National Repository of Grey Literature 73 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The Cyprus question in the foreign policy of the United States of America 1960-1974
Koura, Jan ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Nálevka, Vladimír (referee)
As a result of World War II the Eastern Mediterranean became one of the most strategic regions in a rising bipolar system. The United States of America realized the geostrategical importance of Greece and Turkey and therefore they provided them with Truman doctrine financial support as a means of preventing infiltration of the Soviet Union to the region. Greece and Turkey assumed their important role in the security system of the West and therefore the United States had an interest in political and economical stability of the area. Nevertheless, from the fifties deep rooted historical tensions between Greece and Turkey intensified. The main reason for this was the Mediterranean island Cyprus, which was a traditional point of contention between both countries. The Cyprus Republic was founded in 1960 as a way of solving problems on the ethnically divided island and leading to pacify Greek-Turkish relations. However, the independence of Cyprus did not calm the situation in the Eastern Mediterranean. Events on the island created significant crises in 1964 and 1974; Greece and Turkey were in both years on the brink of mutual military confrontation. The United States took responsibility for the maintenance of the southeastern flag of NATO and from the end of the fifties started to be interested in the 'Cyprus...
The first capital of the United states of America? The political and social development of Philadelphia in the second half of the 18th century and its importance to the establishement of the United states of America
Pekařová, Karolína Daniella ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
This bachelor thesis is an analysis of the political and social development of Philadelphia during the 18th century, primarily in the course of the American War of Independence and shortly after its end. Particular attention is paid to the participation of local society in public affairs and Benjamin Franklin's influence on society and his contribution to the field of culture and education. Also a status and importance of the city during the war and its impact on the residents is taken into consideration. I concentrate on the First and Second Continental Congress placed in Philadelphia and the causes that preceded the first meeting. At the conclusion attention is paid to postwar Philadelphia and its status of temporary capital city and I try to answer the question whether the city can be considered as the first capital of the emerging United States of America. Key words: Philadelphia, United States of America, American War of Independence, Benjamin Franklin, Continental Congress
The Sino-Soviet Split, 1958-1964
Panák, Břetislav ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Koura, Jan (referee)
The Sino-Soviet Split of the late 1950s and the beginning of the 1960s was a multidimensional crisis of nationalism, national interests, domestic politics, personal problems, cultural differences, border issues, Soviet-American détente, communication misunderstanding, and different interpretations of ideology. The goal of this diploma thesis is to analyse the important domestic and foreign factors which contributed to the worsening of Sino-Soviet relations. In this interdisciplinary study, the author wants to over bridge the differences between Diplomatic History and International Relations Theory, the subfields of History and Political Science. In the first part, there is an analysis of current Sino-Soviet Split historiography (Lorenz Lüthi, Sergey Radchenko, Xia Yafeng, Austin Jersild) by using theories of International Relations (liberalism, realism and constructivism). The second part provides a historical description of the Sino-Soviet Split. Emphasis is placed on the Chinese side and especially regarding the role of Mao Zedong. This thesis focuses on the period between 1958 and 1964, nevertheless it is neccessary to include preceding and subsequent phases of the relations. It is essential due to cultural, ideological and national factors. These factors endured a long time and it would be impossible to...
Partisan Resistance and Military Airdrops from the Soviet Union in Žďársko and Novoměstsko Contribution to the History of the Anti-Nazi Resistance in Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in 1944-1945
Kynclová, Vlasta ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Kovář, Martin (referee)
This theses analyzes the partisan movement during World War II in the regions of Žďársko a Novoměstsko in the years 1944-1945. It defines the concept of the "partisan" with regard to the matter in question. It further outlines the positions of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union on partisan resistance and comments on this type of resistance activity on the Eastern Front. Integral to this thesis is also a survey into the development of resistance organisations in the region of interest. Finally, it devides the partisans and their overall activities into different categories.
