National Repository of Grey Literature 158 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Youth Unemployment in Ghana: Causes, Consequences and Policies
Antwi, Nana Asantewaa
This paper seeks to ascertain the current situation of unemployment in Ghana and to compare the situation of youth unemployment and other indicators in Ghana to other selected African countries; Nigeria, Togo, Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast. This study also assesses the current policy measures and their efficiency in addressing youth unemployment in Ghana. Data for this study was obtained from The World Bank, Ghana Statistical Service, United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Using education attainment, it was confirmed that skill mismatched is a contributory factor to unemployment amongst other things. To address the issue of youth unemployment, government must shift its focus on examination oriented educational system to critical thinking and problem-solving approach. Government should also promote vocational training and provide support and incentives to individuals who aim to establish their own businesses to employ others. This would complement the effort of government in addressing the issue of youth unemployment in Ghana.
Dopady čínských investic na úroveň demokracie ve vybraných státech Afriky
Boček, Pavel
Bachelor thesis elaborates the theme of Chinese foreign direct investment flowing into African developing countries and democracy rates in those countries as a determining factor for these investments. The thesis is divided into two major parts and that is theoretical and empirical part. Theoretical part consist of literature review of authors who already addressed this topic and summarizes their findings. Empirical part examines correlation between Chinese capital and level of democracy in African countries. The result will be examined in case studies to analyze the context of this problematics. The conclus summarizes the findings and implicates them for other countries in Africa.
China in Africa: The Dragon in the Lion's Den
Fairchild, David ; Riegl, Martin (advisor) ; Romancov, Michael (referee)
Announced in 2013 by Chinese President Xi Jinping, the Belt Road Initiative (BRI) is a global development project that extends across Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas. Most Western scholars and politicians have been highly critical of the BRI, particularly in connection with sub-Saharan Africa, defining the project as neo-imperialistic and arguing that only China would benefit from it in terms of political, economic, and military expansion. This thesis uses Kenya, South Africa, and Nigeria as case studies to measure the effectiveness of the BRI in the development of these three countries. On the basis of this analysis, it can be posited that not only China, but also sub-Saharan African countries, specifically continental coastal democracies with access to natural resources that engage with China as business partners within the BRI's context, derive substantial benefits from their partnerships. To different degrees, Kenya, South Africa, and Nigeria, are presented with opportunities to improve their infrastructure, enjoy economic growth, and reduce inequality by engaging in the BRI. Key Words:​ ​Sub-Saharan-Africa, China, Belt Road Initiative, development, economics, neo-imperialism, natural resources, infrastructure Title:​ China and Africa: The Dragon in The Lion's Den
Development cooperation as a foreign policy instrument: EU vs. China in Africa
Kreidl, Dominik ; Knutelská, Viera (advisor) ; Plechanovová, Běla (referee)
The main topic of this thesis is the use of development cooperation as an instrument of foreign policy of the People's Republic of China (China) and the European Union (EU) in Africa. The aim of this diploma thesis was to find out whether the development cooperation policy of China, respectively the EU with African countries, is motivated rather by pragmatic or normative interests. In order to answer this research question, a qualitative content analysis was applied, in which the documents of these two actors were examined. The main theoretical concept of this diploma thesis is the concept of normative power, which served as an indicator of normative interests. In the case of the EU, the hypothesis that the EU would primarily act as a normative power in development cooperation, i.e. that it would be interested in disseminating its norms in the international system, has not been confirmed. The results of the content analysis reveal that pragmatic interests prevail in the development cooperation between the EU and African countries. In the case of China's involvement in development cooperation, the results of the analysis reveal that the main motivations within this policy are mainly normative interests, i.e. the interests of disseminating its norms in the international politics.
Comparison of selected of decolonization factors of British and French territories in West Africa
Saxun, Ján ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Riegl, Martin (referee)
This Bachelor thesis deals with the analysis and comparison of the causes, processes and consequences of the decolonization of former French and British Colonies in West Africa, namely Senegal and Ghana. The work is based on an examination of the hypothesis: "Different systems of colonial administration and their consequences have differently influenced the character of the decolonization process and postcolonial relations between the former colonies and their rulers ". The focal point of the research are factors emanating directly from the colonies, such as the system of colonial administration, the system of colonial education, indigenous elites, and political mobilization. As part of the approach to the theoretical level, the work is based on the concepts of colonialism, decolonization and neocolonialism. It is neo- colonialism that is related to a subsequent research question, which seeks to examine the presence and extent of neo-colonialism in these African countries during the first ten years of independence. The results of the research point to significant differences in the colonial administration, which have implications for the type and behavior of indigenous elites and thus political mobilization and different approaches of political leaders to the process of decolonization. In the...
