National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The issue of child soldiers in international law with regard to the African regional regulation
Kubíčková, Anna ; Honusková, Věra (advisor) ; Bayerová, Monika (referee)
The main purpose of this thesis was to give a general overview of the problem of child soldiers and their protection among international law conventions and among regional law agreements with the focus on the African continent. The use of child soldiers in armed conflict is qualified as one of the worst forms of child labour.The majority of child soldiers are active in Africa and, to a lesser extent, in the Middle East and Asia. Besides introduction and conclusion, the study consists of five chapters. The first chapter describes the protection of child soldiers on the international level. Therefore it is focused on individual conventions, especially on Geneva Conventions, Additional Protocols to the Geneva Conventions, the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict, the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on a Communications Procedure, but as well on the International Labour Convention No. 182 or the Rome Statute. The soft law represents Paris principles. Discussed is particularly the question of the age limit for child participation in armed conflict. The second chapter is concerned with the international control mechanisms, resulting from the above-mentioned...
Equality of rights between men and women in international law
Dibová, Iveta ; Hýbnerová, Stanislava (advisor) ; Bayerová, Monika (referee)
The main purpose of the paper is to present an analysis of instruments and to contribute to the historical- logical interpretation of the issues of equality of men and women, with an emphasis on the analysis of the most important problems associated with implementation of the international standards. The analysis of the legal documents pertaining to the prohibition of discrimination has also been carried out with regard to the historical development of women's issues as a part of a social process. The history of treaty documents after World War II when the protection of women and prohibition of gender-based discrimination was laid down in both universal and regional treaties; and the examination extends up until the current versions of more than 30 conventions focused on women's issues. The initial examination of this topic is contained in Part I of this paper, which deals with the evolution of the principle of equality from the times when gender relations were formed up to international regulation and which analyses the legal documents pertaining to the prohibition of discrimination in the sphere of the UN. Part II is concerned with the history of equality and the prohibition of discrimination in both European systems; this is followed by Part III with a focus on equality and the prohibition of...
International legal regulation of commercial sexual abuse of children
Hladká, Michaela ; Hýbnerová, Stanislava (advisor) ; Bayerová, Monika (referee)
66 International Legal Regulation of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Abstract of Thesis Author: Michaela Hladká The topic of thesis is focused on international legal regulation of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC), which is one of the most substantive problems regarding the fact that the child is the most vulnerable victim because of its lowered ability of defense and therefore he/she demands special protection. The thesis provides analysis of the phenomenon of commercial sexual exploitation of children regarded from the view of international law. The thesis is divided into seven chapters. The reasons for the analysis of this topic including the history of the problem and the target of the thesis are described in the first chapter. The elemental terms concerning CSEC are explained in the second chapter which makes orientation in following chapter easier. The instruments of international law concerning CSEC are described in detail in the next chapter. The chapter four deals with the types of CSEC: child prostitution, child pornography and trafficking in children. The chapter number five offers the analysis of implementation of international treaties into legal system of the Czech Republic and deals with the use of these provisions in practice. The next chapter is focused on...
The prohibition of discrimination on grounds of race in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights
Falteisková, Sabina ; Hýbnerová, Stanislava (advisor) ; Bayerová, Monika (referee)
The Prohibition of Racial Discrimination in the Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights The subject of this thesis is the prohibition of racial discrimination on a regional scale, which is discussed in relation to the European Court of Human Rights and its case law. The aim of this work is to present the prohibition of racial discrimination, as embodied in the most important international legal documents from the beginning of the twentieth century with a special focus on the rules contained in the legal documents of the Council of Europe, and the protection granted by the European Court of Human Rights. Race and ethnicity is seen mainly in terms of the Roma ethnicity, which is obviously not the only one who is in Europe facing the racial discrimination. Given the scope of the thesis it is not possible to address more groups belonging to the above mentioned category. The subject matter is elaborated by methods such as compilation, comparison and partially also analysis. The introductory chapter of the thesis contains general interpretation of equality and non-discrimination with explanations of important terms and concepts. The next chapter provides an overview of the prohibition of racial discrimination in human rights documents of the key international organizations. Closer attention in this...
The Right to Education of Members of Ethnic Minorities in the European System of the Human Rights Protection
Kalenská, Petra ; Bílková, Veronika (advisor) ; Šturma, Pavel (referee) ; Bayerová, Monika (referee)
v anglickém jazyce The thesis deals with the right to education in the European system of the protection of human rights. It examines theoretical approaches to judicial protection of the right to education. It compares the right to education in the European system of the protection of human rights with the United Nations' human rights protection and the human rights protection system with the system of the Organization of American States. The thesis shows the development of the right to education through the general commends and recommendations and views of the UN human rights committees and through judgments of the European Court of Human Rights. The thesis analysis six cases of violation of the right to education of ethnic minorities, namely the D.H. and Others v. the Czech Republic, Sampanis v. Greece, Oršuš v. Croatia, Sampani v. Greece, Horváth and Kiss v. Hungary and Lavida v. Greece. These cases show that the judgment of the European Court of Human Rights stating the violation of the right to education and the award of the symbolic just satisfaction are not sufficient for the effective protection of the right to education of ethnic minorities. The paper shows that violation of the right to education of ethnic minorities are always related to racial discrimination. This fact must be taken...
The Rights of a Child in International Documents in Juvenile Justice
Pham, Minh Tra ; Bayerová, Monika (advisor) ; Hýbnerová, Stanislava (referee)
Upholding the International Rights of Children in Conflict with the law Abstract Children in conflict with the law are a particularly vulnerable group. This vulnerability results from their specific status as children as well as their contact with the justice system. Generally, children are vulnerable due to their frequent dependence on adults and societal views that children are subordinate to them. When children, who are already vulnerable due their status, come into contact with the criminal justice system, their rights are at further risk for violation. However, even in these situations, the child is still a fully-fledged bearer of his or her rights and can claim protection and fulfillment thereof. Therefore, each state should ensure adequate protection for children in conflict with the law thus respecting its obligations stipulated in international law. Many binding and non-binding documents were adopted by various bodies within the United Nations (UN). Taken together, these documents form the international legal standards and norms on which the international juvenile justice framework is based. This year, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child of 1989 (UNCRC), which is considered to be the most important document informing the international juvenile justice framework, celebrates its...
Right to education under European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and Czech Republic
Zelnerová, Eliška ; Bayerová, Monika (advisor) ; Flídrová, Eliška (referee)
1 Right to education under European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and Czech Republic Abstract: This thesis deals with the issue of protection of the right to education. It focuses on the conception of the right to education defined by the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. It also compares the article concerning the right to education with other international documents concerning human rights protection such as Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union and Convention on the Rights of the Child. It partly examines the definition of this right under the Czech law. The thesis especially pays attention to the case of the Grand Chamber D.H. and others versus Czech Republic, since it is the only decision of European Court of justice concerning right to education which found Czech Republic in breach of the Convention. The aim of this thesis was to find out what influence had this decision on the Czech Republic as well as other member states of the Council of Europe and whether It was succesfully implemented into the Czech legal system. This decision is significant not just for the Czech Republic. It has shed light on the issue faced by many European countries. It became a pilot judgment and was followed by other...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 24 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Bayerová, Marie
1 Bayerová, Michaela
1 Bayerová, Michala
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