START Treaties: Really so Necessary? (1982/91-2010)
Dobeš, Vojtěch Sebastian ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Kovář, Martin (referee)
The presented bachelor thesis deals with the issues of American-Soviet (Russian) weapons reduction treaties START, i.e. since the early preparations of the first treaty to the ratification of the third treaty. The goal of this thesis is especially to analyze the texts of the treaties and show their impact on the nuclear arsenals of both countries. Besides the analysis of the treaties, author will also show the reflection and the impact of the treaties on the other countries and other non-proliferation processes. Keywords: START, weapons of mass reduction disarmament, disarmament treaties, analysis, Cold War, USA, USSR, Russian federation, nuclear weapons, proliferation
"When survive was victory". Contribution to the History of the Phenomenon of Formula 1 in the years 1970-1994
Fendrychová, Michaela ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Kovář, Martin (referee)
Résumé This thesis is focused on the Czech environment neglected history of sport, specific sporty branch - races F1. Thesis is concentrated on the years 1970-1994 because there are two important milestones in the history of F1 racing - the title of world champion in memoriam of Jochen Rindt 1970 and death of Ayrton Senna at Grand Prix San Marino at Imola 1994. Thesis will be looking the answer to the questions why this sport gained in researching period rising popularity, what was F1 social and economic relevance, how did formula 1 help to the further technological development of automotive, why it began to professionalize, what reasons and in which countries began F1 expand. Individual world champions will not miss out, especially Niki Lauda, James Hunt, Alain Prost and Ayrton Senna and other important personalities at whose fates will be the history of F1 in researching period also watch.
The Cyprus question in the foreign policy of the United States of America 1960-1974
Koura, Jan ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Nálevka, Vladimír (referee)
As a result of World War II the Eastern Mediterranean became one of the most strategic regions in a rising bipolar system. The United States of America realized the geostrategical importance of Greece and Turkey and therefore they provided them with Truman doctrine financial support as a means of preventing infiltration of the Soviet Union to the region. Greece and Turkey assumed their important role in the security system of the West and therefore the United States had an interest in political and economical stability of the area. Nevertheless, from the fifties deep rooted historical tensions between Greece and Turkey intensified. The main reason for this was the Mediterranean island Cyprus, which was a traditional point of contention between both countries. The Cyprus Republic was founded in 1960 as a way of solving problems on the ethnically divided island and leading to pacify Greek-Turkish relations. However, the independence of Cyprus did not calm the situation in the Eastern Mediterranean. Events on the island created significant crises in 1964 and 1974; Greece and Turkey were in both years on the brink of mutual military confrontation. The United States took responsibility for the maintenance of the southeastern flag of NATO and from the end of the fifties started to be interested in the 'Cyprus...
Contribution to the orgin, interpretation and historic significance of the Unites States Declaration of Independence
Švandová, Eliška ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Soukup, Jaromír (referee)
The main goal of this bachelor thesis is to analyze historical context leading to the origin and adoption of United States Declaration of Independence. Thesis focuses not only at historical events directly related with announcement of Declaration but also at the process of its creation and adoption. Emphasis is placed on legal documents and publicist and philosophic writings which the author of Declaration used and also on the committee entrusted with creation of the document. Special attention is dedicated to Thomas Jefferson and mainly on answering question concerning how much Jefferson influenced final text of Declaration. Final part of this thesis is a brief evaluation of perception of this document in nowadays.
The Role of Western Europe in U.S. Security Policy in the years 1945-1950
Dolejší, Ondřej ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee)
This thesis deals with the foreign and security policy of the United States of America towards Western Europe between 1945-1950. One of the main objectives is the analysis of the importance and role of Western Europe (mainly Great Britain, France, the countries of Benelux and Italy) in the security policy of the United States of Americe from the end of the Second World War to the outbreak of the Korean War. The thesis will not forget to mention why the United States became actively involved in the matter of European security after the Second World War. Furthermore, the thesis will focus on the beginnings of NATO and various problems connected to its actions between 1949-1950. Moreover, the discussed issue will be put into a larger context of the political development in post-war Western Europe and the approaching Cold War.
Creation of the US Foreign Policy, 1945-1949
Malý, Ondřej ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Koura, Jan (referee)
(in English): This bachelor thesis is dealing with the development of the United States of America foreign policy towards the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in the era of president Truman's first administration. The period of time covered here is marked by the era between Truman's accession to his office and the blocade of Berlin. Primarily, the thesis concentrates on the United States Department of State and the creators of its strategy. An emphasis is also given to the president and his collaborators. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first one works with the term of office of the secretary of state James F. Byrnes. The second one works with is successor Georg C. Marshall. The final part resumes the data arising from the research of creation the foreign policy of the United States.

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