
Model of coherent electron dynamics in molecules
Šenk, Jan ; Kolorenč, Přemysl (advisor) ; Houfek, Karel (referee)
An ultrashort laser pulse photoionizing the molecule produces a superposition of a few cationic states. The coupling between the electrons and the nuclei has been predicted to cause fast decoherence. In this thesis, a twodimensional model of coupled electron nuclear dynamics in molecules is constructed. It is based on a harmonic potential in the nuclear degree of freedom and a double harmonic potential representing two centers that bind the electrons. The electronic potential's dependence on the nuclear configuration facilitates the coupling. Thanks to the simplicity of the model, it is numerically exactly solvable. We use the basis of its eigenstates to calculate the evolution of any initial state. Several quantities are used to measure decoherence and unravel the underlying mecha nisms. Especially useful is the Wigner quasiprobability distribution. A few fundamental cases of the model are analyzed, and it is used to approximate the coherence dynamics in the normal modes of the H2O+ cation. 1


Twodimensional model of electron collisions with molecules
Ivánek, Richard ; Houfek, Karel (advisor) ; Čížek, Martin (referee)
In this master thesis we study convergence of selected iterative methods applied to linear systems originating from the finite element method, dis crete variable representation and exterior complex scaling in the context of models of electron collisions with molecules. Benchmarks and comparisons with direct methods are made and convergence of methods is analyzed for a onedimensional twochannel model and a more realistic twodimensional model of four different molecular systems. Along the way, a review of the mentioned numerical methods and solvers is presented as well as a discussion of the sparsity patterns and numbers of nonzero elements of the used matrix representations. Finally, possible pathologies of preconditioners are shown.


Modelling of quantum dynamics in anharmonic potentials using model of interacting harmonic oscillators.
Kubíček, Václav ; Čížek, Martin (advisor) ; Houfek, Karel (referee)
Thematically, the work pursues a means of numerical description of anhar monic molecular vibrations regarding vibronic coupling. The main concern is with the possibility of replacing motion in adiabatic anharmonic potential with a set of vibroni cally interacting harmonic potentials. The work initially provides an accurately tested implementation of a numerical method for finding stationary states in anharmonic po tentials. And mainly, there is included a thorough discussion of how well the spectrum and states of the vibranically coupled model correspond to the adiabatic approximation of the same model. 1


A model of resonant collisions of electrons with molecules and molecular ions
Váňa, Martin ; Houfek, Karel (advisor) ; Cejnar, Pavel (referee) ; Mašín, Zdeněk (referee)
A twodimensional model of the resonant electronmolecule collision processes with one nuclear and one electronic degree of freedom introduced by Houfek, Rescigno and McCurdy [Phys. Rev. A 73, 032721 (2006)] and a similar two dimensional model of the dissociative recombination with potential proposed by Hamilton [Ph.D. thesis, University of Colorado, (2003)] are formulated within the timedependent framework and solved numerically using the finiteelement method with the discrete variable representation basis, the exterior complex scaling method and the generalized CrankNicolson method. On the model of electronmolecule collisions we illustrate how the timedependent calculations can provide a deep insight into the origin of oscillatory structures in the vibrational excitation cross sections if one evaluates the cross sections not only at sufficiently large time to obtain the final cross sections, but rather at several characteristic times which are given by the evolution of the system. With use of the time dependent calculations we demonstrate the complex nature of the dissociative recombination model dynamics and we propose the interpretation of the recom bination process mechanism. We also propose few techniques for the explanation of the sharp structures in the dissociative recombination cross sections...

 

Účinné průřezy srážek elektronů s atomy vodíku
Benda, Jakub ; Houfek, Karel (advisor) ; Zamastil, Jaroslav (referee)
Although the collisions of electrons and atomic hydrogen has been studied for several decades, there is still neither a complete database of scattering data, nor a universal method that would let generate such data. For astronomical and other purposes the cross sections of electronhydrogen collisions are necessary, in a broad range of energies  from tenths of electronvolt to millions of electronvolts. In this work the author concentrates on several established approaches to electronatom scattering and confronts results of his own implementations of these methods against the published data and results of freely available computer codes. A special attention is given to the overlaps of different methods, so that in the end a database with easy user interface can be offered for common practical usage of scattering data in applied fields.

 

Time evolution of resonant collisions of electrons with molecules
Mašín, Zdeněk ; Houfek, Karel (advisor) ; Čížek, Martin (referee)
In the present work we study an alternative formulation of the so called nonlocal resonant model, which describes collisions of electrons with molecules. In our approach we solve a system of differential equations describing timedependent nuclear dynamics of the collision process instead of solving a standard equation with nonlocal potential. The goal of this work was to find a suitable numerical method for solution of those equations, test it on a model problem and on the problem of resonant collision of electron with molecule H2. Obtained results are in very good agreement with reference results from the standard calculations.


Časově závislé řešení dvourozměrných rozptylových problémů v kvantové mechanice
Váňa, Martin ; Houfek, Karel (advisor) ; Čížek, Martin (referee)
The scope of this thesis is in the timedependent formulation of the two dimensional model of resonant electrondiatomic molecule collisions in the range of low energies. In its time independent form the model was previously numerically solved without the BornOppenheimer approximation with use of modern tools such as the finite element method with discrete variable representation (FEMDVR) or exterior complex scaling (ECS). Within the scope of this model we numerically solve the evolution problem, with use of the CrankNicolson method and the Padé approximation. Later we evaluate the cross section of the elastic and some inelastic processes with the correlation function approach. At last we make a comparison of the evolution and the cross sections to time dependent formulation of the local complex potential approximation of the electronmolecule collisions.


Astrophysically important processes in collisions of electrons with hydrogen atoms
Benda, Jakub ; Houfek, Karel (advisor) ; Stelbovics, Andris (referee) ; Zamastil, Jaroslav (referee)
Jakub Benda Astrophysically important processes in collisions of electrons with hydrogen atoms This thesis focuses on calculations of the cross sections and other scattering quantities that characterize the outcome of collisions of electrons with hydro gen atoms. For the chosen energy range and atomic transitions the scattering process is solved within the nonrelativistic quantum mechanics by discretiz ation of the Schr¨odinger equation in the basis of Bsplines, which transforms the equation into a linearalgebraic problem. The thesis discusses the boundary conditions, methods of solution of the linear system, preconditioning of the sys tem and interpretation of results, including several original ideas that proved to be very beneficient for the calculations. The calculated data are provided by means of graphs at the end of the thesis. Also, a custom webbased scattering database containing the results has been set up, freely available to the expected audience of this project. 1
