the right to education and the award of the symbolic just satisfaction are not sufficient for the effective protection of the right to education of ethnic minorities. The paper shows that violation of the right to education of ethnic minorities are always related to racial discrimination. This fact must be taken...
Problems and Solutions Associated with Financing of NGO Operating in Social Services Focusing on Social Exclusion
Kořínková, Nikola ; Průša, Ladislav (advisor) ; Dohnalová, Marie (referee)
The thesis covers problems and solutions associated with the financing of a non-profit organization operating in the area of social services focusing on social exclusion, primarily the social exclusion of Roma minority. In the first part, there are areas associated with this problematics developed. They are the influence of the external environment on the (primarily financial) functioning of the organization from the perspective of the organizational theories, civil society and civil society organizations, social services, Roma minority, fundraising for NGOs and financing of social services. The second part uses a case study to examine how a specific NGO where all the areas mentioned above are interlinked, deals with its financing. Data were obtained from interviews with employees of the organization and through document analysis.
Barriers to education for children from socially excluded localities from their parents point of view
Tichá, Kateřina ; Němec, Zbyněk (advisor) ; Mužáková, Monika (referee)
Diploma thesis deals with pupils from socially excluded localities and their education. The theoretical part defines the term socially excluded locality and deals with distinctive features that influence the situation of people living here. The Roma minority, which is often associated with social exclusion, is also characterised, and unfortunately is still frequently represented in socially excluded localities. The main topic is a socially disadvantaged pupil, their needs and current educational opportunities are taken into account. Special attention is given to Roma children and pupils with regard to cultural and ethnic specifics. The practical part is processed in the form of 12 case studies describing individual families from socially excluded localities and their attitude to children's education. The main objective of the research was to identify barriers that influence the education of their children from the parents' point of view. Partial objectives focus on other circumstances that families may have to limit access to school in relation to their social situation. The results of the research point to a close connection between the unfavorable social situation of the family, when these circumstances have a negative effect to the school education of children. Parents themselves perceive these...
Usage J. N. Giger and R. E. Davidhizar Model in Clinical and Community Practice in Roma Minority
TOUMOVÁ, Kristýna
The aim of this paper was to find out the specifics of nursing care in clinical and community practice in Roma minority. Furthermore, to find out which of these specifics are missing in the J. N. Giger and R. E. Davidhizar nursing model and modify the nursing documentation based on this conceptual model accordingly. A combination of qualitative and quantitative research was used to achieve the set goals. The whole research was carried out within the framework of the team research project of GAJU No. 048/2015/S. Within the qualitative survey, 8 interviews with members of the Roma minority were carried out to verify the context of individual areas of the conceptual model. Furthermore, the focus group technique was used with nurses from clinical and community practice to verify the use of modified nursing documentation. The quantitative research used a non-standardised questionnaire based on the conceptual model areas for 600 respondents from the Roma minority. The research carried out has shown that health is one of the highest values in life for Roma people. Although health comes first, their way of life does not match this finding. This mainly concerns the area of substance abuse and disease prevention. Health care is influenced by their education. The more educated the individual is, the more they visit a doctor, they keep the treatment regimen and more generally they look after their health. The Roma minority is a relatively closed group of inhabitants, which to this day is difficult to assimilate into the majority society. Nevertheless, there is a gradual loss of some specific features. Above all, it is the loss of knowledge of the Roma language or the failure to observe some traditional Roma customs and traditions. This is mainly influenced by the social environment of the individual. All information obtained is clearly presented in the proposed documentation according to the Model of thoughtful and adapted care. Using this model provides us with a comprehensive assessment of the individual and the ability to better plan nursing care according to the needs of each individual.
Housing situation of living Roma minority in Jindřichův Hradec
Roma minority is the most visible and important national minority of Czech society. It belongs to our marginal groups. Majority of the society sees Roma people as "gypsies" who avoid work and civic duties, and as individuals abusing social benefits incapable of ordinary living and standard neighborly relations. For this reason, since childhood, they feel insecure, rejected, and they live in poverty. There is no doubt that they are discriminated, especially when they look for decent housing and also when they look for a job. My bachelor thesis is divided into two parts: theoretical and research. In the first theoretical part I have described and explained the basic terms that relate to social exclusion, Roma minority as a socially excluded group, socially excluded localities, social situation of their inhabitants etc. In the research part I have described the methods used to elaborate the research. I worked on the given problem with qualitative research using a case study of the examined persons, through semi-structured interviews with men and women who consider themselves to be Roma living in Jindřichův Hradec in two apartment buildings and one excluded locality. I performed the evaluation of the results in the form of open coding, and then I created categories and subcategories from the information obtained. The research group consists of a total of six informants who were selected by the "snowball" method, when thanks to the recommendation of the owner of one of the apartment buildings I got contact to my first informant. My first informant helped me to arrange a meeting with other members of the group I examined. The results of the research were evaluated according to predetermined topics and compared with the literature in the chapter "Discussion". The research showed that living in an excluded location has a worse impact on Roma people than living in private apartment buildings. The research results showed that the excluded locality does not have sufficiently equipped flats, the availability of services in the neighborhood is not satisfactory, there are more health and psychological problems due to housing and last but not least there are unfavorable hygienic conditions. The problem is that the Jindřichův Hradec itself does not consider the locality on the outskirts of the city to be excluded, despite the fact about that is recorded in maps of socially excluded localities of the European Social fund in the Czech Republic. It is necessary for the city to realize this fact and stop running before the situation, because otherwise the current situation cannot be resolved. It is true that the city has recently been trying to keep the building in better condition, but the location remains excluded because of inhabitants and because of the location of the property. The key issue of people living in an excluded location is the loss of motivation to live more dignified. The longer they face social exclusion, the more difficult it is to return to normal life in the majority society. The loss of motivation for these people arises as a result of the barriers to their social integration. These barriers are almost insurmountable for them without help. It would be advisable to work systematically to integrate the inhabitants of the excluded locality into the life of the majority society of the city and to support the Roma people and the socially weaker people to the potential social rise.
Work with Roma community in low-threshold facilities for children and youth and its benefit.
The main aim of the thesis is to describe work with Roma community in low-threshold facility for children and youth (NZDM) and its benefit. Another task was to contrast described facts with goals and mission of one particular facility. The first chapter is keen on five main aspects that play key role in Roma community work. Following chapter describes the work in context of NZDM. The main subject is to describe working methods, goals and values used for efficient work with particular clients. The last chapter is dedicated to research focused on benefits of low-threshold facilities. The research was held in Husita low-threshold facility with its clients and the main goal was to compare results with particular goals of the facility. There was used a qualitative research strategy. Data collection was conducted through semi-structured interviews.

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