Comparison of the French interventions in Mali and CAR
Zelenka, Jan ; Doboš, Bohumil (advisor) ; Kofroň, Jan (referee)
Bachelor thesis "Comparation of French military interventions in Mali and Central African Republic" will examine problematics of French military interventions in Africa specifically in countries of the formal French colonial empire. Rational choice theory has been chosen as a theoretical base for explanation of French actions. First of all this thesis will describe deeper historical context and current French involvement in particular region. Later on the theory for explanation of contemporary French actions will be presented and it will include definition of main political, economic, social and security motives that can be universally applicable on French presence in the region. This theory will be tested on two recent cases of military interventions. Mali and Central African Republic will be two cases of comparation. In main part of this thesis French military interventions in these states and their comparation will be described. In each case of intervention their course of conflict, form of French intervention, major motives and international reception will be covered. Main objective of this comparation is an overall collation of specific motives of France for operation in these countries while it will focus on strategic, political and economic motives. Military comparation will be included as...
An anthropogenic transformation of the natural sphere of Africa
Píšová, Šárka ; Romportl, Dušan (advisor) ; Kliment, Zdeněk (referee)
Africa is a heterogeneous environment that is affected by natural and anthropogenic processes. This thesis uses a review method to characterize the natural environment of the continent, present possible classifications of natural conditions and to describe the transformation of this environment. The main methodological aim of the thesis was to determine areas threatened by biodiversity loss due to anthropogenic pressures based on a new classification of the natural environment on a continental level. This was executed by methods of environmental stratification and subsequent environmental classification. Thus, this thesis presents a classification of the natural environment on the basis of homogenous units determined by bioclimatic variables and terrain, which are subsequently related to the biodiversity of birds, amphibians and mammals and to an anthropogenic influence represented by anthropogenic biomes. Finally, the share of protected areas is executed in relation to this anthropogenic transformation of the natural environment. Therefore, the thesis is quite a unique approach, as it takes into account a combination of both physical and socio-economic factors at a continental level. The final output consists of a map of the anthropogenic transformation of Africa's natural environment in the...
Demographic revolution in developing countries with a special regards to Africa and Zimbabwe
Muza, Collet ; Pavlík, Zdeněk (advisor) ; Fialová, Ludmila (referee) ; Pechholdová, Markéta (referee)
The demographic revolution in developing countries and Africa with special regards to Zimbabwe Abstract This dissertation aimed to examine the demographic revolution in developing countries, Africa and Zimbabwe. The decline of mortality and fertility everywhere in the world demonstrates the importance of the demographic revolution as a global process. While this universality was central to classic revolution theory, for many decades, it was questioned by demographers because fertility and mortality in Africa did not seem to follow the expected pathway. In sub-Saharan Africa the demographic revolution has been characterised by lagging, discontinuation and is occurring at a faster pace against low levels of socioeconomic development than observed in Europe, which has consequences for population dynamics. Questions have emerged if Africa is indeed different and a homogenous continent regarding demographic processes? However, empirical studies that have explored the unique demographic revolution starting from developing countries, Africa and Zimbabwe are lacking. The first part of the thesis on developing countries showed variations in the reaction of fertility to mortality decrease with historically small gaps and extended gaps in more recent revolutions, plus the much faster decrease in vital rates in many...
Distribution of photoreceptor types in retina of fishes from extreme environments
Remišová, Kateřina ; Musilová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Němec, Pavel (referee)
Cichlid visual system is highly adaptive to the environment. Fish visual abilities are deter- mined by composition of opsin-based photosensitive pigments located in photoreceptor cells (rods and cones) as well as their distribution. In this thesis, four species of Lake Barombi Mbo cichlids were targeted: Stomatepia mariae, Konia eisentrauti, Konia dikume and Myaka myaka. Shallow-water cichlids K. eisentrauti and S. mariae express these types of cone opsin genes: LWS, RH2A (RH2Aβ more than RH2Aα), SWS2A and SWS2B. Contra- rily, both seasonally deep-water M. myaka and deep-water K. dikume lack expression of SWS2B and LWS in their retinae, but they express SWS2A and RH2Aα more than RH2Aβ, which corresponds to modified light conditions in deep water - a dimmer habitat lacking marginal parts of the spectrum (i.e., ultraviolet and red wavelengths). The photoreceptor distribution of selected species was investigated by means of fluorescent in situ hybridi- zation (FISH) in order to understand the performance and evolution of their visual per- ception with emphasis on the effect of depth. Distinctively, cichlid cones are arranged in a retinal mosaic consisting of short-wavelength sensitive single cones, each surrounded by four long-wavelength sensitive double cones. In this thesis, the same arrangement is...

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